Medical College of Wisconsin
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CURRICULUM VITAE

Narayan Yoganandan PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Division of Research

OFFICE ADDRESS:
VA Medical Center
5000 W National Ave
Milwaukee, WI 53295
EDUCATION:
1973 - Present BS - Mathematics, Mysore University, Mysore, India
1977 - Present BS - Civil Engineering, Mysore University, Mysore, India
1979 - Present MS - Civil/Structural Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
1985 - Present PhD - Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
FACULTY APPOINTMENTS:
1979 - 1981 Consulting Engineer, Tata Consulting Engineers, Bangalore, India
1981 - 1983 Teaching/Research Assistant, College of Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1983 - 1985 Research Assistant, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1986 - 1987 Visiting Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1986 - 1991 Adjunct Assistant Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1987 - 1991 Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1990 - Present Faculty, Biophysics Graduate Program, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1991 - Present Assistant Chief, Neuroscience Research Laboratories, VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI
1991 - 1994 Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1991 - 1994 Adjunct Associate Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1994 - Present Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1994 - Present Adjunct Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1997 - Present Professor and Chair, Biomedical Engineering Dept. of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
2008 - Present Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
AWARDS AND HONORS:
1973 - 1977 National Merit Scholarship , BE, NIE, Mysore
1976 - Present Valedictorian, Institution of Engineers, India, Bangalore
1977 - Present National Institue of Engineering, Mysore, National Institue of Engineering
1978 - Present B. B. Garudacharya Gold Medal, University of Mysore 1978 Convocation (BE in Civil Engineering)
1978 - Present Late M. B. Radhakrishna Cash prize, University of Mysore 1978 Convocation (BE in Civil Engineering)
1978 - Present B. V. Krishna Iyengar Gold Medal, University of Mysore 1978 Convocation (BE in Civil Engineering)
1978 - Present Dr. Sir. M. Visweswariah Commeration Gold Medal, University of Mysore 1978 Convocation (BE in Civil Engineering)
1978 - Present Bowen memorial Gold Medal, University of Mysore 1978 Convocation (BE in Civil Engineering)
1979 - Present N. S. Govinda Rao Gold Medal , Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
1998 - Present Biomechanics of compression-extension injuries to the cervical spine Senior author, Best paper, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
1999 - Present Foot-ankle injuries and injury mechansims co-author, awarded to Young Researcher, Robert Siepel, Edward D. Henderson Prize for Excellence in Medical Writing
1999 - Present Biomechanics of foot-ankle injury mechansims co-author, awarded to Young Researcher, Robert Siepel, Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Orthopedics
2000 - Present Head-neck finite element model for motor vehicle inertial impact co-author, awarded to Young Researcher, Brian D. Stemper, Best in Session, Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, Colorado Springs, CO,
2004 - Present Effects of reflexive cervical muscle contraction on whiplash kinematics and injury co-author, awarded to Young Researcher , International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Impact, Graz, Austria,
2005 - Present co-author, awarded to Young Researcher , Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, Colorado Springs, CO,
2006 - Present Biomechanics of the aging spine co-author, awarded to Young Researcher, Derek Board, Best MS student paper, Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, Colorado Springs, CO,
2007 - Present US Government Award for Safety Engineering Excellence, Department of transportation, Washington, DC
2009 - Present Award of Merit, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
2009 - Present Characterization of torso side airbag aggressivity co-author, awarded to Young Researcher, Jason J. Hallman, A. Sances award, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
2009 - Present Population-based estimates of whiplash injury using NASS CDS data co-author, awarded to Young Researcher,Stephen G. Storvik, Best student paper, Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, Colorado Springs, CO,
2010 - Present Normative lumbar spine coupling relationships between axial rotation and lateral bending. co-author, awarded to Jamie l. Baisden, Best poster, North American Spine Society
2010 - Present Stapp Car Crah Conference, Biomechanical and injury response to posterolateral loading from torso side airbags co-author, awarded to Young Researcher, Jason J. Hallman, Best paper
2010 - Present Henry Farfan Award , Narth American Spine Society, Chicago, IL
International Who's Who in Medicine
American Men and Women of Science
Who's Who in Technology
MEMBERSHIPS IN HONORARY AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:
2000 - Present Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (Member)
2006 - Present Society of Automotive Engineers (Member)
2008 - Present American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Member)
2011 - Present American Institue of Medical and Biological Engineering (Member)
Cervical Spine Research Society (Member)
Karnataka Orthopaedic Association (Member)
Rachidian Society (Member)
American Association of Automotive Medicine (Member)
American Association of Neurological Surgeons (Member)
Society of Automotive Engineers (Member)
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Member)
Joint Section on Neurotrauma and Critical Care - AANS (Member)
EDITORSHIPS/EDITORIAL BOARDS/JOURNAL REVIEWS:
Editorial Board
Experimental Mechanics
Traffic Injury Prevention
European Spine Journal
Journal of Applied Mechanics
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Journal of Craniovertebrla Junction and Spine
Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control
Journal of Orthopedic Research
IEEE Biomedical Engineering
Internation Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury
Lancet
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Journal of Clinical Engineering
Medical Engineering and Physics
Accident Analysis and Prevention
Aviation Space Environmental Medicine
Chiropractic
Clinical Biomechanics
Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine
Journal of Biomechanics
Medical and Biological Computing
Shock and Vibration (Associate Editor)
Society of Automotive Engineers
Spine
Stapp Car Crash Conference
Technology and Health Care
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery
LOCAL/REGIONAL APPOINTED LEADERSHIP AND COMMITTEE POSITIONS:
1986 - Present Member, Biomechanics of Spinal Elements, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1989 - Present Member, Mathematical Analysis of Rollover Accidents, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1995 - Present Member, Thoracic Dynamics in a Frontal Impact, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
1997 - Present Member, Clinical Studies of the Human Cervical Spine Using Finite Element Modeling, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
2002 - Present Member, Human Head Hick Response in Frontal, Lateral and Rear Impact Loading – Modelling and Validation, Eindhoven University of Technology Eindhoven, Netherlands
2004 - Present Member, Whiplash Affects Cervical Spine Biomechanics, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
2009 - Present Member, Role of Gender in Rear Impact Injury, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
Member, Intgeration Council for Academic Curriculum
Member, Steering Committee, Medical College of Wisconsin Injury Resource Center
Member, Firearm Injury Center, Medical College of Wisconsin
Member, Research and Development Committee, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center
NATIONAL ELECTED/APPOINTED LEADERSHIP AND COMMITTEE POSITIONS:
Member, American Society of Testing Materials, Spinal Devices
Member, Council: International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI)
Member, Research Committee, Cervical Spine Research Society
Member, Department of Defense, US Army Medical Research
Member, Biomechanics of Injury, International Research Council
Member, National Institutes of Health, Alcohol, Drug Abuse & Mental Health Administration
Member, National Institutes of Health, Safety and Occupational Health Study Section
Member, Study Section, National Institutes of Health, Brain Disorders and Clinical Neurosciences
Member, Awards Board, Society of Automotive Engineers
Member, Safety Commission, US Consumer Products
Member, World Congress of Biomechanics
Member, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
Member, Research Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Member, Board of Directors, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
Member, Review Committees, Scientific Program and Fellow
Member, Grant Review Committee, CDC Injury Research
Member, Child Restraint System Misuse Panel, NHTSA
Member, Department of Education, National Institute for Disability & Rehabilitation Research
Member, Neuroscience Program Review Committee, National Science Foundation
Member, Solid Mechanics Committee, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
INVITED LECTURES/WORKSHOPS/PRESENTATIONS:
Local
Load handling capacity of the lumbar spine: Implications in low back injury, Media Seminar on Neurosciences: The Spine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 09/1987 - Present
Biomechanics research, Milwaukee Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Biomathematics, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 05/1993 - Present
Biomechanical studies at the Neuroscience Research Laboratories of the Medical College of Wisconsin, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering Seminar, Milwaukee, WI, 03/1998 - Present
Whiplash Injury of the Neck, Tenth Annual Spine Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, 02/2001 - Present
How Smart are the Dummies?, Medical College of Wisconsin Council, Milwaukee, WI, 06/2007 - Present
Grand Rounds: Blast-induced head injury studies at the Department of Neurosurgery for US DoD, Dept. of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 06/2010 - Present
Grand Rounds: Biomechanics of lower cervical spine injuries from an automotive perspective, Dept. of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 11/2010 - Present
 
Regional
Strain energy capacity of an intervertebral disc at the initiation of trauma, 9th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, MI, 10/1985 - Present
Pathoanatomics of human head-neck during injury, Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Centers for Disease Control, Detroit, MI, 04/1991 - Present
Biomechanical model of a lumbar intervertebral joint - a systems approach, 8th American Society of Civil Engineers - Engineering Mechanics Conference, Columbus, OH, 05/1991 - Present
Biomechanics of tractor wheel runover, 4th Annual Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium. Centers for Disease Control, Detroit, MI, 05/1994 - Present
Finite element analysis of the cervical spine, 5th Annual Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Centers for Disease Control, Detroit, MI, 05/1995 - Present
Cervical spinal cord injury using biomechanical experimentation, 39th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Automotive Medicine, Chicago, IL, 10/1995 - Present
Biomechanics of penetrating trauma, 6th Annual Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Centers for Disease Control, Detroit, MI, 05/1996 - Present
Head-neck biomechanics under whiplash, CDC, Detroit, MI, 06/1999 - Present
Advanced Airbag Technology in Frontal and Side Impacts, Detroit, MI, 06/2000 - Present
Patterns of abdominal injuries in frontal and side impact, 44th AAAM Conference, Chicago, IL, 10/2000 - Present
Human Tolerances of the Neck, Aging and Driving: The medical-engineering problems, AAAM, Detroit, MI, 02/2001 - Present
Biomechanical Mechanisms of Whiplash Injury, SAE Professional Development Seminar, Detroit, MI, 03/2001 - Present
Advance in Side Impact Test Methodologies and Occupant Protection TOPTEC, Thoracic Instrumentation and Injury Criteria for Side Impacts, SAE, Novi, MI, 08/2001 - Present
Factors Affecting Whiplash Injury Biomechanics, Injuries, Anatomy, Biomechanics, and Federal Regulation Seminar, Detroit, MI, 03/2004 - Present
THOR head anthropometry and biofidelity, SAE Task Group, Detroit, MI, 04/2007 - Present
 
National
A special approach in the determination of material properties, 13th Annual Meeting of the Neuroelectric Society: International Symposium on Mechanisms of Head and Spine Trauma, Marco Beach, FL, 11/1983 - Present
Factors affecting the uniqueness and convergence criteria in the determination of intervertebral disc material properties, using the finite element method, 5th American Society of Civil Engineers - Engineering Mechanics Conference, Laramie, WY, 08/1984 - Present
A nonlinear finite element model of the intervertebral joint to study the strain energy distribution and nucleus pressure at the threshold of failure, 5th International Conference on Mathematical Modeling, Berkeley, CA, 07/1985 - Present
Estimation of strain energy distribution and nucleus pressure of an intervertebral joint using a nonlinear finite element model, 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Engineering Science, University Park, PA, 10/1985 - Present
Assessment of changes in the myocardial stiffness constant in a patient following coronary bypass surgery: A finite element analysis, 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Engineering Science, University Park, PA, 10/1985 - Present
Assessment of traumatic failure load and microfailure load in an intervertebral disc segment, American Society of Mechanical Engineering Winter Annual Meeting, Miami, FL, 11/1985 - Present
The etiology of low back pain - a biomechanical analysis, 2nd Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Spinal Disorders, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, San Diego, CA, 02/1986 - Present
Potential injury sites in a lumbar motion segment: a finite element analysis, 2nd Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Spinal Disorders, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, San Diego, CA, 02/1986 - Present
A lumped parameter analysis of a rollover accident, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 12/1986 - Present
Compression studies of the human and Hybrid III cervical spine, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 12/1986 - Present
Manual load handling capacity based on strain energy absorption of a lumbar intervertebral joint, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 12/1986 - Present
Modeling of occupant-roof interaction in an automobile rollover, 6th International Conference on Mathematical Modelling, St. Louis, MO, 08/1987 - Present
Strain energy based equilibrium model of lumbar spine, 6th International Conference on Mathematical Modelling, St. Louis, MO, 08/1987 - Present
Biomechanics of facetectomy and fixation in cervical spine motion segments, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Boston, MA, 12/1987 - Present
Effect of rate of loading on the compressive response of human and hybrid III cervical spine, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Boston, MA, 12/1987 - Present
Steering wheel induced facial trauma. 32nd Stapp Car Crash Conference, Society of Automotive Engineers, Atlanta, GA, 10/1988 - Present
Biomechanics of the spine, Session Chairman, IEEE/EMBS 10th Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, 11/1988 - Present
Dynamic response of human cervical spine ligaments, 16th Annual Meeting Cervical Spine Research Society, Key Biscayne, FL, 12/1988 - Present
Microstructural changes in the lumbar spine at subfailure loads, 58h Annual Meeting American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Washington, DC, 04/1989 - Present
Anatomics and biomechanics of the cervical column under axial loading, 13th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Burlington, VT, 08/1989 - Present
Epidemiology and injury biomechanics of motor vehicle related trauma to the human spine, 33rd Stapp Car Crash Conference, Society of Automotive Engineers, Washington, DC, 10/1989 - Present
Biomechanics of cervical trauma, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Atlanta, GA, 11/1989 - Present
Epidemiology of motor vehicle related cervical spine injuries, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 12/1989 - Present
Biomechanical analysis of lumbar facetectomy and discectomy, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 12/1989 - Present
Biomechanical and anatomic assessment of microstructural changes to the lumbar spine, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 12/1989 - Present
Biomechanical strength and motion analysis of transpedicular screw fixation to the lumbar spine, 59th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Nashville, TN, 05/1990 - Present
Structural strength and kinematics of pedicle screw/plate fixation of the lumbar spine, Meeting of the International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, Boston, MA, 06/1990 - Present
Traumatic facial injuries with steering wheel loading, Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Tucson, AZ, 09/1990 - Present
Cervical spine injuries under impact loading, 9th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Miami, FL, 11/1990 - Present
Biodynamic performance of steering wheels for facial trauma, Biodynamic performance of steering wheels for facial trauma, Miami, FL, 11/1990 - Present
Assessment of strength and stability of pedicle screw fixation, 14th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Miami, FL, 11/1990 - Present
Assessment of load transfer through the cervical spine using strain gauges, 18th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society, San Antonio, TX, 11/1990 - Present
Preliminary Sled Tests with the Chestband, 18th Annual International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanics Research, Orlando, FL, 11/1990 - Present
Strength and kinematic response of dynamic injuries to the human cervical spine, 18th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society, San Antonio, TX, 11/1990 - Present
Biomechanical response of human surrogates to impact, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Briefing, US DOT, Washington, DC, 04/1991 - Present
Thoracic deformation contours in a frontal impact, 35th Stapp Car Crash Conference, San Diego, CA, 11/1991 - Present
Biomechanical assessment of thoracic laminectomy, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Atlanta, GA, 12/1991 - Present
Application of chestband data to predict injury indices, 19th Annual International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Seattle, WA, 11/1992 - Present
Intravertebral pressures in the human lumbar spine at the onset of injury, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Winter Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 11/1992 - Present
Biomechanics of lumbar facetectomy under cyclic compression-flexion, American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons - Joint Section on the Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tucson, AZ, 02/1993 - Present
Correlation of microtrauma in the lumbar spine, 1st Annual Meeting of the Rachidian Society, Kohala Coast, HI, 03/1993 - Present
Human cervical spine kinetics during impact, Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA, 05/1993 - Present
Biomechanics of tractor wheel runover, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Summer Bioengineering Conference, Breckenridge, CO, 06/1993 - Present
Biomechanical response of human surrogates, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Briefing, US DOT, Washington, DC, 11/1993 - Present
Thoracic biomechanics with air bag restraint, 37th Stapp Car Crash Conference, San Antonio, TX, 11/1993 - Present
Chest injury mechanism in frontal impact, 21st Annual International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, 10/1994 - Present
Biomechanics of skull fracture, Head injury, Washington, DC, 10/1994 - Present
Three-Dimensional spinal motion - when is it useful?, 3rd Annual Meeting of the Rachidian Society, Kohala Coast, HI, 02/1995 - Present
Cervical Spine Studies, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Briefing, US Department of Transportation, Washington, DC, 03/1995 - Present
Grant opportunities outside NIH, 63rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurologic Surgeons, Orlando, FL, 04/1995 - Present
Computational modeling of the head-neck, Office of Naval Research, New Orleans, LA, 07/1995 - Present
Dynamic mechanisms of injury to the cervical spine, 10th North American Spine, Washington, DC, 10/1995 - Present
Inertial flexion-extension loading of the human neck, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Winter Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 11/1995 - Present
Dynamic characteristics of lower human thorax to pendulum impact, 23rd Int'l Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, San Diego, CA, 11/1995 - Present
Biomechanics of foot - ankle injuries, International Conference on Pelvic and Lower Extremity, Washington, DC, 12/1995 - Present
Mechanisms of cervical spine trauma: A dynamic kinematic analysis, 4th Annual Rachidian Society Meeting, Kona, HI, 02/1996 - Present
Advanced dummy neck design using DYNAMAN, ATB Users’ Group Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 02/1996 - Present
Computational modeling of head-neck, Spring 1996 Joint Contractors Meeting, Naval Biodynamics Lab, New Orleans, LA, 04/1996 - Present
Dynamic axial tolerance of the human foot-ankle complex, 40th Stapp Car Crash Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 11/1996 - Present
Hybrid approach to the biomechanical design of a dummy human neck, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, 12/1996 - Present
Facet joint local component kinetics in whiplash trauma, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, 11/1997 - Present
Biomechanics of compression-extension injuries to the cervical spine, 41st Annual Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Orlando, FL, 11/1997 - Present
Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Kleinberger M: Head-neck biomechanics in simulated rear impact, 42nd Association Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, 10/1998 - Present
Whiplash injury mechanisms, Whiplash Conference, Tempe, AZ, 11/1998 - Present
Biomechanical assessment of human cervical spine ligaments, 42nd Stapp Car Crash Conference, Tempe, AZ, 11/1998 - Present
Biomechanics of Neck Injuries, Society of Automotive Engineering Passenger Car Rollover TOPTEC Lecture, San Diego, CA, 01/1999 - Present
Biomechanical and Clinical Aspects of Spine Injuries, Society of Automotive Engineering, Professional Development Seminar, Phoenix, AZ, 01/1999 - Present
Geometrical effects on the mechanism of cervical spine injury due to head impact, IRCOBI, Barcelona, Spain, 09/1999 - Present
Pediatric Biomechanics, Accidental Injury Biomechanics and Prevention, University of San Diego, CA, 10/1999 - Present
Alignment affects cervical spine injury, 27th International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, San Diego, CA, 11/1999 - Present
The Chest and Abdomen, Biomechanics Course, Hilton Head, SC, 12/1999 - Present
Pediatric Biomechanics, Biomechanics Course, Hilton Head, SC, 12/1999 - Present
Soft Tissue Neck Injuries, Biomechanics Course, Hilton Head, SC, 12/1999 - Present
Biomechanics of human occupants in simulated rear crashes: Documentation of neck injuries and comparison of injury criteria, 44th Stapp Car Crash Conference, Atlanta, GA, 11/2000 - Present
