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CURRICULUM VITAE

Arash Babaei MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology

OFFICE ADDRESS:
Froedtert East Clinics
9200 W Wisconsin Ave
Milwaukee, WI 53226

EDUCATION:
01/1992 - 08/1999 MD, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tehran, Iran

POSTGRADUATE TRAINING AND FELLOWSHIP APPOINTMENTS:
05/2003 - 06/2006 Residency, Internal Medicine, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, CA
07/2006 - 06/2008 Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA
07/2008 - 06/2011 Clinical Fellowship, NIH Funded T32 Academic Tract, Medicine, GI & Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
07/2013 - 06/2015 Clinical Research Scholars Posdoctoral Program (K30), Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
07/2013 - Present MS. in Clinical and Translational Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

FACULTY APPOINTMENTS:
07/2011 - Present Assistant Professor, Medicine, GI & Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 W. Watertown Plank Rd., Milwaukee, WI 53226

HOSPITAL STAFF PRIVILEGES:
07/2011 - Present Assitant Professor, Medicine, GI & Heptology, Froedtert Hospital, 9200 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53226
07/2011 - Present Faculty, Clement J Zablock VA Medical Center, 5000 W. National Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53295

SPECIALTY BOARDS AND CERTIFICATION:
Board Certified
Issue DateExpiration
Internal Medicine
08/2006
08/2016
Gastroenterology
11/2011
11/2021
 
Certificates
Issued By Issue DateExpiration
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
ECFMG
08/2002
None
 
Licensure
Number Issue DateExpiration
California License
93259 (Retired)
07/2005
2011
Wisconsin License
07/2008
10/2013
 
AWARDS AND HONORS:
01/1992 Award for achieving top 50 ranking in 350,000 medical school applicants, Tehran University
08/1999 Honors for doctorate degree thesis, Tehran University
05/2004 Jack Geller award for outstanding poster presentation, Scripps Mercy
05/2011 Fellowship2Leadership travel grant, Salix Pharmaceuticals, Chicago, IL, DDW 2011
03/2012 AGA Academic Skills Workshop Travel Award, Chicago, IL
06/2014 DAniel McCArty Award for REsearch Excellence, Medical College of Wisconsin
01/2015 Outstanding Medical Student Teachers Award, Medical College of Wisconsin

MEMBERSHIPS IN HONORARY AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:
06/2003 - Present American College of Physicians (ACP)
06/2006 - Present American Gastroenterology Association (AGA)
10/2010 - Present American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society (ANMS)
10/2012 - Present Dysphagia Research Society (DRS)

EDITORSHIPS/EDITORIAL BOARDS/JOURNAL REVIEWS:
Journal Review
2012 - Present Dysphagia
2013 - Present Neurogastroenterology & Motility
2013 - Present Disease of Esophagus
2014 - Present Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
2014 - Present Neurophysiology
2015 - Present Neuroimage Clinical
2015 - Present Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

RESEARCH GRANTS/AWARDS/CONTRACTS/PROJECTS:
Active
Peer Review
Title:
Correlation of intraluminal esophageal pressure with cricoid pressure
Source:
Somna Therapeutics Inc. Unrestricted educational fund
Role:
PI
Dates:
04/2013 - 03/2017
Direct Funds:
$9,000
 
Title:
Alteration of Deglutition Connectome in Unilateral Hemispheric Stroke
Source:
Clinical and Translational Science Institute of Southern Wisconsin
Role:
PI
Dates:
05/2013 - 04/2016
Direct Funds:
$495,000
 
Title:
Mechanisms of Prevention of Aspiration
Source:
National Institute of Health 2P01 DK068051 – 52
PI:
Co-Investigator
Dates:
12/2014 - 11/2016
 
Prior
Peer Review
Title:
Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award

Source:
National Institute of Health
Role:
Trainee
Dates:
09/2008 - 08/2010
Direct Funds:
$102,588
 
Title:
Esophageal Motor Function in Health and Disease 2R56 DK025731
Source:
National Institute of Health
Role:
Co-Investigator
Dates:
09/2011 - 08/2013
 
