Medical College of Wisconsin
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Martin Bienengraeber PhD

Associate Professor

Institution: Medical College of Wisconsin
Department: Anesthesiology
Division: Research

Member of the Cardiovascular Center

Research Experience

  • Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial
  • Mitochondria
  • near infrared light
  • Publications

  • Enhanced effects of isoflurane on the long QT syndrome 1-associated A341V mutant. (Mikuni I, Torres CG, Bakshi T, Tampo A, Carlson BE, Bienengraeber MW, Kwok WM) Anesthesiology 2015 Apr;122(4):806-20 PMID: 25585005 PMCID: PMC4366337 01/15/2015
  • Comparison of Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Potential Between Type 1 Diabetic Donor- and Nondiabetic Donor-Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. (Kikuchi C, Bienengraeber M, Canfield S, Koopmeiner A, Schäfer R, Bosnjak ZJ, Bai X) Cell Transplant 2015;24(12):2491-504 PMID: 25562386 PMCID: PMC4627864 01/07/2015
  • Anaesthetics as cardioprotectants: translatability and mechanism. (Kikuchi C, Dosenovic S, Bienengraeber M) Br J Pharmacol 2015 Apr;172(8):2051-61 PMID: 25322898 PMCID: PMC4386980 10/18/2014
  • Anaesthetic Postconditioning at the Initiation of CPR Improves Myocardial and Mitochondrial Function in a Pig Model of Prolonged Untreated Ventricular Fibrillation. (Riess ML, Matsuura TR, Bartos JA, Bienengraeber M, Aldakkak M, McKnite SH, Rees JN, Aufderheide TP, Sarraf M, Neumar RW, Yannopoulos D) Resuscitation 2014 Dec;85(12):1745-51 PMID: 25281906 PMCID: PMC4276313 10/05/2014
  • Divergent effects of painful nerve injury on mitochondrial Ca(2+) buffering in axotomized and adjacent sensory neurons. (Hogan QH, Sprick C, Guo Y, Mueller S, Bienengraeber M, Pan B, Wu HE) Brain Res 2014 Nov 17;1589:112-25 PMID: 25251590 PMCID: PMC4254330 09/25/2014
  • Far red/near infrared light-induced protection against cardiac ischemia and reperfusion injury remains intact under diabetic conditions and is independent of nitric oxide synthase. (Keszler A, Brandal G, Baumgardt S, Ge ZD, Pratt PF, Riess ML, Bienengraeber M) Front Physiol 2014;5:305 PMID: 25202275 PMCID: PMC4141548 09/10/2014
  • Cardioprotection during diabetes: the role of mitochondrial DNA. (Muravyeva M, Baotic I, Bienengraeber M, Lazar J, Bosnjak ZJ, Sedlic F, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2014 Apr;120(4):870-9 PMID: 24346177 PMCID: PMC3975667 12/19/2013
  • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids pretreatment improves amyloid β-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in cultured rat hippocampal astrocytes. (Sarkar P, Zaja I, Bienengraeber M, Rarick KR, Terashvili M, Canfield S, Falck JR, Harder DR) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2014 Feb 15;306(4):H475-84 PMID: 24285116 PMCID: PMC3920242 11/29/2013
  • Impairment of endothelial-myocardial interaction increases the susceptibility of cardiomyocytes to ischemia/reperfusion injury. (Leucker TM, Ge ZD, Procknow J, Liu Y, Shi Y, Bienengraeber M, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) PLoS One 2013;8(7):e70088 PMID: 23894596 PMCID: PMC3718730 07/31/2013
  • Quantitative characterization of changes in the cardiac mitochondrial proteome during anesthetic preconditioning and ischemia. (Bienengraeber M, Pellitteri-Hahn M, Hirata N, Baye TM, Bosnjak ZJ, Olivier M) Physiol Genomics 2013 Mar 1;45(5):163-70 PMID: 23300156 PMCID: PMC3615574 01/10/2013
  • Complex I and ATP synthase mediate membrane depolarization and matrix acidification by isoflurane in mitochondria. (Pravdic D, Hirata N, Barber L, Sedlic F, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) Eur J Pharmacol 2012 Sep 5;690(1-3):149-57 PMID: 22796646 PMCID: PMC3653412 07/17/2012
  • Isoflurane differentially modulates mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production via forward versus reverse electron transport flow: implications for preconditioning. (Hirata N, Shim YH, Pravdic D, Lohr NL, Pratt PF Jr, Weihrauch D, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) Anesthesiology 2011 Sep;115(3):531-40 PMID: 21862887 PMCID: PMC3337729 08/25/2011
