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CURRICULUM VITAE

Reza Shaker MD
Sr Associate Dean, Ctr Director, Chief, Professor
Department of Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology

OFFICE ADDRESS:
Froedtert East Clinics
9200 W Wisconsin Ave
Milwaukee, WI 53226

CITIZENSHIP:  USA

EDUCATION:
1964 - 1968 Babak High School, Tehran, Iran
1968 - 1975 M.D. - Tehran University Medical School, Tehran, Iran

POSTGRADUATE TRAINING AND FELLOWSHIP APPOINTMENTS:
1977 - 1980 Residency in Surgery, Sinai University Hospital, Tehran, Iran
1980 - 1982 Residency in Surgery, The London Hospital, London, England
1982 - 1985 Residency in Internal Medicine, Kingsbrook Jewish Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
1984 - 1985 Chief Medical Resident, Kingsbrook Jewish Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY
1985 - 1988 Fellowship in Gastroenterology(NIH Training Fellowship 1985-87), Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
2002 Leadership Development for Physicians in Academic Health Centers, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA

MILITARY SERVICE:
1975 - 1977 General Medical Practice, Military Service, Khoy, Iran

FACULTY APPOINTMENTS:
1988 Assistant Professor of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW), Milwaukee, WI
1993 Assistant Professor of Surgery (Otolaryngology and Human Communications), MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1993 Associate Professor of Medicine (with Tenure), MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1993 Associate Professor of Radiology, MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1995 Associate Professor of Surgery (Otolaryngology and Human Communications), MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1996 Professor of Medicine (Gastroenterology) with Tenure, MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1997 Professor of Radiology, MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1997 Professor of Surgery (Otolaryngology & Human Communications), MCW, Milwaukee, WI
2007 Professor of Biophysics, MCW, Milwaukee, WI
2009 Professor of Population Health (Epidemiology), MCW, Milwaukee, WI

HOSPITAL AND CLINICAL ADMINISTRATIVE APPOINTMENTS:
1988 - Present Attending Staff, Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI
1988 - Present Attending Staff, Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee, WI
1989 - 1996 Chief, GI Diagnostic Unit, Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI
1990 - 2002 Director, Medical College of Wisconsin Dysphagia Institute, Milwaukee, WI
1996 - 1998 Chief, Gastroenterology Section, Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI
1996 - Present Director, Digestive Disease Center, MCW, Milwaukee, WI
1996 - Present Chief, MCW, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Milwaukee, WI
2007 - Present CTSA, PI and Director, Clinical and Translational Science Institute, MCW, Milwaukee, WI
2007 - Present Senior Associate Dean, Clinical and Translational Research, MCW, Milwaukee, WI

SPECIALTY BOARDS AND CERTIFICATION:
Licensure
Number Issue DateExpiration
Wisconsin
1985
None
 
AWARDS AND HONORS:
1990 Recipient, Endoscopic Career Development Award, American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE)
2001 Recipient, Janssen/AGA Masters Award in Gastroenterology for Basic or Clinical Research in Digestive Disease
2003 Doctor Honoris Causa, The University of Medicine, Gr. T. Popa, Iasi, Romania
2004 Honorary Guest Professor, Beijing University Hospital, Beijing, China.
2006 Joseph E. Geenen Endowed Chair in Gastroenterology
2008 Honorary Member, American Broncho-Esophagological Association

MEMBERSHIPS IN HONORARY AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:
1986 American Motility Society
1989 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
1989 Milwaukee GI Society
1992 Milwaukee Academy of Medicine
1992 American Gastroenterological Association
1992 Dysphagia Research Society
1992 American Federation for Medical Research
1995 American College of Gastroenterology (Fellow)
1995 American Physiological Society
1996 Association of Subspecialty Professors
1998 American Association for the Advancement of Science
1999 American College of Physicians-Am Society of Internal Medicine (Fellow)
2002 European Academy of Sciences
2003 Wisconsin Medical Society
2005 OESO - World Organization for Specialized Studies on Diseases of the Esophagus

EDITORSHIPS/EDITORIAL BOARDS/JOURNAL REVIEWS:
Editorship
1993 - 1994 Fall issues, Dysphagia journal
1997 American Journal of Medicine Supplement: Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease
2000 - 2001 American Journal of Medicine Supplement: Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease
2001 - Present Current Gastroenterology Reports
2003 American Journal of Medicine Supplement: Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease
2004 Alimentary Pharmacoloyg & Therapeutics
2010 - Present Dysphagia
Editorial Board
1992 - Present Dysphagia
2000 - 2003 AJP: Gastrointestinal & Liver Physiology
2008 - Present Clinical and Translational Science
Journal Review
Human Brain Mapping
Journal of Applied Physiology
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Journal of Neurophysiology
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Neurogastroenterology and Motility
NeuroImage
Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Neuroscience Letters
GUT
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Gastroenterology
Dysphagia
Digestive Diseases and Sciences (DDS)
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
CHEST
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
American Journal of Gastroenterology (AJG)
American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

LOCAL/REGIONAL APPOINTED LEADERSHIP AND COMMITTEE POSITIONS:
1990 Co-Founder, Medical College of Wisconsin Dysphagia Institute
1991 - Present Moderator, various AGA, ASGE, DRS and other professional societies scientific Forums
1992 Founder, Dysphagia Research Society
1992 Organizer, Inaugural Scientific Meeting of the Dysphagia Research Society (Milwaukee, WI)
1992 - 1993 President, Dysphagia Research Society
1993 Organizer, Second Annual Scientific Meeting of the Dysphagia Research Society (Lake Geneva, WI)
1996 Course Director, The Spectrum of Dysphagia: Role of Latest Technology in Diagnosis and Management, Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee, WI

NATIONAL ELECTED/APPOINTED LEADERSHIP AND COMMITTEE POSITIONS:
1992 - 1993 AGA Abstract Review Committee
1993 Expert Panel for the Assessment of Evaluation and Management of Swallowing Dysfunction, American Academy of Neurology
1994 Training and Education Subcommittee to clarify the elements, which constitute adequate training in motility, American Motility Society
1994 Gastroenterology Leadership Council Curriculum Task Force on Motility, Diverticular Disease and Functional Illnesses
1996 - Present Abstract Review Committees, AGA, ASGE, ACG, DRS and other professional societies
1996 - 1997 AGA Abstract Review Committee
1996 Subcommittee on GI Fellow-in-Training, American College of Gastroenterology
1996 Course Director, First International Multidisciplinary Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease, Tucson, Arizona.
1996 Member at Large, Governing Board, Dysphagia Research Society
4/2/1998 - 4/3/1998 Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Institutes of Health, Alternative Medicine Scientific Review Section, Bethesda, MD
1998 Course Director, Second International Multidisciplinary Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease, Seattle, Washington.
2/21/1999 - 2/22/1999 Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, GMA-2 Study Section, Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, FL
6/20/1999 Ad Hoc Reviewer, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Initial Review Group, Bethesda, MD
1999 - 2002 AGA GI Research Committee
1999 - 2004 Ad Hoc Reviewer, VA Gastroenterology Merit Review Grant Subcommittee
1999 Course Director, Endoscopy for the Millennium. Ultrathin Unsedated Transnasal Endoscopy: A New Diagnostic Technique for Evaluation of Upper GI Disorders, Milwaukee, WI
2000 Course Director, Third International Multidisciplinary Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease, Boston, MA.
2000 - 2002 AGA Abstract Review Committee(Chair, 2002)
2001 - 2006 ASGE Postgraduate Education Committee
2001 Chair, Review Panel, Small Grants (Elsevier and Giterman Basic Awards) AGA Foundation for Digestive Health and Nutrition, Committee on GI Research
2001 - 2002 Merck Clinical Research Career Development Award Review Panel, AGA Foundation for Digestive Health and Nutrition Committee on GI Research
4/1/2002 - 4/3/2002 NIH Digestive Disease Study Section Boundaries Team, Bethesda, MD
7/1/2002 - 7/2/2002 Member, ZRG-1 GMA-2 Study Section, Bethesda, MD
2002 - 2006 Member, VA Gastroenterology Merit Review Subcommittee
2002 AGA Scientific Advisory Board for Nighttime Heartburn Survey
12/1/2003 - 6/30/2007 Member, NIH Clinical and Integrative Gastrointestinal Pathobiology (CIGP) Study Section
2003 Chair, AGA Endowed Mentors RSA Campaign (Walter Hogan and Konrad Soergel)
2003 - 2006 Reviewer, NIH/NIDDK Experienced Reviewer Reserve
2003 - 2006 Member, ZRG-1 GMA-3 Study Section, Bethesda, MD
2003 Course Director, Fourth International Multidisciplinary Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease, San Diego, CA
3/23/2004 - 3/24/2004 Ad Hoc Reviewer, Review Branch C Committee
2005 - 2007 AGA Abstract Review Committee(Chair, 2007)
2005 - Present Member, Advisory Board, International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
2005 Course Director, Fifth International Multidisciplinary Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease, Miami, FL
2005 - Present Member, Permanent Scientific Committee of the OESO (World Organization of Specialized Studies on Diseases of the Esophagus
2005 - 2008 Member, Esophagus Section, ASGE Annual Scientific Program Committee
10/2006 - Present Member, Diseases of the Oropharynx and Esophagus Working Group, the National Commission on Digestive Diseases (NCDD)
2006 Member, Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) - Study on Functional Dyspepsia
2007 - Present Chair, Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) - Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium
2008 President, Steering Committee, OESO - World Organization for Specialized Studies on Diseases of the Esophagus
2008 - 2009 Chair, Annual Scientific Program Committee: Esophagus, American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE)
2008 Executive Director, OESO - World Organization for Specialized Studies on Diseases of the Esophagus
2009 - 2010 Serving Member, Nominating Committee, Dysphagia Research Society

INVITED LECTURES/WORKSHOPS/PRESENTATIONS:
Local
1. MCW Gastrointestinal Diseases: Update 1987. "The Use of Infrared Coagulation for the Treatment of Symptomatic Hemorrhoids". Milwaukee Marriott Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 11/19/1987
2. University of Wisconsin Medical School Lecture Series. "Dysphagia and Swallowing Disorders." Sinai Samaritan Clinical Campus, Milwaukee, WI, 5/30/1990
3. Milwaukee Gastroenterological Society. "Videoendoscopic Evaluation of Cervical Dysphagia." Milwaukee, WI, 9/15/1990
4. MCW Grand Rounds. "The Clinical Evaluation of Dysphagia." Milwaukee, WI, 11/28/1990
5. CME program sponsored by MCW, Practical Issues in Gastroenterology I: An Update on GI Problems Encountered in Clinical Practice."Gastroesophageal Reflux: Does It Cause Asthma, Hoarseness or Chronic Pharyngitis." Wyndham Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 11/29/1990
6. MCW, Gerontology Seminar: "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in the Elderly." Milwaukee, WI, 3/16/1991
7. CME program sponsored by MCW, Practical Issues in Gastroenterology II: An Update on GI Problems Encountered in Clinical Practice. "Reflux Beyond the Esophagus: Is This a Significant Clinical Problem"? Hyatt Regency Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 12/5/1991
8. "Functional Relationship of Larynx and Upper GI Tract." Dysphagia Research Society Inaugural Meeting, Milwaukee, WI, 11/6/1992
9. CME program sponsored by MCW, Practical Issues in Gastroenterology III: An Update on GI Problems Encountered in Clinical Practice. "The Airway at Risk: Diagnosis and Management of Reflux Aspiration, " The Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 11/19/1992
10. CME program sponsored by MCW, Practical Issues in Gastroenterology IV: An Update on GI Problems Encountered in Clinical Practice. "Diagnosis and Treatment of the Patient with Dysphagia", and case presentation panel member: "Severe Reflux: Medical vs. Surgical Management." Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 11/18/1993
11. Sphincter of Oddi Manometry Course. "Techniques of SO Manometry", "Participation in ERCP and SO Manometry", Indications, Contraindications and Complications of SO Manometry: The Use and Abuse", "Manometry of the Pancreatic Duct Sphincter: Indications and Safety, Analysis of Related Tracing." Presented by The Pancreaticobiliary Center of MCW, Milwaukee, WI, 9/21/1994 - 9/23/1994
12. CME program sponsored by MCW, Practical Issues in Gastroenterology V: An Update on GI Problems Encountered in Clinical Practice V. "Defining Swallowing Problems Above the Esophagus." Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 11/17/1994
13. CME program sponsored by MCW, Practical Issues in Gastroenterology VI: An Update on GI Problems Encountered in Clinical Practice. "MCW Dysphagia Institute, " and Moderator - "Endangerd Gut". Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 11/29/1995
14. MCW Seminar - Course Director. "Spectrum of Dysphagia: The Role of Latest Technology in Diagnosis and Management." Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee, WI, 3/22/1996 - 3/23/1996
15. Wisconsin Speech-Language-Hearing Association Conference. "Esophageal Dysfunction." The Grand Milwaukee Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 4/27/1996
16. MCW, Allergy Department. "GERD and Asthma, " Milwaukee, WI, 1/6/1997
17. Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patient Education Program, "IBS and Gastrointestinal Health: How to Manage the GI Blues", Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee, WI, 5/29/1997
18. MCW CME 28th Annual Winter Refresher Course for Family Physicians. "Dysphagia - The Tip of the Iceberg, " Waukesha, WI, 1/30/1998
19. American Laryngological, Rhinological,and Otological Society Symposium. Key Note Speaker - "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD: A GI Perspective, " Whyndham Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 1/23/1999
20. 3rd International Symposium on Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Workshop: "Esophageal Disorders and Symptoms." Milwaukee, WI, 4/17/1999 - 4/19/1999
21. MCW Annual Weekend Clinic Day for Alumni. "Colonic Cancer with Emphasis on Recent Genetic Advances." Milwaukee, WI, 5/8/1999
22. Milwaukee GI Society Meeting. "Supraesophageal Dysphagia: Evaluation and Management." Milwaukee, WI, 10/13/1999
23. Wisconsin Thoracic Society, "Airway Protective Mechanisms, " Hyatt Regency Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 4/8/2000
24. MCW Medical Grand Rounds, "Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease: Diagnostic and Management Strategies, " Milwaukee, WI, 4/21/2000
25. Allergy Grand Rounds, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, "GERD/Supraesophageal Complications, " Milwaukee, WI, 7/24/2000
26. 4th International Symposium on Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. "Esophageal Disorders and Symptoms (workshop). Milwaukee, WI, 3/30/2001 - 4/2/2001
27. MCW, Council, "Gastroesophageal Reflux as a Predisposing Factor to the Development of Esophageal Cancer, " Milwaukee, WI, 10/3/2001
28. 5th International Symp on Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Workshop: Esophageal Disorders and Symptoms. Presentation - "Methodology of Imaging Systems." Pfister, Milwaukee, WI, 4/4/2003 - 4/6/2003
29. Esophageal and Aerodigestive Tract Disorders: Real World Challenges Symposium - MCW Division of GI and Hepatology. "Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: Etiology & Diagnosis, " "Esophageal Sensory Physiology: From Mucosa to Cortex, " and "Current Management Strategies for Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease." Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, WI, 8/22/2003 - 8/24/2003
30. Choosing a Career in Academic Gastroenterology. "Gastroenterology Related Professional Societies, Journals and Their Contributions, " and Critical Thinking, Innovative Thinking: Do We Know All There Is? Can It Be Done." Milwaukee, WI, 9/19/2003 - 9/21/2003
31. 6th International Symposium on Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Chair, Imaging Mini Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, 4/7/2005 - 4/10/2005
32. Gyro International Orgainzation. "GERD: Expanding Complication: Diagnosis and Management. Milwaukee, WI, 8/25/2005
33. Medical College of Wisconsin, PM&R Grand Rounds. "Swallowing Disorders: Diagnosis and Management." Milwaukee, WI, 3/31/2006
34. MCW 2006 Alumni Weekend Clinic Day. "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Where are We in 2006? Milwaukee, WI, 5/6/2006
35. Pri-Med Update in GERD. "Carrying the Torch: On the Trail to Effective Treatment of GERD." Milwaukee, WI, 12/16/2006
36. Small Stones (Froedtert Community Organization), "GERD: Prevalence, Causes, Diagnosis and Management", Milwaukee, WI, 10/10/2007
37. MCW's 1st Annual Update on Gastrointestinal Disorders. "Dysphagia: A Growing Problem". Milwaukee, WI, 10/28/2008
38. MCW's 2nd Annual "State of the Gut": An Update on Gastrointestinal Disorders. "Supra-esophageal GERD: A Controversial Problem". Milwaukee, WI, 11/6/2009
39. MCW Council: "Advances in the Treatment of Esophageal Cancer" Milwaukee, WI, 9/22/2010
 
Regional
1. National Conference on "Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders: From Clinic to Laboratory." Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, 10/4/1991 - 10/5/1991
2. Annual Scientific Meeting of Woodstock General Hospital, "Diagnosis and Management of Swallowing Disorders" Woodstock, IL, 9/23/1992
3. Internal Medicine Board Review Course. "Diseases of the Esophagus." Chicago, IL, 9/18/1993
4. Dysphagia Research Society 2nd Annual Scientific Meeting. Effect of Aging on Deglutitive Oral, Pharyngeal and Esophageal Motor Function." Lake Geneva, WI, 10/22/1993 - 10/24/1993
5. Howard Young Medical Staff CME Conference. "Esophageal Diseases." Woodruff, WI, 3/25/1994
6. NSS Continuing Education Seminar. Swallowing Research Symposium: Implications for Clinical Management. "Functional Relationship Between the Pharynx, Glottis and Esophagus: A Reflex Connection." Chicago, IL, 4/29/1994 - 4/30/1994
7. American Geriatrics Society & American Federation for Aging Research, 1996 Annual Scientific Meeting. "Oropharyngeal Motor Function in the Elderly." Chicago, IL, 5/1/1996 - 5/5/1996
8. Clinical Challenges for the Primary Care Physician Workshop, Chicago, IL, 7/27/1996
9. Clinical Symposium on Disorders of Gastrointestinal Motor Function. "Dysphagia: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Approaches, " "Complication of GERD Over and Above the Esophagus, " Lake Geneva, WI, 10/12/1996
10. Medical Grand Rounds, St. Mary's Hospital-Ozaukee. "H. Pylori and Peptic Ulcer Disease, " Ozaukee, WI, 12/19/1996
11. Presentation: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia and Related Topics. Christ Hospital, Oak Lawn, IL, 5/29/1997
12. Grand Rounds Presentation (CME Program), Marshfield Clinic: "The Evaluation and Management of Dysphagia", Marshfield, WI, 8/21/1997
13. Medicine for Today Seminar, Woodstock Family Practice Center. "Secondary Complications of Esophageal Reflux." Woodstock, IL, 3/18/1998
14. Gastrointestinal Regional Consultants Conference. "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD." Grand Geneva Resort, Lake Geneva, WI, 8/14/1998 - 8/16/1998
15. Chicago Society for Gastroenterology, "Transnasal Endoscopy, " Chicago, IL, 6/21/2000
16. Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center, "Transnasal Endoscopy, " Chicago, IL, 6/22/2000
17. Symposium: An Otolaryngology Update Program. "Extraesophageal Manifestations of Gastroesophageal Reflux, " Wayne State Univ., Dearborn, MI, 8/16/2000
18. Wisonsin Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Association Conference, 2001-Educational Odessey: Together We Learn. "Reflux Mediated Enhancement of Airway Protective Mechanisms." Madison, WI, 4/7/2001
19. Grand Rounds, Waukesha Memorial Hospital. "Current Approach to Diagnosis and Management of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia." Waukesha, WI, 4/17/2001
20. GI Grand Rounds, Christ Hospital. "Supraesophageal Manifestations of GERD, " Chicago, IL, 9/27/2001
21. University of Illinois, "Transnasal Unsedated Endoscopy: A New Approach to Diagonsis of Upper Gut Diseases." Chicago, IL, 2/6/2002
22. Lutheran General Hospital's GI Pathophysiology Conference. "Pharyngeal & Otolaryngology Physiology and Pathophysiology." Chicago, IL, 6/12/2002
23. University of Wisconsin-Madison Medical School. Grand Rounds presentation "Supraesophageal Dysphagia: Approach and Management. Madison, WI, 12/3/2002
24. Loyola University, Grand Rounds. "Reflux Above and Beyond the Esophagus: Diagnosis, Clinical Presentation and Management - From Bench to Bedside, " Chicago, IL, 4/29/2003
25. Northwestern University, GI Grand Rounds, "Esophago-cortical Connection and Brain Imaging." Chicago, IL, 6/3/2004
26. University of Chicago GI Research Conference. "UES Physiology and Pathophysiology: Disorders and Treatment." Chicago, IL, 9/30/2004
27. International Association for Chemical Testing (IACT) 18th Annual Meeting. "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Mechanisms and Management." Madison, WI, 4/14/2005
28. AGA Spring Postgraduate Course-"Extraesophageal GERD." Chicago, 5/14/2005 - 5/15/2005
29. Northern Speech Services and National Rehabilitation Services Symposium entitled Dysphagia in the Elderly: Disorders, Evaluation, Management and Reimbursement. "Normal Aging and the Esophagus including Age-Related Changes in Esophageal Function." Chicago, IL, 4/7/2006 - 4/9/2006
30. Post DDW 2007: "Functional Heartburn: What is New", American Club, Kohler, WI, 6/9/2007
31. American College of Gastroenterology Regional Postgraduate Course. 1) "A case of supraesophageal complications of reflux disease", 2)"Oropharyngeal Dsyphagia". Chicago, IL, 6/13/2008 - 6/15/2008
32. GI Associates' 3rd Annual Post-DDW Wrap-up Conference. "Should we still concentrate of PPIs? What is new in Acid Suppression?". Kohler, WI, 9/6/2008
33. MCW's 21st Annual Update in Primary Care. "Update: Evaluation and Management of Dysphagia". Egg Harbor, WI, 10/9/2008 - 10/11/2008
34. Advocate Lutheran General Hospital "Esophagus, Dysphagia, Aspiration & Sleep: Recent Understanding of Physiology & Pathophysiology" Park Ridge, IL, 3/25/2009
35. Advocate Christ Medical Center's Grand Rounds: "Supraesophageal GERD". Oaklawn, IL, 4/9/2009
36. Digestive Disease Week: Post-Grad Course: "Diagnosing and Treating Oropharyngeal Dysphagia". Chicago, IL, 5/30/2009
37. Digestive Disease Week: Moderator (AGA) "Motility and Functional Disorders of the Esophagus". Chicago, IL, 6/2/2009
38. Digestive Disease Week: Moderator (ASGE) "Esophageal Potpourri". Chicago, IL, 6/2/2009
39. Gastroesophageal Reflux: From acid reflux to adenocarcinoma Course. "GERD: Pathophysiology and Update of Medical Management 2009". Lake Geneva, WI, 10/24/2009
40. Digestive Disease Week: State-of-the-Art Lecture: "Esophageal Motility Disorders: A decade of progress". Chicago, IL, 5/9/2011
41. Digestive Disease Week: A novel "UES assist device" for prevention of supine pharyngeal reflux of gastric content. Chicago, IL, 5/10/2011
42. Digestive Disease Week: Moderator "Esopahgeal Motility and Functional GI Disorders". Chicago, IL, 5/10/2011
 