Title:
Esophageal Motor Function in Health and Disease 5R01 DK025731
Source:
National Institute of Health
Role:
Co-Investigator
Dates:
09/2013 - 08/2015
 
INVITED LECTURES/WORKSHOPS/PRESENTATIONS:
Local
Update on Disorders of the Esophagus, Digestive Disease Week Update 2010, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 10/2010
Irritable Bowel Syndrome: How much of a Workup do I do?, State of the Gut: An Update on Gastrointestinal Disorders, Milwaukee, WI, 09/2012
Regurgitation complaints: What is really happening and what are options for treatment?, State of the Gut: An Update on Gastrointestinal Disorders, Milwaukee, WI, 09/2013
Approach to the patient with dysphagia, State of the Gut: An Update on Gastrointestinal Disorders, Milwaukee, WI, 09/2014
Barrett’s Esophagus, State of the Gut: An Update on Gastrointestinal Disorders, Milwaukee, WI, 09/2015
 
Regional
Esophageal Disease: A Research Prospective, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 10/2013
Esophageal Motility Assessment of Postoperative Symptoms, Foregut Symposium, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 10/2014
Advances in Esophageal Function Testing., Foregut Symposium, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 10/2014
High Resolution Esophageal Manometry: Case-based Approach, ACG Midwest Regional Postgraduate Course, Minneapolis, MN, 08/2016
 
National
Longitudinal Muscle Contraction during Swallow Induced and Transient Lower Esophageal Relaxation, Longitudinal Muscle Symposium, University of California, San Diego, CA, 02/2007
Extra-esophageal Reflux Disease: Gastroenterologist’s View, Otolaryngology Grand Rounds, University of California Davis Medical Center, Davis, CA, 09/2010
Mechanism of Extra-esophageal Reflux Disease, Gastroenterology Grand Rounds, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, 09/2010
Deglutition Connectome, Gastroenterology Grand Rounds; Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 01/2011
Curious Case of Progressive Dysphagia in a 70 Year Old Woman. Postgraduate Course: Evidence-based Dysphagia Clinical Care, Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ, 02/2016
Pharmacologic Approaches to the Diagnosis and Management, Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ, 02/2016
Supra-Esophageal Reflux – understanding mechanisms, targeting treatment, Advances in Measurement & Management of GastrointestinaI Motility, San Diego, CA, 05/20/2016
High Resolution esophageal manometry, ANMS 11th Postgraduate Course on Gastrointestinal Motility & Neurogastroenterology in Clinical Practice, San Francisco, 08/25/2016
Esophageal High Resolution Manometry, Quarterly Online Educational Webinars, Medical Measurement Systems, USA, 08/2016
 
International
Supra-esophageal Reflux Disease, Iranian Congress of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tehran, Iran, 11/2014
 
MEDICAL COLLEGE TEACHING ACTIVITIES:
Medical Student Education
01/2014 Esophageal Disorders. Curricular Second Year Medical School Lecture. Four hours.
01/2015 Esophageal Disorders. Curricular Second Year Medical School Lecture. Four hours.
01/2016 Esophageal Disorders. Curricular Second Year Medical School Lecture. Four hours.
02/2016 Esophageal Disorders. Board Review
 
Resident and Fellow Education
12/2011 Peptic Disorders of the Esophagus and Stomach. Board Review
09/2012 Gastrointestinal Motility. Board Review
10/2012 Esophageal High Resolution Manometry
12/2012 Dysphagia. Annual Academic Lecture
12/2013 Nausea and Vomiting. Academic Lecture
03/2014 Esophageal High Resolution Manometry. GI Clinical Conference
12/2014 Dysphagia. Academic Lecture
12/2014 Nausea, and Vomiting. Academic Lecture, Interns
04/2015 Esophageal Disorders. Board Review
12/2015 Esophageal Disorders. Academic Lecture, Residents
 
EXTRAMURAL TEACHING (e.g. at Marquette, UWM, etc.):
Resident and Fellow Education
09/2010 St. Joseph Hospital, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. Annual Academic Lecture
01/2013 Upper Esophageal Sphincter Response in GERD Patients with Regurgitation. Manometry Research Laboratory, Medical College of Wisconsin
 