  • Partial restoration of the long QT syndrome associated KCNQ1 A341V mutant by the KCNE1 β-subunit. (Mikuni I, Torres CG, Bienengraeber MW, Kwok WM) Biochim Biophys Acta 2011 Dec;1810(12):1285-93 PMID: 21854832 PMCID: PMC3215802 08/23/2011
  • Endothelial-cardiomyocyte crosstalk enhances pharmacological cardioprotection. (Leucker TM, Bienengraeber M, Muravyeva M, Baotic I, Weihrauch D, Brzezinska AK, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pratt PF Jr) J Mol Cell Cardiol 2011 Nov;51(5):803-11 PMID: 21791217 PMCID: PMC3342532 07/28/2011
  • Mitochondrial approaches to protect against cardiac ischemia and reperfusion injury. (Camara AK, Bienengraeber M, Stowe DF) Front Physiol 2011;2:13 PMID: 21559063 PMCID: PMC3082167 05/12/2011
  • Isoflurane preconditioning elicits competent endogenous mechanisms of protection from oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells. (Sepac A, Sedlic F, Si-Tayeb K, Lough J, Duncan SA, Bienengraeber M, Park F, Kim J, Bosnjak ZJ) Anesthesiology 2010 Oct;113(4):906-16 PMID: 20823757 PMCID: PMC2945423 09/09/2010
  • Monitoring mitochondrial electron fluxes using NAD(P)H-flavoprotein fluorometry reveals complex action of isoflurane on cardiomyocytes. (Sedlic F, Pravdic D, Hirata N, Mio Y, Sepac A, Camara AK, Wakatsuki T, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) Biochim Biophys Acta 2010 Oct;1797(10):1749-58 PMID: 20646994 PMCID: PMC2926458 07/22/2010
  • Mitochondrial depolarization underlies delay in permeability transition by preconditioning with isoflurane: roles of ROS and Ca2+. (Sedlic F, Sepac A, Pravdic D, Camara AK, Bienengraeber M, Brzezinska AK, Wakatsuki T, Bosnjak ZJ) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2010 Aug;299(2):C506-15 PMID: 20519447 PMCID: PMC2928640 06/04/2010
  • Isoflurane protects cardiomyocytes and mitochondria by immediate and cytosol-independent action at reperfusion. (Pravdic D, Mio Y, Sedlic F, Pratt PF, Warltier DC, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) Br J Pharmacol 2010 May;160(2):220-32 PMID: 20423337 PMCID: PMC2874845 04/29/2010
  • KATP channel subunits in rat dorsal root ganglia: alterations by painful axotomy. (Zoga V, Kawano T, Liang MY, Bienengraeber M, Weihrauch D, McCallum B, Gemes G, Hogan Q, Sarantopoulos C) Mol Pain 2010;6:6 PMID: 20102598 PMCID: PMC2825500 01/28/2010
  • Isoflurane postconditioning protects against reperfusion injury by preventing mitochondrial permeability transition by an endothelial nitric oxide synthase-dependent mechanism. (Ge ZD, Pravdic D, Bienengraeber M, Pratt PF Jr, Auchampach JA, Gross GJ, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2010 Jan;112(1):73-85 PMID: 19996950 PMCID: PMC4374483 12/10/2009
  • Anesthetic-induced preconditioning delays opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore via protein Kinase C-epsilon-mediated pathway. (Pravdic D, Sedlic F, Mio Y, Vladic N, Bienengraeber M, Bosnjak ZJ) Anesthesiology 2009 Aug;111(2):267-74 PMID: 19568162 PMCID: PMC2744603 07/02/2009
  • Enhancement of nitric oxide release from nitrosyl hemoglobin and nitrosyl myoglobin by red/near infrared radiation: potential role in cardioprotection. (Lohr NL, Keszler A, Pratt P, Bienengraber M, Warltier DC, Hogg N) J Mol Cell Cardiol 2009 Aug;47(2):256-63 PMID: 19328206 PMCID: PMC4329292 03/31/2009
  • Xenon preconditioning: the role of prosurvival signaling, mitochondrial permeability transition and bioenergetics in rats. (Mio Y, Shim YH, Richards E, Bosnjak ZJ, Pagel PS, Bienengraeber M) Anesth Analg 2009 Mar;108(3):858-66 PMID: 19224794 PMCID: PMC2748301 02/20/2009
  • Role of heat shock protein 90 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase during early anesthetic and ischemic preconditioning. (Amour J, Brzezinska AK, Weihrauch D, Billstrom AR, Zielonka J, Krolikowski JG, Bienengraeber MW, Warltier DC, Pratt PF Jr, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2009 Feb;110(2):317-25 PMID: 19194158 PMCID: PMC2730207 02/06/2009