Whiplash injury (soft tissue) identification with conventional spine imaging and cryomicrotome, 28th Cervical Spine Research Society Meeting, Charleston, SC, 12/2000 - Present
Developmental Biomechanics and Tolerance of Young Children, Closing the Gap between Science and Public Policy, Booster Seats for Children, AAAM, Washington, DC, 04/2001 - Present
Mechanisms and factors involved in hip injuries during frontal crashes, Stapp Car Crash Conference, San Antonio, TX, 11/2001 - Present
Biomechanics of Inertial Head-Neck Trauma, SAE Off-Highway Congress, Las Vegas, NV, 03/2002 - Present
Biomechanics of neck injuries, SAE TOPTEC, Phoenix, AZ, 04/2002 - Present
Impact Biomechanics and Quantification and Identification of Whiplash Injury, International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Denver, CO, 10/2003 - Present
Clinical and bioengineering aspects of whiplash injury, Crash 2004, San Diego, CA, 08/2004 - Present
Injury biomechanics of C2 dens fractures, 48th AAAM Conference, Key Biscayne, FL, 10/2004 - Present
Bone mineral density of cervical spine vertebrae using quantitative computed tomography, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, 11/2004 - Present
Clinical and Bioengineering Aspects of Whiplash Injury, International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Breckenridge, CO, 02/2005 - Present
Field data on head injuries in side airbag vehicles in lateral impact, 49th AAAM Conference, Boston, MA, 09/2005 - Present
Rear-Impact Trauma Studies at the Medical College of Wisconsin, International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Portland, OR, 06/2006 - Present
Analysis of brain trauma coded as diffuse Axonal Injury, CIREN Public meeting, Washington, DC, 03/2007 - Present
Biomechanics of the Cranio-Cervical junction, Pediatric Carnio-Cervical Society, Salt Lake City, UT, 02/2008 - Present
Characterization of AIS 4+ brain injuries, SAE-Govt Industry Meeting, Washington, DC, 05/2008 - Present
Deflections from two types of human surrogates in oblique side impacts, San Diego, CA, 10/2008 - Present
Chest responses in oblique side impacts, SAE-Govt Industry Meeting, Washington, DC, 02/2009 - Present
Biomechanical Engineering in Automobile Environment, General Motosr-Technological Center in India, Bangalore, India, 02/2009 - Present
Lower cervical spine loading in frontal sled tests using inverse dynamics, Stapp Car Crash Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 11/2010 - Present
Chest injuries in small overlap impacts, Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research Workshop, Phoenix, AZ, 11/2010 - Present
Characterizing diffuse brain injuries from real-world motor vehicle impacts, 22nd Int’l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Washington, DC, 06/2011 - Present
 
International
Impact of biomechanics on the assessment of trauma, Invited speaker at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India, 01/1987 - Present
Initiation of micro-trauma in the lumbar spine, Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 04/1988 - Present
Dynamic forces in the human cervical spine during an automobile rollover, International Conference on Mathematical Modeling and Technology, Madras, India, 08/1988 - Present
A non-linear finite element model to predict the potential sites of injury in a lumbar segment, . International Conference on Mathematical Modeling and Technology, Madras, India, 08/1988 - Present
Strength and stability analysis of lumbar pedicle screw fixation, 6th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, Pan Pacific, Singapore, 12/1990 - Present
Dynamic studies with EPIDM, 13th International Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, Paris, France, 11/1991 - Present
Facial fracture probability secondary to steering wheel impact, 13th International Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, Paris, France, 11/1991 - Present
Evaluation of thoracic trauma in a frontal impact, 14th International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Munich, Germany, 05/1994 - Present
Response of lower human thorax to impact, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 40th Annual Conference, Vancouver, Canada, 10/1996 - Present
Cervical spine kinematics under initial flexion-extension, North American Spine, Vancouver, Canada, 10/1996 - Present
Biomechanics of the cranio-cervical region, 3rd Annual Rauischholzhausener Symposium, Geissen, Germany, 09/1997 - Present
Biomechanics of the spine, Neurochirurgische Klinik, University of Geissen, Geissen, Germany, 09/1997 - Present
Biomechanical impact tolerance characteristics of the human neck, 16th Int’l Conf. Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Windsor, Canada, 06/1998 - Present
Pediatric cervical spine biomechanics using finite element models, 16th IRCOBI, Goteborg, Sweden, 09/1998 - Present
Pediatric Biomechanics, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Vancouver, BC, 02/1999 - Present
Soft Tissue Neck Injuries, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Vancouver, BC, 02/1999 - Present
The Chest and Abdomen, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Vancouver, BC, 02/1999 - Present
Biomechanical analyses of whiplash injuries using experimental model, Vancouver, Canada, 02/1999 - Present
Head-neck tension biomechanical models for pediatric and small female populations, 43rd AAAM Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 09/1999 - Present
Biomechanical tolerance of calcaneal fractures, 43rd AAAM Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 09/1999 - Present
Head and Neck Basic Anatomy Injury Mechanisms, Workshop on Biomechanics of Vulnerable Road Users, New Delhi, India, 03/2000 - Present
Biomechanics of Pediatric Injuries, Workshop on Biomechanics of Vulnerable Road Users, New Delhi, India, 03/2000 - Present
Neck Injury Tolerance, Institution of Engineers, Sydney, Australia, 03/2000 - Present
Pediatric and small female neck injury scale factors and tolerance based on human spine biomechanical characteristics, IRCOBI, Montpellier, France, 09/2000 - Present
Material properties and modeling of neck injuries, University of Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 04/2002 - Present
Biomechanics research at the Medical College of Wisconsin, TNO-FTSS, Inc., Delft, The Netherlands - Visiting Faculty, 04/2002 - Present
Spinal level and anatomic region-based facet joint kinematics explains the susceptibility of females in whiplash trauma, European CSRS, Barcelona, Spain, 05/2003 - Present
Biomechanics of Lateral Skull Fracture, IRCOBI, Lisbon, Portugal, 09/2003 - Present
Small-female specific corridors in lateral impact, IRCOBI, Graz, Austria, 09/2004 - Present
Biomechanical Aspects of Blunt and Penetrating Injuries, International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Dublin, Ireland, 07/2005 - Present
Evaluation of side impact injuries in vehicles equipped with side airbags, IRCOBI, Prague, Czech Republic, 09/2005 - Present
Experimental and finite element modeling of penetrating traumatic brain injury, IRCOBI, Madrid, Spain, 09/2006 - Present
Head linear and rotational and craniocervical loads in lateral impact, IRCOBI, Madrid, Spain, 09/2006 - Present
Characterizing diffuse brain injuries from real-world motor vehicle impacts, 20th Int’l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Lyon, France, 06/2007 - Present
Role of rotational acceleration and deceleration pulses on brain strains in lateral impact, IRCOBI, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 09/2007 - Present
Toward a lower neck rear impact injury criterion – correlation of lower neck loads with spinal kinematics, IRCOBI, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 09/2007 - Present
Biomechanics of Abdominal Injuries, Biomechanics course, AAAM, Melbourne, Australia, 10/2007 - Present
Rollover crash neck injury replication and injury potential assessment, Bern, Switzerland, 09/2008 - Present
Head kinematics, neck loads, and injuries in side impact sled tests, Bern, Switzerland, 09/2008 - Present
Penetrating and Blast-induced Traumatic Brain Injury, TNO-Defence Industry, Delft, The Netherlands, 02/2009 - Present
Three-dimensional head physical properties on the accuracy of head-neck injury metrics, IRCOBI, York, UK, 09/2009 - Present
Sensitivity of THOR and Hybrid III upper and lower Neck loads to belt systems in frontal impact, IRCOBI, Hanover, Germany, 09/2010 - Present
Biomechanics of Head Injuries, University of Strasburg, France, 12/2010 - Present
 
EXTRAMURAL TEACHING:
Medical Student Education
Marquette University, Three-Credit Graduate-Level Courses: Biomechanics & Biomaterials Biomedical Analysis of Trauma Functional Biomechanics of the Spine Principles of Design in Biomechanics Independent Studies and Design
 
EXTRAMURAL STUDENTS, FACULTY, RESIDENTS, AND CLINICAL/RESEARCH FELLOWS MENTORED:
Graduate Students
MS Committees
Sue Sibilski, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1987 - Present Biomechanics of Cervical Intervertebral Discs
James Butler, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1989 - Present Biomechanical Properties of Human and Monkey Spinal Ligaments
Dale Schmaltz, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1989 - Present Validation of a Linear Vertical-Drop Impact Test System
Linda Grossheim, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1989 - Present Morphology of Human Cervical Spine
Ali Charri, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1990 - Present Validation and Application of a Three-Dimensional System for Spinal Kinematics
Ali Elhagediab, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1990 - Present Mathematical Model of the Lumbar Intervertebral Joint
Michael Pesigan, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1991 - Present Measurement of Load Transfer in the Cervical Spine Using Strain Gauges
Mahamud Hussain, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1991 - Present Kinematic Analysis of the Human Cervical Spine
Susan Gordon, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1992 - Present Experimental Analysis of the Stiffest Axis of the Human Cervical Spine
Michael Schlick, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1992 - Present A Biomechanical Method to Measure Pressure During Trauma in the Experimental Human Cervical Spinal Cord
Lorna Vazquez, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1994 - Present A Computer-Controlled Method to Induce Experimental Spinal Cord Injury
James Denman, Marquette University, Milwaukee, W, 1995 - Present Development of a Three-Dimensional Cervical Spine Finite Element Model
Wendy Pietz, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 1996 - Present Dynamic Analysis of Cervical Spine Kinematics
Russell Mayer, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 2000 - Present Pediatric Neck Tensile Strength Characteristics Using a Caprine Model
Joseph Cheng, MD, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 2002 - Present Development and Biomechanical Testing of an Artificial Vertebral Body
Stephanie Knowles, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 2002 - Present Effects of Spondylotic Degeneration on Cervical Spine Biomechanics
Christopher Hilker, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 2003 - Present Anthropometry-Dependent Mechanical Properties of the Cervical Spine
Benjamin Ellingson, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 2005 - Present Experimental Diffuse Axonal Injury Using a Rat Model
Jason Moore, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, 2009 - Present Tapered cages in anterior lumbar interbody fusion: Biomechanics of segmental reactions
 
CHAIRMAN/MODERATOR:
American Society of Mechanical Engineers – Winter and Summer Bioengineering Conferences
Cervical Spine Research Society
Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine – Scientific Program Committee, Chairman
Southern Biomedical Engineers Society
Centers for Disease Control - Injury Control Conference
Rachidian Society - Annual Meetings, Program Chairman
CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium
IEEE/EMBS - Symposium
NATIONAL BRIEFINGS:
04/1991 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Biomechanical Responses of Human Surrogates to Impact
11/1993 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Biomechanical Response of Human Surrogates
03/1995 - Present NHTSA-UDDOT, Washington, DC Cervical Spine Studies
06/1995 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Frontal Impact, Washington, DC
12/1995 - Present NHTSA-USDOT Biomechanics of Foot-Ankle Injuries
12/1995 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Side Impact
04/1996 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC, and Durham, NC Whiplash Studies
12/1998 - Present NHTSA-USDO, Washington, DC T Update on Pediatric Spine Tolerance
10/2000 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Neck Research
07/2001 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Neck Research
02/2002 - Present Department of Defense, Washington, DC Neck Injury Research
03/2002 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Identifying Specific Criteria for Measuring Child Restraint System Misuse
10/2002 - Present Department of Defense, Patuxent River, MD Human Cervical Spine Evaluations
02/2003 - Present Department of Defense, SwRI, San Antonio, TX Neck Injury Research
06/2003 - Present Dept. of Defense, SwRI, San Antonio, TX Biomechanics of Cervical Spine
07/2003 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Human Tolerance to Side Impact
12/2003 - Present CIREN, Birmingham, AL C2 Fractures
02/2004 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Human Tolerance to Side Impact
12/2004 - Present Department of Defense, SwRI, San Antonio, TX Cervical Spine Biomechanics and Imaging
04/2005 - Present Department of Defense, Pautxent River, MD Quantitative CT of Cervical Spine
05/2005 - Present SAE Government Industry Meeting, Washington, DC Fractures of the Odontoid in NASS and CIREN Cases
03/2006 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Side Impact Responses of Human Surrogates Under Oblique Loading
03/2006 - Present Department of Defense, Patuxent River, MD Analyses of Primary and Coupled Segmental Cervical Spine Kinematics
06/2006 - Present Clinical and Biomechanical Aspects of Rear Impact Trauma International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Portland, OR
12/2006 - Present Finite element analyses of the spine Biomechanics Congress, Istanbul, Turkey
12/2006 - Present Biomechanical Aspects Spine Trauma Biomechanics Congress, Istanbul, Turkey
03/2007 - Present Analysis of Brain Trauma Coded as Diffuse Axonal Injuries CIREN Public Meeting, Washington, DC
04/2007 - Present Analysis of Brain Trauma Coded as Diffuse Axonal Injuries CIREN Public Meeting, Washington, DC
10/2007 - Present Biomechanics of Abdominal Injuries Biomechanics course, AAAM, Melbourne, Australia
01/2008 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Oblique Impact Response of the Human Torso
07/2009 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Biomechanical Responses of the Human Chest in Oblique Side Impacts
11/2009 - Present Department of Defense, Patuxent River, MD Blast-induced traumatic brain trauma
03/2010 - Present Department of Defense, Patuxent River, MD Brain biomechanics under blast loading
12/2010 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Upper and Lower Neck Loads and Injuries in Frontal Impacts
06/2011 - Present NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Oblique Loaidng in Side Impacts
06/2011 - Present ISO- WorldSID Group: NHTSA-USDOT, Washington, DC Oblique Testing with PMHS and WorldSID
SITE VISITS:
03/1993 - Present University of Pittsburgh Medical School - Rehabilitation Department External Reviewer, NIDRR Team for Evaluation of the Rehab Center
01/1996 - Present University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center, CDC, Atlanta, GA Presenter, Reverse Site Visit Team
01/1998 - Present University of Colorado Injury Prevention Center Member Reverse Site Visit Committee
01/1999 - Present University of Alabama Injury Control Research Center Chairman, Reverse Site Visit Committee
07/2003 - Present Jaycor, Inc., San Diego, CA Chairman, Reverse Site Visit Committee
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Refereed Journal Publications/Original Papers
1. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Maiman DJ, Myklebust JB, Pech P, Larson SJ: Experimental spinal injuries with vertical impact. Spine 11(9):855-860, 1986.
2. Czarnecki N, Yoganandan N, Myers T, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: An evaluation and collective review of helmet standards. J Clinical Eng 11(6):461-468, 1986.
3. Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Ray G, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: A non-linear finite element model of a spinal segment. Math Modeling Science and Technology 8(1):617-622, 1987.
4. Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Ray G, Sances A Jr: Mathematical and finite element analysis of spine injuries. Crit Rev Biomed Eng 15(1):29-93, 1987.
5. Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Strain energy based equilibrium model of lumbar spine. Math Comput Modelling 11:425-430, 1988.
6. Yoganandan N, Almusallam A, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Modeling of occupant-roof interaction in an automobile rollover. Math Comput Modelling 11:440-444, 1988.
7. Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Wilson CR, Cusick JF, Sances A Jr: Functional biomechanics of the thoracolumbar vertebral cortex. Clin Biomech 3:11-18, 1988.
8. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Ray G, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ: Microtrauma in the lumbar spine: A cause of low back pain. Neurosurgery 23(2):162-168, 1988.
9. Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Maiman DJ, Myers T, Sances A Jr: Tensile strength of spinal ligaments. Spine 13(5):526-531, 1988.
10. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Hussain H: Biomechanics of cervical spine facetectomy and fixation techniques. Spine 13(7):808-812, 1988.
11. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Stiffness and strain energy criteria to evaluate the threshold of injury to an intervertebral joint. J Biomech 22(2):135-142, 1989.
12. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA: Biomechanical evaluation of the axial compressive responses of the human cadaveric and manikin necks. J Biomech Eng 111(3):250-255, 1989.
13. Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Sances A Jr, Harris G, Chintapalli K, Myklebust JB, Schmaltz D, Reinartz J, Kalbfleisch J, Larson SJ: Steering wheel induced facial trauma. SAE Trans 97(4):1104-1128, 1989.
14. Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Sances A Jr, Maiman DJ, Myklebust J, Harris G, Ray G: Biomechanical investigations of the human thoracolumbar spine. SAE Trans 97(5):676-681, 1989.
15. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar F, Ray G, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ: Microtrauma in the lumbar spine: A cause for low back pain. Adv Orthop Surg 12(5):236-237, 1989.
16. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Butler J, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ: Dynamic response of human cervical spine ligaments. Spine 14(10):1102-1110, 1989.
17. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Wilson CR, Sances A Jr: In vitro biomechanical study of female geriatric cervical vertebral bodies. J Biomed Eng 12(2):97-101, 1990.
18. Nowicki BH, Shiwei Y, Reinartz J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Haughton VM: Effect of axial loading on neural foramina and nerve roots in the lumbar spine. Radiology 176(2):433-438, 1990.
19. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J, Harris G, Larson SJ: Kinematic and anatomical analysis of the human cervical spinal column under axial loading. SAE Trans 98(6):1766-1789, 1990.
20. Yoganandan N, Haffner M, Maiman DJ, Nichols H, Pintar FA, Jentzen J, Weinshel S, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr: Epidemiology and injury biomechanics of motor vehicle related trauma to the human spine. SAE Trans 98(6):1790-1807, 1990.
21. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of lumbar pedicle screw/plate fixation in trauma. Neurosurgery 27(6):873-881, 1990.
22. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Reinartz J, Cusick JF, Larson SJ: Injury biomechanics of the human cervical column. Spine 15(10):1031-1039, 1990.
23. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Chintapalli K, Unger GF: Cervical spine injuries from motor vehicle accidents. J Clin Eng 15(6):505-513, 1990.
24. Yoganandan N, Almusallam A, Sances A Jr: Head and neck dynamics in an automobile rollover. Math Comput Modelling 14:947-952, 1990.
25. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Maiman DJ: Strength and motion analysis of the human head neck complex. J Spinal Disord 4(1):73-85, 1991.
26. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Biodynamics of steering wheel induced facial trauma. J Safety Res 22:179-190, 1991.
27. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J, Larson SJ: Strength and kinematic response of dynamic cervical spine injuries. Spine 16(10S):S511-S517, 1991.
28. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Hemmy D, Larson SJ, Haughton V: Traumatic facial injuries with steering wheel loading. J Trauma 31(5):699-710, 1991.
29. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J: Biomechanics of sequential lumbar posterior surgical alterations. J Neurosurg 76:805-811, 1992.
30. Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Mahadevappa M: Biomechanics of lumbar facetectomy under compression flexion. Spine 17(7):804-810, 1992.
31. Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Toselli R, Woodard E, Haid R: Pull-out strength of caspar cervical screws. Neurosurgery 31(6):1097-1101, 1992.
32. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Myers T, Elhagediab A, Sances A Jr: Biomechanical properties of human lumbar spine ligaments. J Biomech 25(11):1351-1356, 1992.
33. Harris GF, Yoganandan N, Schmaltz D, Reinartz J, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: A biomechanical impact test system for head and facial injury assessment and model development. J Biomed Eng 15:67-73, 1993.
34. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Bennett GJ, Larson SJ: Biomechanical effects of laminectomy on thoracic spine stability. Neurosurgery 32(4):604-610, 1993.
35. Myers TJ, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Battocletti JH: Energy absorption characteristics of football helmets under low and high rates of loading. Bio-Med Mat & Eng 3:15-24, 1993.
36. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ, Cusick JF: Kinematics of the lumbar spine following pedicle screw plate fixation. Spine 18(4):504-512, 1993.
37. Yoganandan N, Elhagediab AM, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Ray G: Systems approach for the modeling of the human lumbar spine. Math Comput Modelling 2:562-567, 1993.
38. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Human facial tolerance to steering wheel impact: A biomechanical study. J Safety Res 24(2):77-85, 1993.
39. Gallagher MR, Maiman DJ, Reinartz J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Biomechanical evaluation of caspar cervical screws: Comparative stability under cyclical loading. Neurosurgery 33(6):1045-1051, 1993.
40. Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Effects of anterior vertebral grafting on the traumatized lumbar spine after pedicle screw-plate fixation. Spine 18(16):2423-2430, 1993.
41. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ, Gallagher M, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Droese K: Correlation of microtrauma in the lumbar spine with intraosseous pressures. Spine 19(4):435-440, 1994.
42. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Droese K, Reinartz J: Cyclic compression-flexion loading of the human lumbar spine. Spine 19(7):784-791, 1994.
43. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ, Pintar FA, Gallagher M, Reinartz J, Droese K: Intravertebral pressure changes caused by spinal microtrauma. Neurosurgery 35(3):415-421, 1994.
44. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Skrade D, Chmiel W, Reinartz JM, Sances A Jr: Thoracic biomechanics with air bag restraint. SAE Trans 102(6):2597-2607, 1994.
45. Voo L, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr., Ewing CL, Thomas DJ, Snyder RG: Biomechanical analysis of tractor induced head injury. SAE Trans 103(2):178-183, 1994.
46. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Arnold P, Reinartz J, Cusick JF, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Continuous motion analysis of the head-neck complex under impact. J Spinal Disord 7(3):420-428, 1994.
47. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Walsh PR, Ewing CL, Thomas DJ, Snyder RG, Reinartz JM, Droese K: Biomechanical tolerance of the cranium. SAE Trans 103(2):184-189, 1994.
48. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Goel V, Liu YK, Sances A Jr: Tractor induced wheel runover injuries. SAE Trans 103(2):190-195, 1994.
49. Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Hollowell JP, Yoganandan N, Droese KW, Reinartz JM, Cuddy B: Fusion rate and biomechanical stiffness of hydroxylapatite versus autogenous bone grafts for anterior discectomy. Spine 19(22):2524-2528, 1994.
50. Yoganandan N, Morgan RM, Eppinger RH, Pintar FA, Skrade D, Sances A Jr: Thoracic deformation and velocity analysis in frontal impact. J Biomech Eng 117:48-52, 1995.
51. Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N, Droese KW, Hollowell JP, Woodard E: Rotational stability of a spinal pedicle screw/rod system. J Spinal Disord 8(1):49-55, 1995.
52. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Droese K, Voo L: An experimental technique to induce and quantify complex cyclic forces to the lumbar spine. Neurosurgery 36(5):956-964, 1995.
53. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Walsh PR, Ewing CL, Thomas DJ, Snyder RG: Biomechanics of skull fracture. J Neurotrauma 12(4):659-668, 1995.
54. Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz JM: Biomechanical alterations induced by multilevel cervical laminectomy. Spine 20(22):2392-2398, 1995.
55. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Pesigan M, Reinartz JM, Sances A Jr, Cusick JF: Cervical vertebral strain measurements under axial and eccentric loading. J Biomech Eng 117:474-478, 1995.
56. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Voo L, Cusick JF, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Dynamic characteristics of the human cervical spine. SAE Trans 104(6):3087-3094, 1995.
57. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gardon M: Cervical spine injuries from high-velocity forces: a pathoanatomical and radiological study. J Spinal Disord 9(1):1-7, 1996.
58. Hollowell J, Vollmer DG, Wilson CR, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Biomechanical analysis of thoracolumbar interbody constructs - how important is the endplate? Spine 21(9):1032-1036, 1996.
59. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF, Sances A Jr, Walsh PR. Human head-neck biomechanics under axial tension. Med Eng Physics 18(4):289-294, 1996.
60. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Voo L, Pintar FA: Finite element applications in human cervical spine modeling. Spine 21(15):1824-1834, 1996.
61. Dzwierznski WW, Pintar FA, Matloub H, Yoganandan N: Biomechanics of the intact and surgically repaired proximal interphalangeal joint collateral ligaments. J Hand Surgery 21(4):679-683, 1996.
62. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Voo L, Pintar FA: Finite element modeling of the C4-C6 cervical spine unit. Med Eng Physics 18(7):569-574, 1996.
63. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Boynton M, Begeman P, Prasad P, Kuppa S, Morgan RM, Eppinger R: Dynamic axial tolerance of the human foot-ankle complex. SAE Trans 105:1887-1898, 1996.
64. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Eppinger R: Instrumentation of human surrogates for side impact. SAE Trans 105:1752-1765, 1996.
65. Pintar FA, Schlick MB, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Instrumented artificial spinal cord for human cervical pressure measurement. BioMed Mat Eng 6:219-229, 1996.
66. Yoganandan N, Morgan RM, Eppinger FH, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Williams A: Mechanisms of thoracic injury in a frontal impact. J Biomech Eng 118:595-597, 1996.
67. Voo L, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Finite element models of the human head. Med & Biolog Eng Comput 34(5):375-381, 1996.
68. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Voo LM, Cusick JF, Larson SJ: Finite element modeling of cervical laminectomy with graded facetectomy. J Spinal Disord 10(1):40-46, 1997.
69. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Maiman DJ, Hargarten SW: Dynamic analysis of penetrating trauma. J Trauma 42(2):266-272, 1997.
70. Voo LM, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Finite element analysis of cervical facetectomy. Spine 22(9):964-969, 1997.
71. Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Baisden J: Wire fixation techniques of the cervical facets. Spine 22(9):970-975, 1997.
72. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Voo L, Pintar FA: Finite element model of the human lower cervical spine: Parametric analysis of the C4-C6 unit. J Biomech Eng 119(1):87-92, 1997.
73. Wheeldon JA, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Modular data acquisition system updated using LabWindows/CVI graphical user interface. Biomed Sci Instrum 33:269-274, 1997.
74. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Haffner M, Kuppa S: Impact biomechanics of the human thorax-abdomen complex. Int J Crashworthiness 2(2):219-228, 1997.
75. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Inertial loading of the human cervical spine. J Biomech Eng 119(3):237-240, 1997.
76. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Hines MH, Maltese MR, McFadden J, Saul R, Eppinger R, Khaewpong N, Kleinberger M: Chestband analysis of human tolerance to side impact. SAE Trans 106:3612-3623, 1997.
77. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Age-specific pediatric cervical spine biomechanical responses: 3-D nonlinear finite element models. SAE Trans 106:3581-3611, 1997.
78. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Boynton M: Axial impact biomechanics of the human foot-ankle complex. J Biomech Eng 119:433-437, 1997.
79. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element analysis of anterior cervical spine interbody fusion. Biomed Mater Eng 7(4):221-230, 1997.
80. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Paediatric neck modelling using finite element analysis. Int J Crashworthiness 2(4)367-378, 1997.
81. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of penetrating trauma. Crit Rev Biomed Eng 25(6):485-501, 1997.
82. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Methodology to quantify human cervical spine uncovertebral joint anatomy. J Musculoskel Res 1(2):131-139, 1997.
83. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kleinberger, M: Cervical spine vertebral and facet joint kinematics under whiplash. J Biomech Engr 120:305-307, 1998.
84. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of human thoracic ribs. J Biomech Eng 120:100-104, 1998.
85. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element modeling approaches of human cervical spine facet joint capsule. J Biomech 31:371-376, 1998.
86. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Voo L: Effect of age and loading rate on human cervical spine injury threshold. Spine 23(18):1957-1962, 1998.
87. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan A, Elhagediab A: Biomechanical assessment of human cervical spine ligaments. SAE Trans 107:2852-2861, 1998.
88. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Eppinger RH: Response and tolerance of human forearm to impact loading. SAE Trans 107:2712-2719, 1998.
89. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Posterior complex contribution on compression and distraction cervical spine behavior: A finite element model. J Musculoskel Res 2(3):257-265, 1998.
90. Voo LM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Liu YK: Static and dynamic bending responses of the human cervical spine. J Biomech Eng 120:693-696, 1998.
91. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kleinberger M: Whiplash injury biomechanical experimentation. Spine 24(1):83-85, 1999.
92. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element analysis of the cervical spine: A material property sensitivity study. Clin Biomech 14(1):41-53, 1999.
93. Baisden J, Voo LM, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Evaluation of cervical laminectomy and laminoplasty: a longitudinal study in the goat model. Spine 24(13):1283-1289, 1999.
94. Maiman DJ, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical effect of anterior cervical spine fusion on adjacent segments. Biomed Mater Eng 9(1):27-38, 1999.
95. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Finite element modeling of the cervical spine: Role of intervertebral disc under axial and eccentric loads. Med Eng Physics 21(10):689-700, 1999.
96. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical study of pediatric human cervical spine: a finite element approach. J Biomech Eng 122:60(1):60-71, 2000.
97. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Seipel R: Experimental production of extra- and intra-articular fracture biomechanics of the os calcis. J Biomech 33(6):745-749, 2000.
98. Kleinberger M, Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S: Review: Biomechanics of child occupant protection. J Crash Prevention and Injury Control 2(1):63-73, 2000.
99. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper B, Schlick M, Philippens M, Wismans J: Biomechanics of human occupants in simulated rear crashes: Documentation of neck injuries and comparison of injury criteria. Stapp Car Crash J 44:189-204, 2000.
100. Pintar FA, Mayer RG, Yoganandan N, Sun E: Child neck strength characteristics using an animal model. Stapp Car Crash J 44:77-83, 2000.
101. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Mueller WM: Biomechanics of pediatric cervical spine: compression, flexion and extension responses. J Crash Prevention and Injury Control 2(2):87-101, 2000.
102. Stemper BD, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Head-neck finite element model for motor vehicle inertial impact: Material sensitivity analysis. Biomed Sci Instrum 36:331-335, 2000.
103. Wheeldon JA, Khouphongsy P, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element model of human cervical spinal column. Biomed Sci Instrum 36:337-342, 2000.
104. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Macias M, Cusick JF: Morphology of young and old cervical spine intervertebral disc tissues. Biomed Sci Instrumen 36:141-146, 2000.
105. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA: Geometric and mechanical properties of human cervical spine ligaments. J Biomech Eng 122:623-629, 2000.
106. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Maltese M: Patterns of abdominal injuries in frontal and side impact. AAAM 44:17-36, 2000.
107. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Airbag effectiveness on brain trauma in frontal crashes. AAAM 44:149-170, 2000.
108. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA: Importance of material properties on spinal components load-sharing. Math Model Sci Comput 13(1):90-93, 2001.
109. Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Finite element modeling of pre-tension in spinal ligaments. Math Model Sci Comput 13(1):115-119, 2001.
110. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of the cervical spine Part 2. Cervical spine soft tissue responses and biomechanical modeling. Clin Biomech 16(1):1-27, 2001.
111. Thacker BH, Nicolella DP, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Probabilistic finite element analysis of cervical spine. Math Model Sci Comput 13(1-2):12-21, 2001.
112. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sun Z: Development of extension kinematic corridors to validate a head/neck finite element model. Biomed Sci Instrum 37:239-244, 2001.
113. Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N: Geometrical idealization of uncovertebral joints of the cervical spine. Math Model Sci Comput 13(1-2):133-135, 2001.
114. Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Yang A, Stemper B, Gennarelli, TA: Biomechanical modeling of penetrating traumatic head injuries: A finite element approach. Biomed Sci Instrum 37: 429-433, 2001.
115. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Pediatric neck injury scale factors and tolerance. Biomed Sci Instrum 37:435-440, 2001.
116. Bogduk N, Yoganandan N. Biomechanics of the cervical spine Part 3: minor injuries. Clin Biomech 16(4):267-275, 2001.
117. Cusick, JF, Pintar, FA, Yoganandan, N: Whiplash syndrome: Kinematic factors influencing pain patterns. Spine 26(11):1252-1258, 2001.
118. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maltese MR: Biomechanics of abdominal injuries. Crit Rev Biomed Eng 29(2):173-246, 2001.
119. Seipel R, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Boynton MB: Biomechanics of calcaneal fractures: A model for the motor vehicle. Clin Orthop 388:218-224, 2001.
120. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Goel VK: Contribution of disc degeneration to osteophyte formation in the cervical spine: A biomechanical investigation. J Orthop Res 19:977-984, 2001.
121. Rhee JS, Posey L, Yoganandan N Pintar FA: Experimental trauma to the malar eminence: Fracture biomechanics and injury patterns. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 125(4):351-355, 2001.
122. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Maltese MR, Eppinger RH: Mechanisms and factors involved in hip injuries during frontal crashes. Stapp Car Crash Journal 45:437-448, 2001.
123. Yoganandan N, Cusick, JF, Pintar, FA, Rao RD: Whiplash injury determination with conventional spine imaging and cryomicrotomy. Spine 26(22):2443-2448, 2001.
124. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N: Biomechanics of the cervical spine 4: Major injuries. Clin Biomech 17(1):1-20, 2002.
125. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Dynamic bending tolerance of the human forearm. Traffic Inj Prev 3(2):43-48, 2002.
126. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Biomechanical analyses of whiplash injuries using an experimental model. Accid Anal Prev 34(5):663-671, 2002.
127. Rhee J, Kilde J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Orbital blowout fractures. Arch Facial Plast Surg 4:98-101, 2002.
128. Stemper B, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Intervertebral rotations as a function of rear impact loading. Biomed Sci Instrum 38:227-231, 2002.
129. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Biomechanical mechanisms of whiplash injury. Traffic Inj Prev 3:98-104, 2002.
130. Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Preinjury cervical alignment affecting spinal trauma. J Neurosurg - Spine 97(1)57-62, 2002.
131. Brasel KJ, Quickel R, Yoganandan N, Weigelt JA: Seat belts are more effective than airbags in reducing thoracic aortic injury in frontal motor vehicle crashes. J Trauma 53(2)309-313, 2002.
132. Sonnenburg RE, Wackym PA, Yoganandan N, Firszt JB, Prost RW, Pintar FA: Biophysics of cochlear implant/MRI interactions emphasizing bone biomechanical properties. Laryngoscope 112(10): 1720-1725, 2002.
133. DeRosia J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Small female and large male responses in rear impact. AAAM 46:65-77, 2002.
134. Hilker CE, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Experimental determination of adult and pediatric neck scale factors. Stapp Car Crash J 46: 417-429, 2002.
135. Maltese MR, Eppinger RH, Rhule HH, Donnelly BR, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Response corridors of human surrogates in lateral impacts. Stapp Car Crash J 46: 321-351, 2002.
136. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of human head-neck in rear impacts. Int J Vehicle Design 32(1/2):53-67, 2003.
137. Durbin D, Runge J, Mackay M, Meissner U, Pedder J, Wodzin E, Yoganandan N: Booster seats for children: Closing the gap between science and public policy in the United States. Traffic Inj Prev 4(1):5-8, 2003.
138. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Kinetics of the head-neck complex in low-speed rear impact. Biomed Sci Instrum 39:245-250, 2003.
139. Kuppa S, Eppinger R, McKoy F, Nguyen T, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Development of side impact thoracic injury criteria and their application to the modified ES-2 dummy with rib extensions (ES-2re). Stapp Car Crash J 47:189-210, 2003.
140. Yoganandan N, Knowles SA, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA: Anatomic study of morphology of human cervical facet joint. Spine 28(20):2317-2323, 2003.
141. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Gender dependent cervical spine segmental kinematics during whiplash. J Biomech 36:1281-1289, 2003.
142. Vander Vorst, M, Stuhmiller J, Ho K, Yoganandan N, Pintar F: Statistically based criterion for impact-induced skull fracture. AAAM, 47:363-381, 2003.
143. Gennarelli TA, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Biomechanical tolerances for diffuse brain injury and a hypothesis for genotypic variability in response to trauma. AAAM, 47:624-628, 2003.
144. DeRosia J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Rear impact responses of different sized adult hybrid III dummies. Traffic Inj Prev, 5:50-55, 2004.
145. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of temporo-parietal skull fracture. Clin Biomech 19(3):225-239, 2004.
146. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Influence of muscle contraction on whiplash kinematics. Biomed Sci Instrum 40:24-29, 2004.
147. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Validation of a head-neck computer model for whiplash simulation. Med Biol Eng Comput 42(3):333-338, 2004.
148. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Gender- and region-dependent local facet joint kinematics in rear impact: implications in whiplash injury. Spine 29(16):1764-1771, 2004.
149. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Response corridors of the human head-neck complex in rear impact. AAAM 48:149-163, 2004.
150. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Baisden J, Gennarelli T, Maiman D: Injury biomechanics of C2 dens fractures. AAAM 48:323-337, 2004.
151. Vander Vorst M, Chan P, Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: A new biomechanically-based criterion for lateral skull fracture. AAAM 48:181-195, 2004.
152. Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA: Force and acceleration corridors from lateral head impact. Traffic Inj Prev 5(4): 368-373, 2004.
153. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Responses of side impact dummies in sled tests. Accid Anal Prev 37(3):495-503, 2005.
154. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Subcatastrophic failure characteristics of the porcine descending aorta. Biomed Sci Instrum 41:110-115, 2005.
155. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Odontoid fracture in motor vehicle environments. Accid Anal Prev 37(3): 504-514, 2005.
156. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effects of abnormal posture on capsular ligament elongations in a computational model subjected to whiplash loading. J Biomech 38(6):1313-1323, 2005.
157. Ellingson BM, Fijalkowski RJ, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: New mechanism for inducing closed head injury in the rat. Biomed Sci Instrumentation 41:86-91, 2005.
158. Muszynski CA, Yoganandan N, PIntar FA, Gennarelli TA: Risk of pediatric head injury after motor vehicle crash. J Neurosurg Pediatrics 102:374-379, 2005.
159. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Field data on head injuries in side airbag vehicles in lateral impact. AAAM 49:171-184, 2005.
160. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Baisden J, Maiman DJ: Type II odontoid fracture from frontal impact. J Neurosurg - Spine 2:481-485, 2005.
161. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli T: Temporal cavity and pressure distribution in brain simulant due to ballistic penetration. J Neurotrauma 22:1335-1347, 2005.
162. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA, Pintar FA: Localized cervical facet joint kinematics under whiplash loading. J Neurosurg Spine 3:471-476, 2005.
163. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Baisden J: Characterizing occipital condyle loads under high-speed head rotation. Stapp Car Crash J 49:33-47, 2005.
164. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Rao RD: Influence of thoracic ramping on whiplash kinematics. Clini Biomech 20(10):1019-1028, 2005.
165. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Methodology to study intimal failure mechanics in human internal carotid arteries. J Biomech 38:2491-2496, 2005.
166. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Deflection, acceleration, and force corridors for small females in side impacts. Traffic Inj Prev 6:379-386, 2005.
167. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Rao RD: Reflex muscle contraction in the unaware occupant in whiplash injury. Spine 30(24):2794-2798, 2005.
168. Wheeldon JA, Pintar FA, Knowles S, Yoganandan N: Experimental flexion/extension data corridors for validation of finite element models of the young, normal cervical spine. J Biomech 39(2):375-380, 2006.
169. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Aktay R, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Bone mineral density of human female cervical and lumbar spines from quantitative computed tomography. Spine 31(1):73-76, 2006.
170. Poetker DM, Wackym PA, Yoganandan N, Runge-Samuelson CL, Firszt JB, Pintar FA: Biomechanical strength of reconstruction plates when used for medial support of Med-El cochlear implants: Implications for diagnostic MRI. J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 68:77-82, 2006.
171. Fijalkowski FJ, Ellingson BM, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA, Pintar FA: Interface parameters of impact-induced mild traumatic brain injury. Biomed Sci Instrum 42:108-113, 2006.
172. Board D, Stemper, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Biomechanics of the aging spine. Biomed Sci Instrum 42:1-6, 2006.
173. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effect of head restraint backset on head-neck kinematics in whiplash. Accid Anal Prev 38:317-323, 2006.
174. Guan Y, Zhang JY, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Muszynski CA, Gennarelli TA: Automating 3D meshing method for patient-specific modeling. Biomed Sci Instrum 42:199-204, 2006.
175. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Role of translational and rotational accelerations on brain strain in lateral head impact. Biomed Sci Instrum 42:501-504, 2006.
176. Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Liu YK: Lightweight low-profile nine-accelerometer package to obtain head angular accelerations in short-duration impacts. J Biomech 39:1347-1354, 2006.
177. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Rao RD: Anterior longitudinal ligament injuries in whiplash may lead to cervical instability. Med Eng Physics 28:515-524, 2006.
178. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Aktay R, Shender BS, Paskoff G, Laud P: Trabecular bone density male human cervical and lumbar vertebrae. Bone 39:336-344, 2006.
179. Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Wolfla CE, Maiman DJ: Validation of a clinical finite element model of the human lumbosacral spine. Med Bio Eng Comput 44:633-641, 2006.
180. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Bostrom O, Rouhana SW, Smith S, Sparke L, Fildes BN, Digges KN: WORLDSID assessment of far side impact countermeasures. AAAM 50: 199-219, 2006.
181. Fildes B, Bostromn O, Sparke K, Pintar FA, Yoganandan, N: The influence of a flexible lumbar spine in far-side impact testing. Int J Crashworthiness, 11: 276-280, 2006.
182. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Brain strains in vehicle impact tests. AAAM 50: 1-12, 2006.
183. Moore J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Lifshutz J, Maiman DJ: Tapered cages in anterior lumbar interbody fusion: Biomechanics of segmental reactions. J Neurosurg Spine 5:330-335, 2006.
184. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Stabilizing effect of pre-contracted neck musculature in whiplash. Spine 31(20): E733-738, 2006.
185. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Zhang J, Gennarelli TA: High-speed 3-D kinematics form whole-body lateral impact sled tests. Biomed Sci Instrum 43: 40-45, 2007.
186. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Zhang J, Gennarelli TA: Lateral impact injuries with side airbag deployments - a descriptive study. Accid Anal Prev 39: 22-27, 2007.
187. Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Effects of total facetectomy on the stability of lumbosacral spine. Biomed Sci Instrum 43: 81-85, 2007.
188. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Gennarelli TA, Weigelt JW: Biomechanics of side impact: Injury criteria, aging occupants, and airbag technology. J Biomech 40: 227-243, 2007.
189. Fijalkowski RJ, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Riomechanical correlates of midl diffuse brain injury in the rat. Biomed Sci Instrum 43: 81-85, 2007.
190. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Stineman MR, Gennarelli TA, Baisden JL, Pintar FA: Mechanics of Fresh, Refrigerated, and Frozen Arterial Tissue. Journal of Surgical Research 139:236-242, 2007.
191. Li J, Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Regional brain strains and role of falx in latear-impact induced head rotational acceelration. Biomed Sci Instrum 43: 24-29, 2007.
192. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Wolfla, CE, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Level-dependent coronal and axial moment-rotation corridors of degeneration-free cervical spines in lateral flexion. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 89:1066-1074, 2007.
193. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Brasel KJ: Multiple subfailures characterize blunt aortic injury. J Trauma 62(5):1171-1174, 2007.
194. Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Moment-rotation responses of the human lumbosacral spinal column. J Biomech 40:1975-1980, 2007.
195. Zhang J, Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Experimental model for civilian ballistic brain injury biomechanics quantification. J Biomech 40:2341-2346, 2007.
196. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Sinson GP, Gennarelli TA, Stineman MR, Pintar FA: Biomechanical Characterization of Internal Layer Subfailure in Blunt Arterial Injury. Ann. Biomed Eng 35: 285-291, 2007.
197. Fijalkowski RJ, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: A new rat model for diffuse brain injury using coronal plane angular acceleration. J Neurotrauma 24:1387-1398, 2007.
198. Grant JR, Rhee JS, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Modeling mechanisms of skull base injury for drivers in motor vehicle collisions. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 137:195-200, 2007.
199. Wolfla CE, Salerno S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Comparison of contemporary occipitocervical instrumentation techniques with and without C1 lateral mass screws. Neurosurgery 61:87-93, 2007.
200. Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N: Injury patterns in side pole crashes. AAAM 51: 419-432, 2007.
201. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Bostrom O, Rouhana SW, Digges KH, Fildes BF: Comparison of PMHS, WorldSID, and THOR-NT responses in simulated far side impact. Stapp Car Crash J 51:313-360, 2007.
202. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Zhang JZ, Philippens M: Upper neck forces and moments and cranial angular accelerations in lateral impact. Ann Biomed Eng 36:406-414, 2008.
203. Stemper BD, Marawar SM, Yoganandan N, Shender BS, Rao, RD: Quantitative Anatomy of Subaxial Cervical Lateral Mass: Analysis of Safe Screw Lengths for Roy-Camille and Magerl Techniques. Spine 33: 893-897, 2008.
204. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Mechanics of arterial subfailure with increasing loading rate. J Biomech 40(8): 1806-1812, 2007.
205. Yoganandan N, Humm, J, Schlick, M, Pintar FA: Head motions using nine accelerometer package and angular rate sensors. Biomed Sci Instrum 44: 256-261, 2008.
206. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Meyer MA, DeRosia J, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Anatomical gender differences in cervical vertebrae of size-matched volunteers. Spine 33, E44-49, 2008.
207. Zhang J, Song B, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Chen W, Gennarelli TA: How to test brain and brain stimulant at ballistic and blast strain rates? Biomed Sci Instrum 44:129-134, 2008.
208. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Torso side airbag out-of-position evaluation using stationary and dynamic occupants. Biomed Sci Instrum 44: 123-128, 2008.
209. Santago AC, Cormier JM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Forearm fracture bending risk function for the 50th percentile female. Biomed Sci Instrum 44: 201-206, 2008.
210. Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA: Internal and external responses of anterior lumbar/lumbosacral fusion: nonlinear finite element analysis. J Spinal Disord 21:299-304, 2008.
211. Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Baisden JL, Shender BS: Normative segment-specific axial and coronal angulation corridors of subaxial cervical column in axial rotation. Spine 33: 490-496, 2008.
212. Yoganandan N, Li J, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Influence of angular acceleration-deceleration pulse shapes on regional brain strains. J Bomech 41:2253-2262, 2008.
213. Rao RD, Marawar SM, Stemper, BD, Yoganandan N, Shender BS: Computerized Tomographic Morphometric Analysis of Subaxial Cervical Pedicles in Young Asymptomatic Volunteers. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008; 1914-1921, 2008.
214. Wheeldon JA, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Validation of a finite element model of the young adult lower cervical spine. Ann Biomed Eng, 36: 1458-69, 2008.
215. Stemper BD, Marawar SV, Yoganandan N, Shender BS, Rao RD: Quantitative anatomy of subaxial cervical lateral mass: an analysis of safe screw lengths for Roy-Camille and magerl techniques. Spine, 33:893-897, 2008.
216. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Martin PG, Ridella SA: Chest deflections and injuries in oblique lateral impacts. Traffic Inj Prev, 9:185-189, 2008.
217. Pintar FA Yoganandan N, Maiman, DJ: Injury mechanisms and severity in narrow offset frontal impacts. Ann Adv Automot Med, 52: 185-189, 2008.
218. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Deflections from two types of Human surrogates in oblique side impacts. Ann Adv Automot Med, 52: 301-313, 2008.
219. Stemper BD, Marawar SV, Yoganandan N, Shender BS, Rao RD: Letters -Quantitative anatomy of subaxial cervical lateral mass: an analysis of safe screw lengths for Roy-Camille and magerl techniques. Spine, 33: 893-897, 2008.
220. Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Wang M, Maiman DJ: Influence of total laminectomy on the mechanical behavior of lumbosacral spine. Biomed Sci Instrum 44, 280-285, 2008.
221. Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Takhounts E, Ridella SA: Association of contact loading in diffuse axonal injuries from motor vehicle crashes. J Trauma, 66:309-315, 2009.
222. Tagliaferri F, Compagnone CM, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Traumatic brain injury after frontal crashes: Relationship with BMI. J Trauma, 66:727-729, 2009
223. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Philippens M, Wismans J: Neck forces and moments and head accelerations in side impact. Traffic Inj Prev 10: 51-57, 2009.
224. Wang MC, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: The Continued Burden of Spine Fractures After Motor Vehicle Crashes: the Case for Restraints. J Neurosurg Spine10: 86-92, 2009.
225. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Physical effects of ejection on the head-neck complex: Demonstration of a cadaver model. Aviat. Space Env. Med. 80:489-494, 2009.
226. Guan Y, Bruner H, Pintar FA, Yoganandan, N: Development of a lumbosacral spine finite element model using intact and surgically altered spines. Biomed Sci Instrum 45:137-142, 2009
227. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan NA, Pintar FA: Characterization of torso side airbag aggressivity. Biomed Sci Instrum 45:101-106, 2009.
228. Storvik SG, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Population-based estimates of whiplash injury using NASS-CDS data. Biomed Sci Instrum 45:244-249, 2009.
229. Wheeldon JA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Strain energy density used as the biomechanical signal for osteophyte growth in the cervical spine. Biomed Sci Instrum 45:143-148, 2009.
230. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Genanrelli, TA: A finite element study of blast traumatic brain injury Biomed Sci Instrum 45:119-124, 2009
231. McMullin, BD, Rhee, JH, Pintar FA, Szabo A, Yoganandan N: Facial fractures in motor vehicle collisions: Epidemiological trends and risk. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery 11:165-170, 2009.
232. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Zhang J, Baisden JL: Physical Properties of the human head: Mass, center of gravity, and moment of inertia J. Biomech. 42:1177-1192, 2009.
233. Fijalkowski RJ, Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA: A finite element model of region-specific response for mild diffuse brain injury. Stapp Car Crash J 53: 193-214, 2009.
234. Zhang J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli, Son SF: Experimental study of blast-induced traumatic brain injury using physical head model. Stapp Car Crash J 53: 215-227, 2009.
235. Philippens, M, Wismans J, Forbes PA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Soltis SJ: ES2 Neck injury assessment reference values for lateral loading in side facing seats. Stapp Car Crash J 53: 421-441, 2009.
236. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Dynamic biomechanics of the human head in lateral impacts. Ann Adv Automot Med 53: 249-256, 2009.
237. Hallman J, Brasel KJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Splenic trauma as an adverse effect of torso-protecting side airbags Ann Adv Automot Med 53: 13-24, 2009.
238. Malik SW, Stemper BD, Metkar U, Yoganandan N, Shender BS, Rao RD: Location of the transverse foramen in the subaxial cervical spine in a young asymptomatic population. Spine 35:E514-9, 2010.
239. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Optimal sensor positioning to track rib deflections from an optical system in the Hybrid III dummy. Traffic Inj Pre 10:497-505, 2009.
240. Stemper BD, Board D, Yoganandan N, Wolfla CE: Biomechanical properties of human thoracic spine disc segments. J Cranio vertebral Junction and Spine 1: 18-22, 2010
241. Martin MD, Bruner, HJ, Wolfla, CE, Yoganandan, N: Biomechanical implications of extending occipitocervical instrumentation to include the subaxial spine. Neurosurgery 66:1148-1152, 2010.
242. Yoganandan N, Guan, Y, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA: Importance of physical properties of the human head on head-neck injury metrics. Traffic Inj Prev 10:488-496, 2010.
243. Yoganandan N, Baisden JL, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Guan Y, Laud P, Ridella SA: Severe-to-fatal head injuries in motor vehicle impacts. Accid Anal Prev 42: 1370-1378, 2010.
244. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Thoracic injury metrics with side airbag: Stationary and dynamic occupants. Traffic Inj Prev 11:433-442, 2010.
245. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Baisden JL, Pintar FA, Shender BS: Determination of normative neck muscle morphometry using upright MRI with comparison to supine data. Aviat. Space Env. Med 81:878-882, 2010.
246. Brunner H, Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Slivka M: Biomechanics of polyaryletherketone rod composites and titanium rods for posterior lumbosacral instrumentation. J Neurosurg: Spine 13(6):766-72, 2010.
247. Pintar FA Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Lower cervical spine loading in frontal sled tests using inverse dynamics: Potential applications for lower neck injury criteria. Stapp Car Crash J 54:133-166, 2010.
248. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical and injury response to posterolateral loading from torso side airbags. Stapp Car Crash J 54: 227-257, 2010.
249. Jebaseelan D, Jebaraj C, Yoganandan N, Rajasekaran S: Validation efforts and flexibilities of an eight-year-old human juvenile lumbar spine using a three‐dimensional finite element model. Med Bio Eng Comput 48(12): 1233-1331, 2010.
250. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Moore J, Maiman DJ: Sensitivity of THOR and Hybrid III dummy lower neck loads to belt systems in frontal impact. Traffic Inj Prev, 12:88-95, 2011.
251. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Door velocity and occupant distance affect lateral thoracic injury mitigation with side airbag. Accid Anal Prev, 43:829-839, 2011.
252. Smith KM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kurpad SN, Maiman DJ: Atlanooccipital dislocation in motor vehicle side impact, derivation of the mechanism of injury, and implications for early diagnosis. J Craniovertebr Junction Spine, 1:113-7, 2011.
253. Stemper BD, Tang S, Yoganandan N, Shender BS, Rao RD: Upright MRI measurement of prevertebral soft tissue in the cervical spine of normal volunteers. The Spine Journal, 11:412-415, 2011.
254. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: The relationship between lower neck shear force and facet joint kinematics during automotive rear impacts. Clinic. Anat., 24:319-326, 2 011.
255. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Guan Y, Paskoff G, Shender B, Laud P: Effects of tissue preservation temperature on high strain-rate material properties of brain tissues. J Biomech, 391-396, 2011.
256. Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Use of postmortem human subjects to describe injury responses and tolerances. Clinic. Anat, 24:282-293, 2011
257. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Technique for chestband contour shape-mapping in lateral impact. J Biomech
258. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Lew S, Rao RD, Rangarajan N: Quantitative analyses of pediatric cervical spine ossification patterns sing computed tomography. Ann Adv Automot Med
259. Yoganandan N, Humm J, Pintar FA, Wolfla CE, Maiman DJ: Lateral neck injury assessments in side impact using post mortem human subject tests. Ann Adv Automot Med
260. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Injury differences between small and large overlap frontal crashes. Ann Adv Automot Med
261. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Schlick M, Moore J, Maiman DJ: Comparison of head-neck responses in frontal impacts using restrained human surrogates. Ann Adv Automot Med
262. Yoganandan N, Fitzharris M, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Fildes BN: Demographics, velocity distributions, and impact type as predictors of AIS 4+ head injuries in motor vehicle crashes. Ann Adv Automot Med
263. Lamy M, Baumgartner D, Yoganandan N, Willinger R: Study of mild traumatic brain injuries using experiments and finite element modeling. . Ann Adv Automot Med
264. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Harris G, Chintapalli K, Myklebust JB, Schmaltz D, Reinartz J, Kalbfleisch J, Larson SJ: Steering wheel induced facial trauma. Stapp Car Crash Conf, Society of Automotive Engineers, Atlanta, GA, 1988, pp 45-69.
265. Yoganandan N, Haffner M, Maiman DJ, Nichols H, Pintar FA, et al: Epidemiology and injury biomechanics of motor vehicle related trauma to the human spine. Stapp Car Crash Conf, Society of Automotive Engineers, Washington, DC, 1989, pp 223-242.
266. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J, Harris G, Larson SJ: Kinematic and anatomical analysis of the human cervical spinal column under axial loading. Stapp Car Crash Conf, Society of Automotive Engineers, Washington, DC, 1989, pp 191-214.
267. Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Maiman DJ, Suh JK, Unger G, Cusick JF, Larson SJ: Biodynamics of the total human cadaveric cervical spine. Stapp Car Crash Conf, Society of Automotive Engineers, Orlando, FL, 1990, pp 55-72.
268. Yoganandan N, Skrade D, Pintar F, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Thoracic deformation contours in a frontal impact. Stapp Car Crash Conf, SAE, San Diego, CA, 1991, pp 47-63.
269. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Skrade D, Chmiel W, Reinartz JM, Sances A Jr: Thoracic biomechanics with air bag restraint. Stapp Car Crash Conf, SAE, San Antonio, TX, 1993, pp 133-144.
270. Morgan RM, Eppinger RH, Haffner MP, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, et al: Thoracic trauma assessment formulations for restrained drivers in frontal impact. Stapp Car Crash Conf, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, October 31-November 2, 1994, pp 15-34.
271. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF, Sances A Jr: Cervical spinal cord injury using biomechanical experimentation. AAAM Conf. October 16-18, 1995, Chicago, IL, 149-161.
272. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Schlick MB: Biodynamics of cervical spinal injury. IRCOBI, September 13-15, 1995, Brunnen, Switzerland, 285-294.
273. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Haffner M, Sances A Jr: Response of lower human thorax to impact. AAAM Conf, Vancouver, BC, October 7-9, 1996, pp 33-43.
274. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Biomechanics of compression-extension injuries to the cervical spine. AAAM Conf, November 10-11, 1997, Orlando, FL, pp 331-344.
275. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA: Pediatric cervical spine biomechanics using finite element models. IRCOBI, September 16-18, 1998, Goteborg, Sweden, pp 349-363.
276. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Kleinberger M: Head-neck biomechanics in simulated rear impact. AAAM Conf, October 5-7, 1998, Charlottesville, VA, pp 209-231.
277. Kleinberger M, Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S: Biomechanical considerations for child occupant protection. AAAM, Conf October 5-7, 1998, Charlottesville, VA, pp 115-136.
278. Pintar FA, Voo LM, Yoganandan N: Mechanisms of hyperflexion cervical spine injury. IRCOBI, September 16-18, 1998, Goteborg, Sweden, pp 249-260.
279. Yoganandan N, Pintar, FA, Thomas Gennarelli, Marks, RM: Biomechanical tolerance of calcaneal fractures. AAAM Conf, September 20-24, 1999, Barcelona, Spain, pp 345-356.
280. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Thomas Gennarelli: Head-neck tension biomechanical models for pediatric and small female populations. AAAM Conf, September 20-24, 1999, Barcelona, Spain, pp 357-366.
281. Yoganandan N, FA Pintar, Gennarelli T, Eppinger RH, Voo LM: Geometrical effects on the mechanism of cervical spine injury due to head impact. IRCOBI, Barcelona, Spain, September 23-24, 1999, pp 261-270.
282. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maltese MR, Samaha RR, Eppinger RH. Three-year-old child out-of-position side airbag studies. Stapp Car Crash Conf, October 25-27, 1999, San Diego, CA, pp 25-38.
283. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Gennarelli TA, Sun E, Kuppa S, Maltese M, Eppinger RH: Pediatric and small female neck injury scale factors and tolerance based on human spine biomechanical characteristics. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2000, Montpellier, France, pp 345-362.
284. Kuppa S, Eppinger F, Maltese M, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Assessment of injury criteria for side impact. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2000, Montpellier, France, pp 131-146.
285. Philippens M, Wismans J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Whole body kinematics using post mortem human subjects in experimental rear impact. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2000, Montpellier, France, pp 363-378.
286. Stemper B, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Responses of human surrogates to simulated rear impact: velocity and level dependent facet joint kinematics. 2001 SAE World Congress, March 5-8, 2001, Detroit MI, pp 17-24.
287. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Cusick JF, Rao RD, Gennarelli TA: Single rear impact produces lower cervical spine soft tissue injuries. IRCOBI, October 10-12, 2001, Isle of Mann, United Kingdom, pp 201-211.
288. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD: Biomechanics of inertial head-neck trauma. SAE Int'l Off-Highway Cong, March 19-21, 2002, Las Vegas, NV.
289. Fildes BN, Sparke LJ, Bostrom O, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Morris AP: Suitability of current side impact test dummies in far-side impacts. IRCOBI, September 18-20, 2002, Munich, Germany, pp 43-56.
290. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maltese MR, Eppinger RH, Rule H, Donnelly B: Biofidelity evaluation of recent side impact dummies. IRCOBI, September 18-20, 2002, Munich, Germany, pp 57-69.
291. Gennarelli FA, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Beuse N, Morgan R: Head injuries to nearside occupants in lateral impacts: epidemiological and full-scale crash test analyses. IRCOBI, September 18-20, 2002, Munich, Germany, pp 223-233.
292. Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Kuppa S, Eppinger, RH: Biomechanics of lateral skull fracture. IRCOBI, September 24-26, 2003, Lisbon, Portugal, pp 69-78.