INVITED COMMITTEE/PANEL POSITIONS:
03/2013 Moderator, Scientific Paper Presentations. Dysphagia Research Society, 21st Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA
10/2014 Member, Scientific Abstract Committee. Dysphagia Research Society, 23rd Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL
03/2015 Moderator, State of the Art: Dysphagia. Dysphagia Research Society, 23rd Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL
03/2015 Moderator, Integrating the Art and Science of Swallowing with Technology. Dysphagia Research Society, 23rd Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL
05/2015 Chairman, GERD: Innovative and Pharmacologic Therapies. Digestive Disease Week. Washington, DC
02/2016 Moderator, Scientific Paper Presentations: Gastroenterology. Dysphagia Research Society, 24th Annual Meeting. Tucson, AZ

ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS:
09/2008 - Present Quantitative pressure metrics and objective identification of daily activities in ambulatory Manometry Role: Co-Investigator Stage: Writing manuscript
10/2011 - Present Efficacy of a novel upper esophageal sphincter assist device in management of supraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease Role: Co-Investigator Stage: writing manuscript
07/2012 - Present Title: Mechanism of esophagopharyngeal regurgitation in supraesophageal reflux disease Role: Co-Investigator Stage: writing manuscript
01/2014 - Present Title: Graph theoretical and modular analysis of cortical swallowing network in neurogenic dysphagia after stroke Role:Principle Investigator Stage: Data analysis Collaborator:Center for imaging research
06/2014 - Present Title:Establishing and maintainance of a de-identified database of all manometric studies since 2007 in REDCap linked individually to anonymized i2b2 clinical data warehouse to streamline research projects without requirement for IRP approval Role: Principle Investigator Stage: Database and scope of project agreement signed Collaborator: Biomedical informatics
07/2014 - Present Title:Design a smart wireless ambulatory reflux monitoring system Role: Principle Investigator Stage: Invention disclosure report filed at MCW in January 2015; Technology evaluation committee requested a functional prototype device in order to file for intellectual property protection Collaborator: Bioengineering and biotechnology center
01/2015 - Present Title: Pharmacologic stimulation and diagnosis of esophageal motor disorders Role: Principle Investigator Stage: Independent grant submission for extramural funding Collaborator: Benson Massey, Aniko Szabo