  • Near infrared light protects cardiomyocytes from hypoxia and reoxygenation injury by a nitric oxide dependent mechanism. (Zhang R, Mio Y, Pratt PF, Lohr N, Warltier DC, Whelan HT, Zhu D, Jacobs ER, Medhora M, Bienengraeber M) J Mol Cell Cardiol 2009 Jan;46(1):4-14 PMID: 18930064 PMCID: PMC2640422 10/22/2008
  • Age-related attenuation of isoflurane preconditioning in human atrial cardiomyocytes: roles for mitochondrial respiration and sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel activity. (Mio Y, Bienengraeber MW, Marinovic J, Gutterman DD, Rakic M, Bosnjak ZJ, Stadnicka A) Anesthesiology 2008 Apr;108(4):612-20 PMID: 18362592 PMCID: PMC2697447 03/26/2008
  • Role for SUR2A ED domain in allosteric coupling within the K(ATP) channel complex. (Karger AB, Park S, Reyes S, Bienengraeber M, Dyer RB, Terzic A, Alekseev AE) J Gen Physiol 2008 Mar;131(3):185-96 PMID: 18299394 PMCID: PMC2248718 02/27/2008
  • Role of sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive potassium channel in oxidative stress-induced apoptosis: mitochondrial connection. (Marinovic J, Ljubkovic M, Stadnicka A, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2008 Mar;294(3):H1317-25 PMID: 18192220 01/15/2008
  • Effective pharmacotherapy against oxidative injury: alternative utility of an ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener. (Ozcan C, Terzic A, Bienengraeber M) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2007 Oct;50(4):411-8 PMID: 18049309 12/01/2007
  • The A3 adenosine receptor agonist CP-532,903 [N6-(2,5-dichlorobenzyl)-3'-aminoadenosine-5'-N-methylcarboxamide] protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury via the sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive potassium channel. (Wan TC, Ge ZD, Tampo A, Mio Y, Bienengraeber MW, Tracey WR, Gross GJ, Kwok WM, Auchampach JA) J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2008 Jan;324(1):234-43 PMID: 17906066 PMCID: PMC2435594 10/02/2007
  • Volatile anesthetic-induced cardiac preconditioning. (Stadnicka A, Marinovic J, Ljubkovic M, Bienengraeber MW, Bosnjak ZJ) J Anesth 2007;21(2):212-9 PMID: 17458651 04/27/2007
  • Isoflurane preconditioning uncouples mitochondria and protects against hypoxia-reoxygenation. (Ljubkovic M, Mio Y, Marinovic J, Stadnicka A, Warltier DC, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2007 May;292(5):C1583-90 PMID: 17215328 01/12/2007
  • Targeted expression of Kir6.2 in mitochondria confers protection against hypoxic stress. (Ljubkovic M, Marinovic J, Fuchs A, Bosnjak ZJ, Bienengraeber M) J Physiol 2006 Nov 15;577(Pt 1):17-29 PMID: 16959852 PMCID: PMC2000685 09/09/2006
  • Mechanism of cardiac sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel activation by isoflurane in a heterologous expression system. (Bienengraeber M, Warltier DC, Bosnjak ZJ, Stadnicka A) Anesthesiology 2006 Sep;105(3):534-40 PMID: 16931986 08/26/2006
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinases trigger isoflurane preconditioning concomitant with upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in rats. (Wang C, Weihrauch D, Schwabe DA, Bienengraeber M, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pratt PF Jr, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2006 Aug;103(2):281-8, table of contents PMID: 16861403 07/25/2006
  • Cardioprotection by volatile anesthetics: new applications for old drugs? (Pratt PF Jr, Wang C, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber MW, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2006 Aug;19(4):397-403 PMID: 16829721 07/11/2006
  • Kv1.5 channelopathy due to KCNA5 loss-of-function mutation causes human atrial fibrillation. (Olson TM, Alekseev AE, Liu XK, Park S, Zingman LV, Bienengraeber M, Sattiraju S, Ballew JD, Jahangir A, Terzic A) Hum Mol Genet 2006 Jul 15;15(14):2185-91 PMID: 16772329 06/15/2006
  • Inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase enhances isoflurane-induced protection against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion in vivo. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Neff DA, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 2006 May;102(5):1348-54 PMID: 16632807 04/25/2006
  • The influence of B-cell lymphoma 2 protein, an antiapoptotic regulator of mitochondrial permeability transition, on isoflurane-induced and ischemic postconditioning in rabbits. (Wang C, Neff DA, Krolikowski JG, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber M, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2006 May;102(5):1355-60 PMID: 16632808 04/25/2006
  • Impact of in vivo preconditioning by isoflurane on adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels in the rat heart: lasting modulation of nucleotide sensitivity during early memory period. (Stadnicka A, Marinovic J, Bienengraeber M, Bosnjak ZJ) Anesthesiology 2006 Mar;104(3):503-10 PMID: 16508398 03/02/2006
  • Role of Erk1/2, p70s6K, and eNOS in isoflurane-induced cardioprotection during early reperfusion in vivo. (Krolikowski JG, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Can J Anaesth 2006 Feb;53(2):174-82 PMID: 16434759 01/26/2006
  • Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition enhances isoflurane-induced cardioprotection during early reperfusion: the role of mitochondrial KATP channels. (Krolikowski JG, Bienengraeber M, Weihrauch D, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2005 Dec;101(6):1590-6 PMID: 16301224 11/23/2005
  • Isoflurane inhibits cardiac myocyte apoptosis during oxidative and inflammatory stress by activating Akt and enhancing Bcl-2 expression. (Jamnicki-Abegg M, Weihrauch D, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Bosnjak ZJ, Warltier DC, Bienengraeber MW) Anesthesiology 2005 Nov;103(5):1006-14 PMID: 16249675 10/27/2005
  • Morphine enhances isoflurane-induced postconditioning against myocardial infarction: the role of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and opioid receptors in rabbits. (Weihrauch D, Krolikowski JG, Bienengraeber M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2005 Oct;101(4):942-9, table of contents PMID: 16192500 09/30/2005
  • Deletion of mtDNA disrupts mitochondrial function and structure, but not biogenesis. (Holmuhamedov E, Jahangir A, Bienengraeber M, Lewis LD, Terzic A) Mitochondrion 2003 Aug;3(1):13-9 PMID: 16120340 08/27/2005
  • Role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase as a trigger and mediator of isoflurane-induced delayed preconditioning in rabbit myocardium. (Chiari PC, Bienengraeber MW, Weihrauch D, Krolikowski JG, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2005 Jul;103(1):74-83 PMID: 15983459 06/29/2005
  • Cardioprotection by volatile anesthetics. (Bienengraeber MW, Weihrauch D, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Vascul Pharmacol 2005 Apr-May;42(5-6):243-52 PMID: 15922257 06/01/2005
  • Isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits. (Chiari PC, Bienengraeber MW, Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2005 Jan;102(1):102-9 PMID: 15618793 12/25/2004
  • ABCC9 mutations identified in human dilated cardiomyopathy disrupt catalytic KATP channel gating. (Bienengraeber M, Olson TM, Selivanov VA, Kathmann EC, O'Cochlain F, Gao F, Karger AB, Ballew JD, Hodgson DM, Zingman LV, Pang YP, Alekseev AE, Terzic A) Nat Genet 2004 Apr;36(4):382-7 PMID: 15034580 PMCID: PMC1995438 03/23/2004
  • Mitochondrial tolerance to stress impaired in failing heart. (Ozcan C, Bienengraeber M, Hodgson DM, Mann DL, Terzic A) J Mol Cell Cardiol 2003 Sep;35(9):1161-6 PMID: 12967639 09/12/2003
  • Stable transfection of UCP1 confers resistance to hypoxia/reoxygenation in a heart-derived cell line. (Bienengraeber M, Ozcan C, Terzic A) J Mol Cell Cardiol 2003 Jul;35(7):861-5 PMID: 12818577 06/24/2003