National
1. The Southern California Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. "Endoscopic Treatment of Hemorrhoids, Infrared Coagulation, DC Electrotherapy." Santa Barbara, CA, 9/1987
2. Pennsylvania Society of Gastroenterology. "Infrared Coagulation of Hemorrhoids." Pittsburgh, PA, 9/1988
3. Indiana University Medical Center. "Airway Protective Mechanisms During Retrograde Esophagopharyngeal Transit" and "Manometric Features of the Pharyngeal Phase of Swallowing." Indianapolis, IN, 3/21/1993 - 3/23/1993
4. AGA Post-Graduate Course - "Extraesophageal Manifestations of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease." American Gastroenterological Association Meeting, Boston, MA, 5/1993
5. Interdisciplinary International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Neurological Disease. "Management of Swallowing Disorders." Omaha, NE, 9/22/1993 - 9/23/1993
6. Research Seminar. "Airway Protective Mechanisms During Antegrade and Retrograde Pharyngoesophageal Transit." Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, 12/17/1993
7. Johns Hopkins Multidisciplinary Dysphagia Seminar. "Pharynx/Larynx Interrelationships"; "Effect of Aging on the Deglutitive Oral, Pharyngeal and Esophageal Motor Function." Baltimore, MD, 4/14/1994 - 4/15/1994
8. 1994 National GI Consultants Conference. "Supraesophageal Manifestations of Reflux Disease" Lake Tahoe, CA, 6/9/1994 - 6/12/1994
9. Dysphagia Research Society, Third Annual Scientific Meeting. "Airway Protective Mechanisms: Current Concepts. Endowed Dodds-Donner Annual Lecture." McLean, Virginia, 10/14/1994 - 10/16/1994
10. Matrix Healtcare Course: "Keys for Enhancing Your Practice." Los Angeles, CA, 4/29/1995
11. AGA Panel Member - Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders, Topic: Augmentation of Deglutitive UES Opening in the Elderly by Exercise." American Gastroenterological Association Meeting, San Diego, CA, 5/15/1995 - 5/18/1995
12. AGA Co-Chairman, Research Forum - "Evaluation of Dysphagia." American Gastroenterological Association Meeting, San Diego, CA, 5/15/1995 - 5/18/1995
13. Panel Member, National GI Consultants Conference, Colorado Springs, CO, 6/15/1995 - 6/18/1995
14. American College of Gastroenterology Postgraduate Course. "Oropharyngeal Dysphagia." New York, NY, 10/14/1995 - 10/15/1995
15. American College of Gastroenterology Learning Luncheon "The Assessment of Non-Cardiac Chest Pain." New York, NY, 10/14/1995 - 10/15/1995
16. Dysphagia Research Society, 4th Annual Meeting. Plenary Session IV "Effect of Exercise on Deglutitive UES in the Elderly, " and Plenary Session VI "A Preliminary Report on Parameters of Pharyngeal Peristalsis in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis." McLean, VA, 10/26/1995 - 10/28/1995
17. Dysphagia Research Society Fifth Annual Meeting. "Senescence and Swallowing, " Aspen, CO, 10/31/1996 - 11/2/1996
18. First Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease. "GERD: The Esophagus and Beyond; A Multi-Disciplinary Issue, " "Esophagoglottal, Pharyngoglottal Closure Reflex and Secondary/Pharyngeal Swallow, " Tucson, AZ, 11/21/1996 - 11/23/1996
19. AGA Board Review 1997; "Oropharyngeal Dysphagia" Atlanta, GA, 10/16/1997 - 10/19/1997
20. Esophageal Diseases: From (A)chalasia to(Z)enker's Diverticulum With Some GERD In Between, Cleveland Clinic Foundation. "Normal Physiology and Role of Manometry", Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: "Pathophysiology", and "ENT and GERD." Cleveland, OH, 4/17/1998 - 4/19/1998
21. Second Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease. "Reflex Mediated Enhancement of Airway Protective Mechanisms, " Seattle, WA, 8/6/1998 - 8/8/1998
22. Columnar Lined (Barrett's) Esophagus" NIH Sponsored Conference. "Gastroesophageal Motor Abnormalities in Gastroesophageal Reflux." Boston, MA, 9/27/1998 - 9/29/1998
23. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Postgraduate Course, Endoscopic Diagnosis & Management of Dysphagia: FEESST for Physicians, "Mechanisms of Supraesophageal Protection Against Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)." Woodcliff Lake, NY, 10/30/1998 - 10/31/1998
24. Annual ASHA Convention, "Pharyngo-Esophageal Interrelationships in Swallowing Course, " San Antonio, TX, 11/20/1998 - 11/22/1998
25. Nutrition and Device Roundtable. "Disease State Management: Dysphagia." Charleston, SC, 4/26/1999 - 4/28/1999
26. Gastroenterology Consultants Conference, Pharyngeal Dysphagia and Pharyngeal Manifestations of GERD. "Pharyngeal Dysphagia for Gastroenterologists." Bonaventure, FL, 4/30/1999 - 5/2/1999
27. Northeast Ohio GI Society. "Unsedated Transnasal Upper GI Endoscopy (T-EGD): Technique and Clinical Experience. Cleveland, OH, 9/29/1999
28. Yale University Workshop. "Protective Mechanisms Against Supraesophageal GERD" and "Oral and Pharyngeal Complications of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (Globus, Dental, Erosions, Sinusitis). Westport, CT, 10/22/1999
29. Esophageal Motility Workshop, "Physiological Role of the Cricopharyngeal Sphincter, " Providence, RI, 11/19/1999 - 11/20/1999
30. Oklahoma City Gut Club, "Aerodigestive Complications of Gastroesophageal Reflux, " Oklahoma City, OK, 3/14/2000
31. Medical Grand Rounds, Medical College of Virginia, "Oral Pharyngeal Dysphagia: Diagnosis & Management, " Richmond, VA, 3/16/2000
32. Long Island College Hospital, "Managing the Patient at Risk for Barrett's Esophagus, " Brooklyn, NY, 3/23/2000
33. Multidisciplinary Voice and Swallow Conference 2000: Instrumentation for Better Diagnosis and Treatment. "Esophageal Dysphagia, " "Dynamics of Swallow After UES Myotomy, " "Reflux and Vocal Fold Dysfunction, " Palm Beach, FL, 3/25/2000
34. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology and the Swallowing Disorders Center, "Swallowing Disorders, " Pittsburgh, PA, 5/10/2000
35. Third Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease. "Unsedated Transnasal Laryngo-Pharyngo-Esophago-Gastroduodenoscopy: A Universal Approach, " and "Concurrent Dual Esophageal, Dual Pharyngeal pH Monitoring: Chasing the Culprit Further and Farther." Boston, MA, 8/10/2000 - 8/12/2000
36. 11th Biennial American Motility Society Meeting, "Cricopharyngeal Response to Obstruction, " Kansas City, MO, 9/17/2000
37. Medical Grand Rounds, West Los Angeles Veteran's Administration Healthcare Center, "Extraesophageal Manifestations of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, " Los Angeles, CA, 1/24/2001
38. Advances in Gastroenterology for the Primary Care Physician (Symposium). "Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease, " Stanford, Menlo Park, CA, 1/27/2001
39. Voice, Swallow and Airway Conference 2001. "Esophageal Dysphagia, UES & LES, Extraesophageal Impact of Reflux Disease, " "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD." Jupiter Beach, FL, 3/24/2001
40. AGA Satellite Symposium, Debating the Issues: An Interactive Consultants Forum in the Management of GI Disorders. "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD, " Atlanta, GA, 5/19/2001
41. AGA Satellite Symposium, "Heartburn in America, Gallup Survey Overview, " Atlanta, GA, 5/21/2001
42. AGA Clinical Symposium: Extrinsic Primary Afferent Transduction in the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. "Implications of Upper GI Extrinsic Afferent Transduction, " Atlanta, GA, 5/23/2001
43. AGA Clinical Symposium: Extrinsic Primary Afferent Transduction in the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract, "Implications of Oropharyngeal Swallowing, " Atlanta, GA, 5/23/2001
44. State-of-the-Art Lecture, "Diagnosis and Management of Swallowing Disorders in the Older Patient, Emerging Concepts, Novel Developments and Controversies, " Atlanta, GA, 5/23/2001
45. University of Florida, Florida Dysphagia Institute. "Evaluation and Management of Dysphagia From a GI Perspective, " Orlando, FL, 7/15/2001 - 7/19/2001
46. Nighttime Heartburn Relief Advisory Board Meeting. "Prevention and Treatment of Nocturnal Gastroesophageal Reflux." Charleston, SC, 12/15/2001 - 12/16/2001
47. Wyeth-Ayerst Symposium: Challenging Current Paradigms: Emerging Science in Gastrointestinal Pharmacology. DDW, San Francisco, CA, 5/19/2002
48. 2002MII Research Forum Breakfast Symposium. "GER Monitoring for SupraEsophageal Manifestations of GERD, " DDW, San Francisco, 5/21/2002
49. AGA Clinical Symposium: Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease (Co-Chair). DDW, San Francisco, 5/21/2002
50. ASGE Clinical Symposium: Endoscopic Examination of the Hypopharynx: What You Miss on the Way to the Esophagus (Co-Chair). "Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Pharynx and Larynx." DDW, San Franciso, 5/21/2002
51. AGA Committee Sponsored Symposium: Aging and the Gastrointestinal Tract. "Effects of Aging on the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Motility." DDW, San Francisco, 5/22/2002
52. Oregon Health Sciences University, Advances in the Diagnosis & Treatment of Supraesophageal Reflux. "The Pathophysiology of Supraesophageal Reflux: The Pharynx, Hypopharynx and UES, " and "The Diagnosis of Supraesophageal Reflux: Current Status, Techniques and New Technologies." Portland, OR, 5/24/2002
53. Fourth Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease. "Normal Physiology of the Pharynx: Not Only a Conduit for Air and Food - Pressure and pH Characteristics, Reflexigenesis and Its Effect on the Upper Gut, " and "Nighttime Gastroesophageal Reflux: An Unappreciated Clinical Problem." San Diego, CA, 8/8/2002 - 8/10/2002
54. St. Louis University School of Medicine, Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease Seminar, Branson, MO, 8/23/2002 - 8/25/2002
55. University of California-San Diego and San Diego VA Medical Center. Grand Rounds presentation "Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: Diagnosis and Management." San Diego, CA, 11/19/2002
56. Johnson & Johnson Research and Development LLC. "Cerebral Cortical Involvement in Gut Sensation: There is More Than Meets the Eye." Spring House, PA, 3/12/2003
57. Brown University. "Supraesophageal Manifestations of GERD." Providence, RI, 3/20/2003
58. St Louis University Medical Center. April 15th, "Normal Physiology of the Pharynx, Not Only a Conduit for Air and Food - Pressure and pH Characteristics, Reflexogeneous and Its Affect on the Upper Gut"; Grand Rounds April 16th "Unsedated Transnasal Esophagogastroduodenoscopy"; Noon Conference April 16th "Reflux and Its Affect on the Airway, " St. Louis, MO, 4/15/2003 - 4/16/2003
59. St. Luke's Hospital - SupraEsophageal Complications of Gastrointestinal Reflux Symposium. "Pathophysiology of SupraEsophageal GERD and Novel Diagnostic Tools, " Kansas City, MO, 5/7/2003
60. AGA Digestive Disease Week Meet-the-Professor Luncheon on Dysphagia-Oropharyngeal, Orlando, FL, 5/19/2003
61. AGA Digestive Disease Week, Invited Speaker - Research Symposium: Role of Central Sensitization in Visceral Pain Syndromes. "Central Registration of Subliminal Gut Stimuli, " Orlando, FL, 5/21/2003
62. Treatment Solutions for Common Gastrointestinal Motility Problems Symp. "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD." Louisville, KY, 6/7/2003
63. Tulane University, Esophageal & Supraesophageal Complications of GERD. "Cerebral Cortical Function and Intestinal Visceral Sensation, " and "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD: Overview of Pathogenesis and Diagnosis." New Orleans, LA, 8/9/2003
64. Iind Supraesophageal Complications of GERD Symposium. Breakout Session: "Innovative Techniques for Detecting Supraesophageal Reflux Events, " and presentation: "Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Upper Airway and Acid." Branson, MO, 9/12/2003 - 9/14/2003
65. Dysphagia Research Society. "Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Development of a Position Statement on Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Management, " "Why Do We Need A Position Statement?" Pathophysiology: Mechanisms and Predictors of Esophagopharyngeal Acid Regurgitation, " and Practice Guidelines for Multidisciplinary Evaluation and Treatment of Dysphagia - Treatment." San Francisco, CA, 10/2/2003 - 10/4/2003
66. A Day in the Gut - New York Hospital Queens. "Supraesophageal Manifestations of GERD." Flushing, NY, 10/18/2003
67. American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Meeting. "Pathophysiology and Techniques for Detecting Supraesophageal Reflux." New Orleans, 11/7/2003
68. Charleston Swallowing Conference: State of the Science in Practice. "UES Physiology and Pathophysiology." Charleston, SC, 1/30/2004 - 2/1/2004
69. Washington University School of Medicine, Gastroenterology Grand Rounds. "Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease." St. Louis, MO, 2/24/2004
70. ASGE Gastroenterology Practice-Endoscopic ASCs-Creating Success Program. "New Issues in the Management of GERD." Knoxville, TN, 4/15/2004
71. AGA's Spring Postgraduate Course Luncheon Breakout Session: A New Era in Gastroenterology and Hepatology. "Extra-Esophageal Problems With GERD." New Orleans, LA, 5/15/2004 - 5/16/2004
72. AGA Clinical Symposium Presentation, "Functional Esophageal Disorders - Brain Imaging." New Orleans, LA, 5/19/2004
73. University of Texas-Galveston, "Motility Disorders of the Esophagus and Gut." Galveston, TX, 7/31/2004 - 8/1/2004
74. 69th Annual ACG Meeting and Postgraduate Course. "Chronic Laryngitis & Laryngo-Pharyngeal Reflux: What To Do When All Else Fails." Orlando, FL, 10/30/2004 - 11/2/2004
75. 11th Symp on Neurogastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Motility. "FEES - Functional Evaluation of Esophageal Swallowing (Video Demonstration), " "Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: Clinical Approach, " and "Typical and Atypical GERD." Sanibel Island, FL, 2/3/2005 - 2/6/2005
76. Walter Reed Gastroenterology Symposium. "Curing Nasal Regurgitation: Practical Therapy for Post-Stroke Dysphagia." Tysons Corner, McLean, VA., 3/11/2005 - 3/12/2005
77. GERD Consultants Meeting. "Expanding Complications of GERD: Contribution of Nighttime Reflux. Dallas, TX, 6/24/2005 - 6/26/2005
78. Silent Reflux Symposium. "What Type of Studies Can Be Performed to Explore Silent Reflux?" Tucson, AZ, 9/8/2005
79. Mayo Clinic College of Medicine - Geriatric Update for the Primary Care Provider. Endowed lecture: "Rehabilitative Approaches to Dysphagia: Applying Pathophysiological Insight in Clinical Practice, " "The Aging Upper Gut." Rochester, MN, 10/5/2005 - 10/6/2005
80. Medical University of South Carolina - Charleston Swallowing Conference. "Overlapping Oropharyngeal and Esophageal Disorders." Charleston, SC, 10/8/2005
81. Univ. of Michigan ACG symposium - Challenges of GERD Management: Acid in the Night. "Challenges in the Diagnosis and Management of Supraesophageal Complications of GERD." Honolulu, Hawaii, 10/29/2005
82. Harvard Motility Course - Current and Emerging Therapies in Gastrointestinal Motility and Functional GI Disorders. "Atypical GERD, Non-Cardia Chest Pain and NERD." Boston, 11/5/2005 - 11/6/2005
83. American Motility Course on Gastrointestinal Motility in Clinical Practice. "Oropharyngeal Swallowing: Normal & Abnormal" and "CNS Imaging for Functional Bowel Disorders." San Diego, CA, 2/10/2006 - 2/12/2006
84. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting. "Esophageal Sensory Function and GE Reflux Issues." Scottsdale, AZ, 3/23/2006 - 3/25/2006
85. AGA Spring Postgraduate Course - Recognizing and Reducing Risk in GI Practice, "Clinical Challenge Session: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia, " Los Angeles, CA, 5/20/2006 - 5/21/2006
86. DDW CME Program: The Reciprocal Relationship Between GERD and Sleep: What Every GI Clinician Should Know, "GERD and Sleep Are Intimately Related: Where Are We in 2006?" Los Angeles, CA, 5/23/2006
87. Gastroenterology Business Development Scientific Advisory Board Meeting at the American College of Gastroenterology Annual Meeting. "GERD: Comprehensive Review: Where Are We, Where We Were, Where Are We Going." Las Vegas, NV, 10/21/2006
88. University of Michigan Symposium - Strangers in the Night: Case-Based Learnings on Nighttime and Supraesophageal GERD. "Contributions of Nighttime Reflux to Supraesophageal Symptoms." Las Vegas, NV, 10/21/2006
89. Nighttime Working Group Meeting. "The Aging Esophagus: The Known, Unknown and Speculated." Las Vegas, NV, 10/24/2006
90. Columbia University Symposium - Contemporary Evaluation & Management of Reflux and Swallowing Disorders. "Dysphagia Treatment: SHAKER Exercises, " and "Transnasal EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy (T-EGD)." New York, NY, 11/4/2006
91. Oregon Health and Science Course. 1) "Unsedated Transnasal Endoscopy: An Evidence-Based Review, " 2) "Transnasal Endoscopy: How Will This Approach Impact the Way We Practice?" 3) "TNE Technique II: Examination of the Esophagus, Stomach & Duodenum and Biopsy Techniques and Therapeutic Endoscopy." Portland, OR, 12/7/2006 - 12/9/2006
92. Baylor College of Medicine - Gastroenterology Update 2007. Endowed lecture: 1) Grand Rounds "Dysphagia Diagnoses and Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach, " 2) Research Conference "Reciprocal Physiology of Upper GI and Airway" and 3) "The Functional Relationship between the Esophagus and the Airways and Supraesophageal Complications of GERD." Houston, TX, 2/14/2007 - 2/18/2007
93. Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Medical Grand Rounds. "Extraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease." New Brunswick, NJ, 2/20/2007 - 2/21/2007
94. DDW ASGE Forum: "Benign Esophageal Disorders" Washington, DC, 5/21/2007
95. Medical College of Georgia, Medical and Surgical Approaches to GI Disorders, "Endoscopic Esophagus Anatomy and Pathology", Kiawah Island, SC, 7/8/2007
96. West Virginia School of Medicine, Grand Rounds and Symposium, "Diagnosis and Management of Dysphagia" and "Brain-Gut and IBS", Morgantown, West Virginia, 9/14/2007 - 9/15/2007
97. University of South Florida College of Medicine's 9th Annual Update for Clinicians, Diagnosis and Therapy of Esophageal and Gastric Disorders, "Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease: Have we gone overboard?" "Oral-Pharyngeal Dysphagia: Recent Advances in Management", "Brain Control of Perceived and Unperceived Events in the Intestine. Orlando, FL, 11/28/2007 - 11/30/2007
98. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting. "Airway Protective Reflexes Against Aspiration: Is Sleep a Peril?" Charleston, SC, 3/5/2008 - 3/8/2008
99. American Broncho-Esophalogical Association's Annual Meeting, "Reciprocal Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Upper Gut and the Airway...A Call for Inter-Disciplinary Team Research", Orlando, FL, 5/1/2008 - 5/2/2008
100. Digestive Disease Week: State-of-the-Art Lecture: "What do we know about the Natural History of GERD?", 5/2008
101. Dysphagia in the Elderly: Treatment Techniques and Treatment Planning to Ensure Best Practice and Functional Outcomes. "Esophageal Considerations and Referral Guidelines". Houston, TX, 9/19/2008 - 9/21/2008
102. Vanderbilt University Medical Center's 2008-2009 Harrison Shull Professor Lectureship. "Supraesophageal Dysphagia: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Diagnosis and Management" and "Cerebral Cortex and the Gut: Subliminal, Liminal and Painful Interaction". Nashville, TN, 12/4/2008
103. Voice, Swallow and Airway Conference. 1) "Diagnosis and Management of Esophageal Dysphagia" 2) "LPR" GI Perspective. What I wish my colleagues would know". Singer Island, FL, 4/24/2009 - 4/26/2009
104. Dysphagia in the Elderly: Choosing Effective Interventions to Ensure Positive Patient Outcomes. "Esophageal Considerations and Referral Guidelines". San Francisco, CA, 6/19/2009 - 6/21/2009
105. ACG's 2009 Annual Scientific Meeting. "Burger in the Bronchus: Diagnosis & Management of Transfer Dysphagia". San Diego, CA, 10/26/2009 - 10/28/2009
106. The University of New Mexico's Internal Medicine Grand Rounds & GI Research Conference. Internal Medicine Grand Rounds: "Supraesophageal Reflux Challenges & Controversies" & GI Research Conference: "Reciprocal Physiology of the Gut & the Airway". Alburquerque, NM, 11/19/2009
107. 18th Annual Dysphagia Research Society (DRS) Meeting. "Reflux Disease & Chronic Cough: A GI's Perspective". San Diego, CA, 3/3/2010 - 3/6/2010
108. Digestive Disease Week: Moderator "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Extra-Esophageal Manifestations". New Orleans, LA, 5/2/2010
109. Digestive Disease Week: State-of-the-Art Lecture: "What is the Relationship between Acid & Extra-esophageal GERD". New Orleans, LA, 5/4/2010
110. The Medical Center of Central Georgia (MCCG). 1) "Esophagus & Brain: A Close Relationship" and 2) Grand Rounds Lecture: "Nocturnal Reflux: Complications, Diagnostic Challenges & Management". Macon, GA, 11/11/2010 - 11/12/2010
111. Post Graduate Course, 2nd Annual Esophagology for Clinicians: Swallowing and Esophageal Diseases, "Supraesophageal Complications of GERD, " "Transnasal Ultrathin Endoscopy Technique, " "Endoscopic Anatomy of Pharynx and Larynx, " Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: Principles of Diagnosis & Therapy, " Univ. of South Florida, Orlando, FL, 12/7/2999 - 12/9/2000
 
