Medical College of Wisconsin
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CURRICULUM VITAE

Arash Babaei MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology

OFFICE ADDRESS:
Froedtert East Clinics
9200 W Wisconsin Ave
Milwaukee, WI 53226

CITIZENSHIP:  USA

EDUCATION:
01/1992 - 08/1999 MD, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tehran, Iran

POSTGRADUATE TRAINING AND FELLOWSHIP APPOINTMENTS:
05/2003 - 06/2006 Resident, Internal Medicine, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, CA
07/2006 - 06/2008 Research Fellowship, Gastrointestinal motility with emphasis on esophageal motility, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA
07/2008 - 06/2011 Fellowship, Gastroenterology academic tract with emphasis on brain-gut axis, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

SPECIALTY BOARDS AND CERTIFICATION:
Board Certified
Issue DateExpiration
Internal Medicine
08/2006
08/2016
Gastroenterology
11/2011
11/2021
 
Certificates
Issued By Issue DateExpiration
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
ECFMG
08/2002
None
 
Licensure
Number Issue DateExpiration
California License
Retired
07/2005
07/2011
Wisconsin License
07/2008
10/2013
 
AWARDS AND HONORS:
01/1992 - Present Award for achieving top 50 ranking in 350,000 medical school applicants, Tehran University
08/1999 - Present Honors for doctorate degree thesis, Tehran University
05/2004 - Present Jack Geller award for outstanding poster presentation, Scripps Mercy
05/2011 - Present Fellowship2Leadership travel grant, Salix Pharmaceuticals, Chicago, IL, DDW 2011

MEMBERSHIPS IN HONORARY AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:
06/2003 - Present American College of Physicians (ACP) (Member)
06/2006 - Present American Gastroenterology Association (AGA) (Member)
06/2010 - Present American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society

INVITED LECTURES/WORKSHOPS/PRESENTATIONS:
Local
Shaker R. Disorders of the Esophagus, Digestive Disease Week Update 2010, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 10/2010
 
National
Longitudinal Muscle Contraction during Swallow Induced and Transient Lower Esophageal Relaxation, Longitudinal Muscle Symposium, University of California, San Diego, CA, 02/2007
Esophageal High Resolution Manometry, Monthly Online Educational Webinars, Medical Measurement Systems, 09/2010
Extra-esophageal Reflux Disease: Gastroenterologist’s View, Otolaryngology Grand Rounds, University of California Davis Medical Center, Davis, CA, 09/2010
Mechanism of Extra-esophageal Reflux Disease, Gastroenterology Grand Rounds, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, 09/2010
Deglutition Connectome, Gastroenterology Grand Rounds, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 01/2011
 
PEER REVIEWED WORKSHOPS/PRESENTATIONS:
National
Massive GI bleeding in two cases of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor (GIST), ACP annual scientific meeting (Region III), Indian Wells, CA, 10/2003 - Present
Case report: Mesenteric Inflammatory Veno-Occlussive Disease (MIVOD), ACP annual scientific meeting National, San Francisco, CA, 04/2005 - Present
 
International
Effects of Cyclosporin-A on Pain Threshold in Mice, 14th Iranian Congress of physiology and Pharmacology, Tehran, Iran, 05/1999 - Present
Naltrexone is Protective Against Liver Damage Induced by Biliary Obstruction in Rats, 9th International Congress of Toxicology, Brisbane, Australia, 07/2001 - Present
 