293. Sinson G, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Brasel KJ, Gennarelli TA, Morgan R: Carotid artery trauma in motor vehicle crashes: Investigation of the local tensile loading mechanism. IRCOBI, September 24-26, 2003, Lisbon, Portugal, pp 207-216.
294. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Small female-specific biomechanical corridors in side impacts. IRCOBI, September 21-24, 2004, Graz, Austria, pp 137-152.
295. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Effects of reflexive cervical muscle contraction on whiplash kinematics and injury. IRCOBI, September 21-24, 2004, Graz, Austria, pp 269-282.
296. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Zhang, J, Gennarelli, TA, Beuse N: Biomechanical aspects of blunt and penetrating head injuries. IUTAM Symposium on: Biomechanics of Impact: from fundamental insights to applications, July 11-15, 2005, Dublin, Ireland, 173-184.
297. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Evaluation of side impact injuries in vehicles equipped with side airbags, IRCOBI, September 21-23, 2005, Prague, Czech Republic, 97-108.
298. Stemper BD, Stineman MR, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Mechanical Characterization of intimal layer failure in the human carotid artery. IRCOBI, September 21-23, 2005, Prague, Czech Republic, 269-277.
299. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Philippens M, Wismans J: Head linear and rotational and craniocervical loads in lateral impact. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2006, Madrid, Spain, 127-142.
300. Stemper BD, Stineman MR, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA, Pintar FA: Effect of common experimental storage techniques on arterial biomechanics. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2006, Madrid, Spain, 417-420.
301. Fijalkowski RJ, Stemper BD, Cole D, Ellingson BM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Inducing mild traumatic brain injury in the rodent through coronal plane angular acceleration. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2006, Madrid, Spain, 115-126.
302. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Experimental and finite element modeling of penetrating traumatic brain injury. IRCOBI, September 20-22, 2006, Madrid, Spain, 93-101.
303. Chan P, Lu Z, Rigby P, Takhounts E, Zhang JY, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Development of generalized linear skull Fracture criterion. 20th Int'l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 2007, Lyon, France.
304. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Occupant dynamics and injuries in narrow-object side impact. 20th Int'l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 2007, Lyon, France.
305. Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA, Pintar FA: Characterizing diffuse brain injuries from real-world motor vehicle impacts. 20th Int'l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 2007, Lyon, France.
306. Zhang JY, Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Biomechanical differences in contact and non-contact head impact in vehicle crash tests. 20th Int'l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 2007, Lyon, France.
307. Fijalkowski RJ, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Influence of insult duration on unconscious time following concussion. IRCOBI, September, 2007, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 161-171.
308. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA, Pintar FA: Toward a lower neck rear impact injury criterion - correlation of lower neck loads with spinal kinematics. IRCOBI, September, 2007, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 249-260.
309. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Martin PG, Ridella SA: Chest injuries and injury mechanisms in oblique lateral impacts. IRCOBI, September 26-28, 2007, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 311-324.
310. Li J, Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Role of rotational acceleration and deceleration pulses on brain strains in lateral impact. IRCOBI, September, 2007, Maastricht, The Netherlands 173-183.
311. Compagnone, C, Tagliaferri F, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Brain lesions in motor vehicle crashes: differences between side and frontal impacts, IRCOBI, September 17-19, 2008, Berne, Switzerland, 115-121.
312. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Philippens M, Wismans JL: Head kinematics, neck loads, and injuries in side impact sled tests, IRCOBI, September 17-19, 2008, Berne, Switzerland, 179-193.
313. Stemper BD, Storwick S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Verification of lower neck shear forces as a rear impact injury criterion, IRCOBI, September 7-9-11, 2009, York, England, 369-380.
314. Hallman JYoganandan N, Pintar FA: Side airbag out-of-position deployments, IRCOBI, September 7-9-11, 2009, York, England, 129-140.
315. Yoganandan N, Humm J, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Three-dimensional head physical properties of the head on the accuracy of injury metrics, IRCOBI, September 7-9-11, 2009, York, UK, 323-326.
316. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Sensitivity of THOR and Hybrid III upper and lower Neck loads to belt systems in frontal impact, IRCOBI, September 14-16, 2010, Hanover, Germany.
317. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Humm J, Hallman JJ, Maiman DJ: Analytical and experimental data of chest deflections and injuires in side impacts. 22nd Int'l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Washington, DC, 2011.
318. Hallman JJ, Yoganandan N, Halloway D, Rinaldi J, Pintar FA: Analysis of thoracic loading, kinematics, and injuires in small overlap impacts: Field data and full-scale vehicle tests with dummies. 22nd Int'l Tech Conf Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Washington, DC, 2011.
319. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Dux J, Abbott EE: Demonstration of greater post-injury deficits in rats exposed to repeated concussion using behavioral testing. IRCOBI, September 12-14, Krakow, Poland, 2011 (In Press)
320. Lamy M, Baumgartner D, Yoganandan N, Willinger R: Mild traumatic brain injury in the rat: Three-dimensional finite element model using experimental data. IRCOBI, September 12-14, Krakow, Poland, 2011 (In Press)
321. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Halloway D, Rinaldi J, Maiman DJ: Injuries, mechanisms, kinematics, and loading of head-neck-torso in small overlap frontal impacts. IRCOBI, September 12-14, Krakow, Poland, 2011 (In Press)
322. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Sances A Jr, Myklebust JB: Factors affecting the uniqueness and convergence criteria in the determination of intervertebral disc material properties using the finite element method. American Soc Civil Eng-Eng Mech Conf, AP Boresi, KP Chong, (eds). New York, NY: ASCE Publisher, 1984, pp 895-898.
323. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Maiman DJ, Myers T: Assessment of traumatic failure load and microfailure load in an intervertebral disc segment. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1985, pp 130-131.
324. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Estimation of strain energy distribution and nucleus pressure of an intervertebral joint using a nonlinear finite element model. Eng Sci ESP22/85019, Soc Engineering Sciences, 1985, pp 1-10.
325. Yoganandan N: Selected bibliography on mathematical and finite element analysis of spine injuries. Neuroelectric News 13(3) and 14(1-2), November 1985 - July 1986.
326. Almusallam A, Sances A Jr, Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Heinrich SM: A lumped parameter analysis of a rollover accident. Symposium on Vehicle Crashworthiness Including Impact Biomechanics, P Tong, CM Ni, A King, S Lantz (eds). ASME, New York, NY, 1986, pp 155-158.
327. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Manual load handling capacity based on strain energy absorption of a lumbar intervertebral joint. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, 1986, pp 36-37.
328. Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N: Biomechanical properties of the human intervertebral disc in tension. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1986, pp 38-39.
329. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Frisch G, Pintar FA: Compression studies of the human and Hybrid III cervical spine. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1986, pp 46-47.
330. Almusallam A, Yoganandan N: Selected bibliography on rollover accidents. Neuroelectric News 14(3) and 15(1-2), November 1986-July 1987.
331. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of facetectomy and fixation in cervical spine motion segments. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1987, pp 77-78.
332. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Frisch G: Effect of rate of loading on the compressive response of human and Hybrid III cervical spine. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1987, pp 97-98.
333. Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr: Failure biomechanics of thoracolumbar vertebrae. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1987, pp 99-100.
334. Almusallam A, Heinrich S, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB: Dynamics of an automobile rollover. Eng Sci ESP24/87029, Society of Engineering Sciences, 1987, 7 pp.
335. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N: The societal impact of biomechanics. Special Symposium on Maturing Technologies and Emerging Horizons in Biomedical Engineering, New Orleans, LA, Nov 4-7, 1988, pp 115-122.
336. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Cusick JF, Sances A Jr: Regional characteristics of cervical vertebral bodies. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1988, pp 91-92.
337. Harris GF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Vertical drop impact test system for head injury assessment: biomechanical design and analysis. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1988, pp 93-94.
338. Butler JW, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Biomechanical properties of monkey spinal ligaments. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, 1988, pp 73-74.
339. Yih TC, Ray G, Yoganandan N: A three dimensional model for estimating dynamic forces on lumbar disc and supraspinous ligament during a manual lifting task. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, 1988, pp 79-82.
340. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Reinartz J: Biomechanical analysis of lumbar facetectomy and discectomy. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, pp 77-78, 1989.
341. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Ray G, Sances A Jr: Biomechanical and anatomic assessment of microstructural changes to the lumbar spine. ASME Adv Bioeng, New York, NY, pp 61-62, 1989.
342. Pintar F, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Compression loading of the human head-neck complex. Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection in Transportation Systems, ASME, New York, NY, 106:119-120, 1989.
343. Maiman D, Yoganandan N, Weinshel S, Jentzen J, Sances A Jr: Epidemiology of motor vehicle related cervical spine injuries. Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection in Transportation Systems, ASME, New York, NY, 106:121-122, 1989.
344. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Harris GF, Mahadevappa M, Larson SJ: Three-dimensional computerized tomography analysis of steering wheel induced facial trauma. Int'l Technical Conf Experimental Safety Vehicles, Vol 1, US DOT - NHTSA, Washington, DC, 1989, pp 752-763.
345. Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Larson SJ, Kurakami C, Rauschning W: Injury biomechanics of the head-neck complex. Int'l Technical Conf Experimental Safety Vehicles, Vol 1, US DOT -NHTSA, Washington, DC, 1989, pp 634-644.
346. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Elhagediab A, Sances A: Average force-deflection curves and geometric properties of lumbar spine ligaments. ASME Adv Bioeng 17:229-230, 1990.
347. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J: Experimental production of traumatic cervical spine injuries. ASME Adv Bioeng 17:251-252, 1990.
348. Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Sequential posterior surgical injury to the lumbar spine. ASME Adv Bioeng 17:239-240, 1990.
349. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J: Biomechanical analysis of lumbar pedicle screw fixation. ASME Adv Bioeng 17:241-242, 1990.
350. Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Pintar F: Assessment of steering wheel response for facial injury mitigation. Proc Int'l Conf Traffic Safety, New Delhi, India, January 27-30, 1991, pp 669-674.
351. Elhagediab A, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Ray G, Sances A Jr: Biomechanical model of a lumbar intervertebral joint - a systems approach. Mechanics Computing in 1990s and Beyond, Vol 1. H Adeli, R Sierakowski (eds). American Soc of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, 1991, pp 569-573.
352. Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Bennett G, Maiman D, Reinartz J: Biomechanical assessment of thoracic laminectomy. ASME Adv Bioeng 20:29-30, 1991.
353. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Pesigan M, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Experimental measurement of cervical vertebral strain to assess load transfer. ASME Adv Bioeng 20:127-128, 1991.
354. Skrade D, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Thoracic deformation during a frontal impact. ASME Adv Bioeng 20:599-600, 1991.
355. Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Skrade D, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Impact biomechanics of steering wheel induced facial injury. ASME Adv Bioeng 20:609-610, 1991.
356. Pintar FA, Dzwierzynski W, Yoganandan N, Droese K, Matloub H: Biomechanics of the proximal interphalangeal joint collateral ligaments. ASME Adv Bioeng 22:171-173, 1992.
357. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Human cervical spine kinetics during impact. CDC Injury Prevention Through Biomechanics Symposium, Atlanta, GA, May 20-23, 1993, pp 35-41.
358. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Liu YK, Sances A Jr: The biomechanics of rural runover injuries: Porcine studies. CDC Injury Prevention Through Biomechanics Symposium, Atlanta, GA, May 20-23, 1993, pp 201-208.
359. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Liu YK, Reinartz J, Winterbottom J, Hollowell JP: Biomechanics of tractor wheel runover. 1993 Bioengineering Conf, NA Langrana, MH Friedman, ES Grood (eds). BED-24:20-23, 1993.
360. Pintar FA, Dzwierzynski W, Yoganandan N, Droese K, Matloub H: Tensile testing of the proximal interphalangeal joint collateral ligaments. 1993 Bioengineering Conf, NA Langrana, MH Friedman, ES Grood (eds). BED-24:186-188, 1993.
361. Voo LM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Liu YK: Kinematic analysis and injury sites of the cervical spine due to vertical head impact. 1993 Bioengineering Conf, NA Langrana, MH Friedman, ES Grood (eds). BED-24:179-182, 1993.
362. Pintar FA, Schlick M, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Measurement of dynamic spinal cord pressure. Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection in Transportation Systems, JD Reid, KH Yang (eds). BED-25:183-188, 1993.
363. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Droese K, Hollowell J, Reinartz J, Maiman DJ: Biomechanical stiffness of hydroxylapatite versus autogenous bone grafts in anterior spinal fusions. ASME Adv Bioeng. JM Tarbell (ed). BED-26:419-421, 1993.
364. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Droese K, Reinartz J, Schlick M, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of cervical spinal column injury. CDC Injury Prevention Through Biomechanics Symposium, Detroit, MI, May 5-6, 1994, pp 117-126.
365. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Liu YK, Goel V: Biomechanics of tractor wheel runover. CDC Injury Prevention Through Biomechanics Symposium, Detroit, MI, May 5-6, 1994, pp 173-177.
366. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Reinartz JM, Sances A Jr, Maiman DJ: Cervical spine injury mechanism under vertical impact. ASME Adv Bioeng 28:339-340, 1994.
367. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Reinartz JM, Droese K, Wilson CR: Segmental kinematics of cervical spine laminectomy. ASME Adv Bioeng 28:309-310, 1994.
368. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Skrade D, Sances A Jr, Williams A, Unger GF, Hargarten S: Evaluation of thoracic trauma in a frontal impact. Int'l Technical Conf on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Munich, Germany, May 1994, pp 110-117.
369. Reinartz JM, Hollowell JP, Wilson CR, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: A biomechanical evaluation of thoracolumbar interbody graft technique. ASME Adv Bioeng 28:341-342, 1994.
370. Yoganandan N, Voo L, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Cusick J, Sances A Jr: Finite element analysis of the cervical spine. CDC Injury Prevention Through Biomechanics Symposium Wayne State, Detroit, MI, May 4-5, 1995, pp 149-155.
371. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Cervical spinal bony injury and the potential for cord injury. CDC Injury Prevention Through Biomechanics Symposium, Wayne State, Detroit, MI, May 4-5, 1995, pp 161-169.
372. Voo L, Denman JA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: A 3-D FE model of cervical spine with CT-based geometry. ASME Adv Bioeng 29:323-324, 1995.
373. Voo L, Denman JA, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Development of a 3-D finite element model of the cervical spine. ASME Adv Bioeng BED Vol 31:13-14, 1995.
374. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Voo L, Cusick JF: Inertial flexion-extension loading of the human neck. ASME Adv Bioeng BED Vol 31:45-46, 1995.
375. Yoganandan N, Shams T, Cheng J, Rangarajan N, Pintar FA: Advanced dummy neck design using DYNAMAN. ATB Users' Group Conf, Phoenix, AZ, Feb 8-9, 1996, 28-33.
376. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Hargarten SW: Biomechanics of penetrating trauma. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Detroit, MI, May 9-10, 1996, pp 31-35.
377. Kumaresan S, Voo LM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element biomechanics of the cervical spine. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Detroit, MI, May 9-10, 1996, pp 77-84.
378. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Voo LM: Dependence of age and loading rate on cervical spine compression tolerance. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Detroit, MI, May 9-10, 1996, pp 73-76.
379. Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Finite element analysis of cervical laminectomy with graded facetectomy. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 33:27-28, 1996.
380. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA: Cervical spine laminectomy and facet wiring. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 33:25-26, 1996.
381. Yoganandan N, Hollowell JP, Pintar FA, Nicol B: Morphological analysis of human thoracic spine endplate. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 33:35-36, 1996.
382. Yoganandan N, Cheng J, Pintar FA, Shams T, Rangarajan N: Hybrid approach to the biomechanical design of a dummy human neck. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 33:449-450, 1996.
383. Voo L, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Dynamic flexion stiffness of mid-cervical intervertebral joint. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 33:29-30, 1996.
384. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Hargarten S, Sances A Jr: Dynamic biomechanics of penetrating trauma. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 33:41-42, 1996.
385. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Cusick JF, Sances A Jr: Cervical spine biomechanics under whiplash loading. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 35:443-444, 1997.
386. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Nonlinear finite element analysis of human cervical spine facet joint. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 35:447-448, 1997.
387. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Adult and pediatric human cervical spine finite element analyses. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 35:515-516, 1997.
388. Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N: Human cervical spine uncovertebral joint anatomy. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 35:579-580, 1997.
389. Voo LM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Biodynamics of cervical spine hyperflexion injuries due to head impact. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, May 8-9, 1997, pp 125-130.
390. Voo LM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Biodynamics of cervical spine hyperflexion injuries. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 36:233-234, 1997.
391. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element study of the human cervical spine. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 36:207-208, 1997.
392. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Sensitivity of cervical spine finite element model to material property variations. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 36:209-210, 1997.
393. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Facet joint local component kinetics in whiplash trauma. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol. 36:221-222, 1997.
394. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Non-linear finite element analysis of geriatric cervical spine. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, May 7-8, 1998, pp 23-27.
395. Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Macias M: Biomechanical correlates of cervical spinal cord injury in an animal model. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, May 7-8, 1998, pp 37-41.
396. Kumaresan S, Khouphongsy P, Stemper B, Daruwala D, Joseph Cheng, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Bray T: Development of a biomechanically analogous cervical spine physical model. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 39:155-156, 1998.
397. Voo LM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Continuous static and dynamic moment-rotation curves of the human cervical intervertebral joint. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 39:157-158, 1998.
398. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Regional load sharing in cervical spine intervertebral disc. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 39:201-202, 1998.
399. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Geriatric cervical spine biomechanics: Effect of degeneration severity on biomechanical response. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 39:203-204, 1998.
400. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Voo L: Dynamic bending strength of the human forearm. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-Vol 39:163-164, 1998.
401. Voo L, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kleinberger M, Eppinger R: Biomechanical impact tolerance characteristics of the human neck. Int'l Technical Conf on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Windsor, Canada, June 1-4, 1998, 1564-1569.
402. Kuppa S, Klopp GS, Crandall JR, Hall G, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Eppinger R, Sun E, Khaewpong N, Kleinberger M: Axial impact characteristics of dummy and cadaver lower limbs. Int'l Technical Conf on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Windsor, Canada, June 1-4, 1998, 1608-1617.
403. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Biomechanical analyses of whiplash injuries using experimental model. World Congress Whiplash Associated Disorders, February 7-11, 1999, Vancouver, Canada, pp 325-343.
404. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Hollowell JP: Head-neck biomechanics under whiplash. CDC Injury Prevention through Biomechanics Symposium, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, June 9-11, 1999, pp 3-6.
405. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Tension-extension biomechanics of the cervical spine. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-42:55-56, 1999.
406. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical responses of pediatric cervical spine using nonlinear finite element approach. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-42:143-144, 1999.
407. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element modeling of spinal ligaments. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-42:281-282, 1999.
408. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Summary of pediatric biomechanical responses. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-42:765-766, 1999.
409. Hollowell JP, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of human cervical spinal column under physiologic loads. ASME Adv Bioeng BED-43:289-290, 1999.
410. Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Khouphongsy PJ, Cusick JF: Intervertebral disc morphology in cervical spine biomechanics. ASME Adv Bioeng BED- 43:235-236, 1999.
411. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of cervical spine ligaments. ASME Adv Bioeng BED- 43:233-234, 1999.
412. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Hollowell JP: Human head-neck kinetics under whiplash loading. ASME Adv Bioeng BED- 43:283-284, 1999.
413. Thacker BH, Nicolella DP, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Probabilistic finite element analysis of the human lower cervical spine. Adv Bioeng BED- 48:237-238, 2000.
414. Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Stemper B, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli T: Finite element modeling of penetrating traumatic brain injuries. Adv Bioeng BED- 48:245-246, 2000.
415. Cusick JF, Kumaresan S, Bunch B, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of lumbar spondylotic degeneration. Adv Bioeng BED- 48:239-240, 2000.