International
1. "Pharyngoesophageal Motility" and "Diagnostic and Therapeutic ERCP, " University Hospital "St. Spiridon", IInd Medical Clinic Gastroenterology, Iasi Romania, 10/3/1992 - 10/12/1992
2. International Gastrointestinal Motility. "Mechanisms of Airway Protection During Deglutition and Gastroesophageal Reflux." Univ. of Medicine, Iasi, Romania, 5/4/1994 - 5/9/1994
3. Annual Meeting of Turkish Society of Colorectal Surgery. "Colonoscopic Polypectomy and Follow-up of Colon Polyp". Belek-Antalya, Turkey, 9/9/1995 - 9/16/1995
4. XV International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility. Workshop: "Nervous Regulation of Deglutition." Rome, Italy, 11/5/1995 - 11/9/1995
5. International Symposium on NeUroGastroenterology. "Management of Gastrointestinal Alterations in Degenerative Nervous Disease." Rome, Italy, 11/10/1995 - 11/11/1995
6. GI Symposium and Workshop "Functional GI Disorders and GI Motility, " Muscat, Oman, 1/10/1996 - 1/11/1996
7. GI Medical/Surgical Meeting, Royal Adelaide Hospital. "Mechanisms of Airway Protection, " Adelaide, Australia, 2/26/1998
8. International Symposium on Different Aspects of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. "Extra Intestinal Manifestations of GERD." Tel-Aviv, Israel, 4/26/1998
9. "Developing Clinical and Experimental Research in Swallowing Disorders: Challenges, Failures and Success." Second Meeting on Dysphagia. Curitiba, Brazil, 6/11/1998 - 6/13/1998
10. "Glottal Adduction Response to Pharyngeal Water Stimulation and Effect of Cigarette Smoking: Evidence for a Pharyngoglottal Closure Reflex." Second Meeting on Dysphagia. Curitiba, Brazil, 6/11/1998 - 6/13/1998
11. "Effect of Volume, Viscosity, Temperature and Anesthesia on the Pharyngo-UES Contractile Reflex in Patients with Dysphagia Resulting from Neurologic Impairment and in Normal Subjects."Second Meeting on Dysphagia. Curitiba, Brazil, 6/11/1998 - 6/13/1998
12. "Protective Mechanisms Against Aspiration of Gastric Contents: Esophageal, Supraesophageal and Pulmonary." Second Meeting on Dysphagia. Curitiba, Brazil, 6/11/1998 - 6/13/1998
13. "Supraesophageal Defense Mechanisms Against Aspiration." Second Meeting on Dysphagia. Curitiba, Brazil, 6/11/1998 - 6/13/1998
14. Motility Symposium, Beijing, China "New Progress on GERD", 10/11/1998 - 10/12/1998
15. Postgraduate Course Lecture on Motility, Beijing Medical University, Beijing, China, 10/12/1998
16. Motility Symposium, Wuhan, China "New Progress on GERD", 10/13/1998
17. Motility Symposium, Chendu, China "Complications of Reflux Disease", 10/14/1998 - 10/15/1998
18. Motility Symposium, Xian, China "Diagnosis and Management of Reflux Disease", 10/16/1998
19. XXIX Annual Meeting of the German Society for Endoscopy and Imaging. "Dysphagia, " Munich, Germany, 3/3/1999 - 3/6/1999
20. Gastroenterology Geriatric Education Retreat: Integrating Geriatrics into the Subspecialties of Internal Medicine. "Motility of the Esophagus/Stomach/Oral Pharyngeal." St. Johns, Virgin Islands, 3/11/1999 - 3/18/1999
21. 7th Symposium on GI Motility. "Clinical Approach to Oropharyngeal Dysphagia/ Videofluoroscopic Assessment of Oropharyngeal Swallowing" and "Clinical Approach to Oropharyngeal Dysphagia." Cancun, Mexico, 3/19/1999 - 3/21/1999
22. United European Gastroenterology Week, ANEMGI Annual Meeting - Update on NeuroGastroenterology. "Prevention of Aspiration Pneumonia in Cerebrovascular Accident, " and Session #47 "Gastrointestinal Problems in Neurological Patients, " Rome, Italy, 11/13/1999 - 11/17/1999
23. Postgraduate Course on Motility, "Unsedated Transnasal Upper GI Endoscopy (T-EGD): Technique & Clinical Experience, " and "Clinical Approach to Oropharyngeal Dysphagia/Videofluoroscopic Assessment of Oropharyngeal Swallowing, " First Hospital of Beijing, Beijing, China, 9/21/2000
24. 88th Session of the Indian Science Congress; Section of Physiology, "Mutual Interactions between the Oesophagus and Aerodigestive Tract", New Delhi, India, 1/4/2001
25. 88th Session of the Indian Science Congress; Section of Physiology, "Effect of Aging on Deglutition and Airway Protection Mechanism Against Aspiration, " New Delhi, India, 1/6/2001
26. Royal Hospital of Oman. "Unsedated Transnasal Endoscopy, " Oropharyngeal Dysphagia, " and "Non-Cardiac Chest Pain." Muscat, Oman, 1/14/2002 - 1/17/2002
27. Esophageal Disorders Symposium. Iasi, Romania, 10/5/2003 - 10/8/2003
28. Symposium: Defining the Matrix of the Mucosa - Questions, Solutions and Directions in Gastroenterology. "Nighttime GERD." Capetown, South Africa, 11/30/2003 - 12/6/2003
29. 2nd Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, "Brain-Gut Axis." Xi'an, China, 7/13/2004
30. Peking University First Hospital, "Diagnosis & Treatment of Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease." Beijing, China, 7/15/2004
31. Peking University First Hospital, "Cortical Response to Esopahgeal Acid Exposure: The Heartburn Story, " Beijing, China, 7/16/2004
32. Peking University First Hospital, "Nighttime GERD: An Unappreciated Clinical Problem." Beijing, China, 7/19/2004
33. Japanese Society for Dysphagia Rehabilitation Meeting-Niigata, Japan and presentations to Heartful Hosp., Osaka and Fujita Health Univ., Aichi, Japan. "UES Physiology and Pathophysiology." Japan, 9/4/2004 - 9/12/2004
34. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting. "Esophageal Sensory Innveration: The Cerebral Cortex." Montreal, Canada, 10/13/2004 - 10/16/2004
35. From Gastrin to GERD: A Century of Acid Suppression Symposium. "Extra-Esophageal Manifestations of GERD." London, 4/8/2005 - 4/9/2005
36. Japan International Gastrointestinal Motility Society. "Supraesophageal GERD." Akasaka, Tokyo, Japan, 5/24/2005 - 5/29/2005
37. Peking University First Hospital 90th Anniversary Celebration/Medical Seminar. "Esophago-Cortical Connection & Brain Imaging" and "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Expanding Complications, Diagnosis and Management." Beijing, China, 7/9/2005 - 7/14/2005
38. OESO 8th World Congress. "Where in the Cerebral Cortex is Esophagus Represented?;" "How Should We Measure Esophago-Pharyngeal Regurgitation, pH, Impedance, Other?;" "Is Oro-Pharyngeal Dysphagia a Good Indication for Naso-Endoscopy?;" and "Unconventional Theories That Might Explain the Entity Known as NCCP." Avignon, France, 9/3/2006 - 9/6/2006
39. GERD: Protean Symptoms and Proton Solutions. "What Your CNS Knows and You Do Not May Hurt You." Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 9/14/2006 - 9/16/2006
40. Exploring the Spectrum of GERD Symposium. "Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: a Single Entity or Differential Diagnoses?" Athens, Greece, 11/25/2006 - 11/26/2006
41. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting. 1) Team Approach to Treatment of Dysphagia, " 2) What Does the Speech Pathologist Need to Know About the Esophagus?" Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 3/7/2007 - 3/9/2007
42. Gastroenterological Society of Singapore & Chapter of Gastroenterologists, College of Physicians, Singapore - Extraesophageal Reflux Disease Seminar. "Extraesophageal Reflux Diseases: Diagnosis & Management." Singapore, 4/12/2007
43. Malaysian Society of Gastroenterology & Hepatology and Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaysia. "Nighttime Heartburn: A Nightmare for Millions." Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4/14/2007
44. Endoscopy 2007 Annual Workshop, "Transnasal Endoscopy: Technique, Applications and Utility." Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4/15/2007
45. NERD Task Force, "The Symptom Pattern of NERD is Predictive of Progression to eGERD", Vevey, Switzerland, 11/30/2007 - 12/3/2007
46. OESO 9th World Congress, "Reciprocal Physiology of Esophagus and Airway", "The Mechanisms of Esophago-Pharyngeal Regurgitation and Aspiration", Monaco, 4/6/2008 - 4/10/2008
47. Congreso Argentino de Gastroenterologia y Endoscopia Digestiva~Gastro2008. 1) "New Concepts in the Diagnosis and Treatment of the Oropharyngeal Dysphagia", 2) "New Concepts in the Diagnosis and Treatment of the Eosinophilic Esophagitis", 3) "Brain Images Related to the Esophageal Disease". Buenos Aires, Argentina, 8/1/2008 - 8/4/2008
48. Neurogastroenterology and Motility Joint International Meeting. Lucerne, Switzerland. “The Oropharynx and Reflux.”, 11/6/2008 - 11/9/2008
49. Is Reflux Bad for the Lungs? Symposium. "Reflux and Obstructive Sleep-Apnoea". Brussels, Belgium, 1/24/2009
50. Dysphagia in the Elderly: Northern Speech Services Seminar. "Esophageal Considerations & Referral Guidelines". Toronto, Canada, 3/27/2010 - 3/28/2010
 
COMMITTEE SERVICE:
Medical College
1995 Radioactive Drug Research Committee, Milwaukee County Medical Complex, Milwaukee, WI
1996 MCW Faculty Advisory Committee for Hamilton/KSA Analysis
1996 MCW Affiliated Hospital Program Director's Committee
1996 - Present Department of Medicine Executive Committee
1996 - Present FMLH Hospital Advisory Committee
1997 MCW Pathology Intramural Review Committee
1998 - 2002 MCW Research Space Advisory Committee
1999 MCW Residency Curriculum Committee
1999 MCW Department of Medicine Faculty Development Committee
1999 MCW Intramural Review Committee for Medical Scientist Training Progr.
1999 NEWCO, FMLH/Covenant Physician Steering Committee
2000 - Present Business Development Committee
2002 - Present MCW Functional Imaging Research Center Advisory Board
2007 - Present Chair, CTSI Executive Committee
 
MEDICAL COLLEGE TEACHING ACTIVITIES:
Medical Student Education
1988 - 1993 Attending Physician, Junior and Senior Medical Students: General Medicine Service, VA Medical Center
1988 - Present Preceptor, Sophomore Clinical Examination Course
1988 - Present Preceptor, Junior Syllabus
1988 - Present Attending Physician, Senior Medical Students: Gastroenterology Consulting Service
2000 - 2003 Preceptor, Physiology Course, GI Section
2003 - 2008 Preceptor, Sophomore Pathology Course
 
Resident and Fellow Education
1988 - Present Attending Physician, GI Fellows, Gastroenterology
1988 - Present Attending Physician, Medical Residents, Gastroenterology Consulting Service
1988 - 1990 Attending Physician, Medical Residents, General Medicine Service, VAMC
11/1993 Preceptor, MCW Geriatric Fellowship Training Program, "Swallowing & Aging"
 
MCW STUDENTS, FACULTY, RESIDENTS AND CLINICAL/RESEARCH FELLOWS MENTORED:
Clinical/Research Fellows
Sherry Li, M.D., MCW, 9/1990 - 12/1991
Jianmin Liu, M.D., MCW, 6/1992 - 6/1993
Anca Trifan, M.D., MCW, 6/1993 - 6/1994
Kia Saeian, M.D., MCW, 7/1994 - 6/1996
Pengyan Xie, M.D., MCW, 3/1995 - 6/1997
Eytan Bardan, M.D., MCW, 7/1995 - 6/1997
Seckin Ulualp, M.D., MCW, 8/1996 - 7/1998
Silvia Torrico, M.D,, MCW, 7/1997 - 7/1999
Muhammad Aslam, M.D., MCW, 7/1997 - 7/1998
Devang Prajapati, M.D,, MCW, 7/1999 - 6/2002
Chengming Gu, M.D., MCW, 7/1999 - 6/2000
Jun Zhang, M.D., MCW, 4/2000 - 6/2000
Riead Haj Amreir, M.D., MCW, 8/3/2000 - 9/9/2001
Sudarshan R. Jadcherla, M.D., MCW, 2000 - 2002 Clinical Research Scholars Program
Tan Attila, M.D., MCW, 7/2001 - 6/2004
Osamu Kawamura, M.D., MCW, 10/2001 - 4/2004
Rajesh Santharam, M.D., MCW, 2002 - 2005
Shailesh Bajaj, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2003 - 6/2005
Adeyemi Lawal, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2003 - 6/2005
Arthi Sanjeevi, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2003 - 6/2005
Jianxiang Liu, M.D., MCW, 10/2003 - 9/2004
Albert Merati, M.D., MCW, 2003 Clinical Research Scholars Program
David Knuff, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2004 - 6/2006
Venelin Kounev, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2004 - 6/2006
Krisna Chai, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2005 - 6/2007
Lilani Perera, M.D., MCW, 7/2005 - 6/2008
Lilani Perera, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2005 - 6/2007
Yue Zheng, MCW, 1/2006 - 12/2007
Stephen Antonik, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2006 - 6/2008
Shiko Kuribayashi, MCW, 7/2006 - 6/2009
Rachel Mepani, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2006 - 6/2008
Jonahtan Huang, D.O., NIH Fellow , MCW, 7/2007 - 8/2009
Sri Naveen Surapaneni, M.D., NIH Fellow , MCW, 7/2007 - 8/2009
Manuel Amaris, M.D., NIH Fellow , MCW, 9/2008 - 8/2010
Arash Babaei, M.D., NIH Fellow , MCW, 9/2008 - 8/2010
Robert Siwiec, M.D., NIH Fellow , MCW, 9/2009 - Present
Erica Samuel, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 9/2009 - Present
Anna Patel, M.D., NIH Fellow, MCW, 7/2010 - Present
 