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Refereed Journal Publications/Original Papers
1. Homayoun H, Babaie A, Gharib B, Etminani A, Khavandgar S, Mani A, Dehpour AR The involvement of nitric oxide in the antinociception induced by cyclosporin A in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2002 May;72(1-2):267-72
2. Korsapati H, Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal RK Cholinergic stimulation induces asynchrony between the circular and longitudinal muscle contraction during esophageal peristalsis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2008 Mar;294(3):G694-8
3. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Korsapati H, Zheng WH, Mittal RK A unique longitudinal muscle contraction pattern associated with transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Gastroenterology. 2008 May;134(5):1322-31
4. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Aalam S, Scadeng M, Mittal RK Effect of proton pump inhibition on the gastric volume: assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Apr 15;29(8):863-70
5. Korsapati H, Babaei A, Bhargava V, Dohil R, Quin A, Mittal RK Dysfunction of the longitudinal muscles of the oesophagus in eosinophilic oesophagitis. Gut. 2009 Aug;58(8):1056-62
6. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal RK Upper esophageal sphincter during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation: effects of reflux content and posture. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 May;298(5):G601-7 PMCID: PMC2867416
7. Babaei A, Kern M, Antonik S, Mepani R, Ward BD, Li SJ, Hyde J, Shaker R Enhancing effects of flavored nutritive stimuli on cortical swallowing network activity. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Aug;299(2):G422-9 PMCID: PMC2928539
8. Babaei A, Mittal RK Cardiovascular compression of the esophagus and spread of gastro-esophageal reflux. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Jan;23(1):45-51, e3
9. Abrahao L Jr, Bhargava V, Babaei A, Ho A, Mittal RK Swallow induces a peristaltic wave of distension that marches in front of the peristaltic wave of contraction. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Mar;23(3):201-7, e110
10. Mittal RK, Karstens A, Leslie E, Babaei A, Bhargava V Ambulatory high-resolution manometry, lower esophageal sphincter lift and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jan;24(1):40-6, e2 PMCID: PMC3746064
11. Babaei A, Dua K, Naini SR, Lee J, Katib O, Yan K, Hoffmann R, Shaker R Response of the upper esophageal sphincter to esophageal distension is affected by posture, velocity, volume, and composition of the infusate. Gastroenterology. 2012 Apr;142(4):734-743.e7 PMCID: PMC3327135
12. Babaei A, Ward BD, Ahmad S, Patel A, Nencka A, Li SJ, Hyde J, Shaker R Reproducibility of swallow-induced cortical BOLD positive and negative fMRI activity. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Sep 1;303(5):G600-9 PMCID: PMC3468557
13. Babaei A, Ward BD, Siwiec RM, Ahmad S, Kern M, Nencka A, Li SJ, Shaker R Functional connectivity of the cortical swallowing network in humans. Neuroimage. 2013 Aug 1;76:33-44 PMCID: PMC4130480
14. Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Douglas Ward B, Li SJ, Shaker R Intrinsic functional connectivity of the brain swallowing network during subliminal esophageal acid stimulation. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2013 Dec;25(12):992-e779 PMCID: PMC3864683
15. Lang IM, Medda BK, Babaei A, Shaker R Role of peripheral reflexes in the initiation of the esophageal phase of swallowing. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2014 Apr 15;306(8):G728-37 PMCID: PMC3989705
16. Shaker R, Babaei A, Naini SR Prevention of esophagopharyngeal reflux by augmenting the upper esophageal sphincter pressure barrier. Laryngoscope. 2014 Oct;124(10):2268-74 PMCID: PMC4332774
17. Babaei A, Shaker R Emergence of deglutology: a transdisciplinary field. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Dec;12(12):2046-8 PMCID: PMC4465559
18. Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Kern M, Samuel EA, Li SJ, Shaker R Esophageal acid stimulation alters insular cortex functional connectivity in gastroesophageal reflux disease. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Feb;27(2):201-11 PMCID: PMC4308507
19. Babaei A, Lin EC, Szabo A, Massey BT Determinants of pressure drift in Manoscan(™) esophageal high-resolution manometry system. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Feb;27(2):277-84 PMCID: PMC4437530
20. Babaei A, Venu M, Naini SR, Gonzaga J, Lang IM, Massey BT, Jadcherla S, Shaker R Impaired upper esophageal sphincter reflexes in patients with supraesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology. 2015 Nov;149(6):1381-91 PMCID: PMC4628603
 