BIBLIOGRAPHY
Refereed Journal Publications/Original Papers
1. Zarrindast MR, Homayoun H, Babaie A, Etminani A, Gharib B. Involvement of Adrenergic and Cholinergic Systems in Nicotine-Induced Anxiogenesis. European Journal of Pharmacology, Aug 2000; Vol. 407;145-158. PMID: 11050302
2. Homayoun H, Babaie A, Gharib B, Etminani A, Khavandgar S, Mani A, Dehpour AR The involvement of nitric oxide in the antinociception induced by cyclosporin A in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2002 May;72(1-2):267-72
3. Korsapati H, Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal RK Cholinergic stimulation induces asynchrony between the circular and longitudinal muscle contraction during esophageal peristalsis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2008 Mar;294(3):G694-8
4. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Korsapati H, Zheng WH, Mittal RK A unique longitudinal muscle contraction pattern associated with transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Gastroenterology. 2008 May;134(5):1322-31
5. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Aalam S, Scadeng M, Mittal RK Effect of proton pump inhibition on the gastric volume: assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Apr 15;29(8):863-70
6. Korsapati H, Babaei A, Bhargava V, Dohil R, Quin A, Mittal RK Dysfunction of the longitudinal muscles of the oesophagus in eosinophilic oesophagitis. Gut. 2009 Aug;58(8):1056-62
7. Babaei A, Bhargava V, Mittal RK Upper esophageal sphincter during transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation: effects of reflux content and posture. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 May;298(5):G601-7 PMCID: PMC2867416
8. Babaei A, Kern M, Antonik S, Mepani R, Ward BD, Li SJ, Hyde J, Shaker R Enhancing effects of flavored nutritive stimuli on cortical swallowing network activity. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Aug;299(2):G422-9 PMCID: PMC2928539
9. Babaei A, Mittal RK Cardiovascular compression of the esophagus and spread of gastro-esophageal reflux. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Jan;23(1):45-51, e3
10. Abrahao L Jr, Bhargava V, Babaei A, Ho A, Mittal RK Swallow induces a peristaltic wave of distension that marches in front of the peristaltic wave of contraction. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Mar;23(3):201-7, e110
11. Mittal RK, Karstens A, Leslie E, Babaei A, Bhargava V Ambulatory high-resolution manometry, lower esophageal sphincter lift and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jan;24(1):40-6, e2 PMCID: PMC3746064
12. Babaei A, Dua K, Naini SR, Lee J, Katib O, Yan K, Hoffmann R, Shaker R Response of the upper esophageal sphincter to esophageal distension is affected by posture, velocity, volume, and composition of the infusate. Gastroenterology. 2012 Apr;142(4):734-743.e7 PMCID: PMC3327135
13. Babaei A, Ward BD, Ahmad S, Patel A, Nencka A, Li SJ, Hyde J, Shaker R Reproducibility of swallow-induced cortical BOLD positive and negative fMRI activity. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Sep 1;303(5):G600-9 PMCID: PMC3468557
14. Babaei A, Ward BD, Siwiec RM, Ahmad S, Kern M, Nencka A, Li SJ, Shaker R Functional connectivity of the cortical swallowing network in humans. Neuroimage. 2013 Aug 1;76:33-44 PMCID: PMC4130480
15. Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Douglas Ward B, Li SJ, Shaker R Intrinsic functional connectivity of the brain swallowing network during subliminal esophageal acid stimulation. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2013 Dec;25(12):992-e779 PMCID: PMC3864683
16. Lang IM, Medda BK, Babaei A, Shaker R Role of peripheral reflexes in the initiation of the esophageal phase of swallowing. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2014 Apr 15;306(8):G728-37 PMCID: PMC3989705
17. Shaker R, Babaei A, Naini SR Prevention of esophagopharyngeal reflux by augmenting the upper esophageal sphincter pressure barrier. Laryngoscope. 2014 Oct;124(10):2268-74 PMCID: PMC4332774
18. Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Kern M, Samuel EA, Li SJ, Shaker R Esophageal acid stimulation alters insular cortex functional connectivity in gastroesophageal reflux disease. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Feb;27(2):201-11 PMCID: PMC4308507
19. Babaei A, Lin EC, Szabo A, Massey BT Determinants of pressure drift in Manoscan(™) esophageal high-resolution manometry system. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Feb;27(2):277-84 PMCID: PMC4437530
20. Babaei A, Venu M, Naini SR, Gonzaga J, Lang IM, Massey BT, Jadcherla S, Shaker R Impaired upper esophageal sphincter reflexes in patients with supraesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology. 2015 Nov;149(6):1381-91 PMCID: PMC4628603
21. Ross DA, Scattergood PA, Babaei A, Pertegás A, Bolink HJ, Elliott PI Luminescent osmium(ii) bi-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl complexes: photophysical characterisation and application in light-emitting electrochemical cells. Dalton Trans. 2016 May 4;45(18):7748-57
 
Editorials, Letters to Editor, Other
1. Babaei A, Esophageal Physiology and Reflexes. Special Interest Group 13, Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders Perspectives. 2012 Jun; 21(2):36-42.
2. Babaei A, Shaker R Emergence of deglutology: a transdisciplinary field. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Dec;12(12):2046-8 PMCID: PMC4465559
 