Faculty
Kristine Spinelli, M.D., MCW, 2001 - 2002 Junior Faculty Mentor Program
 

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Refereed Journal Publications/Original Papers
1. Borra S, Shaker R, Kleinfeld M. Hyperkalemia in an adult hospitalized population. Mt. Sinai J of Med 55( 3):226-229, 1988.
2. Kahrilas PJ, Dodds WJ, Dent J, Logemann JA, Shaker R. Upper esophageal sphincter function during deglutition. Gastroenterology 95:52-62, 1988.
3. Shaker R, Cook I, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. Pressure flow dynamics of oral phase of swallowing. Dysphagia 3:79-84, 1988.
4. Darweesh RMA, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Geenen JE, Lawson TL, Stewart ET, Shaker R, Kishk SMA. Fatty-meal sonography for evaluating patients with suspected partial common-duct obstruction. Am J Roentgenol 151:63-68, 1988.
5. Darweesh RMA, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Geenen JE, Collier BD, Shaker R, Kishk S, Stewart ET, Lawson TL, Hassanein EH, Joestgen TM. Efficacy of quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy and fatty-meal sonography for detecting partial common duct obstruction. Gastroenterology 94:779-786, 1988.
6. Cook IJ, Dodds WJ, Dantas RO, Kern MK, Massey BT, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Timing of videofluoroscopic manometric events and bolus transit during the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing. Dysphagia 4:8-15, 1989.
7. Dantas RO, Dodds WJ, Massey BT, Shaker R, Cook IJ. Manometric characteristics of the glossopalatal sphincter. Dig Dis Sci 35(2):161-166, 1990.
8. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Dantas EO, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer, RC. Coordination of deglutitive glottic closure with oropharyngeal swallowing. Gastroenterology 98:1478-1484, 1990.
9. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Helm JF, Kern MK, Hogan WJ. Regional esophageal distribution and clearance of refluxed gastric acid. Gastroenterology 101:355-359, 1991.
10. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Kahrilas PJ, Helm JF, Hogan WJ. Relationship of intraluminal pH and pressure within the lower esophageal sphincter. Am J Gastroenterol 86(7):812-816, 1991.
11. Shaker R, Kahrilas PJ, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. Oesophageal clearance of small amounts of equal or less than one milliliter of acid. Gut 33:7-10, 1992.
12. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Esophagoglottal closure reflex: A mechanism of airway protection. Gastroenterology 102:857-861, 1992.
13. Shaker R, Ren J, Kern M, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Li Q. Mechanisms of airway protection and UES opening during belching. Am J Physiol 262 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 25) :G621-G628, 1992.
14. Shaker R. Oropharyngeal dysphagia: practical approach to diagnosis and management. Semin Gastrointest Dis 3(3):115-128, July, 1992.
15. Shaker R, Kupla JI, Kidder TM, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C. Manometric characteristics of cervical dysphagia in a patient with Kearns-Sayre syndrome. Gastroenterology 103(4):1328-1331, 1992.
16. Shaker R, Li Q, Ren J, Townsend WF, Dodds WJ, Martin BJ, Kern MK, Rynders A. Coordination of deglutition and phases of respiration, effect of aging, tachypnea, bolus volume, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Physiol (Gastrointest Liver Physiol) 263:G750-G755, 1992.
17. Martin BJW, Logemann JA, Shaker R, Dodds WJ. Normal laryngeal valving patterns during three breath-hold maneuvers: A pilot investigation. Dysphagia 8(1):11-20, 1993.
18. Ren J, Shaker R, Zamir Z, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Hofmann C. Effect of age and bolus variables on the coordination of the glottis and upper esophageal sphincter during swallowing. Am J Gastroenterol 88(5):665-669, 1993.
19. Shaker R, Ren J, Podvrsan B, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Kern M, Hoffmann R, Hintz J. Effect of aging and bolus variables on pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter motor function. Am J Physiol 264 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 27) :G427-G432, 1993.
20. Ren J, Massey BT, Dodds WJ, Kern MK, Brasseur JG, Shaker R, Harrington SS, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Determinants of intrabolus pressure during esophageal peristaltic bolus transport. Am J Physiol 264 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 27) :G407-G413, 1993.
21. Shaker R. Functional relationship of larynx and upper GI tract. Dysphagia 8(4):326-330, Oct 1993.
22. Shaker R, Ren J, Medda B, Lang I, Cowles V, Jaradeh S. Identification and characterization of the esophagoglottal closure reflex in a feline model. Am J Physiol 266 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 29) :G147-G153, 1994.
23. Martin BJW, Logemann JA, Shaker R, Dodds WJ. Coordination between respiration and swallow: Respiratory phase relationships and temporal integration. J Appl Physiol 76(2):714-723, 1994.
24. Jindal JR, Milbrath MM, Shaker R, Hogan WJ, Toohill RJ. Gastroesophageal reflux disease as a likely cause of "idiopathic" subglottic stenosis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 103(3):186-191, 1994.
25. Shaker R. Unsedated transnasal pharyngoesophagogastroduodenoscopy (T-EGD): technique. Gastrointest Endosc 40(3):346-348, 1994. This publication was selected for inclusion in "Selected Readings in General Surgery", 1995; a study guide for American Board of Surgery Exams and Continuing Medical Education credits.
26. Shaker R, Ren J, Zamir Z, Sarna A, Liu J, Sui Z. Effect of aging, position, and temperature on the threshold volume triggering pharyngeal swallows. Gastroenterology 107:396-402, 1994.
27. Shaker R, Lang IM. Effect of aging on the deglutitive oral, pharyngeal and esophageal motor function. Dysphagia 9(4):221-228, 1994.
28. Lang IM, Shaker R. An update on the physiology of the components of the upper esophageal sphincter. Dysphagia 9(4):229-232, 1994.
29. Medda BK, Lang, IM, Layman R, Hogan W, Dodds WJ, Shaker R. Characterization and quantification of a pharyngo-UES reflex in cats. Am J Physiol 267 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 30): G972-G983, 1994.
30. Trifan A, Shaker R, Ren J, Mittal RK, Saeian K, Dua K, Kusano M. Inhibition of resting lower esophageal sphincter pressure by pharyngeal water stimulation in humans. Gastroenterology 108:441-446, 1995.
31. Shaker R, Milbrath M, Ren J, Campbell B, Toohill B, Hogan W. Deglutitive aspiration in tracheostomy patients: effect of tracheostomy on the duration of vocal cord closure. Gastroenterology 108:1357-1360, 1995.
32. Ren J, Shaker R, Kusano M, Podvrsan B, Metwally N, Dua KS, Sui Z. Effect of aging on the secondary esophageal peristalsis: presbyesophagus revisited. Am J Physiol 268 (Gastrointestinal Liver Physiol 31): G772-G779, 1995.
33. Dua K, Shaker R, Ren J, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C. Mechanism and timing of nasopharyngeal closure during swallowing and belching. Am J Physiol: 268 (Gastrointestinal Liver Physiol 31) :G1037-G1042, 1995.
34. Shaker R. Airway protective mechanisms: current concepts. Dysphagia Journal 10(4):216-227, 1995.
35. Shaker R, Milbrath M, Ren J, Toohill R, Hogan WJ, Li Q, Hofmann C. Esophagopharyngeal distribution of refluxed gastric acid in patients with reflux laryngitis. Gastroenterology 109:1575-1582, 1995.
36. Kusano M, Hogan WJ, Lang IM, Bonnevier JL, Massey BT, Shaker R. Initiation of esophageal secondary peristalsis by slow fluid infusion in the opossum: effect of hydrochloric acid. Am J Physiol 270 (Gastrointestinal Liver Physiol 33): G927-G931, 1996.
37. Trifan A, Ren J, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C, Bardan E, Shaker R. Inhibition of progressing primary esophageal peristalsis by pharyngeal water stimulation in humans. Gastroenterology 110:419-423, 1996.
38. Zamir Z, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Coordination of deglutitive vocal cord closure and oral-pharyngeal swallowing events in the elderly. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 8(5):425-429, 1996.
39. Mittal RK, Chiareli C, Liu J, Shaker R. Characteristics of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation induced by pharyngeal stimulation with minute amounts of water. Gastroenterology 111:378-384, 1996.
40. Kabasakal L, Collier BD, Shaker R, Hellman RS, Smart S, Ozker K, Krasnow AZ, Isitman AT. Enterogastric bile reflux during technetium-99m-sestamibi cardiac imaging. J Nucl Med 37:1285-1288, 1996.
41. Dua KS, Stewart E, Arndorfer R, Shaker R. Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis associated with achalasia. (Brief Case Report) Am J Gastroenterol 91:1859-1860, 1996.
42. Kern MK, Ren J, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Kinematic and dynamic characteristics of solid pellet movement during the pharyngeal phase of swallowing. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 105:716-723, 1996.
43. Berger WL, Shaker R, Dean RS. Percutaneous endoscopic gastro-jejunal tube placement. Gastrointest Endosc 43(1):63-66, 1996.
44. Dua KS, Ruan E, Shaker R. Transnasal pharyngoesophagogastroduodenoscopy (T-PEGD) in a patient with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endosc 28:530, 1996.
45. Dean R, Dua K, Massey B, Berger W, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. A comparative study of unsedated transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (T-EGD) and conventional EGD. Gastrointest Endosc 44(4):422-424, 1996.
46. Xie P, Ren J, Bardan E, Mittal RK, Sui Z, Shaker R. Frequency of gastroesophageal reflux events induced by pharyngeal water stimulation in young and elderly subjects. Am J Physiol 272 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 35): G233-237, 1997.
47. Dua KS, Ren J, Bardan E, Xie P, Shaker R. Coordination of deglutitive glottal function and pharyngeal bolus transit during normal eating. Gastroenterology 112:73-83, 1997.
48. Bardan E, Xie P, Ren J, Dua K, Shaker R. Effect of pharyngeal water stimulation on esophageal peristalsis and bolus transport. Am J Physiol 272 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 35): G265-G271, 1997.
49. Shaker R, Kern M, Bardan E, Taylor A, Stewart ET, Hoffmann RG, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C, Bonnevier J. Augmentation of deglutitive upper esophageal sphincter opening in the elderly by exercise. Am J Physiol 272 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 35): 1518-1522, 1997.
50. Medda BK, Lang IM, Dodds WJ, Christl M, Kern M, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Correlation of electrical and contractile activity of the cricopharyngeus muscle in the cat. Am J Physiol 273 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 36): G470-G479, 1997.
51. Shaker R, Ren J, Xie P, Lang IM, Bardan E, Sui Z. Characterization of the pharyngo-UES contractile reflex in humans. Am J Physiol 273(Gastrointest Liver Physiol 36): 854-858, 1997.
52. Shaker R, Lang IM. Reflex mediated airway protective mechanisms against retrograde aspiration. Am J Med (Proceedings of First Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease) 103(5A): 64S-73S, 1997.
53. Lang IM, Shaker R. Anatomy and physiology of the upper esophageal sphincter. Am J Med (Proceedings of First Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease) 103(5A): 50S-55S, 1997.
54. Murphy PP, Ballinger PJ, Massey BT, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Discrete ulcers in Barrett's esophagus: relationship to acute gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy 30:367-370, 1998.
55. Shaker R, Medda BK, Ren J, Jaradeh S, Xie P, Lang IM. Pharyngoglottal closure reflex: identification and characterization in a feline model. Am J Physiol 275 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 38): G521-G525, 1998.
56. Kuhn J, Toohill RJ, Ulualp SO, Kulpa J, Hofmann C, Arndorfer R, Shaker R. Pharyngeal acid reflux events in patients with vocal fold nodules. The Laryngoscope 108:1146-1149, 1998.
57. Ulualp SO, Toohill RJ, Kern M, Shaker R. Pharyngo-UES contractile reflex in patients with posterior laryngitis. Laryngoscope 108:1354-1357, 1998.
58. Dua KS, Ren J, Sui Z, Shaker R. Effect of chronic and acute cigarette smoking on the threshold volume triggering pharyngeal swallow. GUT 43(4):537-541, 1998.
59. Birn RM, Bandettini PA, Cox W, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R. Magnetic field changes in human brain due to swallowing or speaking. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 40(1):55-60, 1998.
60. Lang IM, Medda BK, Ren J, Shaker R. Characterization and mechanisms of pharyngoesophageal inhibitory reflex. Am J Physiol 275 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 38): G1127-G1137, 1998.
61. Kern MK, Birn RM, Jaradeh S, Jesmanowicz A, Cox RW, Hyde JS, Shaker R. Identification and characterization of cerebral cortical response to esophageal mucosal acid exposure and segmental distension. Gastroenterology 115:1353-1362, 1998.
62. Toohill RJ, Ulualp SO, Shaker R. Evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with laryngotracheal stenosis. Ann Otol, Rhinol Laryngol 107(12):1010-1014, 1998.
63. Staff D, Shaker R. Oropharyngeal dysphagia and associated disorders. Clin Practice Gastroenterol 7(1):66-74, 1998.
64. Birn RM, Bandettini PA, Cox RW, Shaker R. Event-related FMRI of tasks involving brief motion. Human Brain Mapping 7(2):106-114, 1999.
65. Saeian K, Townsend WF, Rochling FA, Bardan E, Dua K, Phadnis S, Dunn BE, Darnell K, Shaker R. Unsedated transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (T-EGD): An alternative approach to documenting helicobacter pylori eradication. Gastrointest Endosc 49(3):297-301, 1999.
66. Bardan E, Saeian K, Xie P, Ren J, Kern M, Dua K, Shaker R. Effect of pharyngeal stimulation on the motor function of the esophagus and its sphincters. The Laryngoscope 109:437-441, 1999.
67. Ulualp SO, Toohill RJ, Hoffmann R, Shaker R. Pharyngeal pH monitoring in patients with posterior laryngitis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120(5):672-677, 1999.
68. Ulualp SO, Toohill RJ, Hoffmann R, Shaker R. Possible relationship of gastroesophagopharyngeal acid reflux in pathogenesis of chronic sinusitis. Am J Rhinol 13(3):197-202, 1999.
69. Kern M, Bardan E, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C, Ren J, Shaker R. Comparison of upper esophageal sphincter opening in healthy asymptomatic young and elderly volunteers. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 108(10):982-989, 1999.
70. Lang IM, Sarna SK, Shaker R. The gastrointestinal motor and myoelectric correlates of motion sickness. Am J Physiol 277 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 40): G642-G652, 1999.
71. Shaker R. A Wake-Up Call? Unsedated versus conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Invited Editorial, Gastroenterology 117(6),1492-1495, 1999.
72. Ulualp SO, Toohill RJ, Shaker R. Pharyngeal acid reflux in patients with single and multiple otolaryngologic disorders. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 121(6):725-730, 1999.
73. Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Life after anti-reflux surgery. Am J Med (Proceedings of Second Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease) 108(Suppl 4A):181-191, 2000.
74. Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Reflex-mediated enhancement of airway protective mechanisms. (Proceedings of Second Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease) 108(Suppl 4A):8-14, 2000.
75. Jaradeh SS, Shaker R, Toohill RB. Electromyographic recording of the cricopharyngeus muscle in humans. Am J Med 108(4a):40S-42S, Mar 2000.
76. Shaker R. Introduction. (Proceedings of Second Multi-Disciplinary International Symposium on Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease) 108(Suppl 4A):1-2, 2000.
77. Ferdjallah M, Wertsch JJ, Shaker R. Spectral analysis of surface EMG of upper esophageal sphincter opening muscles during head lift exercise. J Rehab Res Develop 37(3):335-340, 2000.
78. Shaker R. Protective mechanisms against supraesophageal GERD. J Clin Gastroenterol 30(Suppl):S3-S8, 2000.
79. Jailwala JA, Shaker R. Oral and pharyngeal complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 30(Suppl):S35-S38, 2000.
80. Staff DM, Shaker R. Omeprazole and gastroesophageal reflux in asthma. Clinical Trials Report, Current Gastroenterology Reports 2(3):183-184, 2000.
81. Lang IM, Shaker R. An overview of the upper esophageal sphincter. Current Gastroenterology Reports 2(3):185-190, 2000.
82. Easterling C, Bousamara M, Lang IM, Kern M, Nitschke T, Bardan E, Shaker R. Pharyngeal dysphagia in post-transhiatal esophagectomy patients: correlation with deglutitive biomechanics. Ann Thorac Surg 69:989-992, 2000.
83. Jailwala JA, Shaker R. Reflux laryngitis. Practical Gastroenterology 24(3):15-41, 2000.
84. Saeian K, Shaker R. Oropharyngeal dysphagia. Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology 3(1):77-87, 2000.
85. Saeian K, Shaker R. Oropharyngeal dysphagia. Clin Perspect Gastroenterol 3(2):69-81, 2000.
86. Jailwala JA, Shaker R. Supraesophageal complications of reflux disease. Invited Editorial, Dig Liv Dis 32:267-274, 2000.
87. Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Supraesophageal complications of gastroesophageal reflux. Dis Mon. 46(3):193-232, Mar 2000.
88. Torrico S, Kern M, Aslam M, Narayanan S, Kannappan A, Ren J, Zhumei S, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Upper esophageal sphincter function during gastroesophageal reflux events: revisited. Am J Physiol 279 (Gastrointest Liver Physiol): G262-G267, 2000.
89. Bardan E, Xie P, Aslam M, Kern M, Shaker R. Disruption of primary and secondary esophageal peristalsis by afferent stimulation. Am J Physiol (Gastrointest Liver Physiol): 279:G255-G261, 2000.
90. Staff D, Saeian K, Rochling K, Narayanan S, Kern M, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Does open access endoscopy close the door to an adequately informed patient? Gastrointest Endosc 52(2):212-217, 2000.
91. Ren J, Xie P, Lang IM, Bardan E, Sui Z, Shaker R. Deterioration of the pharyngo-UES contractile reflex in the elderly. The Laryngoscope 110:1563-1566, 2000.
92. Bardan E, Xie P, Brasseur J, Dua K, Ulualp SO, Kern M, Shaker R. Effect of ageing on the upper and lower oesophageal sphincters. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 12(11):1221-1225, 2000.
93. Xie P-Y, Bardan E, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Esophageal distention: an ususpected trigger mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux. J Beijing Med Univ 32(2): 121-122, 2000.
94. Dua KS, Kozarek R, Kim J, Evans J, Medda BK, Lang I, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Self-expanding metal esophageal stent with anti-reflux mechanism. Gastrointest Endosc 53(6):603-613, 2001.
95. Ulualp SO, Toohill RJ, Shaker R. Loss of secondary esophageal peristalsis is not a contributory pathogenetic factor in posterior laryngitis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 110(2):152-157, 2001.
96. Kern MK, Jaradeh S, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical representation of reflexive and volitional swallowing in humans. Am J Physiol 280 (Gastointest Liver Physiol): G354-360, 2001.
97. Kern M, Birn R, Jaradeh S, Jesmanowicz A, Cox R, Hyde J, Shaker R. Swallow related cerebral cortical activity maps are not specific to deglutition. Am J Physiol 280 (Gastointest Liver Physiol 4) G531-G538, 2001.
98. Staff D, Shaker R. Aging in the GI tract. Dis Mon 47(3): 72-101, 2001.
99. Xie P, Medda B, Ren J, Mustin E, Shaker R, Koch T. Choline acetyltransferase activity parallels the pressure gradient in the feline pharyngo-esophageal region. Autonomic Neurosci: Basic and Clin 89:125-127, 2001.
100. Jailwala J, Shaker R. Newer therapies for gastroesophageal reflux disease: numb, burn, or stitch? Esophagus Section: Current Gastroenterology Reports 3(3):188-190, 2001.
101. Jailwala J, Massey BT, Staff DM, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Post-fundoplication symptoms: the role for the endoscopic assessment of fundoplication integrity. Gastrointest Endosc 54(3):351-356, 2001.
102. Vasilopoulos S, Shaker R. Defiant dysphagia: small caliber esophagus and refractory benign esophageal strictures. Editorial for Current Gastroenterology Reports 3(3):225-230, 2001.
103. Staff DM, Shaker R. Clinical trials report. Esophagus Section: Current Gastroenterology Reports 3(3):185-187, 2001.
104. Staff DM, Shaker R. Quality of Life and fundoplication II. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 3(3):186-187, June 2001.
105. Staff DM, Shaker R. Videoendoscopic evaluation of supraesophageal dysphagia. Esophagus Section: Current Gastroenterology Reports 3(3):200-205, 2001.
106. Shaker R, Staff D. Esophageal disorders in the elderly. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, (eds) Farrell JJ, Friedman LS. W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia, PA, pp 335-361, 2001.
107. Vakil NB, Shaker R, Johnson DA, Kovacs T, Baerg RD, Hwang C, D'Amico D, Hamelin B. The new proton pump inhibitor esomeprazole is effective as a maintenance therapy in GERD patients with healed erosive esophagitis: a 6-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of efficacy and safety. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 15(7):927-935, July, 2001.
108. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Mechanisms of reflexes induced by esophageal distension. Am J Physiol 281: G1246-G1263, 2001.
109. Kern MK, Jaradeh S, Arndorfer RC, Jesmanowicz A, Hyde J, Shaker R. Gender differences in the cortical representation of rectal distention in healthy humans. AJP:Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281:G1512-G1523, 2001.
110. Shaker R, Saeian K. Unsedated transnasal laryngo-esophagogastroduodenoscopy: an alternative to conventional endoscopy. Am J Med Suppl 111(8 Suppl): 153-156, 2001.
111. Jadcherla SR, Shaker R. Esophageal and upper esophageal sphincter motor function in babies. Am J Med Suppl 111(8 Suppl): 64S-68S, 2001.
112. Ulualp SO, Toohill R, Shaker R. Outcomes of acid suppressive therapy in patients with posterior laryngitis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 124(1):16-22, Jan 2001.
113. Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Medical treatment of supraesophageal complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Med 111(Suppl 8A):197S-201S, Dec, 2001.
114. Vasilopoulos S, Murphy P, Auerbach A, Massey BT, Shaker R, Stewart E, Hogan WJ. The small caliber esophagus: an unappreciated clinical entity in patients with repetitive dysphagia for solids. Gastrointest Endosc 55(1):99-106, 2002.
115. Kern MK, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical registration of subliminal visceral stimulation. Gastroenterology 122:290-198, 2002.
116. Shaker R, Dua KS, Ren J, Xie P, Funahashi A, Schapira RM. Vocal cord pressure during volitional swallow and other voluntary tasks. Dysphagia 17(1):13-18, 2002.
117. Jailwala JA, Shaker R. Reflux laryngitis. Online e-medicine "Otolaryngology and Facial Plastics Surgery" textbook (www.emedicine.com).
118. Shaker R, Dua K, Staff D. Clinical trials report. Esophagus Section, Current Gastroenterology Reports 4(3):185-187, 2002.
119. Spinelli KS, Easterling CS, Shaker R. Radiographic evaluation of complex dysphagic patients: comparison with videoendoscopic technique. Esophagus Section, Current Gastroenterology Reports 4(3):187-192, 2002.
120. Shaker R, Easterling C, Kern M, Nitschke T, Massey B, Daniels S, Grande B, Kazandjian M, Dikeman K. Rehabilitation of swallowing by exercise in tube fed patients with pharyngeal dysphagia secondary to abnormal UES opening. Gastroenterology 122:1314-1321, 2002.
121. Loehrl TA, Smith TL, Darling RJ, Torrico L, Prieto TE, Shaker R, Toohill RJ, Jaradeh SS. Autonomic dysfunction, vasomotor rhinitis, and extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:382-387, 2002.
122. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Mechanisms of airway protection during retching, vomiting and swallowing. AJP: Gastrointest Liver Physiol 283:G529-G536, 2002.
123. Saeian K, Staff DM, Knox J, Jean M, Binion D, Townsend WF, Dua K, Shaker R. Unsedated transnasal EGD (T-EGD): a new technique for accurately detecting and grading esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients. Am J Gastroenterol 97(9), 2246-2249, 2002.
124. Dua K, Bardan E, Ren J, Sui Z, Shaker R. Effect of chronic and acute cigarette smoking on the pharyngoglottal closure reflex. Gut 51(6):771-775, 2002.
125. Saeian K, Staff DM, Vasilopoulos S, Townsend WF, Almagro UA, Komorowski R, Choi H, Shaker R. Unsedated transnasal endoscopy accurately detects Barrett's metaplasia and dysplasia? Gastrointest Endosc 56(4):472-478, 2002.
126. Sengupta JN, Medda BK, Shaker R. Effect of GABAB receptor agonist on distension-sensitive pelvic nerve afferent fibers innervating rat colon. Am J Phyisol (Gastrointest Liver Physiol 283: G1343-G1351, 2002.
127. Gawrieh S, Shaker R. Peripheral mechanisms affecting the lower esophageal sphincter tone. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 31:S21-S33, 2002.
128. Shaker R, Ren J, Bardan E, Easterling C, Dua K, Xie P, Kern M. Pharyngoglottal closure reflex: characterization in healthy young, elderly and dysphagic patients with predeglutitive aspiration. Gerontology 49(1): 12-20, 2003.
129. Gawrieh S, Shaker R. Medical management of nocturnal gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in the elderly. Drugs and Aging 20(7):509-516, 2003.
130. Medda BK, Kern M, Ren J, Xie P, Ulualp SO, Lang IM, Shaker R. Relative contribution of various airway protective mechanisms to prevention of aspiration during swallowing. Am J Phyisol (Gastrointest Liver Physiol) 284:G933-G939, 2003.
131. Kern M, Shaker R. Further characterization of human brain processing of viscero-sensation: the role of gender and a word of caution. Invited Editorial, Gastroenterology 123(7):1975-1977, 2003.
132. Aslam M, Kern M, Shaker R. Modulation of esophago-UES contractile reflex: effect of proximal and distal esophageal distention and swallowing. Neuro Gastroenterol Motil 15:323-329, 2003.
133. Shaker R, Bardan E, Gu C, Kern M, Torrico L, Toohill R. Intrapharyngeal distribution of gastric acid refluxate. Laryngoscope 113(7):1182-91, 2003.
134. Shaker R, Castell DO, Schoenfeld PS, Spechler SJ. Nighttime heartburn is an under-appreciated clinical problem that impacts sleep and daytime function: The results of a Gallup survey conducted on behalf of the American Gastroenterological Association. Am J Gastroenterol 98(7):1487-1493, 2003.
135. Effros RM, Olson L, Lin W, Audi S, Hogan G, Shaker R, Hoagland K, Foss B. Resistance of the pulmonary epithelium to movement of buffer ions. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 285: L476-L483, 2003.
136. Effros RM, Shaker R, Foss BE, Bosbous M, Biller JA. Recovery of exhaled solutes by warm filtration and cold condensation. FASEB J 17: A87-A88, 2003.
137. Effros RM, Bosbous M, Foss B, Shaker R, Biller J. Exhaled breath condensates: a potential novel technique for detecting aspiration. Am J Med Suppl 1, 137-143, 2003.
138. Rafiee P, Ogawa H, Heidemann J, Li MS, Aslam M, Lamirand TH, Fisher PJ, Graewin SJ, Dwinell MB, Johnson CP, Shaker R, Binion DG. Isolation and characterization of human esophageal microvascular endothelial cells: mechanisms of inflammatory activation. AJP: Gastrointest and Liver Physiol 285:G1277-G1292, 2003.
139. Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Normal physiology of the aerodigestive tract and its effect on the upper gut. Am J Med Suppl 115(3A):2S-9S, 2003.
140. Effros RM, Biller J, Foss B, Hoagland K, Dunning MB, Castillo D, Bosbous M, Sun F, Shaker R. A simple method for estimating respiratory solute dilution in exhaled breath condensates. Am J Resp & Crit Care 168:1500-1505, 2003.
141. Hogan WJ, Shaker R. A critical review of endoscopic therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Med 18:115(Suppl 3A):201S-210S, Aug. 2003.
142. Jadcherla SR, Duong HQ, Hoffmann RG, Shaker R. Esophageal body and upper esophageal sphincter motor responses to esophageal provocation during maturation in preterm newborns. J Pediatrics 143(1):31-38, July 2003.
143. Kern M, Hofmann C, Hyde J, Shaker, R. Characterization of the cerebral cortical representation of heartburn in GERD patients. AJP: Gastrointest Liver Physiol 286:G174-G181, 2004.
144. Kern MK, Arndorfer RC, Hyde JS, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical representation of external anal sphincter contraction: effect of effort. AJP: Gastrointest and Liver Physiol 286: G304-G311, 2004.
145. Potter JW, Saeian K, Staff DM, Massey BT, Komorowski RA, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Eosinophilic esophagitis in adults: an emerging problem with unique esophageal deformities. Gastrointest Endosc 59(3):355-361, 2004.
146. Gawrieh S, Shaker R. Clinical trials report. Treatment options for esosinophilic esophagitis: Elemental Diet. Clinical trials report 6(3):189, 2004.
147. Gawrieh S, Shaker R. Clinical trials report. Treatment options for esosinophilic esophagitis: Montelukast. Esophagus Section, Current Gastroenterology Reports 6(3):190, 2004.
148. Miranda A, Peles S, Rudolph C, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Altered visceral sensation in response to chronic somatic pain in the rat. Gastroenterology 126:1082-1089, 2004.
149. Kawamura O, Easterling C, Aslam M, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Laryngo-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex in humans deteriorates with age. Gastroenterology 127(1): 57-64, 2004 July.
150. Bajaj J, Shaker R, Rittmann T, Hogan W. Esophageal veggie spasms: a food-specific cause of chest distress. Am J Gastroenterol 99(7):1396-1398, 2004 July.
151. Lang IM, Dean-Bernhoft C, Medda BK, Aslam M, Shaker R. Differential activation of medullary vagal nuclei during different phases of swallowing in the cat. Brain Res 16;1014(1-2):145-63, 2004 July.
152. Kawamura O, Aslam M, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Physical and pH Properties of Gastroesophagopharyngeal Refluxate: A 24-hour Simultaneous Ambulatory Impedance and pH Monitoring Study. Am J Gastroenterol 99(6):1000-1010, 2004.
153. Sidhu H, Kern M, Shaker R. Absence of increasing cortical fMRI activity volume in response to increasing visceral stimulation in IBS patients. AJP: Gastrointest Liver Physiol 287(2):G425-G435, 2004.
154. Sengupta JN, Petersen J, Peles S, Shaker R. Response properties of antral mechanosensitive afferent fibers and effects of ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists. Neuroscience 125:711-723, 2004.
155. Shaker R, Bardan E, Gu C, Massey BT, Sanders T, Kern MK, Hoffmann RG, Hogan WJ. Effect of lower esophageal sphincter tone and crural diaphragm contraction on distensibility of the gastroesophageal junction in man. AJP: Gastrointest Liver Physiol 287:G815-G821, 2004.
156. Effros, RM., Dunning M, Biller J, Shaker R. The promise and perils of exhaled breath condensates. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol. Biol. 287(6):L1073-L1080, 2004.
157. Peles S, Mirand A, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Acute nociceptive somatic stimulus senetizes neurons in the spinal cord to colonic distension in the rat. J Physiol 560(1):291-302, 2004.
158. Shaker R, Brunton S, Elfant A, Golopols L, Ruoff G, Stanghellini V. Review article: impact of night-time reflux on lifestyle - unrecognized issues in reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20(9):3-13, Dec. 2004
159. Shaker R. Introduction. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 20(9):1, Dec. 2004.
160. Shaker R. Nighttime GERD: Clinical implications and therapeutic challenges. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 18(Suppl):31-38, 2004
161. Attila T, Hellman RS, Krasnow AZ, Hofmann CL, Saeian K, Dua KS, Binion DG, Shaker R. Feasibility and safety of endoscopic evaluation of gastric emptying. Endosc 37(3):240-243, March 2005.
162. Effros R, Shaker R, Biller J, Dunning M. Utility of exhaled breath condensates in COPD: A critical appraisal. Curr Opin Pulm Med 11(2):135-9, March 2005.
163. Kawamura O, Easterling C, Aslam M, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Optimal stimulus intensity and reliability of air stimulation technique for elicitation of laryngo-UES contractile reflex. Ann Otol Laryngol Rhinol 114(3):223-228, March 2005.
164. Gawrieh S, Shaker R. Clinical trials report. Treatment of actively bleeding Mallory-Weiss syndrome: epinephrine injection or band ligation? Curr Gastroenterol Rep 7(3):175, 2005
165. Gawrieh S, Shaker R. Clinical trials report. Variceal band ligation versus propranolol for primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding in cirrhosis. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 7(3):175-6, 2005
166. Effros RM, Peterson B, Casaburi R, Su J, Dunning M, Torday J, Biller J, Shaker R. Epithelial lining fluid concentrations in chronic obstructive lung disease patients and normal subjects. J Appl Physiol 99(4):1286-1292, Oct 2005.
167. Ulualp SO, Roland PS, Toohill RJ, Shaker, R. Prevalence of gastroesophagopharyngeal acid reflux: an evidenced based systematic review. Am J Otolaryngol 26(4):239-244, 2005.
168. Easterling C, Grande B, Kern M, Sears K, Shaker R. Attaining and maintaining isometric and isokinetic goals of the Shaker exercise. Dysphagia 20(2):133-138, Spring 2005.
169. Lawal A, Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Cingulate cortex: a closer look at its gut-related functional topography. AJP: Gastrointest Liver Physiol 289:G722-G730, 2005.
170. Jadcherla S, Duong H, Hofmann C, Hofmann R, Shaker R. Characteristics of upper oesophageal sphincter and oesophageal body during maturation in healthy human neonates compared with adults. Neurogastroenterol Motil Oct;17(5):663-70, 2005.
171. Medda BK, Sengupta JN, Lang IM, Shaker R. Response properties of the brainstem neurons of the cat following intra-esophageal acid-pepsin infusion. Neuroscience 135(4):1285-94, 2005.
172. Bajaj J, Shaker, R. Another Indication for Transnasal Unsedated Upper GI Endoscopy. Invited Editorial, Gastrointest Endosc 62(5):667-668, 2005.
173. Gawrieh S, Carroll T, Hogan WJ, Soergel WJ, Shaker R. Swallow syncope in association with Schatzki ring and hypertensive esophageal peristalsis: report of three cases and review of the literature. Dysphagia 20(4):273-277, 2005.
174. Blom, Bajaj S, Shaker R. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication decreases gastroesophageal junction distensibility in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. J Gastrointest Surg 9(9): 1318-1325, 2005.
175. Bajaj JS, Bajaj S, Dua KS, Jaradeh S, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Influence of sleep stages on esophago-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex and secondary peristalsis. Gastroenterology 130:17-25, 2006.
176. Bardan E, Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Shaker, R. Effect of aging on bolus kinematics during the pharyngeal phase of swallowing. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 290(3):G458-65, Mar; 2006.
177. Lawal A, Kern M, Sidhu H, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Novel evidence for hypersensitivity of visceral sensory neural circuitry in IBS patients. Gastroenterology 130(1):26-33, Jan 2006.
178. Vaezi MF, Richter JE, Stasney CR, Spiegel JR, Iannuzzi RA, Crawley JA, Hwang C, Sostek MB, Shaker R. Treatment of chronic posterior laryngitis with Esomeprazole. Laryngoscope 116(2):254-260, Feb 2006.
179. Jadcherla SR, Gupta A, Stoner E, Coley BD, Wiet GJ, and Shaker R. Correlation of glottal closure using concurrent ultrasonography and nasolaryngoscopy in children: A novel approach to evaluate glottal status. Dysphagia 21(1):78-81, 2006.
180. Effros RM, Casaburi R, Su J, Dunning M, Torday J, Biller J, Shaker R. The effects of volatile salivary acids and bases upon exhaled breath condensate pH. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173: 386-392, 2006.
181. Miranda A, Peles S, Shaker R, Rudolph C, Sengupta JN. Neonatal Nociceptive Somatic Stimulation Differentially Modifies the Activity of Spinal Neurons in Rats and Results in Altered Somatic and Visceral Sensation. J Physiol. 572(3):775-787, Mar 2006.
182. Bardan E, Kern M, Torrico S, Arndorfer RC, Massey BT, Shaker R. Radial asymmetry of the upper esophageal sphincter pressure profile: Fact or Artifact? Neurogast Motil 18(6):418-424, 2006.
183. Ali I, Rafiee P, Hogan WJ, Jacob HJ, Komorowski RA, Haasler GB, Shaker R. Dickkopf homologs in squamous mucosa of esophagitis patients are overexpressed compared with Barrett's patients and healthy controls. Am J Gastroenterol 101(7):1437-1448, 2006.
184. Williams J, Shaker R. Clinical trials report. The blurring line between erosive and nonerosive GERD. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 8(3):183, 2006.
185. Williams J, Shaker R. The virtues of transnasal unsedated upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 8(3):184-185, 2006.
186. Jadcherla S, Hoffmann RG, Shaker R. Effect of maturation of the magnitude of mechanosensitive and chemosensitive reflexes in the premature human esophagus. J Pediatr 149(1):77-82, 2006.
187. Shaker R. Oropharyngeal dysphagia. Section: Advances in GERD current developments in the management of acid-related disorders. Gastroenterol Hepatol 2(9):633-634, 2006.
188. Shaker R. Review article: A conceptual model for the relationship of nocturnal acidity and extra-oesophageal manifestations of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - where are we now? Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics Symposium Series 3(1):31-37, 2006.
189. Bardan E, Kern M, Torrico S, Arndorfer RC, Massey BT, Shaker R. Radial asymmetry of the upper oescophageal sphincter pressure profile: fact or artifact. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2006 June;18(6):418-24.
190. Saeian K, Shaker R. Unsedated ultrathin EGD. Editorial, Gastrointest Endosc 64(6):874-876, 2006.
191. Rafiee P, Theriot ME, Nelson VM, Heidemann J, Kanaa Y, Horowitz SA, Rogaczewski A, Johnson CP, Ali I, Shaker R, Binion DG. Human esophageal microvascular endothelial cells (HEMEC) respond to acidic pH stress by PI3K/Akt and p38 MAPK regulated induction of Hsp 70 and Hsp27. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 291(5):C931-C945, Nov 2006.
192. Kawamura O, Bajaj S, Aslam M, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Impedance signature of pharyngeal gaseous reflux. Euro J Gastroenterol Hepatol 19(1):65-71, 2007.
193. Aslam M, Bajaj S, Easterling C, Kawamura O, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Liu J, Shaker R. Performance and optimal technique for pharyngeal impedance recording: a simulated pharyngeal reflux study. Am J Gastroenteol 102(1):33-39, Jan 2007.
194. Matthews BA, Nettinger AB, Brondino MJ, Venkatesan T, Shaker R, Anderson RC. Objective risk, subjective risk, and colorectal cancer screening among a clinic sample. Psychol Health Med 12(2):135-147, 2007.
195. Matthews BA, Nattinger AB, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Colorectal cancer screening among Midwestern community based residents: indicators of success. J Community Health. 2007 Apr;3292):103-20
196. Dua KS, Bajaj JS, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Safety and feasibility of evaluating airway-protective reflexes during sleep: new technique and preliminary results. Gastrointest Endosc 65(3):483-486, 2007.
197. Shaker R, Antonik S. The Shaker Exercise. Invited Article. US Gastroenterology Review Volume II, Oct 2006.
198. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Coley BD, Fernandez S, Shaker R. Esophago-glottal closure reflex in human infants: a novel reflex elicited with concurrent manometry and ultrasonography. Am J Gastroenteol, 102(10) 2286-93, 2007.
199. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Stoner E, Fernandez S, Shaker R. Phayrngeal swallowing: defining pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter relationships in human neonates. J Ped 151(6):597-603, Dec 2007.
200. Gawrieh S, Shaker R, Pilotto A, Malfertheiner P, Holt PR. Invited Book Review. Aging and the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterology 132(3):1196, Mar 2007
201. Shaker R. Gastroesophageal reflux disease: beyond mucosal injury. J Clin Gastroenterol 2007 July, Vol 41, Supp 2
202. Banerjee B, Medda BK, Lazarova N, Bansal R, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Effect of reflux-induced inflammation on transient receptor potential vanilloid one (TRPV-1) expression inprimary sensory neurons innervating the oesophagus of rats. Neurogastroenterol Motil 19(8):681-91, Aug 2007.
203. Shaker R. Editorial on the 15th Anniversary of the DRS and establishment of the "Endowment for the Future." Dysphagia Oct 26, 2007.
204. Kounev V, Knuff DA, Lawal A, Hogan WJ, Shaker R, Massey BT. Radiographic swallow studies are intensive in the detection of upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction. Dysphagia 22:399, 2007.
205. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Coley B, Fernandez S, Shaker R. Esophago-Glottal Closure Reflex in Human Infants: A Novel Reflex Elicited with Concurrent Manometry and Ultrasonography. Am J Gastroenterology 2007; 102:2286-2293.
206. Ali I, Rafiee P, Zheng Y, Johnson C, Banerjee B, Haasler G, Jacob H, Shaker R. Intramucosal distribution of Wnt signaling components in Human Esophagus. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 2009 Apr;43(4):327-37.
207. White KT, Easterling C, Roberts N, Wertsch J, Shaker R. Fatigue analysis before and after Shaker exercise: physiologic tool for exercise design. Dysphagia 23:385-391, (2008).
208. Perera L, Kern MK, Hofmann C, Tatro L, Chai K, Kuribayashi S, Lawal A, Shaker R. Manometric evidence for a phonation induced UES contratile reflex. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 294:885-891, 2008.
209. Lawal A, Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Antonik S, Mepani R, Rittmann T, Hussaini S, Hofmann C, Tatro L, Jesmanowicz A, Verber M, Shaker R. Neurocognitive processing of esophageal central sensitization in the insula and cingulate gyrus. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2008 Mar;294(3):G787-94.
210. Lawal, A, Shaker R. Esophageal dysphagia. Phys Med REhabil Clin N Am. 2008 Nov;19(4):729-45,viii.
211. Mepani R, Antonik S, Massey B, Kern M, Logemann J, Pauloski B, Rademaker A, Easterling C, Shaker R. Augmentation of deglutitive thyrohyoid muscle shortening by exercise. Dysphagia 2009 Mar;24(1):26-31.
212. Lang IM, Haworth S, Medda BK, Roerig D, Forster H, Shaker R. Airway responses to esophageal acidification. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 294: R211-R219, 2008.
213. Banerjee B, Medda B, Zheng Y, Miller H, Miranda A, Sengupta J, Shaker R. Alterations in N-Methyl D-Aspartate Receptor Subunits in Primary Sensory Neurons Following Acid-Induced Esophagitis in Cats. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2009 Jan;296(1):G66-77. Epub 2008 Oct 30.
214. Rafiee P, Nelson VM, Manley S, Wellner M, Floer M, Binion DG, Shaker R. Effect of Curcumin on Acidic pH Induced Expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in Human Esophageal Epithelial Cells (HET-1A): Role of PKC, MAPKs and NFκB. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2009 Feb;296(2):G388-98. Epub 2008 Dec 12.
215. Gupta A, Gulati P, Kim W, Fernandez S, Shaker R, Jadcherla SR. Effect of postnatal maturation on the mechanisms of esophageal propulsion in preterm human neonates: primary and secondary peristalsis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Feb;104(2):411-9. Epub 2009 Jan 6.
216. Pauloski B, Rademaker A, Kern M, Shaker R, Logemann J. The Feasibility of Establishing Agreement Between Laboratories for Measures of Oropharyngeal Structural Movements. Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology published online 2009 March 1.
217. Logemann J, Rademaker A, Pauloski B, Kelly A, Stangl-McBreen C, Antinoja J, Grande B, Farquharson J, Kern M, Easterling C, Shaker R. A randomized study comparing the Shaker Exercise with traditional therapy: A preliminary study. Dysphagia 2009 May 27. Epub ahead of print.
218. Kern M, Chai K, Lawal A, Shaker R. Effect of Esophageal Acid Exposure on the Cortical Swallowing Network in Healthy Control and GERD Patients. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2009 Jul;297(1):G152-8. Epub 2009 Apr 30.
219. Peles S, Medda BK, Zhang Z, Banerjee B, Lehmann A, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Differential effects of transient receptor vanilloid one (TRPV1) antagonists in acid-induced excitation of esophageal vagal afferent fibers of rats. Neuroscience. 2009 Jun 30;161(2):515-25. Epub 2009 March 24
220. Kuribayashi S, Massey BT, Hafeezullah M, Perera L, HussainiSQ, Tatro L, Darling RJ, Franco R, Shaker R. Terminating motor events for TLESR are influenced by the presence and distribution of reluxate. Am J. Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2009 Jul;297(1):G71-5. Epub 2009 May 21
221. Miranda A, Mickle A, Medda B, Phillips RJ, Tipnis N, Powley TL, Shaker R, Sengupta J. Altered mechanosensitive properties of vagal afferernt fibers innervating the stomach following gastric surgery in rats. Neuroscience 2009 Sep 15;162(4):1299-306. Epub 2009 May 27.
222. Dua K, Surapaneni S, Santharam R, Knuff D, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Effect of Systemic Alcohol and Nicotine on Airway Protective Reflexes. Am J Gastroenterology 2009 Jun 23. Epub ahead of print.
223. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Wang M, Coley BD, Fernandez S, Shaker R. Definition and Implications of Novel Pharyngo-Glottal Reflex in Human Infants Using Concurrent Manometry Ultrasonography. Am J Gastroenterology 2009 Jul 14. Epub ahead of print.
224. Kuribayashi S, Massey B, Hafeezullah M, Perera L, Hussaini S, Tatro L, Darling R, Franco R, Shaker R. Terminating Motor Events for TLESR are Influenced by the Presence and Distribution of Refluxate. AJP 2009 Jul;297 (1):G71-5. Epub 2009 May 21
225. Banerjee, B, Medda BK, Schmidt J, Zheng Z, Shaker, R, Binion DG. Altered expression of P2X3 in bagal and spinal afferents following esophagititis in rats. Histochem Cell Biol. 2009 Dec;132(6)585-97. Epub 2009 Sept 26.
226. Rafiee P, Stein DJ, Nelson VM, Otterson MF, Shaker R, Binion DG. Thalidomide inhibits inflammatory and angiogenic activation of human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC). Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Feb 01;298(2): G167-76.
227. Kuribayashi S, Massey B, Hafeezullah M, Tatro L, Hussaini S, Perera L, Darling R, Franco R, Shaker R. Upper esophageal sphincter and gastroesophageal junction pressure changes act to prevent gatroesophaeal and esophagopharyngeal reflux during apneic episodes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Chest. 2010 Apr;137(4):769-76. Epub 2009 Nov 13.
228. Babaei A, Kern M, Antonik S, Mepani R, Hyde J, Shaker R. Enhacing Effects of Flavored Nutritive Stimuli on Cortical Swallowing Network Activity. AJP 2010 April;299(2):G422-9. Epub 2010 May 27
229. Babaei A, Kern M, Antonik S, Mepani R, Ward BD, Li SJ, Hyde J, Shaker R. Enhancing effects of flavored nutritive stimuli on cortical swallowing network activity. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Aug;299(2):G422-9. Epub 2010 May 27
230. Lang I, Medda B, Shaker R. Differential Activation of Pontomedullary Nuclei by Acid Perfusion of different Regions of the Esophagus. Brain Res. 2010 September;1352:94-107
231. Hernandez LV, Dua KS, Surapaneni SN, Rittman T, Shaker R. Anatomic-manometric correlation of the upper esophageal sphincter: a concurrent US and manometry study. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010 Sep;72(3):587-92. Epub 2010 June 25.
232. Jadcherla SR, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Physiology and pathophysiology of glottis reflexes and pulmonary aspiration: from neonates to adults. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2010 Oct;31(5):554-60. Epub 2010 Oct. 12.
233. Pena E, Parks V, Peng J, Fernandez S, Di Lorenzo C, Shaker R, Jadcherla S. Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES) Relaxation Reflex kinetics: Effects of Peristaltic Reflexes and Maturation in Human Premature Neonates. Dec 2010;299(6):G1386-95. Epub 2010 Sept 23.
234. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Differential activation of medullary vagal nuclei caused by stimulation of different esophageal mechanoreceptors. Brain Res. Jan 2011;1368:119-33. Epub 2010 Nov 13
235. Dua K, Surapaneni SN, Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M, Shaker R. Protective Role of Aerodigestive Reflexes Protect Against Aspiration in Subjects with Impaired and Preserved Reflexes. Gastro 2011;140:1927-1933. Epub 2011 March 17
236. Banerjee B, Medda B, Schimdt J, Lang I, Sengupta J, Shaker, R. Neuronal Plasticity in the Cingulate Cortex Following Early-life Esophageal Acid Exposure. Gastro. Gastro 2011;141:544-552. Epub April 28, 2011
237. Miranda A, Mickle A, Schmidt J., Zhang Z, Shaker R, Banerjee B, Sengupta J.N. Neonatal cystitis-induced colonic hypersensitivity in adult rats: a model of viscero-visceral convergence. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 May 18. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2011.01724.x. Epub ahead of print.
238. Dua K, Surapaneni SN, Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M Shaker R. Pharyngeal airway protective reflexes are triggered before the maximum volume of fluid that the hypopharynx can safely hold is exceeded. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2011 Aug;301(2):G197-202
239. Zheng Y, Medda B, Banerjee B, Rafiee P, Nelson V, Ali I, Komorowski R, Sengupta J, Shaker R. Prevention of Acid Reflux-Induced Esophageal Ulceration by Selective TRPV1 Antagonist. Pending submission.
240. Kuribayashi S, Massey B, Surapaneni S, Huang J, Perera L, Hafeezullah M, Tatro L, Shaker R. To the UES and back again: Factors resulting in different outcomes for TLESR-related reflux events between healthy subjects and patients with uncomplicated GERD. Pending submission.
 