416. Beusenberg M, Keown M, Yoganandan N: Improved thorax behaviour of the EUROSID and effects on thorax injury assessment on the basis of pendulum impacts. Int'l Technical Conf on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, June 4-7, 2001, Amsterdam, paper no. 436.
417. Thacker BH, Nicolella DP, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Probabilistic injury analysis of the human cervical spine. Adv Bioeng BED- 50:879-880, 2001.
418. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical mechanics of whiplash injury. IRCOBI WPG Symposium, October 9, 2001, Isle of Man, UK.
419. Stemper B, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Segmental cervical spine kinematics due to posteroanterior impact acceleration. ASME, paper IMECE2002-32630, 2002.
420. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effects of vertebral body changes on cervical spine load sharing. ASME, paper IMECE2002-32594, 2002.
421. DeRosia J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effect of head restraint position and neck injury criteria in rear impact. ASME, paper IMECE2002-32642, 2002.
422. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Olshanski J: Vehicle incompatibility affects occupant extrication after motor vehicle crashes. Int'l Technical Conf on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Nagoya, Japan, May 19-22, 2003, paper 506-W.
423. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Occupant extrication in vehicular crashes: NASS and CIREN analyses. ASME, paper IMECE2003-43132, 2003.
424. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Spinal posture affects whiplash biomechanics. ASME, paper IMECE2003-43012, 2003.
425. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element analysis of penetrating head injury. ASME, paper IMECE2003-42978, 2003.
426. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Aktay R, Paskoff G, Shender BS: Bone mineral density of cervical spine vertebrae using quantitative computed tomography. ASME, paper IMECE2004-59726, 2004.
427. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effects of thoracic ramping on whiplash kinematics. ASME, paper IMECE2004-59447, 2004.
428. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Muszynski CA, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Biomechanics of penetrating head impact. ASME IMECE 2004-59899, 2004.
429. DeRosia J, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Gender-dependent cervical spine anatomy may affect whiplash kinematics. ASME paper b0028995, 2005.
430. Stemper BD, Board D, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Dynamic bending stiffness of thoracic motion segments. ASME paper b0029435, 2005.
431. Fijalkowski RF, Ellingson BM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Impact mechanics and histopathological characterization of closed brain injury in the rat induced by a new mechanism. ASME paper b0329720, 2005.
432. Guan Y, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Maiman DJ: The development of a preliminary finite element model of the human lumbar sacral spine. ASME paper b0027957, 2005.
433. Zhang J, Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Temporary cavity pulsation and pressure change in brain simulant due to penetrating impact. ASME paper b0027347, 2005.
434. Stemper BD, Stineman MR, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical effect of common experimental storage techniques on arterial vessels. ASME paper 157464, 2006.
435. Guan Y, Zhang J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Biomechanical study of lumbosacral spine interbody fusion using a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element method. ASME paper 157413, 2006.
436. Zhang J, Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Preliminary study of blast traumatic brain injury. ASME paper 157564, 2006.
437. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Chest injuries and occupant positioning in lateral impacts with side airbags. ASME paper 15524, 2006.
438. Li J, Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Rotational acceleration duration affects brain strains in lateral impact. ASME paper SBC 176358, 2007.
439. Hallman J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Dynamic out-of-position deployment of thoracic side airbags. ASME paper SBC 171424, 2007.
440. Zhang J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Guan Y, Gennarelli TA: Experimental study on non-exit ballistic induced traumatic brain injury. ASME paper SBC 176407, 2007.
441. Stemper BD, Board D, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Gender-specific structural properties in the thoracic spine. ASME paper SBC 175541, 2007.
442. Fijalkowski RJ, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Determination of diffuse brain injury thresholds using retrospective analysis. ASME paper SBC 176346, 2007.
443. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Baisden JL, Pintar FA, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Biomechanical implications of gender-dependent muscle locations. Proceedings of the 2008 ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Marco Island, FL, paper SBC2008-192339, 2008.
444. Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Paskoff G, Shender BS, Three-dimensional coupling responses of the cervical spine, ASME paper SBC 2008-192556, 2008.
445. Hallman J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Sufficiency of stationary occupant surrogates for evaluating torso side airbag out-of-position injury, ASME paper SBC 191060, 2008.
446. Zhang J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Son S, Gennarelli TA: An experimental study of blast traumatic brain injury: ASME paper SBC 192338, 2008.
447. Hallman J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Posterolateral Chest Deformations from Seat-Mounted Side Airbag Deployments. ASME paper SBC 204133, 2009.
448. Zhang J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Translational and Rotational Head Kinematics in Side Impact. ASME paper SBC 206140, 2009.
449. Guan, YB, Harlen BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Block-fixation finite element lumbar spine model to wxamine load-Sharing, bone-screw interaction, and stress in carbon fiber reinforced PEEK construct. ASME paper SBC 206654, 2009.
450. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Baisden JL, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Lumbar Spinal Mechanics in Pure Bending: Influence of Gender, Spinal Level, and Degeneration Grade. ASME paper SBC 206829, 2009.
451. Hallman J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Are pure lateral chest deflections a hallmark for side airbag boundary condition? ASME paper SBC 19496, 2010.
452. Storvik SG, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD: Experimental induction of lumbar spine compression-flexion injuries. ASME paper SBC 19476, 2010.
453. Jebaraj C, Jebaseelan DD, Rajasekaran S, Yoganandan N: Finite element study of collapse of pediatric spine due to tuberculosis of the spine. IMECE, ASME, 2010.
454. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Shender BS, Paskoff G, Pintar FA, Baisden JL: Level- and regionspecific properties of young human lumbar annulus. ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Farmington, PA, 2011.
455. Shah AS, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Rangarajan N, Hallman JJ, Shender BS: Methodology to study attenuation of a blast wave through the cranium. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Denver, CO, (In Press)
456. Cochran J, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effects of treatment for cervical disc degenerative disease in military populations. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Denver, CO, (In Press)
 
Books, Chapters, and Reviews
1. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, 749 pp.
2. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA (eds). Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2000, 590 pp.
3. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Finite element analysis of the spine. In Mechanisms of Head and Spine Trauma, A Sances Jr, DJ Thomas, CL Ewing, SJ Larson, F Unterharnscheidt (eds). Goshen, NY: Aloray Publishers, 1986, pp 679-716.
4. Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of human spinal ligaments. In Mechanisms of Head and Spine Trauma, A Sances Jr, DJ Thomas, CL Ewing, SJ Larson, F Unterharnscheidt (eds). Goshen, NY: Aloray Publishers, 1986, pp 505-527.
5. Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr, Myklebust JB, Chilbert MA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Ewing C, Thomas D: Experimental trauma of the human thoracolumbar spine. In Mechanisms of Head and Spine Trauma, A Sances Jr, DJ Thomas, CL Ewing, SJ Larson, F Unterharnscheidt (eds). Goshen, NY: Aloray Publishers, 1986, pp 489-504.
6. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Myklebust JB, Chilbert MA, Larson SJ, Pech P, Pintar FA, Myers T: Spinal injuries with vertical impact. In Mechanisms of Head and Spine Trauma, A Sances Jr, DJ Thomas, CL Ewing, SJ Larson, F Unterharnscheidt (eds). Goshen, NY: Aloray Publishers, 1986, pp 305-348.
7. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N: Human head injury tolerance. In Mechanisms of Head and Spine Trauma, A Sances Jr, DJ Thomas, CL Ewing, SJ Larson, F Unterharnscheidt (eds). Goshen, NY: Aloray Publishers, 1986, pp 189-218.
8. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB: Biomechanics and accident investigation. In Handbook on Biomedical Engineering, J Kline (ed). Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1988, pp 525-562.
9. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Pintar F, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: A non-linear finite element model to predict potential injury sites in the lumbar spine. In Mathematical Modelling in Science & Technology, NV Swamy, S Majhi (eds). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989, pp 25-31.
10. Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N: Biomechanics of cervical spine trauma. In Clinical Neurosurgery, Vol 37, P Black (ed). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1991, pp 543-570.
11. Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Sances A Jr, Harris G, Chintapalli K, Myklebust JB, Schmaltz D, Reinartz J, Kalbfleisch J, Larson SJ: Steering wheel induced facial trauma. In Biomechanics of Impact Injury and Injury Tolerance of the Head Neck Complex, SH Backaitis (ed). Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 1993, pp 755-780.
12. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J, Harris G, Larson SJ: Kinematic and anatomical analysis of the human cervical spinal column under axial loading. In Biomechanics of Impact Injury and Injury Tolerance of the Head Neck Complex, SH Backaitis (ed). Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 1993, pp 987-1010.
13. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Cusick JF: Experimental production of head-neck injuries under dynamic forces. Head Neck Injuries in Sports, American Society Testing Materials, Atlanta, GA, May 19-20, pp 203-211, 1993.
14. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N: Algorithms for the treatment of lumbar and sacral fractures. In American Association of Neurologic Surgeons. GL Rea, CA Miller (eds). AANS, Park Ridge, IL, 1994, pp 197-206.
15. Yoganandan N, Skrade D, Pintar, FA, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Thoracic deformation contours in a frontal impact. In Hybrid III: The First Human-Like Crash Test Dummy. SH Backaitis (ed). Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 1994, pp 291-307.
16. Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Hollowell J: Biomechanics of the spine: normal and pathologic. In Neurological Surgery. JR Youmans (ed). Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co., 1995, pp 2221-2240.
17. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Maiman D, Myklebust J, Harris G, Ray G: Biomechanical investigations of the human thoracolumbar spine. In Biomechanics of Impact Injuries and Injury Tolerances of the Abdomen, Lumbar Spine, and Pelvis Complex. SH Backaitis (ed). Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Warrendale, PA, 1995, pp 935-943.
18. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of the cervical spine. In Principles of Spinal Surgery. A Menezes, V Sonntag (eds). New York: McGraw Hill, 1996, pp 69-83.
19. Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N: Clinical and experimental biomechanics of the spine. In The Practice of Neurosurgery. GT Tindall, PR Cooper, DL Barrow (eds). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1996, pp 2347-2356.
20. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Human cervical spine uncovertebral joint anatomy. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). In Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, pp 34-41.
21. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical assessment of whiplash. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). In Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, pp 344-373.
22. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA: Lower cervical spine finite element analysis. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). In Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, pp 492-508.
23. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar, FA, Mueller W: One, three and six year old pediatric cervical spine finite element models. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). In Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, pp 509-523.
24. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF: Analysis of cervical discectomy and interbody fusion. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). In Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, pp 587-594.
25. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Biomechanical analysis of cervical laminectomy and facetectomy using finite element method. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr (eds). In Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. The Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998, pp 621-627.
26. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Tensile neck strength characteristics. In Biomechanics Research: Experimental and Computational. FA Bandak (ed). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC, 1998, pp 23-31.
27. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Responses of human surrogates to simulated rear impact: velocity and level dependent facet joint kinematics. Neck Injury Biomechanics, JA Pike (ed). Society of Automotive Engineers International, 495-502, 2009
28. Yoganandan N, Halliday A, Dickman C, Benzel E: Practical Anatomy and Fundamental Biomechanics, In Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. E Benzel (ed). New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1999, pp 93-118.
29. Hollowell JP, Yoganandan N, Benzel E: Spinal implant attributes - cantilever beam fixation. In Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. E Benzel (ed). New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1999, pp 979-990.
30. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Gennarelli T: Biomechanical tolerance criteria for pediatric populations. In AAAM-IRCOBI Child Occupant Protection, London, England: Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd, 1999, pp 97-112.
31. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of the craniocervical region. In Craniocervical Junction - Anatomy, Physiology, Therapy. DK Boeker (ed). Zulpich/Koln, Germany: Biermann Verlag GMBH, 1999, pp 2-14.
32. Mayer RG, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Pediatric tensile neck strength characteristics using a caprine animal model. In Injury Biomechanics Research, FA Bandak (ed). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1999, pp 87-92.
33. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Eppinger RH: Alignment affects cervical spine injury. In Injury Biomechanics Research, FA Bandak (ed). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1999, pp 93-100.
34. Philippens M, Cappon H, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Test methodology for low-speed rear impact human kinematics and dynamics. In Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA (eds). The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2000, pp 227-247.
35. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Mechanics of headache and neck pain in whiplash. In Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA (eds). The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2000, pp 173-185.
36. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Facet joint modeling in whiplash. In Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA (eds). The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2000, pp 510-516.
37. DeRosia J, Yoganandan N: Lessons from staged rear-end collisions using human volunteers. In Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA (eds). The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2000, pp 265-294.
38. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Velocity and Level Dependent Facet Joint Kinematics in Low-Speed Rear Impact. In Injury Biomechanics Research, FA Bandak (ed). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2000, pp 213-217.
39. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biodynamic Response of the Human Body in Vehicular Frontal Impact. In Computer Techniques and Computational Methods in Biomechanics. CT Leondes (ed). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC, 2001, pp 6-1 to 6-34.
40. Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Pediatric biomechanics. In Accidental Injury: Biomechanics and Prevention, Second Edition. AM Nahum, JW Melvin (eds). New York: Springer-Verlag, 2001, pp 550-587.
41. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Schlick M: Analysis of dynamic loading to the head-neck. In Injury Biomechanics Research, N Khaewpong (ed). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2001, pp 29-38.
42. Pike JA, Pintar FA, Yoganandan, N, Augenstein, JS: Injuries and injury mechanisms. In Neck Injury: The Use of X-rays, CTs, and MRIs to Study Crash-Related Injury Mechanisms, JA Pike. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2002, pp 95-151.
43. Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Groff MW, Yoganandan N. Concepts and mechanisms of biomechanics. In Youman's Neurological Surgery, 5th Edition, HR Winn (Ed). Baltimore, MD, WB Saunders, 2003, pp 4181-4201.
44. Yoganandan N, Halliday A, Dickman C, Benzel E: Practical Anatomy and Fundamental Biomechanics, In Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. E Benzel (ed). New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2005, pp 109-135.
45. Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Kaufman BA, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of the Pediatric Spine. In Surgery of the Pediatric Spine, DH Kim, RR Betz, SL Huhn, and PO Newton (ed). Thieme, New York, NY 2008, 99 10-22.
46. Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Rao, R, Pintar FA: Whiplash injuries - In vitro Studies. In Biomechanics in Ergonomics, S Kumar (ed). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC, 441-463, 2008.
47. Yoganandan N, Li J, Zhang J, Pintar FA: Role of Falx on Brain Stress-Strain Responses. In Mechanosensitivity of the Nervous System, A Kamin and I Kiseleva (eds). Springer, 281-298, 2009.
48. Stemper BD and Yoganandan, N: Biomechanics of Spinal Trauma. Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement Science, Y Hong & R Bartlett (eds). Routledge Press, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, 411-427, 2008.
49. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Responses of human surrogates to simulated rear impact: velocity and level dependent facet joint kinematics. Neck Injury Biomechanics, JA Pike (ed). Society of Automotive Engineers International, Warrendale, PA, 495-502, 2009.
50. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Mechanism of Injury. Whiplash: evidence base for clinical practice, M Sterling & J Kenardy (eds). Elsevier Australia, Melbourne, VIC, (IN Press).
51. Yoganandan N, Dickman C, Benzel E: Practical Anatomy and Fundamental Biomechanics, In Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. E Benzel (ed). New York, (In Press).
52. Wolfla CE, Yoganandan N, Guan, Y, Benzel E: Cantilever beam fixation, In Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. E Benzel (ed). New York, (In Press).
53. Wolfla CE, Yoganandan N: Biomechanics of Craniovertebral Stabilization, In Neurosurgical Management of the Craniovertebral Junction. A Goel and F Cacciola (ed). Thieme International, Germany, (In Press).
54. Wolfla CE, Yoganandan N: Biomechanics of the Craniovertebral junction, In Neurosurgical Management of the Craniovertebral Junction. A Goel and F Cacciola (ed). Thieme International, Germany, (In Press).
 
Editorials, Letters to Editor, Other
1. Yoganandan N: LRFD criteria for columns. ASIC Eng Journal 21(2):96-97, 1984.
2. Yoganandan N: Strength formula for tapered beam columns. J Structural Eng 112(10):2366-2367, 1986.
3. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ: Microtrauma in the lumbar spine. Adv Orthop Surg 13(1):3, 1989.
4. Yoganandan N, Harris GF: Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Clinical Biomechanics. J Clin Eng 15(6):443, 1990.
5. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Stiffness and strain energy criteria to evaluate the threshold of injury to an intervertebral joint. J Biomech 23(10):1083-1084, 1990.
6. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Variations of stiffness and strength along the human cervical spine. J Biomech 25(6):689-690, 1992.
7. Yoganandan N, Haffner M, Pintar FA, Hampson D: Facial Injury: A review of biomechanical studies and test procedures for facial injury assessment. Letter to the Editor. J Biomech 29(7):985-986, 1996.
8. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Rao R: Response to Dickerman RD, Reynolds A, Tackett JL. Spine 33(21): 2369-2370, 2008.
9. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Rinaldi, J: Evaluation of the Ribeye deflection measurement system in the 50th percentile Hybrid III dummy, DOT HS 811-102, US Department of Transportation, washnigton, DC, 77 pp., March 2009.
10. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Humm J, Rinaldi, J, Maiman DJ: Side facing neck injury criteria, FAA (In Press).
 
Abstracts
1. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB: Threshold of failure of an intervertebral unit. Ann Neuroelectric Soc Mtg: Int'l Symposium on the Biomechanics of Muscle, Vravrona-Attica, Greece, June 16-21, 1985, p 54.
2. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Myklebust JB: Morphological studies of craniocervical trauma. Ann Neuroelectric Soc Mtg: Int'l Symposium on the Biomechanics of Muscle, Vravrona-Attica, Greece, June 16-21, 1985, p 59.
3. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA: Estimation of strain energy distribution and nucleus pressure of an intervertebral joint using a non linear finite element model. Ann Mtg of the Soc for Engineering Science, University Park, PA, October 7-9, 1985, p 289.
4. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Maiman DJ, Sances Jr A, Larson SJ: Initiation of injury in cervical spine segments. CSRS, Boston, MA, Dec 4-7, 1985.
5. Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Myers T, Cusick JF, Sances Jr A: Failure mechanics of cervical ligaments. CSRS, Boston, MA, Dec 4-7, 1985.
6. Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of the upper cervical spinal ligaments. J Biomech 19(6):469, 1986.
7. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Maiman DJ: Strain energy capacity of intervertebral disc at the initiation of trauma. J Biomech 19(6):469, 1986.
8. Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Myers T, Sances A Jr: Multivariate factors affecting spinal ligament strength. Ann Mtg Joint Section on Spinal Disorders, Am Assoc Neurol Surgeons and Cong Neurol Surgeons, San Diego, CA, Feb 19-22, 1986, p 29.
9. Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Ray G, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: The etiology of low back pain - a biomechanical analysis. Ann Mtg Joint Section on Spinal Disorders, Am Assoc Neurol Surgeons and Cong Neurol Surgeons, San Diego, CA, Feb 19-22, 1986, p 45.
10. Yoganandan N, Ray G, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Potential injury sites in a lumbar motion segment: a finite element analysis. Ann Mtg Joint Section on Spinal Disorders, Am Assoc Neurol Surgeons and Cong Neurol Surgeons, San Diego, CA, Feb 19-22, 1986, p 34.
11. Wilson CR, Yoganandan N, Collier BD, Carrera GF, Palmer DW, Trumbath L: Estimate of vertebral compressive strength from GD-153 dual photon absorptiometry. Medical Physics 13(5):785, 1986.
12. Yoganandan N: Biomechanical identification of injury to an intervertebral joint. Clin Biomech 1(3):149, 1986.
13. Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Wilson CR, Ugale R, Sances A, Jr, Larson SJ: Contribution of cortex to vertebral strength. AANS, Dallas, TX, May 3-7, 1987.
14. Almusallam A, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Heinrich SM, Sances A, Jr: Dynamic forces on an occupant during an automobile rollover. Conf Engineering Mechanics, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, 1987, p 6.
15. Sances A, Jr, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Larson SJ: Axial compression studies of the human and manikin cervical spine. Orthop Trans 11:3, 1987.
16. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA: Effect of facetectomy on the cervical spine. Ann Conf Eng Med Biol 29:56, 1987.
17. Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Load carrying capacity of lumbar spine. Ann Conf Eng Med Biol 29:57, 1987.
18. Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Wilson CR, Sances A Jr: Assessment of vertebral body mechanics as a function of its constituents. J Biomech 20(9):915, 1987.
19. Ugale R, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sibilski S, Sances A Jr: Recovery properties of human lumbar vertebrae. J Biomech 20(9):915, 1987.
20. Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr: Lumped parameter models of human spinal ligaments. J Biomech 20(9):905, 1987.
21. Almusallam A, Yoganandan N, Heinrich S, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr: Dynamics of an automobile rollover. Soc for Engineering Science, Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, Sept 21-23, 1987, p 7.
22. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of cervical spine facetectomy. CSRS, Washington, DC, December 2-5, 1987.
23. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Larson SJ: Distraction of the cervical spine. Cervical Spine Research Society -European Section, Pavia, Italy, June 21-24, 1987, pp 107-109.
24. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Myklebust JB, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ: Initiation of micro-trauma in the lumbar spine. AANS, Toronto, April 24-28, 1988, p 160.
25. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of cervical spine facetectomy. AANS, Toronto, April 24-28, 1988, p 86-88.
26. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Myklebust JB, Wilson C, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of human cervical vertebrae. J Biomech 21(10):853, 1988.
27. Wilson CR, Yoganandan N, Coolier BD: Relationship between frontal and lateral DPA measurements of the lumbar spine and the strength of the vertebral body. J Nuclear Medicine 29(5):856, 1988.
28. Butler J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Myklebust JB Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Static and dynamic comparison of human cervical spinal ligaments. IEEE/EMBS 10th Int'l Conf 10:679-680, 1988.
29. Yoganandan N, Butler J, Pintar FA, Myklebust JB, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Dynamic response of human cervical spine ligaments. CSRS, Key Biscayne, FL, Nov 30-Dec 3, 1988, pp 23-24.
30. Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Biomechanics of lumbar facetectomy during flexion-compression. Ann AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Cancun, Mexico, Feb 11-15, 1989, p 85.
31. Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Biomechanics of lumbar facetectomy during flexion-compression. AANS, Washington, DC, April 2-6, 1989, pp 248-250.
32. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Chintapalli K, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Biomechanical and CT analysis of triplanar facial strut trauma following steering wheel impact. J Biomech 22(10):1105, 1989.
33. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Microstructural changes in the lumbar spine at subfailure loads. J Neurosurg 70:324A-325A, 1989.
34. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Reinartz J: Biomechanics of lumbar facetectomy and discectomy. J Neurosurg 70:325A-326A, 1989.
35. Larson SJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Microstructural changes in the lumbar spine at subfailure loads. Soc Study Lumbar Spine (ISSLS) Mtg, Kyoto, Japan, May 15-19, 1989.
36. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Cervical spine injuries from motor vehicle accidents. Ann Int'l Conf IEEE/EMBS, Seattle, WA, November 9-12, 1989, p 808.
37. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ, Reinartz J, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of Steffee plate fixation. Ann Int'l Conf IEEE/EMBS, Seattle, WA, November 9-12, 1989, pp 799-800.
38. Nowicki B, Reinartz J, Pintar FA, Yu S, Haughton V, Yoganandan N: Computerized tomography and biomechanics of lumbar discs. Ann Int'l Conf IEEE/EMBS, Seattle, WA, November 9-12, 1989, pp 813-814.
39. Schmaltz D, Harris GF, Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Sances A Jr: Vertical drop impact test system for biomechanical injury assessment: Design validation and model development. Ann Int'l Conf IEEE/EMBS, Seattle, WA, November 9-12, 1989, pp 811-812.
40. Wilson CR, Jacobson DR, Mahesh M, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Contribution of cervical trabecular bone to the strength of the proximal femur. Ann Int'l Conf IEEE/EMBS, Seattle, WA, November 9-12, 1989, p 815.
41. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ: Injury biomechanics of the human cervical column. CSRS, New Orleans, LA, Dec 5-8, 1989, pp 39-40.
42. Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Mahadevappa M, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Biomechanics of medial and total lumbar facetectomy. AANS, Nashville, TN, April 28-May 3, 1990, p 234.
43. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ, Pintar FA, Reinartz J: Biomechanical motion analysis of transpedicular screw fixation to the lumbar spine. J Neurosurg 72:349A-350A, 1990.
44. Pintar FA, Kloth L, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Effects of ultrasound heating on the biomechanics of the human medial collateral ligament. J Biomech 23(7):717, 1990.
45. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Anatomics and biomechanics of the cervical column under axial loading. J Biomech 23(7):723, 1990.
46. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Impact biomechanics of the zygomatic complex. J Biomech 23(7):715, 1990.
47. Yoganandan N, Larson S, Cusick J, Pintar F, Maiman D: Structural strength and kinematics of pedicle screw/plate fixation of the lumbar spine. Int'l Soc Study of Lumbar Spine, Boston, MA, June 13-17, 1990, pp 17-18.
48. Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Analysis of lumbar facetectomy under flexion-compression forces. Int'l Soc Study of Lumbar Spine, Boston, MA, June 13-17, 1990, pp 46-47.
49. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr: Experimental determination of stiffness for lumbar spine ligaments. Int'l Soc for Study of Lumbar Spine, Boston, MA, June 13-17, 1990, p 62.
50. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Pintar F, Larson S, Hemmy D: Traumatic facial injuries with steering wheel loading. American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Tucson, AZ, Sept 6-8, 1990, p 64.
51. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Cervical spine injuries under impact loading. Southern Biomedical Engineering Conf, Miami, FL, Nov 17-18, 1990.
52. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J: Biodynamic performance of steering wheels for facial trauma. Southern Biomedical Engineering Conf, Miami, FL, Nov 17-18, 1990.
53. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Cusick JF, Larson SJ: Strength and kinematic response of dynamic injuries to the human cervical spine. CSRS, San Antonio, TX, Nov 28-Dec 1, 1990, pp 69-70.
54. Pintar F, Pesigan M, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Assessment of load transfer through the cervical spine using strain gauges. CSRS, San Antonio, TX, Nov 28-Dec 1, 1990, pp 50-51.
55. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J, Larson SJ: Strength and stability analysis of lumbar pedicle screw fixation. Intl Conf Biomedical Engineering, Singapore, Dec 6-8, 1990, pp 271-274.
56. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Larson SJ, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Kinematic and strength analysis of lumbar pedicle screw fixation. World Congress of Biomech Vol I, Sl-Y Woo, JS Wayne, DA MacKenna (eds), University California - San Diego, LaJolla, CA, 1990, p 198.
57. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Biomechanical analysis of surgical alterations to the lumbar spine. World Congress of Biomech Vol I, Sl-Y Woo, JS Wayne, DA MacKenna (eds), University California - San Diego, LaJolla, CA, 1990, p 169.
58. Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Maiman DJ, Unger G: Dynamic analysis of human cervical column under compression loading. World Congress of Biomech Vol I, Sl-Y Woo, JS Wayne, DA MacKenna (eds), Univ. California - San Diego, LaJolla, CA, 1990, p 163.
59. Yoganandan N, Haffner M, Sances A Jr, Pintar FA, Reinartz J: Facial fracture probability secondary to steering wheel impact. Int'l Conf Experimental Safety Vehicles, Paris, Nov 4-7, 1991.
60. Skrade D, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Reinartz J, Pintar FA: Dynamic studies with chest contours. Int'l Conf Experimental Safety Vehicles, Paris, Nov 4-7, 1991.
61. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: Assessment of strength and stability of pedicle screw fixation. J Biomech 24(3/4):241, 1991.
62. Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J, Sances A Jr: Assessment of progressive surgical injury to the lower back. J Biomech 24(3/4):251, 1991.
63. Larson SJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Intraosseous pressures in the lumbar spine under axial loading. AANS, Portland, OR, Sept 20-24, 1991.
64. Pintar FA, Schlick MB, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ, Cusick JF: Assessment of cervical spinal cord injury using a physical model. CSRS, Philadelphia, PA, Dec 4-7, 1991, pp 110-111.
65. Larson SJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Intraosseous pressures in the lumbar spine under axial loading. Biennial Cong Pan-Pacific Surg Assoc, Honolulu, HI, Jan 26-30, 1992.
66. Pintar FA, Schlick M, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Walsh PR, Sances A Jr: Cervical spine cord measurement under impact loading pressure. AANS/CNS Jt Section Disorders of Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Miami, FL, Feb 5-9, 1992, pp 30-31.
67. Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA, Bennett G, Larson SJ: Effects of laminectomy on thoracic spine stability. AANS, San Francisco, CA, April 11-16, 1992, p 403.
68. Pintar FA, Schlick M, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Walsh P, Sances A Jr: A spinal cord model for injury assessment. AANS, San Francisco, CA, April 11-16, 1992, pp 392-393.
69. Larson SJ, Yoganandan N, Gallagher MR, Pintar FA: Vertebral microtrauma and increased intraosseous pressure. AANS, San Francisco, CA, April 11-16, 1992, pp 413-414.
70. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Gardon M, Pintar FA: Pathoanatomical alterations of the cervical spine under compressive forces. AANS, San Francisco, CA, April 11-16, 1992, pp 146-147.
71. Pintar FA, Droese K, Woodard E, Maiman DJ, Hollowell J, Yoganandan N, Cusick J: Effects of geometric configuration on rotational stiffness of an ISOLA spinal system. Int'l Soc Study Lumbar Spine, Chicago, IL, May 20-24, 1992, p 235.
72. Yoganandan N, Larson SJ, Pintar FA, Gallagher M: Intraosseous pressures in the lumbar spine. Int'l Soc Study Lumbar Spine, Chicago, IL, May 20-24, 1992.
73. Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Effects of anterior vertebral grafting on the kinematics of the traumatized lumbar spine following pedicle screw-plate fixation. J Biomech 25(6):657, 1992.
74. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Bennett G, Maiman DJ: Biomechanics of human thoracic spine laminectomy. J Biomech 25(6):687, 1992.
75. Yoganandan N, Liu YK, Winterbottom J, Sances A Jr: Thoracic crush injuries in a tractor wheel rollover: Estimation of 3-D forces. J Biomech 25(6):681, 1992.
76. Schlick MB, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Sances A Jr: An instrumented, physical spinal cord model for in situ pressure measurement. J Biomech 25(6):664, 1992.
77. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Cusick JF, Hollowell JP, Sances A Jr, Larson SJ: Temporal correlation of segmental kinematics with impact induced neck injury. CSRS, Palm Desert, CA, Dec 3-5, 1992, pp 149-150.
78. Pintar FA, Gordon S, Yoganandan N, Droese K, Larson SJ, Sances A Jr: Quantification of cervical column prealignment and its effect on injury. CSRS, Palm Desert, CA, Dec 3-5, 1992, pp 151-152.
79. Droese K, Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Two and three-dimensional analyses in the flexurally loaded cadaveric lumbar spine. J Biomech 26(3):349, 1993.
80. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Reinartz J, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of lumbar facetectomy under cyclic compression-flexion. AANS/CNS Jt Sec Disorders Spine Peripheral Nerves, Tucson, AZ, Feb 17-20, 1993, p 97.
81. Maiman DJ, Hollowell J, Pintar FA, Droese K, Yoganandan N: Rotation and flexion properties of the Isola pedicle screw/rod system. AANS/CNS, Boston, MA, April 24-29, 1993, p 301.
82. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Droese KW, Pintar FA: Strength of lumbar spine following posterior surgical alterations under cyclic physiologic loading. AANS/Congress of Neurological Surgery, Boston, MA, April 24-29, 1993, p 416.
83. Skrade D, Yoganandan N: Dynamic response of the human thorax. Conf Biomedical Engineering & Biomath, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, May 3, 1993, pp 22-23.
84. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics research. Conf Biomedical Engineering & Biomath, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, May 3, 1993, pp 47-48.
85. Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Hollowell JP, Yoganandan N, Droese K, Reinartz J: Fusion rate and biomechanical stiffness of hydroxylapatite versus autogenous bone grafts for anterior cervical discectomy - an in vivo animal study. CSRS, NY, Dec 1-4, 1993, pp 76-77.
86. Voo LM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz J, Liu YK: Kinematic analysis and injury sites of the cervical spine due to vertical head impact. ASME Adv Bioeng BED 24:179-182, 1993.
87. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reinartz JM, Droese K, Wilson CR: Segmental kinematics of cervical spine laminectomy. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, March 20-24, 1994, p 10.
88. Pintar FA, Hollowell J, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Cuddy B: Fusion biomechanics of hydroxylapatite versus autogenous bone grafts. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, March 20-24, 1994, p 11.
89. Walsh P, Hollowell JP, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Vazquez L: Physiologically graded experimental spinal cord injury - Pilot studies with variable rates of loading. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, March 20-24, 1994, p 12.
90. Hollowell JP, Reinartz JM, Vollmer DG, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Techniques of thoracolumbar interbody fusion - A biomechanical analysis. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, March 20-24, 1994, p 13.
91. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Liu YK: Pelvis and extremity biomechanics secondary to tractor wheel rollover. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, March 20-24, 1994, p 15.
92. Hollowell JP, Pintar FA, Schlick MB, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr: Biomechanics of dynamic spinal cord compression in normal and degenerated human cadaveric cervical spines. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, March 20-24, 1994, pp 34-35.
93. Cusick JF, Reinartz JM, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanical alterations induced by cervical multilevel laminectomy. CSRS, Baltimore, Maryland, November 30-December 2, 1994, pp 39-40.
94. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Three-dimensional spinal motion - when is it useful? Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 18-24, 1995, pp. 11-12.
95. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Cervical spine injuries from high velocity forces. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 18-24, 1995, pp. 9-10.
96. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Walsh PR, Larson SJ: Biomechanics of human head-neck under axial tension. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 18-24, 1995, p. 13.
97. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Sances A Jr, Maiman DJ, Walsh PR: The potential for cervical cord injury using an experimental biomechanical model. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 18-24, 1995, pp 31-33.
98. Hollowell JP, Reinartz JM, Vollmer DG, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Anterior spinal reconstruction - a biomechanical analysis. AANS, Orlando, FL, April 22-27, 1995, Orlando, FL, p 197.
99. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Voo L, Droese K, Reinartz JM, Schlick M, Hollowell JP, Sances A Jr: Spinal cord injury potential using an experimental biomechanical model. AANS, Orlando, FL, April 22-27, 1995, p 278.
100. Cusick JF, Reinartz JM, Yoganandan, Pintar FA: Biomechanical alterations with cervical laminectomy and the effects of facet fixation. AANS, Orlando, FL, April 22-27, 1995, p 190.
101. Cheng J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF, Voo L: A quantitative review of human spinal morphology. Joint Section Disorders of Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, AZ, Feb 14-18, 1995, p 179.
102. Voo L, Liu YK, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Reinartz J: Dynamic flexion response of thoracic spinal segment. American Society of Biomechanics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, Aug 24-26, 1995, pp 121-122.
103. Voo L, Liu YK, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Potential injury patterns of cervical spine due to vertical loading - a model analysis. American Society of Biomechanics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, Aug 24-26, 1995, pp 153-154.
104. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Dynamic mechanisms of injury to the cervical spine. North American Spine Society, Oct 18-21, 1995, Washington, DC, pp 56-57.
105. Maiman DJ, Baisden J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Voo L: Effects of loading paradigms on stability of spinal construct. North American Spine Society, Oct 18-21, 1995, Washington, DC, p 280.
106. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Sances A Jr, Morgan R, Eppinger R, Kuppa S: Biomechanics of foot and ankle fractures. Int'l Conf on Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries, December 4-6, 1995, Washington, DC, pp 201-209.
107. Holub DP, Boynton MD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Foot and ankle fracture patterns in motor vehicle accident victims. Int'l Conf on Pelvic and Lower Extremity Injuries, December 4-6, 1995, Washington, DC, pp 349-353.
108. Yoganandan N, Denman JA, Maiman DJ: Finite element model of the human cervical spine, and mechanisms of cervical spine trauma: A dynamic kinematic analysis. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 18-22, 1996.
109. Kumaresan S, Voo L, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element analysis of the cervical spine. National Conf Biomech, Feb 22-24, 1996, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, pp 53-56.
110. Voo LM, Denman J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Nonlinear finite element analysis of the cervical spine. American Society of Biomechanics, Atlanta, GA, October 17-19, 1996, pp 265-266.
111. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Voo L, Larson SJ: Effect of age and rate of loading on cervical trauma. North American Spine Society, Vancouver, Canada, October 23-27, 1996, pp 105-106.
112. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick J: Cervical spine kinematics under inertial flexion extension. North American Spine Society, Vancouver, Canada, October 23-27, 1996, pp 265-266.
113. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Voo L, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Finite element analysis of cervical spine laminectomy with graded facetectomy. North American Spine Society, Vancouver, Canada, October 23-27, 1996, pp 271-172.
114. Voo L, Pintar FA, Cusick JF, Yoganandan N: Cervical vertebral stress and fracture patterns. CSRS, Palm Beach, FL, December 5-7, 1996 pp 159-160.
115. Humm JR, Harris GF, Yoganandan N, Lim TH, Mugnier CJ: Motion analysis of ligamentous cervical spines. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, April 29, 1997, Milwaukee, WI, pp 47-48.
116. Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Biomechanics of human cervical spine using the finite element approach. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, April 29, 1997, Milwaukee, WI, pp 52-53.
117. Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Finite element idealization of the joints of Luschka in the cervical spine. Int'l Conf on Mathematical & Computer Modelling & Scientific Computing, March 31-April 3, 1997, Washington, DC, p 34.
118. Voo LM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Three-dimensional nonlinear stress analysis of the lower cervical spine. Int'l Conf on Mathematical & Computer Modelling & Scientific Computing, March 31-April 3, 1997, Washington, DC, p 36.
119. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Importance of material properties on spinal components load sharing. Int'l Conf on Mathematical & Computer Modelling & Scientific Computing, March 31-April 3, 1997, Washington, DC, p 36.
120. Yoganandan N: Biomechanical mechanisms of subacute/chronic neck trauma. Wisconsin Back Society-Spring, Milwaukee, WI, May 22, 1997.
121. Sances A Jr, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kumaresan S, Walsh PR: Impact biodynamics of human skull fracture. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD), November 7-9, 1996, Mescalero, NM, pp 2-1 to 2-5.
122. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Finite element biomechanics of cervical spine interbody fusion. Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers, Oct 30-Nov 2, 1997, Chicago, IL, pp 1853-1858.
123. Humm JR, Harris GF, Yoganandan N, Lim TH, Mugnier CJ, Anderson RC: A biomechanical system for measuring the three-dimensional kinematics of the cervical spine during impact. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Oct 30 - Nov 2, 1997, Chicago, IL, pp 1733-1734.
124. Pintar FA, Voo LM, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Biomechanics of cervical spine hyperflexion injuries. Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Lake Buena Vista, FL, November 15, 1997, pp 59-68.
125. Maiman DJ, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Effect of anterior cervical fusion on adjacent segments. CSRS, Dec. 4-6, 1997, Rancho Mirage, CA, pp 112-113.
126. Baisden J, Cusick JF, Voo LM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Comparative evaluation of laminectomy and laminoplasty: A study in the goat model. CSRS, December 4-6, 1997, Rancho Mirage, CA, pp 49-50.
127. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Mueller W: Developmental biomechanics of pediatric human cervical spine. AANS/CNS Joint Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery, New Orleans, LA, December 2-5, 1997, p 74.
128. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: Clinical biomechanics of cervical spine degeneration using finite element analysis. Int'l Conf on Mechanics in Medicine and Biology, March 2-5, 1998, Honolulu, HI, pp 99-102.
129. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF: Adjacent spinal component responses due to cervical anterior interbody fusion. Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, March 16-19, 1998, p 1058.