Abstracts
1. Hariprasad Korsopati, Arash Babaei, V. Bhargava, R. K. Mittal. Cholinergic Stimulation and antagonism Induces Discordance between Circular and Longitudinal Muscle Contraction during Swallow-Induced Peristalsis in the Normal Healthy Subjects Digestive Disease Week 2007; Washington, DC
2. Arash Babaei, Hariprasad Korsapati, Valmik Bhargava, Ravinder K. Mittal. Esophageal Longitudinal Muscle Contraction during Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation. Digestive Disease Week 2007; Washington, DC
3. Luiz Abrahao Jr., Arash Babaei, Andrew Ho, Valmik Bhargava, Ravinder Mittal. Swallow Induces a Peristaltic Wave of Inhibition That Marches In Front of the Peristaltic Wave of Contraction along the Length of the Esophagus in Normal Subjects. Gastroenterology April 2008; Vol. 134, Issue 4, Pages A-560
4. Arash Babaei, Luiz Abrahao Jr., Ravinder Mittal, Valmik Bhargava. Is Muscle Thickness a Good Surrogate for Muscle Cross Sectional Area as a Parameter of Longitudinal Muscle Contraction? Gastroenterology April 2008; Vol. 134, Issue 4, Pages A-342
5. 5. Arash Babaei, Valmik Bhargava, Sohrab Aalam, Miriam Scadeng, Ravinder Mittal. Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitor on the Gastric Volume: Assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Gastroenterology April 2008; Vol. 134, Issue 4, Pages A-127
6. Arash Babaei, Mark Kern, Stephen Antonik, Jonathan Huang, Rachel Mepani, & Reza Shaker. Effects of Gustatory, Olfactory and Visual Stimulation on Cortical Swallowing Network. Annual Dysphagia Research Society, New Orleans; March 2009
7. Luiz J. Abrahao, Valmik Bhargava, Arash Babaei, Eponina Lemme, Ravinder K. Mittal. Swallow Induces a Peristaltic Wave of Inhibition That Marches in Front of Peristaltic Wave of Contraction Along the Length of the Esophagus - a Manofluoroscopic Study. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-727
8. Arash Babaei, Ravinder K. Mittal. Esophageal Shortening During Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation Measured By High Resolution Manometry. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-527
9. Arash Babaei, Ravinder K. Mittal. Spread of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Along the Length of the Esophagus Is Determined By Vascular Compressions On the Esophagus. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-738
10. Justin Lee, Arash Babaei, Shiko Kuribayashi, Sri Naveen Surapaneni, Reza Shaker. Mysteries of Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) Response to Esophageal Distension; Effect of Posture, Volume and Physical Nature of Distending Agent. Gastroenterology May 2009; Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-526
11. Arash Babaei, Ravinder K. Mittal. Upper Esophageal Sphincter Response During Transient Lower Esophageal Sphincter Relaxation (TLESR) Is Dependent On the Posture & Nature of Refluxate: Assessed By Concurrent High Resolution Manometry, pH & Impedance. Digestive Disease Week May 2009 Gastroenterology Vol. 136, Issue 5, Pages A-93.
12. Arash Babaei, Mark Kern, Stephen Antonik, Rachel Mepani, Reza Shaker. Effect of Nutritive Stimulation on Cerebral Cortical Swallowing Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2010 Gastroenterology Vol. 138, Issue 5, Pages S-708
13. Kulwinder Dua, Manuel Amaris, Sohrab Naini, Benjamin Schneeberger, Arash Babaei, Shiko Kuribayashi, Joel H. Blumin, Reza Shaker. Alteration of Phonation Induced UES Contractile Response in Patients With Posterior Laryngitis. Digestive Disease Week May 2010 Gastroenterology Vol. 138, Issue 5, Pages S-464
14. Mark Kern, Jonathan Huang, Erica Samuel, Robert Siwiec, Arash Babaei, Reza Shaker. Central Inhibitory Interactions Between Proximal and Distal GI Tract Alters the Effective Cortical Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2010 Gastroenterology Vol. 138, Issue 5, Pages S-374
15. Arash Babaei, Ward D, Nenchka A, Ahmad Sh, Lee Sh, Shaker R, Comparison of Resting and Active Functional Connectivity of Swallowing Network. Neurogastroenterology and Motility Joint International Meeting 2010; Boston, MA
16. Anna Patel, Arash Babaei, Shahryar Ahmad, Andrew Nencka, Robert Siwiec, Erica Samuel, Reza Shaker. Reliability and Reproducibility of fMRI Activity in the Cortical Swallowing Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-367
17. Arash Babaei , Shahryar Ahmad, Anna Patel, Andrew Nencka, Reza Shaker. Participation of the Default Mode Network in the Cortical Control of Volitional Swallowing. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-367