Books, Chapters, and Reviews
1. Shaker R. Dysphagia and esophageal obstruction, method of. In: Conn's Current Therapy. Rakel RE, (ed), W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1995, pp 417-422.
2. Shaker R. Disorders of the upper sphincter and proximal esophagus. Chapter 25. In: Consultations in Gastroenterology. Snape WJ, (ed), W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1996, pp 177-196.
3. Shaker R. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In: Cohn's Current Therapy. Rakel RE, (ed), W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia, PA 1996, pp 502-504.
4. Shaker R, Bardan E. Management of swallowing disorders. In: NeUroGastroenterology. Corazziari E, (ed), Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, 1996, pp 243-275.
5. Ren J, Shaker R. Swallowing. Chapter 51. In: Otolaryngology. English GM, (ed), J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1997, pp 1-97.
6. Massey BT, Shaker R. Introduction to the field of deglutition and deglutition disorders. In: Deglutition and Its Disorders: Anatomy, Physiology, Clinical Diagnosis and Management. Perlman A, Schulze-Delriew K, (eds), Singular Publishing Group, Inc., San Diego, 1997, p1-13.
7. Shaker R, Dua K, Koch T. Gastroenterologic Disorders. Chapter 46. In: Practice of Geriatrics, 3rd Edition. Duthie EH, Jr and Katz P (eds). W.B. Saunders, Co., Philadelphia, PA. 1998, pp 505-523.
8. Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Extraesophageal complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Chapter 10, In: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. Orlando RC (ed). Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, 2000 pp 259-282.
9. Hogan WJ, Shaker, R. Gallbladder and biliary tract: normal function and clinical disorders. Chapter 23, In: Schuster Atlas of Gastrointestinal Motility, (eds) Schuster MM, Crowell MD, Koch KL, B.C. Decker Inc., Ontario, Canada, 2001, pp 315-333.
10. Saeian K, Shaker R. Management of swallowing disorders. Chapter 14 In: Neurogastroenterology. Quigley E, Pfeiffer RF (eds), 2003, pp 275-300.
11. Shaker R, Loehrl TA. The Pharynx. Chapter 2 In: Atlas of Esophageal Diseases, 2nd Edition. Current Science, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, 2001, pp 23-41.
12. Prajapati DN, Shaker R. Swallowing. In: Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, Johnson LR (ed). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2004, pp 479-484.
13. Prajapati DN, Shaker R. Dysphagia. In: Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, Johnson LR (ed). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2004, pp 656-659.
14. Lang IM, Shaker R. Emesis. In: Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, Johnson LR (ed). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2004.
15. Sidhu H, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Gastroesophageal Reflux Laryngitis. Chapter 29 In: The Esophagus, 4th Edition. Castell DO, Richter J (eds) 2004, pp 518-529.
16. Brunton S, Ehrenpreis ED, Mennie G, Orr W, Shaker R, Tranmer P, Welage L. Nighttime gastroesophageal reflux: important diagnostic and management issues for primary care. An FPEN Consensus Recommendation from an Expert Panel. Illinois Academy of Family Physicians (IAPF). Family Practice Education Network 4(4): June 2003.
17. Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Endoscopic therapies for GERD. In: Advanced Therapy in Gastroenterology and Liver Disease. 5th Edition. BC Decker, Inc. 2004.
18. Effros RM, Biller J, Dunning M, Shaker R. Exhaled breath condensate: formation and physicochemical properties. Chapter 3 In: "New perspectives in monitoring of airway inflammation: focus on exhaled breath condensates." Montuschi P (ed), 2004.
19. Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Vagal afferent nerve stimulated reflexes in the GI tract. In: Advances in Vagal Afferent Neurobiology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 2005, pp379-401.
20. Bajaj JS, Shaker R. Extra-esophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease. In: From Gastrin to GERD - A Century of Acid Suppression. Irvin M. Modlin (ed) 2005 pp 194-208.
21. Shaker R. Pharyngeal Motor Function. Chapter 35 In: Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. 4th Edition, Leonard R. Johnson (ed) 2006 pp 895-912.
22. Shaker R. Extraesophageal Manifestations of GERD. In: From Gastrin to GERD: A Century of Acid Suppression. Tylney Hall Lectures April 8-9. Irvin M. Modlin (ed) pp 62-67, 2005.
23. Shaker R, Raj Goyal (Co-Editors). Gimotilityonline.com. A hybrid e-book, Nature Publishing Co 2006.
24. O'Loughlin C, Shaker R. Dysphagia and esophageal obstruction. In: Conn's Current Therapy, Rakel and Bope (eds), Saunders Elsevier, Philadephia, 2007 pp 593-596.
25. Sengupta JN, Shaker R, Miranda A. Visceral Pain Model: Esophageal Pain. In: Encyclopedia of Pain, Part 22, edited by RF Schmidt and WD Willis, Springer Verlag, 2007, pp 2621-23.
26. Shaker R, Peek RM. Acid diseases of the esophagus and stomach. In: DDSEP V, 2007
27. O'Loughlin C, Shaker R. Gastrointestinal Emergencies 2nd Edition: Chapter 8: Complications of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Macmillan Publishing Solutions, October 2008
28. Lawal A, Shaker R. Dysphagia: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. Chapter 19: Esophageal Dysphagia, pp 729-745, 2008.
29. Lawal A, Shaker R. Cortical Processing of Esophageal Pain. Chapter 10: Cortical Processing of Esophageal Pain. (In press.)
30. Hogan W, Jadcherla S, Shaker R. Impact of Aging of the Lung. Glottic Reflexes and Pulmonary Aspiration. (In progress.)
31. Antonik S, Shaker R. The Esophagus. Disorders Causing Oropharyngeal Dysphagia.
32. Massey B, Shaker R. Digestive Diseases Self Education Program (DDSEP). Esophageal Disorders.
 