Abstracts
1. Hariprasad Korsopati, Arash Babaei, V. Bhargava, R. K. Mittal. Cholinergic Stimulation and antagonism Induces Discordance between Circular and Longitudinal Muscle Contraction during Swallow-Induced Peristalsis in the Normal Healthy Subjects Digestive Disease Week 2007; Washington, DC
2. Arash Babaei, Hariprasad Korsapati, Valmik Bhargava, Ravinder K. Mittal. Esophageal Longitudinal Muscle Contraction during Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation. Digestive Disease Week 2007; Washington, DC
3. Luiz Abrahao Jr., Arash Babaei, Andrew Ho, Valmik Bhargava, Ravinder Mittal. Swallow Induces a Peristaltic Wave of Inhibition That Marches In Front of the Peristaltic Wave of Contraction along the Length of the Esophagus in Normal Subjects. Gastroenterology April 2008; Vol. 134, Issue 4, Pages A-560
4. Arash Babaei, Luiz Abrahao Jr., Ravinder Mittal, Valmik Bhargava. Is Muscle Thickness a Good Surrogate for Muscle Cross Sectional Area as a Parameter of Longitudinal Muscle Contraction? Gastroenterology April 2008; Vol. 134, Issue 4, Pages A-342
5. 5. Arash Babaei, Valmik Bhargava, Sohrab Aalam, Miriam Scadeng, Ravinder Mittal. Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitor on the Gastric Volume: Assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Gastroenterology April 2008; Vol. 134, Issue 4, Pages A-127
6. Arash Babaei, Mark Kern, Stephen Antonik, Jonathan Huang, Rachel Mepani, & Reza Shaker. Effects of Gustatory, Olfactory and Visual Stimulation on Cortical Swallowing Network. Annual Dysphagia Research Society, New Orleans; March 2009
7. Luiz J. Abrahao, Valmik Bhargava, Arash Babaei, Eponina Lemme, Ravinder K. Mittal. Swallow Induces a Peristaltic Wave of Inhibition That Marches in Front of Peristaltic Wave of Contraction Along the Length of the Esophagus - a Manofluoroscopic Study. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-727
8. Arash Babaei, Ravinder K. Mittal. Esophageal Shortening During Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation Measured By High Resolution Manometry. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-527
9. Arash Babaei, Ravinder K. Mittal. Spread of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Along the Length of the Esophagus Is Determined By Vascular Compressions On the Esophagus. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-738
10. Justin Lee, Arash Babaei, Shiko Kuribayashi, Sri Naveen Surapaneni, Reza Shaker. Mysteries of Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) Response to Esophageal Distension; Effect of Posture, Volume and Physical Nature of Distending Agent. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-526
11. Arash Babaei, Ravinder K. Mittal. Upper Esophageal Sphincter Response During Transient Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation (TLESR) Is Dependent On the Posture & Nature of Refluxate: Assessed By Concurrent High Resolution Manometry, pH & Impedance. Digestive Disease Week May 2009 Gastroenterology Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-93.
12. Arash Babaei, Mark Kern, Stephen Antonik, Rachel Mepani, Reza Shaker. Effect of Nutritive Stimulation on Cerebral Cortical Swallowing Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2010 Gastroenterology Vol. 138, Issue 5, Pages S-708
13. Kulwinder Dua, Manuel Amaris, Sohrab Naini, Benjamin Schneeberger, Arash Babaei, Shiko Kuribayashi, Joel H. Blumin, Reza Shaker. Alteration of Phonation Induced UES Contractile Response in Patients With Posterior Laryngitis. Digestive Disease Week May 2010 Gastroenterology Vol. 138, Issue 5, Pages S-464
14. Mark Kern, Jonathan Huang, Erica Samuel, Robert Siwiec, Arash Babaei, Reza Shaker. Central Inhibitory Interactions Between Proximal and Distal GI Tract Alters the Effective Cortical Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2010 Gastroenterology Vol. 138, Issue 5, Pages S-374
15. Arash Babaei, Ward D, Nenchka A, Ahmad Sh, Lee Sh, Shaker R, Comparison of Resting and Active Functional Connectivity of Swallowing Network. Neurogastroenterology and Motility Joint International Meeting 2010; Boston, MA
16. Anna Patel, Arash Babaei, Shahryar Ahmad, Andrew Nencka, Robert Siwiec, Erica Samuel, Reza Shaker. Reliability and Reproducibility of fMRI Activity in the Cortical Swallowing Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-367
17. Arash Babaei , Shahryar Ahmad, Anna Patel, Andrew Nencka, Reza Shaker. Participation of the Default Mode Network in the Cortical Control of Volitional Swallowing. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-367
18. Arash Babaei, B. Douglas Ward, Wenjun Li, Shi-Jiang Li, Reza Shaker. Reproducibility of the Resting and Active State Connectivity of the "Deglutition Connectome". Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-368
19. Robert Siwiec, Arash Babaei, Shahryar Ahmad, B. Douglas Ward, Wenjun Li, Shi-Jiang Li, Reza Shaker. Esophageal Acid Exposure Alters the Functional Connectivity of the Deglutition Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-367
20. Robert Siwiec, Arash Babaei, B. Douglas Ward, Wenjun Li, Shi-Jiang Li, Reza Shaker. Functional Connectivity of the Interoceptive Network is Altered in Patients with GERD During Esophageal Perfusion. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-364
21. Kern M, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Shaker R. Thalamic Connectivity to the Cerebral Cortex is Different in GERD Patients Compared to Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-553