130. Voo L, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Dependence of cervical spine hyperflexion injury outcome on the head-neck alignment conditions. Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, March 16-19, 1998, p 652.
131. Boynton M, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Adult human male foot-ankle impact force tolerance. Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, March 16-19, 1998, p 1128.
132. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Kleinberger M, Eppinger RH: Biomechanical side impact studies at the Medical College of Wisconsin. World Congress of Biomechanics, Sapporo, Japan, August 2-8, 1998, p 151.
133. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Whiplash injury mechanisms. Whiplash Conf '98, November 5-6, 1998, Tempe, AZ, p 23.
134. Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Kumaresan S: Development of a finite element cervical spine model. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Conf, Milwaukee, WI, April 13, 1999, p 24.
135. Wheeldon J, Khouphongsy P, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Finite element model of C2-T1. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Conf, Milwaukee, WI, April 13, 1999, pp 20-21.
136. Mueller W, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Skeletal versus neural responses in the mechanism of SCIWORA. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 3-8, 1999.
137. Seipel RC, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Boynton MD, Marks RM: Biomechanics of calcaneal fractures: a model for the motor vehicle. Mid-America Orthopaedic Association, Apr 14-18, 1999, Southhampton Princess, Bermuda, pp 172-173, 1999.
138. Stemper B, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Kleinberger M: Parametric study of head-neck finite element model. Mathematical Modeling and Scientific Computing, August 2-4, 1999, Chicago, IL, p 31.
139. Wheeldon J, Khouphongsy P, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Development of finite element model of human cervical spine (C2-T1). Mathematical Modeling and Scientific Computing, August 2-4, 1999, Chicago, IL, p 35.
140. Macias MY, Khouphongsy, PJ, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF: Microstructural properties of the intervertebral disc for mathematical modeling studies. Mathematical Modeling and Scientific Computing, August 2-4, 1999, Chicago, IL, p 37.
141. Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Reichert K: Dynamic analysis of pediatric cervical spine. Annual Meeting of Biomedical Engineering Society and IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Atlanta, GA, October 13-16, 1999, p 507.
142. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Whiplash syndrome: Kinematic factors influencing pain patterns. CSRS, Dec. 16-18, 1999, Seattle, WA, p 184-185.
143. Stemper BD, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Material property sensitivity analysis of head-neck finite element model for inertial impact. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Conf, Milwaukee, WI, April 11, 2000, pp 3-4.
144. Wheeldon J, Khouphongsy P, Kumaresan S, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: A human cervical spine finite element model. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Conf, Milwaukee, WI, April 11, 2000, pp 18-19.
145. Mayer R, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Pediatric tensile neck strength characteristics using a caprine model. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Conf, Milwaukee, WI, April 11, 2000, pp 22-23.
146. Mayer R, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Pediatric tensile neck strength characteristics using a caprine model. 24th Annual Meeting American Society of Biomechanics, July 19-22, 2000, Chicago, IL, pp 117-118.
147. Cusick JF, Kumaresan S, Yoganandan N, Bunch B, Pintar, FA: Coexistence of facet and disc degeneration on lumbar spine stability. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, October 25-28, 2000, New Orleans, LA, pp 173-175.
148. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar, FA: Whiplash injury (soft tissue) identification with conventional spine imaging and cryomicrotome. CSRS, Charleston, SC, November 30-December 2, 2000, pp114-115.
149. Cusick JF, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Posterior complex disruption in trauma, a hallmark for anterior instability. CSRS, Charleston SC, November 30-Dececember 2, 2000, pp 122-123.
150. Pintar F, Mayer R, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Pediatric cervical distraction characteristics using a caprine model. CSRS, Charleston SC, November 30-December 2, 2000, pp 124-125.
151. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Hollowell JP: Single-level disc degeneration affects cervical spine mobility. CSRS, Charleston SC, November 30-December 2, 2000, pp 41-42.
152. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA, Kumaresan S: Pediatric neck tolerance based on human spine biomechanics. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 25-March 1, 2001, p 19.
153. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Cusick JF: Injury identification and biomechanical mechanisms in whiplash. Rachidian Society, Kona, HI, February 25-March 1, 2001, p 22.
154. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Kinematic responses of a human head-neck complex in rear impact for validation of a finite element model. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 17, 2001, pp 1-3.
155. Wheeldon J, Khouphongsy P, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Finite element model of the cervical spine. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 17, 2001, pp 6-7.
156. Khouphongsy P, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Development of a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element model of the lower cervical spine unit. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 17, 2001, pp 29-30.
157. Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA: Occurrence of soft tissue injury and correlation to headache and neck pain in whiplash. AANS, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 21-26, 2001, p 166.
158. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Hollowell JP: Cervical spine mobility changes from single-level disc degeneration. AANS, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Apr 21-26, 2001, p 176.
159. Cheng J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ, Cusick JF, Voo L: A quantitative analytical Review of human spinal morphology. Joint Section Disorders of Spine and Peripheral Nerves, San Diego, CA, Sept 29-Oct 4, 2001.
160. Rao R, Wang M, Perlewitz T, McGrady L, Yoganandan N: Does anterior cervical plating cause adjacent segment changes? Orthopaedic Research Society, Dallas, TX, 2002, #0796.
161. Rao R, Wang M, Perlewitz T, McGrady L, Yoganandan N: Does anterior cervical plating cause adjacent segment changes? CSRS, Monterey, CA, 2002, pp 262.
162. Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Gender dependent cervical kinematics in whiplash. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 16, 2002, pp 3-4.
163. Hilker CE, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Anthropometry-dependent properties of the spine. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 16, 2002, pp 10-11.
164. Knowles SA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: The biomechanical effects of degeneration of the motion of the cervical spine. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 16, 2002, pp 12-13.
165. Wheeldon J, Pintar F, Yoganandan N: Mechanical changes in the cervical spine modeled with finite elements. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 16, 2002, pp 24-25.
166. Khouphongsy P, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Validation of a 3-dimensional nonlinear cervical facet joint capsule finite element model. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, April 16, 2002, pp 30-31.
167. Crowe MJ, Sun ZP, Gennarelli TA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Jentzen JM: Diffuse axonal injury in intentional infant injury syndrome victims is accompanied by evidence of external trauma to the head. J Neurotrauma 19(10): 1329, 2002.
168. Sinson G, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Effectiveness of seatbelts to prevent head injury in lateral versus frontal motor vehicle impacts. J Neurotrauma 19(10): 1342, 2002.
169. Muszynski CA, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Clinical biomechanics of penetrating brain trauma. J Neurotrauma 19(10): 1346, 2002.
170. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Relationship between physiologic segmental angulation and local facet joint kinematics. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 19, 2002, pp 5-6.
171. DeRosia J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Small female and large male responses in rear impact. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 19, 2002, pp 7-9.
172. Wheeldon J, Yoganandan N, Pintar F: The importance of curvature and material properties on cervical spine responses: FE analysis. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 19, 2002, pp 12-13.
173. Yoganandan N, Knowles S, Maiman DJ, Pintar FA: Anatomic study of the morphology of human cervical facet joint. CSRS, Miami Beach, FL, Dec. 5-7, 2002, #54.
174. Crowe MJ, Sun ZP, Macias MY, Battocletti MH, Maiman DJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Changes in protein expression in spinal neuronal cultures subjected to pulsed magnetic field stimulation. CSRS, Miami Beach, FL, Dec. 5-7, 2002, #60.
175. Yoganandan N, Baisden J, Maiman DJ, Knowles SA, Pintar FA. Role of the facet joint cartilage in neck pain and degenerative disorders. AANS, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003, #1221.
176. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Baisden J, Cusick JF, Pintar FA. Cervical spine kinematics for the assessment of physiologic and traumatic dysfunction. AANS, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003, #1223.
177. Muszynski CA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA. Risk of pediatric head injury after motor vehicle crash. AANS, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003, #1401.
178. Muszynski CA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA. Correlation between ossification patterns and strength of pediatric cervical spine. AANS, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003, presentation #763.
179. Pintar FA, Olshanski J, Yoganandan N: Vehicle incompatibility affects occupant extrication after motor vehicle crashes. 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Nagoya, Japan, May 19-23, 2003, paper #507.
180. Yoganandan N, Stemper B, Cusick J, Pintar FA: Spinal level and anatomic region-based facet joint kinematics explains the susceptibility of females in whiplash trauma. European Cervical Spine Research Society, Barcelona, Spain, June 19-20, 2003, pp 127-128.
181. Stemper B, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF: Temporal kinetics (and kinematics) under whiplash loading. European Cervical Spine Research Society, Barcelona, Spain, June 19-20, 2003, pp 170-171.
182. Yoganandan N: Impact biomechanics and quantification and identification of whiplash injury. International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Denver, CO, Oct. 9-10, 2003, p 9.
183. Wheeldon J, Yoganandan N, Pintar F: Role of nonlinear annular fiber, annular ground substance and membrane modulus in cervical spine responses: FE analysis. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 18, 2003, pp 20-21.
184. Ellingson BM, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: New mechanism for inducing diffuse axonal injury for the rat model. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 18, 2003, pp 52-53.
185. Fijalkowski RJ, Pintar F, Yoganandan N: A mathematical disease model for the effects of apolipoprotein E4 and age on head injury tolerance. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 18, 2003, pp 56-58.
186. Moore JJ, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Acute adjacent segment reaction to interbody fusion cages in the lumbar spine. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 18, 2003, pp 61-62.
187. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effect of active muscle contraction on cervical spine kinematics in whiplash. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, November 18, 2003, pp 63-64.
188. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Facet joint strain in traumatic whiplash loading. CSRS, Phoenix, AZ, Dec. 11-13, 2003, p 323-325.
189. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Aktay R, Paskoff G, Shender B: Cervical and lumbar vertebral mineral densities using quantitative CT imaging. 2004 Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves, San Diego, CA, March 17-20, 2004, #352.
190. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Biomechanics of the degenerated cervical spine in whiplash. ANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, March 17-20, 2004
191. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Sinson GP, Maiman DJ, Gennarelli TA: Mechanisms of carotid artery trauma: A biomechanical study. 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 1-6, 2004, #359.
192. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Baisden J, Cusick JF: Cervical curvature influences whiplash-induced sub-occipital headache and neck pain. 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 1-6, 2004, #1217.
193. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Aktay R, Paskoff G, Shender B: Cervical spine bone mineral density assessment using quantitative CT: biomechanical implications. 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 1-6, 2004, #1230.
194. Beykovsky A, Muszynski CA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Quantification of ossification patterns and pediatric cervical spine development. 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 1-6, 2004, #734.
195. Kurpad SK, Pintar FA, Yanez P, DaSilva V, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ: Cervical corpectomy for multilevel cervical spondylosis: A biomechanical study. 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 1-6, 2004.
196. Rickert KL, Zhang J, Muszynski CA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Relationship between hematoma and edema volumes and GCS in gunshot wounds to the head. 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 1-6, 2004, #1350.
197. Liu YK, Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Pintar FA: Miniaturization of the nine-linear accelerometer array to measure high angular acceleration of a rigid body. World Congress for Chinese Biomedical Engineers, September 27-29, 2004.
198. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Effect of decreasing neck muscle reflex delay on facet joint capsular ligament distractions in whiplash. CSRS, December 9-11, 2004, Boston, MA, 295-297.
199. Stineman MR, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Mechanical characterization of subcatastrophic failure in the human carotid artery. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, February 15, 2005.
200. DeRosia J, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Gender-dependent cervical spine anatomy may affect whiplash kinematics. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, February 15, 2005.
201. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Intimal and ultimate failure biomechanics of carotid arteries under tensile loading. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, March 9-12, 2005.
202. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Response of thoracic motion segments to dynamic loading. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, March 9-12, 2005.
203. Fijalkowski R, Cole D, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Characterizing concussion in the rat by novel means of induction. National Neurotrauma Society, Washington, DC, November 9-12, 2005.
204. Zhang J, Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Muszynski CA, Gennarelli TA: Are patient-specific models needed in biomechanical studies of head impact for infants? National Neurotrauma Society Meeting, Washington, DC, November 9-12, 2005.
205. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA: Stabilizing effect of pre-contracted neck musculature in automotive rear impact. CSRS, San Diego, CA, December 1-3, 2005.
206. Stemper BD, Gennarelli TA, DeRosia J, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Gender differences in cervical column stability and trauma. AANS Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, May 22-26, 2006.
207. Guan Y, Yoganandan N, Zhang, J, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ: An improved clinical finite element model of the human lumbosacral spine. AANS Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, May 22-26, 2006.
208. Yoganandan N: Clinical and Biomechanical Aspects of Rear Impact Trauma, International Whiplash Trauma Congress, Portland, OR, June 2-3, 2006.
209. Grant J, Rhee J, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Modeling Mechanisms of Skull Base Injury for Drivers. AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada, September 18-20, 2006.
210. Stemper BD, Fijalkowski RJ, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Gennarelli TA: Acute ventriculomegaly following mild traumatic brain injury. 8th International Neurotrauma Symposium, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, May 21-25, 2006.
211. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Occupant awareness affects whiplash biomechanics. 5th World Congress on Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, July 29-August 4, 2006.
212. Pintar FA, Yoganandan N: Characterizing Occupant Injuries in Vehicle Crashes with a Deployed Side Airbag. 5th World Congress on Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, July 29-August 4, 2006.
213. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Brasel K: Intimal layer subfailure in blunt aortic trauma. American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, September 28-30, 2006.
214. Stemper BD, Basiden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Board, D: Effect of gender and age on spinal mechanics. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Paradise Island, Bahamas, July 11-14, 2007.
215. Fijalkowski RJ, Stemper BD, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Behavioral outcomes following biomechanically distinct diffuse brain injuries. 25th Annual National Neurotrauma Society Symposium, Kansas City, MO, July 30-August 1, 2007.
216. Guan Y, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Zhang J, Maiman DJ. Biomechanics of the Prodisc artificial disc using finite element analysis. 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Stanford, CA, August 2007, #277.
217. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Decreased sagittal plane bending stiffness in degeneration free female cervical spines. Congress of Neurological Surgeons 2007 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, September 15-20, 2007.
218. Guan Y, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Wang M, Maiman DJ: Effect of Prodisc-L disc replacement on motion and stress in the lumbar spine. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, March 1-3, 2007.
219. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: A lower-neck gender-dependent whiplash injury tolerance criterion. Proceedings of the 2nd World Congress on Neck Pain, Los Angeles, CA, January 20-22, 2008.
220. Stemper BD, Fijalkowski RJ, Pintar FA, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli TA: Effects of head angular acceleration pulse characteristics on TBI injury severity and outcomes. Seventh World Congress on Brain Injury, Lisbon, Portugal, April 9-12, 2008.
221. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Cervical spinal biomechanics during dynamic compression-flexion loading to simulate occupant ejection. 79th Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) Annual Scientific Meeting, Boston, MA, May 5-11, 2008.
222. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar, FA, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Gender and level differences in cervical spinal anatomy and biomechanics. 79th Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) Annual Scientific Meeting, Boston, MA, May 5-11, 2008.
223. Stemper BD, Fijalkowski RJ, Gennarelli TA, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Head angular acceleration pulse characteristics affect behavioral outcomes following mild diffuse brain injury. North American Conference on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, MI, August 5-9, 2008.
224. Facial Fractures in Motor Vehicle Collisions: Epidemiology and Trends. American Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery Chicago, IL, September 18-21, 2008.
225. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Anatomical differences in neck muscles may explain the susceptibility of females to injury: An upright MRI study. 36th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society, Austin, TX, December 3-6, 2008.
226. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Cusick JF, Pintar FA, Shender BS: Clinical biomechanics of cervical spine fixation. 80th Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) Annual Scientific Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, May 3-7, 2009.
227. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Baisden JL, Shender BS: Prediction of vertebral geometry using anthropometrical measures. 37th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society, Salt Lake City, UT, December 3-5, 2009.
228. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Shender BS. Gender bias in lumbar spine spondylolisthesis: a possible biomechanical etiology. 81st Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) Annual Scientific Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, May 9-13, 2010.
229. Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Shender BS. Role of gender-dependent neck muscle anatomy on head-neck stability. 81st Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) Annual Scientific Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, May 9-13, 2010.
230. Baisden JL, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Effect of gender on neck muscle locations. 26th Annual Meeting of the CSRS European Section, Corfu Island, Greece, May 26-29, 2010.
231. Baisden JL, Barnes DR, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Etiology of degenerative spondylolisthesis: differences in anterior-posterior translation during sagittal bending may explain gender bias. Lumbar Spine Research Society 2nd Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, April 8-9, 2010.
232. Stemper BD, Zwienenberg-Lee M, Crowe M, Pintar F, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli T: A model of repeated concussion in rats: characterizing cognitive deficits. 28th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, Las Vegas, NV, June 14-17, 2010.
233. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Storvik SG, Pintar FA: Biomechanical role of the cervical facet joints in the whiplash injury mechanism. 6th World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, August 1-6, 2010.
234. Jebaseelan D, Jebaraj C, Yoganandan N, Rjasekaran S: Quantification of Segmental Flexibilities of Juvenile Lumbar Spinal Column using a Three-dimensional Finite element Model (FEM). Sixth World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, August 107, 2010.
235. Jebaseelan D, Jebaraj C, Yoganandan N, Rajasekaran S: Finite Element Modelling of Lesion Infection of L4-L5 Disc in a Pediatric Lumbar Spine. Sixth World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, August 107, 2010.
236. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Storvik SG, Pintar FA: Biomechanical role of the cervical facet joints in the whiplash injury mechanism. 6th World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, August 1-6, 2010.
237. Baisden JL, Stemper BD, Barnes D, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Normative lumbar spine coupling relationships between axial rotation and lateral bending. 25th Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society, Orlando, FL, October 5-9, 2010.
238. Stemper BD, Zwienenberg-Lee M, Crowe M, Pintar F, Yoganandan N, Gennarelli T: A model of repeated concussion in rats: characterizing cognitive deficits. 28th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, Las Vegas, NV, June 14-17, 2010.
239. Jirjis MB, Schmit BD, Shender BS, Yoganandan N, Stemper BD, Hyngstrom A, Ulmer JL, Wang MC, Kurpad SN: Age related changes in neurologically intact human spinal cords assessed usingdiffusion tensor MR imaging. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, March 9-12, 2011.
240. Baisden JL, Stemper BD, Gonzalez S, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA: Intervertebral Foramen Dimensions of Young Volunteers in Upright Standing Position: An In Vivo MRI Study. Lumbar Spine Research Society 3rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, May 5-6, 2011.
241. Shah A, Stemper B, Yoganandan N, Shender B: Pressure profiles and attenuation characteristics of shockwaves using post mortem human subject model for blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury. 29th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, Fort Lauderdale, FL, July 10-13, 2011.
242. Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Budde MD, Pintar FA: Behavioral alterations in rats exposed to repeated mild traumatic brain injury: Changes in open field test and elevated plus maze performance. 29th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, Fort Lauderdale, FL, July 10-13, 2011.
243. Stemper BD, Baumgartner D, Yoganandan N, Lamy M, Willinger R: Tissue-level stresses within the brain during rotationally-induced mTBI: A three-dimensional finite element model of the rat coupled with experiments. 29th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium, Fort Lauderdale, FL, July 10-13, 2011.
244. Cheriqui A, Wolfla CE, Yoganandan N, Reicherrt K: Compression-flexion loading and effect of shear strain on the mid-thoracic spine, Congress of Neurologic Surgeons, Washington, DC, 2011.
245. Wolfla CW, Yoganandan N, Maiman DJ, Humm J: Biomechanical ana1ysis of lateral Neck injury thresholds under coronal loading. Congress of Neurologic Surgeons, Washington, DC, 2011.
246. Baisden JL, Stemper, BD, Yoganandan N: Mechanical yield of the lumbar annulus: A possible contributor to instability. 26th Annual Meeting of the American Spine Society, Chicago, IL, November 1-5, 2011 (In Press).
 
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