Abstracts
1. Shaker R, Kahrilas PJ, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. Esophageal clearance of small amounts of acid. Gastroenterology 90:1628, 1986. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1986.
2. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Kahrilas PJ, Helm JF, Hogan WJ. Relationship of intraluminal pressure and pH within the LES. Clinical Research 34:911A, 1986.
3. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Helm JF, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Regional esophageal distribution and clearance of refluxed acid. Gastroenterology 92:1635, 1987. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, May, 1987.
4. Darweesh R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Geenen JE, Collier BD, Shaker R, Kishk S. Efficacy of quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy and fatty-meal sonography for detecting partial common duct obstruction. Gastroenterology 92:1363, 1987.
5. Shaker R, Soergel KH, Harig J, Hogan WJ. Infrared coagulation treatment (IRC) of symptomatic third degree internal hemorrhoids. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy March/April 34:200A, 1988. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May,1988.
6. Shaker R, Helm JF, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Revelations about ambulatory esophageal pH monitoring. Gastroenterology 94:A421, 1988. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1988.
7. Helm JF, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. The association of heartburn and belching with acid gastroesophageal reflux as assessed by ambulatory pH monitoring. Gastroenterology 94:A182, 1988.
8. Shaker R, Cook IJ, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. Pressure flow dynamics of oral phase of swallowing. Gastroenterology 94:A421, 1988. Motility Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, May, 1988.
9. Gerleman MC, Shaker R, Soergel KH, Hogan WJ. Infrared coagulation (IRC) of symptomatic second degree hemorrhoids: simultaneous versus sequential treatment. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy March/April 35(2):180, 1989.
10. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Stemper AK. Effect of aging on swallow-induced lingual palatal closure pressure. Gastroenterology 96(5):A464, 1989. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, May 1989.
11. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Dantas RO, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Videoendoscopic recording of glottic closure during swallowing. Gastroenterology 96(5):A464, 1989.
12. Cook IJ, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Role of mechanical and chemical stimulation of the esophagus in globus sensation. Gastroenterology 96(5):A99, 1989. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, May 1989.
13. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Dantas RO, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Coordination and timing of oropharyngeal swallowing events with deglutitive glottic closure. J Gastrointest Motility 1(1):62, September 1989. Presented as a poster, 12th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Gmuden, Austria, October, 1989.
14. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Harris MS, Stemper AK. Videoendoscopic evaluation of laryngeal function during swallowing and belching. Gastrointest Endosc 36(2):224, 1990. Presented in Plenary Session, ASGE Annual Meeting, San Antonio, May 1990.
15. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Podvrsan B, Gerleman MC, Kern M, Hogan WJ, Hintz J. Effect of aging on pharynx and upper esophageal sphincter (UES). Gastroenterology 98:A432, 1990. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Antonio, May 1990.
16. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Stemper AK, Ren WJ, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC. Esophago-laryngeal reflex: a new protective mechanism. Gastroenterology 98:A122, 1990. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Antonio, May 1990.
17. Kern MK, Dodds WJ, Shaker R, Curtis DJ, Ren J, Harrington SS, Brasseur JG. Role of thyrohyoid shortening during swallowing in humans. Gastroenterology 100(5):A457, 1991. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
18. Ren J, Dodds WJ, Kern MK, Brasseur JG, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Variations in intrabolus pressure during esophageal peristaltic transport of a swallowed liquid bolus in normal supine subjects. Gastroenterology 100(5):A486, 1991. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
19. Shaker R, Bowser M, Hogan WJ, Dodds WJ. Videoendoscopic characterization of abnormalities in pharyngeal phase of swallowing. Gastroenterology 100(5):A494, 1991. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
20. Li Q, Shaker R, Bowser M, Dodds WJ, Martin B, Hogan WJ. Coordination of deglutition and respiration in young healthy volunteers before and after nasal intubation. Gastroenterology 100(5):A463, 1991. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
21. Ren J, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Hintz J. Effect of aging on the esophago-glottal closure reflex. Gastroenterology 100(5):A545, 1991. Oral presentation, Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
22. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Hintz J, Liard G. Mechanisms of esophago-pharyngeal acid regurgitation. Gastroenterology 100(5):A494, 1991. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
23. Ren J, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Bowser M. Effect of aging and bolus variables on the deglutitive vocal cord adduction. Gastroenterology 100(5):A544, 1991. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991.
24. Shaker R, Martin B, Dodds WJ, Bowser M, Hogan WJ. Comparison of videoendoscopic and videofluoroscopic evaluation of patients with cervical dysphagia. Gastrointest Endosc 37(2):277, 1991. Presented as a poster, ASGE Annual Meeting, New Orleans, May 1991.
25. Dean RS, Massey BT, Shaker R, Helm JS, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. Esophageal noncompliance causing intermittent obstructive dysphagia: a subtle complication of GERD. Gastroenterology 100(5):A51, 1991. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1991. Oral presentation, 13th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Kobe, Japan, November 17-21, 1991.
26. Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Kern M, Hofmann C. Coordination of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and glottal function during belching. J Gastrointest Motility 3(3):200, September 1991.
27. Shaker R, Medda B, Ren J, Lang I, Jaradeh S, Dodds WJ. Mechanism of esophago-glottal closure reflex in a cat model. J Gastrointest Motility 3(3):200, September 1991. Poster presentation, 13th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Kobe, Japan, November 17-21, 1991.
28. Li Q, Shaker R, Bowser M, Townsend WF, Pathial K. Effect of aging, tachypnea, COPD, and position on the coordination of deglutition and the respiratory cycles. Gastroenterology 102(4):A564, 1992.
29. Li Q, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Varkey B, Toohill RJ, Pathial K, Milbrath M, Bowser M. Esophagopharyngeal distribution of refluxed gastric acid. Gastroenterology 102(4):A112, 1992. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
30. Goodell C, Shaker R, Bowser M, Zamir Z. Effect of aging and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) on nondeglutitive lingual pressure. Gastroenterology 102(4):A554, 1992. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
31. Ren J, Shaker R, Kern M, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Li Q. Comparison of glottal and UES function during belching and swallowing. Gastroenterology 102(4):A505, 1992. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
32. Shaker R, Medda B, Ren J, Lang I, Dodds WJ, Harrington S, Jaradeh S. Identification and characterization of esophagoglottal closure reflex in a feline model. Gastroenterology 102(4):A512, 1992.
33. Zamir Z, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Ren J, Bowser M, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C. Effect of aging on the coordination of deglutitive vocal cord closure and oropharyngeal swallowing. Gastroenterology 102(4):A587, 1992. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
34. Zamir Z, Shaker R, Bowser M, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ. Effect of proximal esophageal pH, temperature, and osmolarity on the glottal and UES funtion. Gastroenterology 102(4):A193, 1992. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
35. Zamir Z, Shaker R, Dodds WJ, Hogan WJ, Bowser M, Sarna A, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C. Pharyngeal acid clearance time in young normal volunteers. Gastroenterology 102(4):A193, 1992. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
36. Shaker R, Milbrath M, Ren J, Campbell BH, Bowser M, Hofmann C. Deglutitive glottal function in tracheostomized patients. Gastroenterology 102(4):A512 , 1992.
37. Shaker R, Kern MK, Hofmann C, Ren J, Dodds WJ. Identification of two modes of oropharyngeal transport-A kinematic study. Gastroenterology 102(4):A512, 1992. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1992.
38. Kern MK, Shaker R, Layman RD, Harrington SS, Dodds WJ. Pharyngeal wall motion in the feline model - evidence of peristalsis. Gastroenterology 102(4):A467, 1992. Presented at the 10th Biennial Meeting, American Motility Society, Lake Tahoe, September 13-17, 1992.
39. DeMicco M, Berenson M, Wu W, Castell D, Lanza F, Robinson M, Shaker R, Behar J, Shocket D, Spechler S, Camara D, McCallum R, McQuaid K, Schubert T, Traube M, Benjamin S, Long J. Cisapride in the treatment of GERD: A double-blind placebo-controlled multicenter dose-response trial. Gastroenterology 102(4):A59, 1992.
40. Ballinger PJ, Bohorfoush AG, Massey BT, Shaker R, Young C, Hogan WJ. Discrete ulcers in Barrett's esophagus: the relationship to acute GI bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc 38(2):229, 1992.
41. Dua KS, Shaker R, Ren J, Hofmann C, Arndorfer R. Coordination of deglutitive nasopharyngeal closure with oropharyngeal swallowing events. Gastroenterology 104(4):A499, 1993.
42. Ren J, Shaker R, Zamir Z, Sarna A, Liu J, Sui Z. Effect of aging, position and temperature on the threshold volume that triggers pharyngeal swallowing. Gastroenterology 104(4):A643, 1993. Plenary Session, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Boston, May, 1993.
43. Milbrath M, Shaker R, Hogan WJ, Toohill RJ, Dodds WJ, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann CL, Brook B. Role of belching in gastro-esophago-pharyngeal reflux (GEPR). Tenth Biennial Meeting, American Motility Society, Lake Tahoe, CA, September 13-17, 1992.
44. Shaker R, Podvrsan B, Ren J, Metwally N, Dua K, Sui Z. Effect of aging on secondary esophageal peristalsis: presbyesophagus revisited. Gastroenterology 104(4):A646, 1993. Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Boston, May 1993.
45. Shaker R, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Liu J, Podvrsan B, Sui Z. Glottal function during postprandial gastroesophageal reflux. Gastroenterology 104(4):A581,1993. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Boston, May, 1993.
46. Medda B, Lang IM, Layman RD, Hogan WJ, Dodds WJ, Shaker R. Quantification of the relationship between electrical and contractile activities of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) of the cat. Gastroenterology 104(4):A551, 1993.
47. Kusano M, Layman RD, Lang IM, Hogan WJ, Dodds WJ, Shaker R. Stimulation of secondary peristalsis by intraesophageal air injection. Gastroenterology 104(4):A537, 1993.
48. Brasseur JG, Hsieh P-Y, Shaker R, Kern MK, Kahrilas PJ, Ren J. Pharyngeal bolus motion relative to UES opening. Gastroenterology 104(4):A482, 1993.
49. Kern M, Shaker R, Brasseur, Arndorfer R, Ren J, Hofmann C. Pressure-bolus dynamics across the upper esophageal sphincter (UES). Gastroenterology 104(4):A533, 1993.
50. Ballinger PJ, Hogan WJ, Bohorfoush AG, Massey BT, Shaker R, Komorowski RA. Short segment Barrett's epithelium: prevalence and accuracy of endoscopic detection. Gastrointest Endosc 39(2):271, 1993.
51. Shaker R, Massey BT, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Dua KS, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C. A preliminary report on the glottal protective closure response to esophageal air distention in achalasia patients. J Gastrointest Motility 5(3):216, 1993. Presented as a poster. 14th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Muskoka, Ontario, Canada, August 29, 1993.
52. Dua KS, Shaker R, Lui J, Ren J, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C. Mechanisms and timing of nasopharyngeal closure during swallowing and belching. J Gastrointest Motility 5(3):187, 1993. Presented as a poster, 14th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Muskoka, Ontario, Canada, August 29, 1993.
53. Lang IM, Medda BK, Layman RD, Shaker R, Dodds WJ. Reflex control of UES tone. Dysphagia 8:387, 1993.
54. Shaker R, Milbrath M, Ren J, Hogan WJ, Campbell BH. Comparison of deglutitive vocal cords function in tracheostomized patients and healthy volunteers. Dysphagia 8:388, 1993.
55. Dua KS, Shaker R, Dean RS, Massey BT, Trifan A, Ren J. Transnasal unsedated pharyngoesophagogastroduodenoscopy (T-PEGD) for evaluation of the pharyngeal and esophageal phases of swallowing. Dysphagia 9(4):268, 1994. Presented as a poster, Dysphagia Research Society Second Annual Scientific Meeting, Lake Geneva, WI, October 22-24, 1993.
56. Brasseur JG, Hsieh P-Y, Shaker R, Kern MK, Kahrilas PJ, Ren J. Bolus characteristics at UES opening. Dysphagia 9(4):267, 1994. Presented as a poster, Dysphagia Research Society Second Annual Scientific Meeting, Lake Geneva, WI, October 22-24, 1993.
57. Berger WL, Shaker R, Dean RS, Werlin SL. Evaluation of a technique for endoscopic jejunal feeding tube placement at the time of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement. Dysphagia 9(4):267, 1994. Presented as a poster, Dysphagia Research Society Second Annual Scientific Meeting, Lake Geneva, WI, October 22-24, 1993.
58. Kusano M, Hogan WJ, Layman RD, Lang IM, Bonnevier JL, Massey BT, Kern M, Shaker R. Secondary Peristalsis during slow fluid infusions in opossums. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A529, 1994.
59. Kusano M, Hogan WJ, Layman RD, Lang IM, Bonnevier JL, Massey BT, Kern MK, Dunn BE, Shaker R. Characterization of the esophageal transition zone in opossum. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A528, 1994.
60. Trifan A, Shaker R, Ren J, Mittal R, Saeian K, Dua K, Sui Z. Inhibition of resting lower esophageal sphincter pressure by pharyngeal water stimulation in man. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A580, 1994. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1994. Also presented at the 10th Congress of Gastroenterology, Los Angeles, October, 1994.
61. Trifan A, Shaker R, Ren J, Dua K, Sui Z. Comparison of pharyngeal peristalsis during primary and secondary swallows. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A580, 1994.
62. Lang I, Layman R, Haughton V, Estkowski L, Wong E, Hyde J, Hogan W, Shaker R. Detection of cerebral activity during swallowing by functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A529, 1994.
63. Lang I, Medda BK, Layman RD, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Control of upper esophageal sphincter function by the nucleus ambiguus. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A529, 1994.
64. Dua K, Shaker R, Ren J, Podvrsan B, Trifan A. Coordination of deglutitive glottal function and pharyngeal bolus transit during eating and drinking. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A490, 1994. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1994.
65. Dua KS, Shaker R, Dean RS, Ren J, Trifan A, Bansal P. Functional evaluation of the pharynx and esophagus by unsedated transnasal endoscopy: a pilot study. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A490 ,1994. Presented at the 10th Congress of Gastroenterology, Los Angeles, October, 1994.
66. Kern M, Shaker R, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C. Mechanism and frequency of post-deglutitive vallecular residue in young and elderly healthy individuals. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A613, 1994. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1994.
67. Kern M, Shaker R, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C. Effect of aging on the cross-sectional area of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening during swallowing. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A613, 1994. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1994.
68. Kern M, Shaker R, Arndorfer R, Hofmann C. Effect of aging on solid particle kinematics and dynamics during pharyngeal phase of swallowing. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A613, 1994.
69. Saeian K, Shaker R, Sharma P, Trifan A, Ren J, Sui Z, Dua K. Effect of aging on the lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) response to pharyngeal water stimulation. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A631, 1994.
70. Ren J, Shaker R, Dua K, Trifan A, Podvrsan B, Sui Z. Glottal adduction response to pharyngeal water stimulation: evidence for a pharyngoglottal closure reflex. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A558, 1994. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1994. Also presented at the 10th Congress of Gastroenterology, Los Angeles, October, 1994.
71. Chiao GZ, Larson CR, Lin S, Shaker R, Layman R, Kahrilas PJ. Lingual accommodation to bolus viscosity during deglutition in a conscious monkey. Gastroenterology 106(4-2):A479, 1994. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1994.
72. Shaker R, Dean R, Dua K, Massey B, Berger W, Hogan W. Unsedated transnasal esophago-gastroduodenoscopy (T-EGD); an alternative to conventional EGD; a comparative study. Gastrointest Endosc 40(Suppl 2-2):33, 1994. Presented as a poster, ASGE Annual Meeting, New Orleans, May 1994.
73. Berger WL, Shaker R, Dean RS, Werlin SL. Transgastrostomic endoscopic jejunal feeding tube for aspiration with esophageal reflux. Gastrointest Endosc 40(2-2):16, 1994.
74. Medda BK, Lang IM, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Brainstem control of the upper esophageal sphincter. Biennial Meeting, American Motility Society, Wintergreen, Virginia, October 20-24, 1994.
75. Chiareli C, Mittal RK, Shaker R, Liu J. Dissociation of lower esophageal sphincter and crural diaphragm response to a pharyngeal stimulus. Gastroenterology 108(4):A583, 1995.
76. Shaker R, Mustin E, Medda B, Bonnevier J, Lang I, Koch TR. Distribution of cholinergic enzymes in muscles of pharyngo-esophageal region in two species. Gastroenterology 108(4):A688, 1995.
77. Dua K, Shaker R, Ren J, Sui Z. Effect of smoking on the threshold volume triggering pharyngeal swallow. Gastroenterology 108(4):A594, 1995.
78. Medda BK, Lang IM, Bonnevier JL, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Evidence for bilateral function of cricopharyngeus muscle of the cat. Gastroenterology 108(4):A648, 1995.
79. Kern M, Shaker R, Lang I, Jesmanowicz A, Hyde JS, Arndorfter RC. Cerebral cortical activity patterns recorded by functional magnetic-resonance imaging technique during a swallow related motor task in humans. Gastroenterology 108(4):A627, 1995. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May, 1995.
80. Shaker R, Ren J, Schapira RM, Dua K, Sui Z, Funahashi A. Characterization of vocal cords and intratracheal pressure phenomena during swallowing, coughing and phonation. Gastroenterology 108(4):A688, 1995. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May, 1995.
81. Shaker R, Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Ren J, Bonnevier J. Augmentation of deglutitive UES opening in the elderly by exercise. Gastroenterology 108(4):A688, 1995. Oral presentation, Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 1995.
82. Ren J, Shaker R, Medda B, Bonnevier J, Kern M, Dunn B. Effect of acute esophagitis on the esophagoglottal closure reflex in a feline model. Gastroenterology 108(4):A677, 1995. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May, 1995.
83. Ren J, Shaker R, Lang I, Sui Z. Effect of volume, temperature and anesthesia on the pharyngo-UES contractile reflex in humans. Gastroenterology 108(4):A677, 1995. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May, 1995.
84. Kusano M, Hogan WJ, Bonnevier JL, Lang IM, Massey BT, Kawamura O, Shaker R. Differentiation between slow and rapid distention-induced secondary esophageal peristalsis in opossum. Gastroenterology 108(4):A634, 1995.
85. Shaker R, Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Lang I, Jesmanowicz A, Hyde J. Identification and characterization of the cerebral cortical activity pattern during esophageal balloon distention by functional magnetic resonance imaging technique. Gastroenterology 108(4):A689, 1995.
86. Trifan A, Shaker R, Ren J, Hofmann C, Arndorfer RC. Inhibition of progressing esophageal peristalsis by pharyngeal water stimulation in humans. Gastroenterology 108(4):A700, 1995. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May, 1995.
87. Murphy PP, Massey BT, Bohorfoush AG III, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. The small calibre' esophagus: a cause of recurrent dysphagia in young men. Gastroenterology 108(4):A172, 1995.
88. Berger WL, Franco J, Shaker R, Dean RS, Werlin SL. Improved jejunal feeding tube longevity with a faster and more reliable method of placement. Gastrointest Endosc 41(4):360, 1995.
89. Shaker R, Schapira RM, Ren J, Dua K, Hranicka L. Vocal cord manometry in healthy adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 151:A372, 1995.
90. Shaker R, Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Easterling C. Effect of exercise on deglutitive UES opening in the elderly. Dysphagia 11(2):160, 1996. Presented as a poster, Dysphagia Research Society 4th Annual Scientific Meeting, Tysons Corner, McLean, VA, October 26-28, 1995.
91. Easterling C, Ren J, Jaradeh S, Hendrickson A, Shaker R. A preliminary report on parameters of pharyngeal peristalsis in patients with multiple sclerosis and amyotropic lateral sclerosis. Dysphagia 11(2):164, 1996. Presented as a poster, Dysphagia Research Society 4th Annual Scientific Meeting, Tysons Corner, McLean, VA, October 26-28, 1995.
92. Pei-Ying H, Brasseur JG, Shaker R, Kern M, Kahrilas PJ, Ren J. Modeling and timing of UES opening events. Dysphagia 11(2):157, 1996.
93. Smale J, Schapira RM, Funahashi A, Ren, J, Hranicka L, Shaker R. Comparison of vocal cord and tracheal pressures in smokers and non-smokers. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 153(4):A693, 1996.
94. Dua, K. Bardan E, Xie P, Shaker R. Effect of chronic and acute cigarette smoking on upper and lower esophageal sphincters and on secondary esophageal peristalsis. Gastroenterology 110(4):A658, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 1996.
95. Easterling C, Ren J, Jaradeh S, Hendrickson A, Shaker R. Parameters of pharyngeal peristalsis in multiple sclerosis and amyotropic lateral sclerosis patients. Gastroenterology 110(4):A659, 1996.
96. Bardan E, Xie P, Ren J, Dua K, Shaker R. Effect of pharyngeal water stimulation on esophageal peristalsis and bolus transport. Gastroenterology 110(4):A630, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
97. Brasseur JG, Hsieh, P-Y, Kern MK, Shaker R. Mathematical models of UES opening and transsphincteric flow. Gastroenterology 110(4):A640, 1996.
98. Xie P, Shaker R, Ren J, Medda B, Mustin E, Koch TR. The pressure gradient wthin the feline pharyngo-esophageal region parallels the density of choline acetyltransferase activity. Gastroenterology 110(4):A782, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
99. Shaker R, Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Jesmanowicz A, Hyde J. Cerebral cortical FMRI responses to esophageal acid exposure and distension: A comparative study. Gastroenterology 110(4):A756, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
100. Xie P, Ren J, Bardan E, Mittal RK, Sui Z, Shaker R. Frequency of gastroesophageal reflux events during lower esophageal relaxations induced by pharyngeal water stimulation in young and elderly. Gastroenterology 110(4):A783, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
101. Shaker R, Kern M, Bardan E, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Easterling C. Effect of exercise on the upper esophageal sphincter resistance to flow in the elderly. Gastroenterology 110(4):A757, 1996. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
102. Medda B, Ren J, Jaradeh S, Xie P, Shaker R. Identification and characterization of the pharyngoglottal closure reflex in a feline model. Gastroenterology 110(4):A716, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
103. Dua K, Ren J, Bardan E, Shaker R. Evaluation of lower esophageal sphincter pressure during preparatory phase of normal eating. Gastroenterology 110(4):A658, 1996.
104. Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Jesmanowicz A, Estkowski L, Hyde J, Shaker R. Proximal and distal esophageal viscero sensation have different cerebral cortical activity regions and characteristics. Gastroenterology 110(4):A693, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
105. Ren J, Medda B, Xie P, Lang I, Shaker R. Effect of acute experimental esophagitis on stimulation frequency of UES and glottal reflexes provoked by esophageal distension. Gastroenterology 110(4):A239, 1996. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
106. Ren J, Xie P, Sui Z, Shaker R. Deterioration of the pharyngo-UES contractile reflex in the elderly. Gastroenterology 110(4):A744, 1996. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May, 1996.
107. Chiareli C, Liu J, Shaker R, Mittal R. Relaxation of crural diaphragm is essential for the occurrence of gastroesophageal reflux in normal subjects. Gastroenterology 110(4):A648, 1996.
108. Massey BT, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Treatment of achalasia by pneumatic dilation produces a cholinergic neuropraxis of the lower esophageal sphincter. Gastroenterology 110(4):A714, 1996.
109. Jurell KC, Shaker R, Mazur A, Haig A, Wertsch JJ. Spectral analysis to evaluate hyoid muscle involvement in neck exercise. Muscle Nerve 19(9):1224, 1996.
110. Xie P, Ren J, Bardan E, Kern M, Shaker R. Comparison of the lower esophageal sphincter in healthy young and elderly subjects. China Nat J New Gastroenterol 2(Suppl.1):101, 1996.
111. Shaker R, Kern M, Bardan E, Arndorfer RC, Hofmann C. Effect of isotonic/isometric head lift exercise on hypopharyngeal intrabolus pressure. Dysphagia 12(2):107, 1997.
112. Easterling C, Bousamra M, Kern M, Nitschke T, Bardan E, Goelz K, Shaker R. Biomechanics of deglutition after transhiatal esophagectomy. Dysphagia 12(2):107, 1997. Oral presentation, Dysphagia Research Society 5th Annual Scientific Meeting, Aspen, October 31, 1996.
113. Massey BT, Ghahraman R, Brasseur JG, Shaker R. Determinants and relevance of the "ramp" intrabolus pressure during clinical esophageal manometry. Dysphagia 12(2):109, 1997.
114. Bardan E, Xie P, Hofmann C, Dua K, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Alteration of anti-reflux barriers in the elderly. Gastroenterology 112(4):A695, 1997. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
115. Bardan E, Saeian K, Xie P, Ren J, Kern M, Shaker R. Effect of pharyngeal stimulation by air on the esophagus and its sphincters. Gastroenterology 112(4):A695, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
116. Bardan E, Ulualp S, Sui Z, Hofmann C, Xie P, Shaker R. Inhibition of secondary esophageal peristalsis by pharyngeal water stimulation. Gastroenterology 112(4):A695, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
117. Birn RM, Shaker R. Magnetic field artifacts due to swallowing in functional magnetic resonance imaging. Gastroenterology 112(4):A700, 1997.
118. Birn RM, Jesmanowicz A, Cox RW, Shaker R. Correction of dynamic B2-field artifacts in EPI. Proceedings of ISMRN Fifth Scientific Meeting, Vancouver, B.C., p.1913, 1997.
119. Birn RM, Bandettini PA, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R, Cox RW. Bz-field changes in the human brain due to speaking and swallowing. Proceedings of ISMRM Fifth Scientific Meeting, Vancouver, B.C., p. 458, 1997.
120. Dua K, Bardan E, Ren J, Sui Z, Shaker R. Effect of cigarette smoking on pharyngoglottal closure reflex. Gastroenterology 112(4):A724, 1997. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
121. Dua K, Bardan E, Ren J, Sui Z, Shaker R. Effect of cigarette smoking on pharyngo-upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contractile reflex. Gastroenterology 112(4):A724, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
122. Easterling C, Bousamra M, Kern M, Nitschke T, Bardan E, Goelz K, Shaker R. Correlation of impaired deglutitive biomechanics and aspiration in post transhiatal esophagectomy patients. Gastroenterology 112(4):A727, 1997. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
123. Jurell KC, Shaker R, Mazur A, Haig AJ, Wertsch JJ. Effect of exercise on upper esophageal sphincter opening muscles: A spectral analysis. Gastroenterology 112(4):A757, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
124. Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Hyde A, Jesmanowicz A, Saeian K, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical fMRI response to graded esophageal balloon distention in humans. Gastroenterology 112(4):A1162, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
125. Kern M, Shenoy R, Arndorfer RC, Hyde J, Shaker R. Identification and characterization of cerebral cortical FMRI response to rectal balloon distension. Gastroenterology 112(4):A759, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
126. Lang IM, Medda BK, Xie P, Ren J, Shaker R. Mechanisms of pharyngoesophageal inhibitory reflex in the cat. Gastroenterology 112(4):A771, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
127. Medda BK, Ren J, Xie P, Kern M, Ulualp S, Lang I, Shaker R. Relative contribution of various airway protective mechanisms to prevention of deglutitive aspiration. Gastroenterology 112(4):A787, 1997. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
128. Ren J, Xie P, Sui Z, Shaker R. Effect of aging on stimulation of pharyngoglottal closure reflex. Gastroenterology 112(4):A901, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
129. Saeian K, Townsend WF, Rochling FA, Bardan E, Dua K, Darnell K, Shaker R. Unsedated transnasal-EGD (T-EGD) documents H. pylori (HP) eradication. Gastroenterology 112(4):A275, 1997.
130. Shaker R, Jaradeh S, Ren J, Kern M, Brasseur J, Bardan E, Hofmann C, Arndorfer RC. Components of manometric "upper esophageal sphincter relaxation." Gastroenterology 112(4):A823, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
131. Toohill RJ, Campbell B, Ellison MD, Kuhn JC, Jaradeh S, Ulualp S, Shaker R. Innervation of the cricopharyngeus muscle. Poster presentation, 100th Annual Meeting of the American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc., Scottsdale, AZ, May 11-14,1997.
132. Ulualp SO, Shaker R, Toohill RJ. Pharyngeal pH monitoring in patients with posterior laryngitis. Oral presentation at the 101st Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, San Francisco, CA, September 7-19, 1997.
133. Ulualp SO, Shaker R, Toohill RJ. Possible role of gastroesophageal acid reflux in pathogenesis of chronic sinusitis in adults. Oral presentation at the Scientific Meeting of the American Rhinologic Society, San Francisco, CA, September 6, 1997.
134. Xie P, Ren J, Bardan E, Kern M, Shaker R. Thoracic migration of the lower esophageal sphincter in the elderly. Gastroenterology 112(4):A915, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
135. Xie P, Bardan E, Ren J, Sui Z, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Esophageal distention: an unsuspected trigger mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux. Gastroenterology 112(4):A853, 1997. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, D.C., May 1997.
136. Castell D, Sigmund C, Patterson D, DiMicco M, Berenson M, Liebermann T, Mellow M, Pruitt R, Ertan A, Faruqui S, Lanza F, Fitch D, Shaker R, Merrell D, Hasner D, Clyde C, Zeldis J. Cisapride 20 mg bid provides effective daytime and nighttime relief in patients with symptoms of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology 112(4):A84, 1997.
137. Dua K, Rochling F, Saeian K, Shaker R. Use of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) for palliation of malignant esophageal obstruction/tracheo-esophageal (TE) fistula in patients with previously placed esophageal stents. Gastrointest Endosc 45:171, 1997. Presented as a poster, ASGE, Annual Meeting, New Orleans, May, 1998.
138. Rochling FA, Dua K, Saeian K, Bohorfoush III AG, Shaker R. Treatment of malignant esophageal stricture and tracheo-esophageal fistual with self-expanding metal stents. Gastrointest Endosc 45:221, 1997.