22. Samuel EA, Kern M, Babaei A, Patel A, Siwiec RM, Chen G, Li SJ, Venkatesan T, et al. Classification of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Patients in Inter-Episodic Phase From Healthy Controls Using Cortical Resting State Functional Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-550
23. Babaei A, Naini SR, Hogan WJ, DeMara M, Kaczanowski T, Siwiec RM, Gonzaga JE, Venu M et al. Efficacy of a Novel “UES Assist Device” in Management of Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease: the Results of a Limited Clinical Trial. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-102
24. Babaei A, Chen G, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Li SJ, Shaker R. Graph Theoretical Analysis of “Deglutition Network” During Subliminal Esophageal Stimulation. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-553–S-554
25. Samuel EA, Babaei A, Patel A, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome is Associated With Alterations of Brain Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-552–S-553
26. Patel A, Babaei A, Kern M, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Xie C, Li SJ, Saeian K et al. Comparison of Brain Network Changes in Cirrhotics Versus Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-551–S-552
27. Kern M, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Chen G, Ward BD, Li SJ, Shaker R. Objective Classification of GERD Patients From Controls Using Large Scale Brain Network Effective Connectivity Analyses. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-553
28. Ahmad S, Samuel EA, Siewiec R, Patel A, Babaei A, Venkatesan T, Massey BT, Shaker R. Assessment of White Matter Tract Integrity of Brain in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome by Diffusion Tensor Imaging. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-302
29. Babaei A, Dua K, Naini SR, Less J, Katib O, Yan K, Hoffmann R, Shaker R. Response of the Upper Esophageal Sphincter to Esophageal Distension Is Affected by Posture, Velocity, Volume, and Composition of the Infusate. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 4, p734–743.e7
30. Siwiec RM, Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Shaker R. Development of Heartburn is Associated With Alterations in Small and Local Scale Network Connectivity of the Insula and Cingulate Cortex. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-552
31. Naini SR, Babaei A, Shaker R. Effect of Esophageal Distention by Acidic and Gaseous Liquid on Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) Pressure Phenomena. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-292
32. Babaei A, Naini SR, Massey BT, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Abnormal Esophageal and Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) Responses in Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD) Patients With Regurgitation. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-860
33. Samuel EA, Kern M, Babaei A, Patel A, Siwiec RM, Nencka AS, Li SJ, Venkatesan T, et al. The Resting and Guided Thinking State Functional Connectivity of the Nausea Network in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome: The Effect of Emotional Stress. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-119
34. Babaei A, Massey BT, Hogan WJ, Naini SR, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Mechanism of Esophagopharyngeal Reflux: A Concurrent Videopharyngoscopy and High Resolution Manometry/Impedance Study. Digestive Disease Center May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-50
35. Patel A, Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Chen G, Saeian K, Li SJ, et al. Objective Diagnosis of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy (MHE) by Analysis of Brain Resting State Functional Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-557–S-558
36. Jiao H, DeMara-Hoth M, Kern M, Sharma T, Babaei A, Shaker R. Correlation of the Pharyngeal High Resolution Topography With Deglutitive Biomechanical Events: A Concurrent HRM and Videofluoroscopy Study. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-790
37. Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Resting State Functional Connectivity of Thalamus With the Cingulate and Insula Are Different in Nonerosive Reflux Disease (NERD) Patients Compared to Healthy Subjects. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-559–S-560
38. Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Differences in Resting State Functional Connectivity of Interoceptive and Default Mode Networks in Nerd and Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-557
39. Samuel EA, Babaei A, Kern M, Siwiec RM, Patel A, Nencka AS, Hyde JS, Venkatesan T, et al. Alterations in the Periaqueductal Gray Matter Resting State Functional Connectivity in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-555
40. Sharma T, Babaei A, DeMara-Hoth M, Mei L, Sanvanson PP, Kern M, Jiao H, Shaker R. Effect of Neck Positions, Bolus Volume and Body Posture on High Resolution Pharyngo- UES Manometry. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-785
41. Patel A, Babaei A, Kern M, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Mankad J, Xie C, Li SJ et al. Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy (MHE) Is Associated With Alterations in Brain Default-Mode Network (DMN. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-558–S-559
42. Babaei A, Massey BT, Hogan WJ, Naini SR, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Regurgitation Can Indicate Either True Esophago-Pharyngeal Reflux (EPR) Event or Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) and Sub-Sphincter Proximal Esophageal Acid Exposure. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-839
43. Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Erosive and Non-Erosive Reflux Patients Exhibit Different Functional Connectivity Changes in the Interoceptive Network During Esophageal Acid and Buffer Perfusion. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-556–S-557
44. Babaei A, Huepfel W, Kern M, Naini SR, Kounev V, Massey BT, Shaker R. Pressure Indices of Common Daily Activities During Ambulatory Manometry: A Quantitative Analysis. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-845
45. Kern M, Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Samuel EA, Shaker R. Functional Brain Connectivity Is Altered by the Presence of an Esophageal Infusion Catheter. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-845
46. Saphner E, Babaei A, Jiao H, Shaker R. A New Method for Constant Mucosal Contact and Reliable Measurement of Esophageal Mucosal Impedance. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-753
47. Abdulla HM, Babaei A, Kern M, Naini SR, Jiao H, Kounev V, Massey BT, Shaker R. Objective Identification of Common Daily Activities by Their Manometric Signatures Using Ambulatory Pressure Recording. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-753–S-754
48. Samuel E, Kern M, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Nencka AS, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Resting and Guided Thinking State Functional Connectivity of the Thalamus With the Insula and Cingulate Cortex in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-847–S-848
49. Jiao H, Mei L, Babaei A, Sharma T, Sanvanson P, Kern M, Jacherla SR, Shaker R. A Human Model of Restricted UES Opening and Its Characteristic Pharyngeal and UES Deglutitive Pressure Phenomena. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-77
50. Lin EC, Visotcky A, Szabo A, Massey BT, Shaker R, Babaei A. Determinants of Pressure Drift in a High Resolution Manometry System. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-681–S-682
51. Siwiec RM, Samuel E, West JD, Saykin AJ, Babaei A, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Differences in Gray Matter Density Between Patients With Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome and Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-843
52. Lan IM, Medda BK, Babaei A, Shaker R. Role of Peripheral Reflexes in Initiation of the Esophageal Phase of Swallowing. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-883
53. Babaei A, Jiao H, Mei L, Kern M, Shaker R. Correlation of Externally Applied Cricoid Pressure With Luminal Upper Esophageal Sphincter Pressure Augmentation; Effect of Posture and Technique. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-856
54. Kern M, Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Samuel E, Mei L, Shaker R. Transnasal Esophageal Intubation Per Se Affects the Introceptive but Not the Default Mode Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-844–S-845
55. Kern M, Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Samuel E, Mei L, Sanvanson P, Shaker R. Differences in Amygdala Functional Connectivity Between Erosive (ERD) and Non-Erosive Reflux Disease (NERD) Patients During Esophageal Acid Exposure. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-844
56. Babaei A, Yorio SD, Kern M, Massey BT, Shaker R. Catheter Angulation and Pressure Are Major Determinants of Pressure Drift in Manoscan Esophageal High Resolution Manometry System. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-881
57. Siwiec RM, West JD, Saykin AJ, Samuel E, Kern M, Babaei A, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Maintenance Medications for Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Affect Gray Matter Density in Brain Areas Serving Autonomic Function. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-165
58. Balasubramanian G, Kern M, Mei L, Manderle R, Babaei A, Shaker R. Variability of Pharyngeal Peristaltic Pressure Parameters Measured by High Resolution Manometry (HRM); A Study of Over 900 Pressure Signatures. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-167
59. Shaker R, Balasubramanian G, Babaei A, Manderle R, Mei L, Kern M. Effect of a Novel “Resistance Exercise Device” for Swallowing on Pharyngeal Peristalsis. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-168–S-169
60. Liu X, Kern M, Babaei A, Sanvanson P, Shaker R. Subliminal Esophageal Acid Exposure Is Associated With an Increase of Right Insula Functional Connectivity in the Homeostatic Afferent Processing Network. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-386
61. Balasubramanian G, Kern M, Manderle R, Mei L, Sanvanson P, Babaei A, Shaker R. Dynamics of Pharyngeal Contraction During Vocalization, Cough and Swallowing Maneuvers Using High Resolution Manometry. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-895
62. Kern M, Balasubramanian G, Mei L, Manderle R, Babaei A, Shaker R. Inter-Rater Agreement for Analysis of Pharyngeal High Resolution Manometry Parameters. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-896
63. Lutz MK, Massey BT, Kern M, Shaker R, Babaei A. Correlative Patterns of Upper Esophageal Sphincter Contractility to Skeletal and Smooth Muscle Esophageal Segments: Implications for Neuromuscular Control. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-895
64. Lew D, Szabo A, Massey BT, Shaker R, Babaei A. Aberrant Swallow: Swallow Without Pharyngeal Contractile Wave. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015. Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-894–S-895