18. Arash Babaei, B. Douglas Ward, Wenjun Li, Shi-Jiang Li, Reza Shaker. Reproducibility of the Resting and Active State Connectivity of the "Deglutition Connectome". Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-368
19. Robert Siwiec, Arash Babaei, Shahryar Ahmad, B. Douglas Ward, Wenjun Li, Shi-Jiang Li, Reza Shaker. Esophageal Acid Exposure Alters the Functional Connectivity of the Deglutition Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-367
20. Robert Siwiec, Arash Babaei, B. Douglas Ward, Wenjun Li, Shi-Jiang Li, Reza Shaker. Functional Connectivity of the Interoceptive Network is Altered in Patients with GERD During Esophageal Perfusion. Digestive Disease Week May 2011 Gastroenterology Vol. 140, Issue 5, Pages S-364
21. Kern M, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Shaker R. Thalamic Connectivity to the Cerebral Cortex is Different in GERD Patients Compared to Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-553
22. Samuel EA, Kern M, Babaei A, Patel A, Siwiec RM, Chen G, Li SJ, Venkatesan T, et al. Classification of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Patients in Inter-Episodic Phase From Healthy Controls Using Cortical Resting State Functional Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-550
23. Babaei A, Naini SR, Hogan WJ, DeMara M, Kaczanowski T, Siwiec RM, Gonzaga JE, Venu M et al. Efficacy of a Novel “UES Assist Device” in Management of Supraesophageal Complications of Reflux Disease: the Results of a Limited Clinical Trial. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-102
24. Babaei A, Chen G, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Li SJ, Shaker R. Graph Theoretical Analysis of “Deglutition Network” During Subliminal Esophageal Stimulation. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-553–S-554
25. Samuel EA, Babaei A, Patel A, Siwiec RM, Kern M, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome is Associated With Alterations of Brain Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-552–S-553
26. Patel A, Babaei A, Kern M, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Xie C, Li SJ, Saeian K et al. Comparison of Brain Network Changes in Cirrhotics Versus Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-551–S-552
27. Kern M, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Chen G, Ward BD, Li SJ, Shaker R. Objective Classification of GERD Patients From Controls Using Large Scale Brain Network Effective Connectivity Analyses. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-553
28. Ahmad S, Samuel EA, Siewiec R, Patel A, Babaei A, Venkatesan T, Massey BT, Shaker R. Assessment of White Matter Tract Integrity of Brain in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome by Diffusion Tensor Imaging. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-302
29. Babaei A, Dua K, Naini SR, Less J, Katib O, Yan K, Hoffmann R, Shaker R. Response of the Upper Esophageal Sphincter to Esophageal Distension Is Affected by Posture, Velocity, Volume, and Composition of the Infusate. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 4, p734–743.e7
30. Siwiec RM, Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Shaker R. Development of Heartburn is Associated With Alterations in Small and Local Scale Network Connectivity of the Insula and Cingulate Cortex. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-552
31. Naini SR, Babaei A, Shaker R. Effect of Esophageal Distention by Acidic and Gaseous Liquid on Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) Pressure Phenomena. Digestive Disease Week May 2012 Gastroenterology, Vol. 142, Issue 5, S-292
32. Babaei A, Naini SR, Massey BT, Hogan WJ, Shaker R. Abnormal Esophageal and Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) Responses in Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD) Patients With Regurgitation. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-860
33. Samuel EA, Kern M, Babaei A, Patel A, Siwiec RM, Nencka AS, Li SJ, Venkatesan T, et al. The Resting and Guided Thinking State Functional Connectivity of the Nausea Network in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome: The Effect of Emotional Stress. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-119
34. Babaei A, Massey BT, Hogan WJ, Naini SR, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Mechanism of Esophagopharyngeal Reflux: A Concurrent Videopharyngoscopy and High Resolution Manometry/Impedance Study. Digestive Disease Center May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-50