139. Easterling C, Bardan E, Jaradeh S, Kern M, Gorny J, Braun T, Shaker R. Manometric characteristics of pharyngeal peristalsis in patients with mild Parkinson's disease. Dysphagia 13:121, 1998.
140. Ulualp SO, Toohill R, Massey B, Shaker R. Gastroesophagopharyngeal acid reflux (GEPR) in adult patients with chronic sinusitis. (Neurogastroenterol Motility, Jan/Feb, 1998). Presented at the 16th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Lorne Victoria, Australia, February, 1998.
141. Alfonso M, Ferdjallah M, Shaker R, Wertsch JJ. Electrophysiologic validation of deglutitive UES opening head lift exercise. Gastroenterology 114(4):A711, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
142. Birn RM, Bandettini PA, Cox RW, Shaker R. Improved technique for study of brain activity during swallowing by functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI). Gastroenterology 114(4):A721, 1998. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May 1998.
143. Birn RM, Bandettini PA, Cox RW, Shaker R. FMRI during stimulus correlated motion and overt subject responses using a single trial paradigm. In: Proceedings of ISMRM Sixth Scientific Meeting, Sydney, Australia, p. 159, 1998.
144. Dua K, Ren J, Bardan E, Sui Z, Shaker R. Alteration of pharyngo-upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contractile reflex in smokers. Gastroenterology 114(4):A746, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
145. Dua K, Ren J, Bardan E, Sui Z, Shaker R. Effect of cigarette smoking on pharyngo-glottal and esophago-glottal reflexes. Gastroenterology 114(4):A746, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
146. Easterling C, Kern M, Nitschke T, Grande B, Gullen GM, Shaker R. A novel rehabilitative exercise for dysphagic patients: effect on swallow function and biomechanics. Gastroenterology 114(4):A747, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
147. Easterling C, Jaradeh S, Kern M, Bardan E, Sui Z, Braun T, Russell L, Shaker R. Manometric characteristics of pharyngeal peristalsis in patients with chronic neurologic diseases. Gastroenterology 114(4):A747, 1998.
148. Kern M. Arndorfer R, Hofmann C, Stewart E, Shaker R. Compensatory augmentation of deglutitive biomechanics in asymptomatic subjects with cervical osteophytes. Gastroenterology 114(4):A776, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
149. Kern M, Saeian K, Arndorfer R, Eskowski L, Stein E, Bloom A, Hyde J, Shaker R. Detection of CCK-8 induced cerebral neuronal activities by functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) in humans. Gastroenterology 114(4):A1154, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
150. Lang IM, Medda B, Shaker R. Functional studies of the motor innervation of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) in the cat. Gastroenterology 114(4):A783, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
151. Torrico S, Ren J, Sui Z, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Upper esophageal sphincter function during gastroesophageal reflux events. Gastroenterology 114(4):A848, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
152. Ulualp S, Toohill R, Massey B, Arndorfer RC, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Esophago-pharyngeal distribution of refluxed gastric acid in patients with vocal cord nodule and chronic sinusitis. Gastroenterology 114(4):A315, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
153. Ulualp S, Toohill R, Kern M, Shaker R. Pharyngo-UES contractile reflex in patients with posterior laryngitis. Gastroenterology 114(4):A315, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
154. Ulualp S, Toohill R, Hoffmann R, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Revelations about 24 hour ambulatory pharyngeal pH monitoring. Gastroenterology 114(4):A315, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
155. Ulualp S, Toohill R, Shaker R. Secondary esophageal peristalsis is preserved in patients with posterior laryngitis. Gastroenterology 114(4):A316, 1998. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
156. Staff D, Saeian K, Rochling F, Narayanan S, Kern M, Shaker R, Hogan W. Does open access endoscopy close the door to an adequately informed patient? Gastrointest Endosc 47(4):A141, 1998. Presented as a poster, ASGE Annual Meeting, New Orleans, May, 1998.
157. Staff D, Saeian K, Massey BT, Shaker R, Hogan WJ. Post-fundoplication dysphagia: abnormal ramp (intra-bolus) pressure provides substantiation of a "tight wrap." Gastroenterology 114(4):A294, 1998. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, May, 1998.
158. Dua KS, Medda B, Lang I, Shaker R. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of a modified self-expanding metal esophageal stent with anti-reflux mechanism. Minimally Invasive Therapy 7:15, 1998.
159. Ulualp S, Toohill R, Shaker R. Pharyngeal acid reflux in single and multiple otolaryngologic disorders Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 118:65, 1998.
160. Shaker R, Ulualp SO, Kannappan A, Narayanan S, Hofmann C. Identification of laryngo-UES Contractile Reflex in Humans. Gastroenterology 116(4):A1081, April 1999.
161. Kern MK, Arndorfer RC, Hyde JS, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical representation of swallow desire and suppression. Gastroenterology 116(4):A1016, April 1999.
162. Kern MK, Arndorfer RC, Hyde JS, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical representation of heartburn. Gastroenterology 116(4):A212, April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May, 1999.
163. Abraham C, Dua K, Hofmann C, Arndorfer RC, Ryan C, Shaker R. Effect of topical application of an alcoholic beverage on the reflexive pharyngeal swallow. Gastroenterology 116(4):A950, April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May, 1999.
164. Dua K, Abraham C, Hofmann C, Sui Z, Shaker R. Airway protective reflexes in rehabilitated alcoholics. Gastroenterology 116(4):A1081, April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May, 1999.
165. Dua K, Medda B, Lang I, Shaker R. Modified self-expanding metal esophageal stent with anti-reflux mechanism: In vitro and in vivo evaluation. Gastrointest Endosc 49(4);AB102, April, 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May, 1999.
166. Ulualp SO, Kannappan A, Narayanan S, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Mapping of the sensory field mediating the pharyngo-UES contractile reflex. Gastroenterology 116(4):A1095, April 1999. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May, 1999.
167. Shaker R. Unsedated transnasal upper GI endoscopy. Selected for ASGE 3rd Annual Video Forum "Best Cases of 1999," American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Meeting, New Orleans, LO, May 17-21, 1999.
168. Ulualp SO, Kannappan A, Narayanan, Hofmann C, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Topography of the aerodigestive tract sensory field mediating lower esophageal sphincter relaxation: A preliminary report. Gastroenterology 116(4):A1095, April 1999.
169. Saeian K, Staff D, Townsend W, Dua K, Rassam P, Mehdi S, Rochling F, Almagro U, Choi H, Lentz M, Berger W, Shaker R. A new approach to surveillance of columnar-lined "Barretts's" esophagus. Gastroenterology 116(4):A308, April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May, 1999.
170. Lang IM, Medda B, Shaker R. Sensory mechanisms of esophageal reflexes. Gastroenterology 116(4):A1024, April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May 1999.
171. Hofmann C, Ryan C, Saeian K, Massey B, Dua K, Staff D, Thierfelder S, Hogan W, Shaker R. Prevalence of esophagitis in apparently healthy individuals and GERD patient volunteers for research studies. Gastroenterology 116(4):A188, April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May 1999.
172. Jailwala J, Massey BT, Staff DM, Shaker R. Post-fundoplication symptoms: the role for the endoscopic assessment of fundoplication integrity. Gastroenterology 116(4):A196 April 1999. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, May 1999.
173. Kern MK, Arndorfer RC, Hyde JS, Shaker R. Cortical representation of swallow urge in young healthy volunteers. Neurogastro Motil 11(4), 1999. Presented as a poster, 17th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Motility, Bruges, Belgium, September 1999.
174. Easterling C, Kern M, Nitschke T, Grande B, Daniels S, Cullen GM, Massey BT, Shaker R. Effect of a novel exercise on swallow function and biomechanics in tube fed cervical dysphagia patients: a preliminary report. Dysphagia 14(2):119, 1999.
175. Jadcherla SR, Shaker R. Relationship of upper esophageal sphincter function with esophageal peristalsis. Pediatr Res 47:2387A, 2000.
176. Jadcherla SR, Zhang J, Shaker R. Maturation of esophageal motor function. Neurogast Motil 12(5): 483, 2000.
177. Attila T, Staff DM, Saeian K, Hofmann CL, Shaker R. Evaluation of gastric emptying of solid food by unsedated transnasal gastroscopy. Gastroenterology 118(4):A141, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
178. Bardan E, Easterling C, Nitschke T, Kais K, Shaker R. New insight into mechanisms of predeglutitive aspiration in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia. Gastroenterology 118(4):A407, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
179. Binion DG, Aslam M, Fisher PJ, Graewin SJ, Collins NM, Kugathasan S, Rafiee P, Johnson CP, Bousamra M, Shaker R. Generation and characterization of human esophageal microvascular endothelial cells (HEMEC): regional microvascular specialization in the GI tract. Gastroenterology 118(4):A232, 2000.
180. Easterling C, Kern MK, Nitschke T, Antinoja J, Shaker R. Effect of underlying etiology and duration of dysphagia on clinical outcomes of suprahyoid muscle strengthening exercise in tube fed dysphagic patients. Gastroenterology 118(4):A408, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
181. Gu C, Aslam M, Arndorfter RC, Hofmann CL, Shaker R. Effect of spontaneous gastroesophageal reflux events on respiration in humans. Gastroenterology 118(4):A627, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
182. Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Effect of effort on cerebral cortical activity during volitional external anal sphincter contraction. Gastroenterology 118(4):A445, 2000. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
183. Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Hyde JS, Shaker R. Comparison of the cortical representation of volitional and reflexive (pharyngeal) swallowing. Gastroenterology 118(4):A853, 2000.
184. Kern M, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical registration of rectal distension below the perception threshold. Gastroenterology 118(4):A445, 2000. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
185. Shaker R, Gu C, Torrico L, Arndorfer RC, Ulualp SO, Toohill RJ. A new technique for determining the intra-pharyngeal distribution of gastric acid refluxate. Gastroenterology 118(4):A409, May 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
186. Staff DM, Gu C, Medda BK, Dana NJ, Hogan WJ, Massey BT, Kern MK, Shaker R. A new technique for evaluating lower esophageal sphincter compliance. Gastroenterology 118(4):A134, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
187. Dua KS, Sui Z, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Adverse effect of smoking on pharyngo-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex (PUCR) and reflexive pharyngeal swallow (RPS): central or peripheral mechanism? Gastroenterology 118(4):A407, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
188. Dua KS, Kozarek RA, Kim JP, Evans J, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Anti-reflux self-expanding metal esophageal stent: clinical evaluation in patients. Gastrointest Endosc 51(4):AB118, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
189. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Mechanisms controlling ventilatory cycle fluctuations in UES tone. Gastroenterology 118(4)A133, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
190. Lang IM, Dean C, Medda BK, Shaker R. Functional mapping of phases of swallowing in dorsal vagal complex. Gastroenterology 118(4):A1184, 2000.
191. Massey BT, Dana N-L, Medda BK, Gu C, Lang IM, Shaker R. Reduction of reflux events by blockade of gastric mechanoreceptors: a novel endoscopic approach. Gastroenterology 118(4):A486, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
192. Saeian K, Staff DM, Townsend W, Dua KS, Berger WL, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. T-EGD: a new technique for accurately detecting and grading esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients. Gastroenterology 118(4):A969, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
193. Saeian K, Staff D, Berger W, Dua K, Almagro U, Choi H, Komorowski R, Hofmann C, Kim J, Townsend W, Shaker R. Detection rate of dysplastic Barrett's mucosa by unsedated transnasal endoscopy (T-EGD) is comparable to conventional endoscopy. Gastroenterology 118(4):A228, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
194. Torrico S, Kern MK, Hofmann CL, Arndorfer RC, Shaker R. Effect of manometric catheter shape on UES resting pressure profile. Gastroenterology 118(4):A1202, 2000.
195. Vakil NB, Shaker R, Hwang C, D'Amico D, Hamelin B. Esomeprazole is effective as maintenance therapy in GERD patients with healed erosive esophagitis (EE). Gastroenterology 118(4):A22, 2000. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, May 2000.
196. Bhattacharyya S, Krishnamurthy P, Shaker R, Staff D, Vakil N, Phadnis SH, Dunn BE. Helicobacter pylori requires active hydrogenase enzyme to survive under acidic conditions. Gastroenterology 118(4):A729, 2000.
197. Easterling C, Kern M, Nitschke T, Grande B, Kazandjian M, Dikeman K, Massey BT, Shaker R. Restoration of oral feeding in 17 tube fed patients by the Shaker exercise. Dysphagia 15:105, 2000.
198. Jadcherla SR, Hao QD, Walther TR, Shaker R. Esophageal motor defenses against esophageal distention in developing neonates. Ped Res 49(4):118A, 2001. Presented as a poster, Society for Pediatric Research, Boston, May 2001.
199. Aslam M, Simuncak C, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Esophageal air distention and swallowing overrides balloon stimulated UES contraction. Gastroenterology 120(5):A219, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
200. Dua KS, Bajaj JS, Sui Z, Hofmann C, Simunchek C, Shaker R. Altered pharyngo-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology 120(5):A58, April 2001. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
201. Dua KS, Shaker R. In vitro evaluation of a modified biliary stent with anti-reflux mechanism. Gastrointest Endosc 53(5):AB102, April 2001. Presented as a poster, ASGE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, May 2001.
202. Anupam P, Bapp W RBH, Cook IJS, Shaker R, Brasseur JG. Application of computer simulation to the evaluation of pathophysiology of the pharyngo-esophageal (PE) segment. Gastroenterology 120(5):A221, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
203. Jadcherla SR, Hao QD, Shaker R. Esophageal motor responses to abrupt distention are fully developed by 33 weeks post-conceptional age in human neonates. Gastroenterology 120(5):A632, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
204. Jadcherla SR, Duong HQ, Wolther T, Shaker R. Coordination of deglutition and phases of respiration in preterm and term babies. Gastroenterology 120(5):A632, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
205. Kern MK, Cox R, Hyde J, Arndorfer R, Shaker R. Reproducibility of fMRI cortical activity during graded rectal distension. Gastroenterology 120(5):A711, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
206. Kern MK, Arndorfer RC, Cox R, Hyde J, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical response to rectal distension varies with phases of the menstrual cycle. Gastroenterology 120(5):A397, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
207. Kern MK, Arndorfer R, Jesmanowicz AJ, Hyde J, Shaker R. Topographical and volumetric differences in the cerebral cortical representation of swallowing in healthy elderly and young subjects. Gastroenterology 120(5):A672, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
208. Lang IM, Dana NL, Shaker R. The laryngeal, pharyngeal and hyoid muscle responses associated with swallowing, belching and vomiting. Gastroenterology 120(5):A712, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
209. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. The effects of baclofen on esophageal and pharyngeal reflexes. Gastroenterology 120(5):A58, April 2001. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
210. Medda BK, Sengupta JN, Lang IM, Shaker R. Characterization of neurons in the brainstem of the cat to esophageal distension following acute acid infusion. Gastroenterology 120(5):A58, April 2001. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
211. Saeian K, Vasilopoulos S, Staff D, Komorowski R, Almagro U, Choi H, Townsend W, Shaker R. Does biopsy size of unsedated transnasal endoscopy (T-EGD) impact histologic interpretation of Barrett's dysplasia? Gastrointest Endosc 53(5):AB157, April 2001. Presented as a poster, ASGE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, May 2001.
212. Saeian K, Fendrick AM, Shaker R. Impact of unsedated transnasal endoscopy (T-EGD) on the management of dyspepsia: a decision analysis. Gastroenterology 120(5):A238, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
213. Sengupta JN, Shaker R, Medda BK. GABAs receptor agonist baclofen attenuates responses of mechanosensitive pelvic nerve afferents of the rat to colorectal distension. Gastroenterology 120(5):A641, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
214. Shaker R, Castell DO, Schoenfeld PS, Spechler SJ. Nighttime heartburn is an underappreciated clinical problem that impacts sleep and daytime function. Gastroenterology 120(5):A420, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
215. Shaker R, Gu C, Simuncak C, Kern M, Massey BT, Arndorfer R. Pharyngeal water stimulation induces gastric fundic relaxation. Gastroenterology 120(5):A287, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
216. Shaker R, Gu C, Sanders T, Staff DM, Kern M, Compliance of the gastroesophageal junction in healthy humans measured by a new technique. Gastroenterology 120(5):A221, April 2001. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Atlanta, May 2001.
217. Sengupta JN, Abu-Hatoum O, Shaker R. Differential effects of ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists on mechanosensitive pelvic afferent innervating the colon of the rat. Gastroenterology 122(4):A154, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
218. Sengupta JN, Medda BK, Petersen J, Shaker R. Mechanical and chemical properties of distension-sensitive vagal afferents innervating the esophagus of rats. Gastroenterology 122(4):A155, April 2002. Poster of Distinction, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
219. Lang IM, Kern M, Medda BK, Shaker, R. Application of fMRI technique to investigation of cerebrocortical control of the digestive tract function in cats. Gastroenterology 122(4):A156, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
220. Jadcherla SR, Duong HQ, Walther TR, Hoffmann R, Shaker R. Maturation of distention induced esophageal reflexes in premature infants. Gastroenterology 122(4):A187, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
221. Dua KS, Bajaj JS, Sui Z, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Altered pharyngo-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex in patients with concomitant esophagitis and reflux laryngitis. Gastroenterology 122(4):A187, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
222. Kern M, Jaradeh S, Hyde J, Shaker R. Differences in the topography of cortical activity during reflexive swallowing and pharyngeal sensory stimulation. Gastroenterology 122(4):A189, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
223. Saeian K, Jean M, Kern M, Knox J, Shaker R. Relationship of body mass index and family clustering with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease among obese individuals. Gastroenterology 122(4):A212, April 2002. Poster of Distinction, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
224. Lang IM, Dean-Bernhoft C, Medda BK, Shaker R. Differential activation of vagal motor nuclei during different phases of swallowing. Gastroenterology 122(4):A308, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
225. Kern M, Shaker R. Temporal differences in the activation of various cerebral cortical regions during volitional swallowing. Gastroenterology 122(4):A312, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
226. Potter JW, Shaker R, Saeian K, Staff DM, Massey BT, Komorowski RA, Hogan WJ. Eosinophilic esophagitis in adults: an emerging problem with unique esophageal deformities. Gastroenterology 122(4):A341, April 2002.
227. Xie P, Cao Y, Liu J, Shaker R. Augmentation of lower esophageal sphincter resting pressure by acupuncture in cats: a vagal cholinergic mediation. Gastroenterology 122(4):A360, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
228. Gawrieh S, Hogan WJ, Carroll T, Shaker R. Deglutitive syncope associated with esophageal dysphagia. Gastroenterology 122(4):A362, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
229. Medda BK, Lang IM, Shaker R. Characterization of pharyngo-gastric inhibitory reflex in the cat. Gastroenterology 122(4):A555, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
230. Attila T, Hellman R, Saeian K, Staff D, Krasnow A, Steffl F, Shaker R. Verification of the scintigraphic complete gastric emptying of solid food by unsedated transnasal gastroscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 55(5):AB133, April 2002. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Francisco, May 2002.
231. Kern MK, Shaker R. Effect of repeated subliminal rectal distension on cortical activity during perceived rectal distension. Neurogastroenterol Motil 14(4):A434, 2002. Present as a poster at the American Motility Meeting 2002.
232. Kern MK, Shaker R. Threshold for eliciting cortical activity associated with rectal distension. Neurogastroenterol Motil 14(4):A435, 2002. Present as a poster at the American Motility Meeting 2002.
233. Kounev V, Levy MG, Attila T, Saeian K, Kugathasan S, Knox JF, Emmons J, Hogan WJ, Shaker R, Binion DG. Increased rates of drug allergy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients compared to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and normal controls. Gastroenterology 124(4):A214, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
234. Rafiee P, Ogawa H, Heidemann J, Fisher P, Johnson N, Johnson CP, Shaker R, Binion DG. Mechanisms of human esophageal microvascular endothelial activation in response to inflammatory cytokines and acid: Role of MAPK and NFkB. Gastroenterology 124(4):A455, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
235. Lang IM, Dean-Bernhoft C, Medda BK, Aslam M, Shaker R. Comparison of brainstem nuclei activated due to physiologically versus electrically stimulated swallowing. Gastroenterology 124(4):A671, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
236. Lang IM, Kern M, Medda BK, Shaker R. Comparison of cerebrocortical areas activated by esophageal or rectal distension using fMRI in cats. Gastroenterology 124(4):A670, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
237. Bajaj JS, Dua KS, Kawamura O, Easterling C, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Reproducibility of pharyngo-UES contractile reflex and reflexive pharyngeal swallow and magnitude of intra and inter-observer variability. Gastroenterology 124(4):A257, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
238. Miranda A, Peles S, Rudolph C, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Altered visceral sensation in response to chronic somatic pain in the rat. Gastroenterology 123(4):A670, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
239. Petersen J, Peles S, Gutterman DD, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Effects of ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists on responses of vagal mechanosensitive afferents innervating the rat stomach. Gastroenterology 124(4):A250, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
240. Dua KS, Bajaj JS, Zhumei S, Shaker R. Cigarette smoking does not alter upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contraction and relaxation responses to esophageal distention. Gastroenterology 124(4):A258, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
241. Dua KS, Bajaj JS, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Safety and feasibility of evaluating airway protective reflexes during sleep: New technique and preliminary results. Gastroenterology 124(4):A580, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
242. Garcia MA, Shaker R, Massey B, Hofmann C, Hogan W. Ambulatory 3-site 24-hour pharyngoesophageal pH monitoring use in clinical practice. Gastroenterology 124:A410 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
243. Kern M, Hofmann C, Hyde J, Shaker R. Effect of subliminal esophageal acid stimulation on swallow-related cortical activity. Gastroenterology 124(4):A672, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
244. Kawamura O, Easterling C, Aslam M, Hajhijhi S, Kern M, Shaker R. Elicitation of the laryngo-UES contractile reflex is impaired in elderly. Gastroenterology 124(4):A85, 2003. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
245. Kawamura O, Easterling C, Aslam M, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Optimal technique and stimulus intensity for elicitation of laryngo-UES contractile reflex in awake humans. Gastroenterology 124(4):A680, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
246. Kawamura O, Aslam M, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Pharyngeal distribution of non-acidic and acidic gastric refluxate: A 24-hour simultaneous ambulatory impedance and pH recording. Gastroenterology 124(4):A534, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
247. Sidhu H, Kern M, Hogan W, Shaker R. Evidence of hypersensitivity and altered cortical processing in IBS patients during subliminal and perceived visceral stimulation. Gastroenterology 124(4):A671, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
248. Aslam M, Kawamura O, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Performance and signature of pharyngeal impedance during simulated intrapharyngeal liquid and gas reflux events. Gastroenterology 124(4):A535, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
249. Ali I, Jacob H, Hessner M, Hogan W, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Regional differences in normal esophageal mucosal gene expression profiles in healthy controls, esophagitis and Barrett's patients. Gastroenterology 124(4):A414, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
250. Easterling C, Kawamura O, Hajhijhi, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Reproducibility of laryngo-UES contractile reflex in humans. Gastroenterology 124(4):A258, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
251. Easterling C, Kawamura, Rittmann T, Kern M, Saeian K, Shaker R. Reproducibility of pharyngo-glottal closure reflex in awake humans. Gastroenterology 124(4):A681, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
252. Jadcherla SR, Shaker R. Characteristics of primary and secondary esophageal peristalsis during maturation in human neonates. Gastroenterology 124(4):A255, 2003. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Orlando, FL, May 2003.
253. Kern MK, Hofmann CL, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R. Comparison of swallow-related cortical activity under three conditions of volitional deglutition: spontaneously irrepressible and on-command swallowing. Presented at the Dysphagia Research Society 12th Annual Scientific Meeting, San Francisco, CA, October 2-4, 2003.
254. Foss BE, Shaker R, Biller JA, Bosbous, Washington S, Effros, RM. Direct measurements of tracheal solutes with quartz rods. FASEB J 17: A66, 2003.
255. Ulualp SO, Roland PS, Toohill RJ, Shaker, R. Prevalence of gastroesophagopharyngeal acid reflux: an evidenced based systematic review. Submitted to Combined Otolaryngological Society Meeting, 2004.
256. Ali I, Jacob H, Hogan W, Rittmann T, Bajaj S, Shaker R. Distinctive gene expression profile in disease-free mucosa of patients with chronic esophagitis. Gastroenterology 126(4):A501, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
257. Aslam M, Easterling C, Kawamura O, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Liu J, Shaker R. Optimal impedance monitoring technique for minute and small pharyngeal reflux events. Gastroenterology 126(4):A321, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
258. Bajaj J, Dua K, Bajaj S, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Esophago-upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflex (EUCR) and secondary esophageal peristalsis (2 P) during NREM and REM sleep. Gastroenterology 126(4):A632, 2004. Poster of Distinction, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
259. Bajaj S, Liu J, Kawamura O, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Arndorfer RC, Korus G, Blom D, Shaker R. Intra-operative measurement of gastroesophageal junction distensibility (GEJD): a new technique to evaluate fundoplication "tightness". Gastroenterology 126(4):A793, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
260. Dua K, Bajaj J, Weiss J, Hastings J, Rittmann T, Hoffmann C, Shaker R. Reversibility of pharyngo-UES contractile reflex (PUCR) and reflexive phyarngeal swallow (RPS) in ex-smokers. Gastroenterology 126(4):A636, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
261. Dua K, Bajaj J, Rittmann T, Hoffmann C, Shaker R. Deterioration of airway protective reflexes accompanied by absence of arousal response to pharyngeal water stimulation: a recipe for aspiration. Gastroenterology 126(4):A633, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
262. Goshtasbi S, Garcia MA, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. External anal sphincter contraction during balloon distention: does this represent an anismus pattern? Gastroenterology 126(4):A367, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
263. Jadcherla SR, Gupta A, Shaker R. Basal and provocative pharyngo-esophageal reflexes are impaired in infants with perinatally acquired neurological injury. Gastroenterology 126(4):A635, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
264. Jadcherla SR, Stoner E, Rudolph CD, Shaker R. Esophageal protective reflexes are altered in infants with GERD. Gastroenterology 126(4):A640, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
265. Kawamura O, Aslam M, Hofmann C, Rittmann TJ, Shaker R. Impedance signature of pharyngeal gaseous reflux recorded during 24-hr pharyngoesophageal ambulatory impedance monitoring. Gastroenterology 126(4):A319, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
266. Kern M, Sidhu H, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Characterization of the subliminal visceral sensory domain in IBS patients. Gastroenterology 126(4):A590, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
267. Kern M, Hofmann, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Correlation between acid concentration and fMRI activity during heartburn in GERD patients. Gastroenterology 126(4):A589, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
268. Lang IM, Haworth ST, Medda BK, Shaker R. Mechanisms of esophageal acidification-induced alterations in tracheobronchial function. Gastroenterology 126(4):A41, 2004. Distinguished Abstract, Plenary Session, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
269. Peles S, Miranda A, Shaker R, Sengupta J. Painful somatic stimulus sensitizes spinal dorsal horn neurons to colon distension: a common co-existence of fibromyalgia and visceral hypersensitivity. Gastroenterology 126(4):A107, 2004. Oral Presentation, Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
270. Peles S, Lehmann A, Medda BK, Shaker R, Sengupta J. Effect of selective vanilloid receptor 1(VR1) antagonist JYL1421 on capsaicin and acid-induced activation of vagal afferent fibers in the esophagus. Gastroenterology 126(4):A336, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
271. RichterJ, Vaezi M, Stasney R, Hwang C, Leathers T, Sostek M, Shaker R. Baseline pH measurements for patients with suspected signs and symptoms of reflux laryngitis. Gastroenterology 126(4):A537, 2004.
272. Sanjeevi A, Lawal A, Kern M, Hofmann C, Shaker R. A closer look at insular cortex activity during hindgut related sensory/motor function. Gastroenterology 126(4):A590, 2004. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
273. Santharam R, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Easterling C, Kern M, Dua K, Shaker R. Deleterious effect of systemic alcohol on reflexive pharyngeal swallow and pharyngoUES contractile reflux. Gastroenterology 126(4):A164, 2004.
274. Sengupta J, Medda BK, Peles S, Shaker R. Effect of intraesophageal acid on responses of laryngeal muscles and motor neurons. Gastroenterology 126(4):A99, 2004. Oral Presentation, Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
275. Sidhu H, Kern M, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Novel evidence for hypersensitivity of visceral sensory neural circuitry in IBS patients. Gastroenterology 126(4):A106, 2004. Oral Presentation, Research Forum, AGA Digestive Disease Week, New Orleans, LA, May 2004.
276. Ali I, Lawal A, Rittmann T, Rafiee P, Shaker R. Differences in squamous epithelial mucosal induction of HSP70 by acid exposure between Barrett's patients and healthy controls. Gastroenterology 128(4):A132, 2005. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
277. Bajaj J, Bajaj S, Dua K, Rittmann T, Hofmann, Shaker R. Influence of sleep stages on elicitation of esophago-UES contractile reflex and secondary peristalsis. Gastroenterology 128(4):A407, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
278. Bajaj S, Blom D, Liu J, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Derkson T, Lim H, Shaker R. Feasibility and safety of intraoperative measurement of gastroesophageal junction distensibility (GEJD) in achalasia patients. Gastroenterology 128(4):A801, 2005. Presented as an SSAT poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
279. Bajaj S, Massey B, Liu J, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker S, Shaker R. Validation of a catheter for recording of gastroesophageal junction distensibility. Gastroenterology 128(4):A407, 2005. Presented a poster, Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
280. Banerjee B, Medda B, Shaker R, Sengupta J. Effect of reflux-induced esophageal inflammation on vanilloid receptor (TRPV1/VR1) and substance P (SP) in spinal cord (SC) and dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). Gastroenterology 128(4):A220, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
281. Blom D, Bajaj S, Liu J, Kawamura O, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Arndorfer R, Korus G, Kerksen T, Shaker R. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication significantly decreases gastroesophageal junction distensibility. Gastroenterology 128(4):A801, 2005. Presented as an SSAT poster, Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
282. Dua KS, Bajaj JS, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Differential response of aerodigstive reflexes to topical pharyngeal anesthesia. Gastroenterology 128(4):A407, 2005. Presented as a poster, Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
283. Hodzic E, Knuff D, Miranda A, Shaker R, Sengupta JN. Differential effects of central Nmda receptor antagonists in rat models of inflammatory and non-inflammatory visceral hyperalgesia. Gastroenterology 128(4):A115, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
284. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Stoner E, Coley B, Shaker R. Characterization of esophago-glottal closure reflex (EGER) in healthy neonates using a novel non-invasive ultrasonography of glottis (USG) technique concurrent with esophageal stimulation. Gastroenterology 128(4):A410, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
285. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Stoner E, Coley B, Wiet G, Shaker R. Novel non-invasive technique for evaluation of glottis motion in infants and children: comparison of ultrasonography (USG) and transnasal endoscopic approach. Gastroenterology 128(4):A300, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
286. Jadcherla S, Gupta A, Stoner E, Fernandez S, Shaker R. Identification of reflexive pharyngeal swallowing (RPS) and pharyngo-UES contratile reflex (PUER) in healthy human neonates. Gastroenterology 128(4):A409, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
287. Kern M, Hyde J, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R. Partial k-space GR-EPI: a novel technique for improved spatial resolution and contrast to noise characteristics for fMRI studies of the brain-gut axis. Gastroenterology 128(4):A404, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
288. Kern M, Lawal A, Sanjeevi A, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Hyde J, Shaker R. Activation topography of the insula and cingulate gyrus during upper and lower gut sensory stimulation. Gastroenterology 128(4):A621, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
289. Kern M, Lawal A, Sanjeevi A, Hyde J, Shaker R. Confirmation of neural hypersensitivity following central sensitization by fMRI recording of subliminal esophageal distension. Gastroenterology 128(4): A372, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
290. Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Lawal A, Hyde J, Shaker R. Differences in the activation topography of insula and cingulate cortex during swallowing and anal sphincter control. Gastroenterology 128(4):A621, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
291. Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Lawal A, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Defining the subliminal domain of esophageal mechanosensory function. Gastroenterology 128(4):A410, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
292. Lang I, Gray M, Shaker R. The brain areas activated during motion sickness. Gastroenterology 128(4):A373, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
293. Lang I, Medda B, Gray M, Shaker R. Esophageal acidification and distension activate different sensory medullary vagal nuclei (MVN). Gastroenterology 128(4):A372, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
294. Lawal A, Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R. Subliminal esophageal acid stimulation sensitizes the swallow-related insular, but not cingulate gyrus (CG) neural circuitry. Gastroenterology 128(4):A373, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
295. Rafiee P, Ogawa H, Heidemann J, Theriot ME, Johnson CP, Shaker R, Binion DG. Human esophageal microvascular endothelial cells (HEMEC) respond to acid stress by P38 MAP kinase regulated induction of HSP70I and HSP27. Gastroenterology 128(4):A346, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
296. Sanjeevi A, Kern M, Lawal A, Hyde J, Shaker R. Objective evidence for hypersensitivity of esophageal sensory neural circuitry in GERD patients. Gastroenterology 128(4):A375, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
297. Sanjeevi A, Komorosski RA, Shaker S, Massey BT, Shaker R, Saeian K, O'Loughlin C, Binion D, Hogan WJ. Eosinophilic esophagitis: Potential sources for diagnostic error in the histopathologic detection. Gastroenterology 128(4):A7, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
298. Sanjeevi A, Lawal A, Kern M, Ward D, Saeian K, Shaker R. Cerebral cortical response to esophageal acid exposure: correlation to reflux-induced mucosal injury. Gastroenterology 128(4):A413, 2005. Presented as a poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
299. Shaker S, Sanjeevi A, Massey B, Saeian K, Binion D, O'Loughlin C, Shaker R. Eosinophilic esophagitis in adults: the typical structure and clinical features are absent in many patients. Gastrointest Endosc 61(5):AB142, 2005. Presented as poster, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2005.
300. Lawal A, Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R. Neural and neurocognitive processing of the oesophageal central sensitization in the insula and cingulate gyrus. Neuogastroenterol Mot 17(Suppl 2):3, 2005. Presented as a poster at the 20th International Symp on Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Toulouse, France, July 3-6, 2005.
301. Knuff D, Lawal A, Kounev V, Hogan WJ, Shaker R, Massey B. Abnormal UES deglutitive function is improved with water swallows compared to that seen with dry swallows. Dysphagia Journal, 2006. Presented at the Dysphagia Research Society Meeting March 2006.
302. Knuff D, Hogan WJ, Shaker R, Massey B. Esophageal motor disturbances are common in patients with UES dysfunction. Dysphagia Journal, 2006. Presented at the Dysphagia Research Society Meeting March 2006.
303. Banerjee B, Medda BK, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Acid exposure increase TRPV1 channel expression in spinal afferents innervating the esophagus of cats. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A74. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
304. Banerjee B, Medda BK, Shaker R, Sengupta. TRPV1 and P2x3 expression in vagal and spinal pathways following acid-induced esophagitis in rats. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A133. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
305. Kern M, Lawal A, Sanjeevi A, Rittmann T, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Regional cerebral cortical fMRI acitivty volume is directly related to the intensity of subliminal proximal and distal esophageal distension. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A138. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
306. Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Lawal A, Kounev V, Shaker R. Effect of fMRI signal analysis methods on quantification of brain activity associated with esophageal acid exposure in GERD patients and healthy controls. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A446. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
307. Ali I, Rafiee P, Nelson V, Rogaczewski A, Binion DG, Shaker R. Acidic media increases the expression of Dickkopf Homolog 1 (DKK-1) and 5 (DKK-4) in esophageal epithelial Het-1A cells. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A385. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
308. Lawal A, Kern M, Sanjeevi A, Rittmann T, Shaker R. Sensitization of the entire esophagus to distension by distal esophageal acid exposure. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A439. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
309. Kounev VJ, Hyde J, Kern M, Sengupta S, Pawela C, Prah D, Paulson E, Shaker R. Feasibility and reproducibility of functional magnetic resonance imaging in Medetomidine sedated rodents. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A441. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
310. Lang IM, Hawworth ST, Medda BK, Shaker R. The effect of esophageal acidification on airway mucociliary function. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A139. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
311. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. The esophagus is topographically organized in the brainstem according to peripheral location as well as receptor type. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A444. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
312. Knuff DA, Shaker R, Hogan WJ, Massey BT. Upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction: an alternative explanation for symptoms and signs attributed to laryngopharyngeal reflux. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A632. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
313. Knuff D, Rittmann T, Shaker R. The upper esophageal sphincter contractile response to reflux events is not acid sensitive. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A732. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
314. Rafiee P, Rogaczewski A, Nelson VM, Ali I, Binion DG, Shaker R. Transcriptional regulation of acidic pH induced interleukin-6 expression and secretion in humna esophageal epithelial cells (HET-1) via Mapks. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A686. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
315. Perera L, Chai K, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Kern M, Liebenthal E, Shaker R. Effect of phonation on the intraluminal pressure of the esophagus and its sphincters. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A729. Poster of Distinction, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
316. Perera L, Chai K, Hofmann C, Rittmann T, Kern M, Shaker R. Protection against pharyngeal reflux of gastric content during coughing: another role for the upper esophageal sphincter (UES). Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A732. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
317. Bajaj J, Knuff D, Rittmann T, Dua K, Shaker R. Presence of acid reduces the threshold for elicitation of esophago-UES contractile reflex and secondary peristalsis during sleep but not in awake state. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A737. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
318. Bajaj J, Rittmann T, Knuff D, Dua K, Shaker R. Influence of sleep stages on glottal function: implications for nighttime airway safety. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A734. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
319. Jadcherla SR, Gupta A, Fernandez S, Shaker R. Upper esophageal sphincter (UES) responsiveness to esophageal stimulation in infants with chronic lung disease of infancy. Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A734. AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
320. Garcia M, Massey B, Shaker R, Hogan W. Manometric and endoscopic findings in the symptomatic post-fundoplication and post-redo-fundoplication patients: do they differ significantly? Gastroenterology 130(4 Suppl 2):A734. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Los Angeles, CA, May 2006.
321. Chai K, Kern M, Kounev V, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Subliminal esophageal acid stimulation sensitizes the cortical swallowing network in healthy individuals but not GERD patients. Neurogastroenterol Mot 18(8):680, 2006.
322. Kern M, Chai K, Lawal A, Shaker R. Cortical swallowing network sensitization by esophageal acid exposure is preserved in the elderly. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting 2006.
323. Kounev V, Pawela CP, Shaker R, Hyde JS. Graded fMRI response in rat rectal distention model. Presented at the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Seattle, WA, May 2006.
324. Antonik S, Mepani R, Kern M, Chai K, Logemann J, Pauloski B, Rademaker A, Shaker R. Augmentation of deglutitive thyrohyoid muscle shortening by exercise. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting 2006.
325. Chai K, Kern M, Kounev V, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Subliminal esophageal acid stimulation sensitizes the cortical swallowing network in healthy individuals but not GERD patients. American Motility Society 2006.
326. Kounev V, Knuff DA, Lawal A, Hogan WJ, Shaker R, Massey Benson T. Radiographic swallow studies are insensitive in the detection of upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction. Accepted as a poster for the Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting 2007.
327. Chai K, Kern MK, Kounev V, Antonik SJ, Mepani R, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Absence of Augmentation of the cortical swallowing network by subliminal esophageal acid exposure in GERD patients. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A9, 2007. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
328. Kern MK, Chai K, Jesmanowicz A, Shaker R. Attenuation of regional brain activity associated with esophageal acid exposure in healthy elderly. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A100, 2007. Oral presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
329. Zheng Y, Medda BK, Banerjee B, Komorowski R, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Prevention of gastroesophageal reflux-induced ulceration by selective TRPV1 receptor antagonist in rats. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A275, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
330. Kern MK, Kounev V, Sanvanson P, Lawal A, Hofmann C, Ward BD, Shaker R. Effect of aging on cortical neural and neurocognitive central processing of rectal mechanoreceptor signals. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A324, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
331. Bajaj S, Blom D, Antonik SJ, Mepani R, Kern MK, Chai K, Perera LP, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Comparison of the effect of Dor procedure and Nissen fundoplication on the distensibility of gastroesophageal junction: an intraoperative study. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A851, 2007. Presented as a poster in SSAT at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
332. Bajaj J, Knuff D, Dua KS, Hafeezullah M, Hofmann C, Shaker R. The pH of the proximal esophageal refluxate influences elicitation of aerodigestive reflexes during sleep. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A480, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
333. Bajaj J, Dua KS, Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Arousal reflex and aerodigestive reflexes: layers of airway protection against nocturnal reflux during slow-wave sleep. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A482, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
334. Banerjee B, Medda BK, Zheng Y, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Upregulation of NMDA-NR1 subunit in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and esophagus following acid exposure in cats. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A582, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
335. Perera L, Tatro L, Hofmann C, Kern MK, Shaker R. Gender affects phonation related UES contraction. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A593, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
336. Perera L, Kern MK, Tatro L, Hofmann C, Kuribayashi S, Chai K, Shaker R. New insight into phonation induced increase in the upper esophageal sphincter pressure; contraction vs compression. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A595, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
337. Mepani R, Antonik SJ, Kern MK, Chai K, Logemann J, Pauloski B, Rademacker A, Shaker R. Augmentation of deglutitive thyrohyoid muscle shortening by exercise. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A596, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
338. Jadcherla SR, Gupta A, Coley B, Shaker R. Characterization of pharyngo-glottal closure reflex (PGCR) in human neonates using novel mano-sonographic methods. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A596, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
339. Jadcherla SR, Gupta A, Coley B, Shaker R. Temporal relationship between deglutitive glottal and UES functions in various phases of respiration in human neonates. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A598, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
340. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Acid in the cervical or thoracic portions of the esophagus activates different sets of medullary nuclei. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A718, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
341. Kern MK, Kounev V, Sanvanson P, Lawal A, Hofmann C, Ward BD, Shaker R. Deterioration of rectal distension-sensitive afferent neural pathways in the elderly: a study of the subliminal viscero-sensory domain by fMRI. Gastroenterology 132(4) Suppl 2: A720, 2007. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week, Washington, DC, May 2007.
342. Lang I, Haworth ST, Medda BK, Birkett R, Shaker R. Effects of vagotomy on the airway responses to esophageal acidification. Oral Presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week, San Diego, CA, May 2008.
343. Ali I, Zheng Y, Rafiee P, Shaker R. Stimulation of Wnt ligand and Wnt target gene expression by low pH in human esophageal epithelial Het-1A cells. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
344. Banerjee B, Lang IM, Medda BK, Birkett R, Shaker R. The effects of acute esophageal acid exposure on the expression profile of neurotransmitter receptor genes in the rat. cingulate cortex. Oral Presentation, AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
345. Sudarshan R, Jadcherla, Gupta A, Kim W, Fernandez S, Wiet G, Shaker R. Defining the sensory-motor disconnect in basal and adaptive esophageal reflexes in human neonates with laryngoscopic abnormalities. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
346. Kern M, Antonik S, Mepani R, Lawal A, Shaker R. GERD alters the functional brain connectivity models associated with acid stimulation. Oral presentation at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
347. Kern M, Lawal A, Shaker R. Repeated esophageal distension shortens the stimulus response latency of fMRI activation signals. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
348. Miranda A, Mickle A, Schmidt J, Banerjee B, Medda B, Sengupta J, Shaker R. Fundus ligation in adolescent rats chronically alters the responses of vagal mechanosensitive afferents innervating the stomach and results in expansion of receptive field. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
349. Zheng Y, Banerjee B, Rafiee P, Sengupta J, Ali I, Shaker R. Acid pH upregulates TRPV1 expression in SV40 T-Antigen-Immortalized Human Esophageal Epithelial (HET-1A) cells. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
350. Kuribayashi S, Perera L, Hafeezullah M, Nasef A, Tatro L, Hofmann C, Lawal A, Hussaini S, Bajaj J, Shaker R. Pharyngeal reflux of gastric content: Mechanisms in healthy controls, gastroesophageal reflux and obstructive sleep apnea patients. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
351. Kuribayashi S, Massey B, Perera L, Tatro L, Hofmann C, Hafeezullah M, Hussaini S, Lawal A, Shaker R. Features of TLESR and associated reflux depend on the terminating motor event. Presented as a poster at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
352. Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M, Tatro L, Hofmann C, Lawal A, Hussaini S, Bajaj J, Massey B, Shaker R. Upper esophageal sphincter and gastroesophageal junction pressure changes act to prevent reflux during obstructive sleep apnea in GERD patients. Oral Presentation at AGA Digestive Disease Week. San Diego, CA, May 2008.
353. Sood M, Kern M, Rudolph C, Silverman A, Tarbell S, Shaker R. Use of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to Study Brain Activation from Rectal Stimulation in Children with IBS. Oral Presentation/Poster at Neurogastroenterology and Motility Joint International Meeting. November 2008.
354. Makar, Li, Hyde, Shaker R. Visceral stimulation enhances corticalregistration of somatic afferent signals in rats. Oral Presentation, Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL May 2009.
355. Huang J, Shaker R. Effect of perception on cerebral cortical functional connectivity networks associated with rectal sensation. Oral Presentation, Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL May 2009.
356. Kern M, Antonik S, Mepani R, Hussaini, Verber, Jaradeh, Shaker R. Effect of subliminal esophageal acid stimulation on cerebral cortical activity associated with volitional gastrointestinal and somatic motor tasks. Oral Presentation, Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL May 2009.
357. Schneeberger, Perera L, Surapaneni, Kuribayashi S, Tatro L, Hafeezullah, Shaker R. Phonation-induced UES contractile reflex is preserved in the elderly. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
358. Kuribayashi S, Massey B, Surapaneni, Huang J, Hafeezullah, Perera L, Tatro L, Hussaini, Shaker R. UES response to TLESR-associated reflux events during sleep in healthy subjects and GERD patients. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
359. Ali I, Huang J, Surapaneni, Tatro L, Rafiee P, Shaker R. Intresophageal Perfusion of HCI (0.1N) stimulates expression of Canonical Wnt Ligand Wnt-3a in the esophageal mucosa of healthy volunteers. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
360. Antonik S, Mepani R, Kern M, Huang J, Hussaini, Tatro L, Shaker R. fMRI evidence for sensitization of esophageal afferent neural circuitry in heartburn patients. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
361. Babaei A, Lee, Kuribayashi S, Surapaneni, Shaker R. Mysteries of Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) response to esophageal distension; effect of posture, volume and physical nature of distending agent. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
362. Kuribayashi S, Massey B, Kern M, Perera L, Hafeezullah, Tatro L, Hussaini, Shaker, R. TLESR termination by swallows: A chance event. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
363. Surapaneni, Dua K, Hafeezullah, Reddy, Tatro L, Shaker R. Prevalence of abnormal Upper GI findings in apparently healthy volunteers enrolled for research studies. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
364. Jadcherla S, Parks, Wang, Gupta, Dzodzomenyo, Fernandez, Splaingard, Shaker R. Definition of esophageal sensation in non-verbal premature neonates determined by electro-cortical arousals and viscero-somatic responses. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
365. Jadcherla S, Gupta, Parks, Wang, Dzodomenyo, Fernandez, Splaingard, Shaker R. Volume dependent recruitment of adaptive esophageal peristaltic and upper esophageal sphincter contractile reflexes is preserved in sleep state in healthy premature infants. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
366. Huang J, Kern M, Hussaini, Jaradeh, Sengupta J, Shaker R. Central inhimibitory interaction between proximal and distal parts of the GI tract. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
367. Surapaneni SN, Dua K, Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M, Tatro L, Shaker R. Influence of position on the maximum volume of fluid that can safely dwell in the hypo-pharyngx; "HypoPharyngeal Safe Volume" (HPSV). Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week, Chicago, IL, May 2009.
368. Sood M, Kern M, Rudolph, Silverman, Tarbell, Shaker R. Cortical activation during rectal distension in children is similar to adult and elderly subjects. Topic Forum at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2009.
369. Jadcherla SR, Parks V, Wang M, Gupta A, Dzodzomenyo S, Fernandez S, Splaingard M, Shaker R. Esophageal sensation in premature neonates determined during concurrent esophageal adaptive manometry & polysomnography: Role of electro-cortical arousals & viscera-somatic responses. Oral presentation at Neurogastroenterology & Motility 2009 Joint International Meeting. Chicago, IL, August 2009.
370. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Differential activation of pontomedullary nuclei by acid perfusion of different regions of the esophagus. Presented as a poster at Neurogastroenterology & Motility 2009 Joint International Meeting. Chicago, IL, August 2009.
371. Kogan D, Zheng Y, Kuribayashi S, Tatro L, Massey BT, Shaker R. Effect of perception on UES contractile response to proximal & distal esophageal distensions. Presented as a poster at Neurogastroenterology & Motility 2009 Joint International Meeting. Chicago, IL, August 2009.
372. Surapaneni SN, Dua KS, Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M, Amaris MA, Shaker R. Aerodigestive protective reflexes are triggered before the safe capacity of pharynx is exceeded. Topic Forum at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
373. Lang IM, Medda BK, Shaker R. Evidence for a local mechanism mediating the esophago-airway mucus response to esophageal acidification. Presented as a poster of distinction at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
374. Jadcherla SR, Parks VN, Peng J, Fernandez SA, Shaker R. Effect of Pharyngeal Stimulus on Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) and Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES) During Development in Human pre-term Infants. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
375. Lang IM, Medda BK, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Response characteristics of rostral medullary neurons to colorectal and esophageal distension in cats. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
376. Kern M, Huang J, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Shaker R. Central Inhibitory Interactions Between Proximal and Distal GI Tract Alters the Effective Cortical Connectivity. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
377. Kern M, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Shaker R. Viscero-Visceral inhibition of Cortical fMRI Activity is Associated with Alteration of Effective Brain Connectivity Pathways: The Role of Insula. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
378. Siwiec RM, Samuel EA, Huang J, Kern M, Shaker R. Evidence for a Reciprocal Central Inhibitory Influence between Proximal and Distal GI Tract. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
379. Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Thelaner T, Prieto T, Shaker R. Different Inhibitory Patterns of the Cortical Registration of Somatic and Visceral Afferent Signals by Esophageal Acid Stimulation. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
380. Huang J, Kern M, Shaker R. Influence of Acid and Non-Acid Esophageal Stimulation on Cortical Activity Associated with Volitional Lower GI Motor Tasks: A Confirmatory Study. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
381. Huang J, Kern M, Hyde J, Shaker R. Recovery Time for Esophageal-Acid Induced Inhibition of fMRI Cortical Registration of Rectal Afferent Signals. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
382. Amaris MA, Dua KS, Rahimi Naini S, Surapaneni SN, Shaker R. Influence of Neck Positions on Airway Protetive Mechanisms. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
383. Dua KS, Amaris MA, Rahimi Naini S, Schneeberger B, Babaei A, Kuribayashi S, Blumin JH, Shaker R. Alteration of phonation induced UES Contractile response in patients with posterior laryngitis. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
384. Banerjee B, Medda BK, Schmidt J, Zhang Z, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Upregulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate subunit phosphorylation in nodose ganglia neurons following acid-induced esophagitis in cats. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
385. Banerjee B, Medda BK, Schmidt J, Lang IM, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Early life esophageal acid exposure accentuates the expression of NR1 and PSD-95 in ACC neurons in response to acid rechallenge in adulthood.Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
386. Mickle AD, Zhang Z, Miranda A, Sengupta JN, Shaker R. Pro-nociceptive effect of 5-HT1a on Visceral Pain. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
387. Dua KS, Surapaneni SN, Kuribayashi S, Hafeezullah M, Shaker R. Arousal is the predominant mechanism to prevent aspiration of pharyngeal contents during sleep. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
388. Babaei A, Kern M, Antonik SJ, Mepani R, Shaker R. Effect of Nutritive Stimulation on Cerebral Cortical Swallowing Network Activity. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. New Orleans, LA, May 2010.
389. Amaris M, Dua K, Samuel E, Hafeezulah M, Blumin J, Shaker R. Integrity of Phonation Induced UES Contractile Response in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2011
390. Banerjee B, Pochiraju S, Lang I, Sengupta J, Shaker R. CaMKII-mediated upregulation of SerP1303 NR2B phosphorylation in rostral cingulated cortex in response to acute esophageal acid exposure in rats. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2011
391. Medda B, Sengupta J, Lang I. Shaker R. Intraesophageal Acid Infusion Alters the Response Charateristics of Anterior Cingulate Cortex Neurons in Rats. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2011.
392. Shaker R, Naini S, Hafeezullah M, Ulitsky A, Townsend W, Dua K, Hogan W. A novel "UES assist device" for prevention of supine pharyngeal reflux of gastric content. Research Forum at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2011
393. Naini S, Hafeezullah M, Amaris M, Dua K, Shaker R. Aspiration Induced Cough with Arousal during Sleep, is the Predominant Mechanism of Airway Protection in Subjects with Defective Aerodigestive Reflexes. Presented as a poster at Digestive Disease Week. Chicago, IL, May 2011
 
Database, Video, or Other Research/Clinical Contributions
1. R. Shaker quoted in Web MD Health Search. Irritable Bowel, Pain Syndromes Linked. Article by DeNoon D (WebMD Medical News) and reviewed by Louise Change, MD.
 
Software, Software Modules
1. An Update on Oropharyngeal Dysphagia. Clin Advances in Gastroenterol (ACG audiocassette series) 11(1), 1999.
2. Swallowing disorders: Diagnosis and management. Clinical Advances in Gastroenterology, audiocassette series of the American College of Gastroenterology, 2000.
3. Update: The management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Education 2000, An Interactive CD-ROM Program for Physician Assistants, 2000.
4. Advances in diagnosis of extraesophageal symptoms. Clinical Advances in Gastroenterology, audiocassette series of the American College of Gastroenterology 2001.
5. Transnasal unsedated upper GI endoscopy "Shaker Technique" CD-ROM teaching program.