35. Patel A, Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Chen G, Saeian K, Li SJ, et al. Objective Diagnosis of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy (MHE) by Analysis of Brain Resting State Functional Connectivity. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-557–S-558
36. Jiao H, DeMara-Hoth M, Kern M, Sharma T, Babaei A, Shaker R. Correlation of the Pharyngeal High Resolution Topography With Deglutitive Biomechanical Events: A Concurrent HRM and Videofluoroscopy Study. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-790
37. Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Resting State Functional Connectivity of Thalamus With the Cingulate and Insula Are Different in Nonerosive Reflux Disease (NERD) Patients Compared to Healthy Subjects. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-559–S-560
38. Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Differences in Resting State Functional Connectivity of Interoceptive and Default Mode Networks in Nerd and Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-557
39. Samuel EA, Babaei A, Kern M, Siwiec RM, Patel A, Nencka AS, Hyde JS, Venkatesan T, et al. Alterations in the Periaqueductal Gray Matter Resting State Functional Connectivity in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-555
40. Sharma T, Babaei A, DeMara-Hoth M, Mei L, Sanvanson PP, Kern M, Jiao H, Shaker R. Effect of Neck Positions, Bolus Volume and Body Posture on High Resolution Pharyngo- UES Manometry. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-785
41. Patel A, Babaei A, Kern M, Samuel EA, Siwiec RM, Mankad J, Xie C, Li SJ et al. Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy (MHE) Is Associated With Alterations in Brain Default-Mode Network (DMN. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-558–S-559
42. Babaei A, Massey BT, Hogan WJ, Naini SR, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Regurgitation Can Indicate Either True Esophago-Pharyngeal Reflux (EPR) Event or Upper Esophageal Sphincter (UES) and Sub-Sphincter Proximal Esophageal Acid Exposure. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-839
43. Kern M, Babaei A, Samuel EA, DeMara-Hoth M, Shaker R. Erosive and Non-Erosive Reflux Patients Exhibit Different Functional Connectivity Changes in the Interoceptive Network During Esophageal Acid and Buffer Perfusion. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-556–S-557
44. Babaei A, Huepfel W, Kern M, Naini SR, Kounev V, Massey BT, Shaker R. Pressure Indices of Common Daily Activities During Ambulatory Manometry: A Quantitative Analysis. Digestive Disease Week May 2013 Gastroenterology, Vol. 144, Issue 5, S-845
45. Kern M, Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Samuel EA, Shaker R. Functional Brain Connectivity Is Altered by the Presence of an Esophageal Infusion Catheter. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-845
46. Saphner E, Babaei A, Jiao H, Shaker R. A New Method for Constant Mucosal Contact and Reliable Measurement of Esophageal Mucosal Impedance. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-753
47. Abdulla HM, Babaei A, Kern M, Naini SR, Jiao H, Kounev V, Massey BT, Shaker R. Objective Identification of Common Daily Activities by Their Manometric Signatures Using Ambulatory Pressure Recording. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-753–S-754
48. Samuel E, Kern M, Siwiec RM, Babaei A, Nencka AS, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Resting and Guided Thinking State Functional Connectivity of the Thalamus With the Insula and Cingulate Cortex in Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-847–S-848
49. Jiao H, Mei L, Babaei A, Sharma T, Sanvanson P, Kern M, Jacherla SR, Shaker R. A Human Model of Restricted UES Opening and Its Characteristic Pharyngeal and UES Deglutitive Pressure Phenomena. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-77
50. Lin EC, Visotcky A, Szabo A, Massey BT, Shaker R, Babaei A. Determinants of Pressure Drift in a High Resolution Manometry System. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-681–S-682
51. Siwiec RM, Samuel E, West JD, Saykin AJ, Babaei A, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Differences in Gray Matter Density Between Patients With Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome and Healthy Controls. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-843
52. Lan IM, Medda BK, Babaei A, Shaker R. Role of Peripheral Reflexes in Initiation of the Esophageal Phase of Swallowing. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-883
53. Lang IM, Medda B, Babaei A, Shaker R. Role of Peripheral Reflexes in Initiation of the Esophageal Phase of Swollowing. Digestive Disease Week, May 2014; Gastroenterology, Vol 146, Issue 5, Pages S-883.
54. Babaei A, Jiao H, Mei L, Kern M, Shaker R. Correlation of Externally Applied Cricoid Pressure With Luminal Upper Esophageal Sphincter Pressure Augmentation; Effect of Posture and Technique. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-856
55. Kern M, Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Samuel E, Mei L, Shaker R. Transnasal Esophageal Intubation Per Se Affects the Introceptive but Not the Default Mode Network. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-844–S-845
56. Kern M, Babaei A, Siwiec RM, Samuel E, Mei L, Sanvanson P, Shaker R. Differences in Amygdala Functional Connectivity Between Erosive (ERD) and Non-Erosive Reflux Disease (NERD) Patients During Esophageal Acid Exposure. Digestive Disease Week May 2014 Gastroenterology, Vol. 146, Issue 5, S-844
57. Babaei A, Yorio SD, Kern M, Massey BT, Shaker R. Catheter Angulation and Pressure Are Major Determinants of Pressure Drift in Manoscan Esophageal High Resolution Manometry System. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-881
58. Siwiec RM, West JD, Saykin AJ, Samuel E, Kern M, Babaei A, Venkatesan T, Shaker R. Maintenance Medications for Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Affect Gray Matter Density in Brain Areas Serving Autonomic Function. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-165
59. Balasubramanian G, Kern M, Mei L, Manderle R, Babaei A, Shaker R. Variability of Pharyngeal Peristaltic Pressure Parameters Measured by High Resolution Manometry (HRM); A Study of Over 900 Pressure Signatures. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-167
60. Shaker R, Balasubramanian G, Babaei A, Manderle R, Mei L, Kern M. Effect of a Novel “Resistance Exercise Device” for Swallowing on Pharyngeal Peristalsis. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-168–S-169
61. Liu X, Kern M, Babaei A, Sanvanson P, Shaker R. Subliminal Esophageal Acid Exposure Is Associated With an Increase of Right Insula Functional Connectivity in the Homeostatic Afferent Processing Network. Digestive Disease Week April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-386
62. Balasubramanian G, Kern M, Manderle R, Mei L, Sanvanson P, Babaei A, Shaker R. Dynamics of Pharyngeal Contraction During Vocalization, Cough and Swallowing Maneuvers Using High Resolution Manometry. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-895
63. Kern M, Balasubramanian G, Mei L, Manderle R, Babaei A, Shaker R. Inter-Rater Agreement for Analysis of Pharyngeal High Resolution Manometry Parameters. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-896
64. Lutz MK, Massey BT, Kern M, Shaker R, Babaei A. Correlative Patterns of Upper Esophageal Sphincter Contractility to Skeletal and Smooth Muscle Esophageal Segments: Implications for Neuromuscular Control. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015 Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-895
65. Lew D, Szabo A, Massey BT, Shaker R, Babaei A. Aberrant Swallow: Swallow Without Pharyngeal Contractile Wave. Digestive Disease Week. April 2015. Gastroenterology, Vol. 148, Issue 4, S-894–S-895
66. Babaei A, Szabo A, Rahman S, Shaker R, Massey B. Identification of Forme Fruste Achalasia Using Amyl Nitrite. Accepted poster. Digestive Disease Week May 2016 San Diego, CA.
67. Babaei A, Shaker R, Dodda A, Szabo A, Massey B. Esophageal outflow resistance in chronic opiate use responds to amyl nitrite similar to idiopathic achalasia. Accepted poster Digestive Disease Week. May 2016 San Diego, CA.
68. Babaei A, Shaker R, Massey B. Crural Diaphragmatic Separation From Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES) By Pharmacologic Esophageal Shortening In Achalasia Patients Uncovers Inspiratory LES Relaxation. Accepted poster Digestive Disease Week. May, 2016 San Diego, CA.
69. Babaei A, Gould J, Rahman S, Shaker R, Massey B. Pharmacologic challenge with amyl nitrite distinguishes between structural esophagogastric junction and functional lower esophageal sphincter abnormalities causing esophageal outflow obstruction in the post-operative setting. Accepted poster Digestive Disease Week. May, 2016. San Diego, CA