  • Identity and function of cardiac K(ATP) channels. (Bienengraeber M, Hodgson DM, Zingman LV, Alekseev AE, Terzic A) J Mol Cell Cardiol 2003 May;35(5):433-5 PMID: 12738225 05/10/2003
  • Cellular remodeling in heart failure disrupts K(ATP) channel-dependent stress tolerance. (Hodgson DM, Zingman LV, Kane GC, Perez-Terzic C, Bienengraeber M, Ozcan C, Gumina RJ, Pucar D, O'Coclain F, Mann DL, Alekseev AE, Terzic A) EMBO J 2003 Apr 15;22(8):1732-42 PMID: 12682006 PMCID: PMC154482 04/19/2003
  • Bacterial enterotoxins are associated with resistance to colon cancer. (Pitari GM, Zingman LV, Hodgson DM, Alekseev AE, Kazerounian S, Bienengraeber M, Hajnóczky G, Terzic A, Waldman SA) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2003 Mar 4;100(5):2695-9 PMID: 12594332 PMCID: PMC151403 02/21/2003
  • Kir6.2 is required for adaptation to stress. (Zingman LV, Hodgson DM, Bast PH, Kane GC, Perez-Terzic C, Gumina RJ, Pucar D, Bienengraeber M, Dzeja PP, Miki T, Seino S, Alekseev AE, Terzic A) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2002 Oct 1;99(20):13278-83 PMID: 12271142 PMCID: PMC130624 09/25/2002
  • Suppression of human tumor cell proliferation through mitochondrial targeting. (Holmuhamedov E, Lewis L, Bienengraeber M, Holmuhamedova M, Jahangir A, Terzic A) FASEB J 2002 Jul;16(9):1010-6 PMID: 12087062 06/28/2002
  • Tandem function of nucleotide binding domains confers competence to sulfonylurea receptor in gating ATP-sensitive K+ channels. (Zingman LV, Hodgson DM, Bienengraeber M, Karger AB, Kathmann EC, Alekseev AE, Terzic A) J Biol Chem 2002 Apr 19;277(16):14206-10 PMID: 11825892 02/05/2002
  • Potassium channel openers protect cardiac mitochondria by attenuating oxidant stress at reoxygenation. (Ozcan C, Bienengraeber M, Dzeja PP, Terzic A) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2002 Feb;282(2):H531-9 PMID: 11788400 01/15/2002
  • Signaling in channel/enzyme multimers: ATPase transitions in SUR module gate ATP-sensitive K+ conductance. (Zingman LV, Alekseev AE, Bienengraeber M, Hodgson D, Karger AB, Dzeja PP, Terzic A) Neuron 2001 Aug 2;31(2):233-45 PMID: 11502255 08/15/2001
  • Adenylate kinase phosphotransfer communicates cellular energetic signals to ATP-sensitive potassium channels. (Carrasco AJ, Dzeja PP, Alekseev AE, Pucar D, Zingman LV, Abraham MR, Hodgson D, Bienengraeber M, Puceat M, Janssen E, Wieringa B, Terzic A) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2001 Jun 19;98(13):7623-8 PMID: 11390963 PMCID: PMC34718 06/08/2001
  • Role of intrahelical arginine residues in functional properties of uncoupling protein (UCP1). (Echtay KS, Bienengraeber M, Klingenberg M) Biochemistry 2001 May 1;40(17):5243-8 PMID: 11318647 04/25/2001
  • ATPase activity of the sulfonylurea receptor: a catalytic function for the KATP channel complex. (Bienengraeber M, Alekseev AE, Abraham MR, Carrasco AJ, Moreau C, Vivaudou M, Dzeja PP, Terzic A) FASEB J 2000 Oct;14(13):1943-52 PMID: 11023978 10/12/2000
  • Site-directed mutagenesis identifies residues in uncoupling protein (UCP1) involved in three different functions. (Echtay KS, Winkler E, Bienengraeber M, Klingenberg M) Biochemistry 2000 Mar 28;39(12):3311-7 PMID: 10727223 03/22/2000
  • Structure-function relationship in UCP1. (Klingenberg M, Echtay KS, Bienengraeber M, Winkler E, Huang SG) Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1999 Jun;23 Suppl 6:S24-9 PMID: 10454117 08/24/1999
  • Regulation of UCP3 by nucleotides is different from regulation of UCP1. (Echtay KS, Liu Q, Caskey T, Winkler E, Frischmuth K, Bienengräber M, Klingenberg M) FEBS Lett 1999 Apr 30;450(1-2):8-12 PMID: 10350047 06/01/1999
  • In the uncoupling protein (UCP-1) His-214 is involved in the regulation of purine nucleoside triphosphate but not diphosphate binding. (Echtay KS, Bienengraeber M, Winkler E, Klingenberg M) J Biol Chem 1998 Sep 18;273(38):24368-74 PMID: 9733725 09/12/1998
  • H+ transport by uncoupling protein (UCP-1) is dependent on a histidine pair, absent in UCP-2 and UCP-3. (Bienengraeber M, Echtay KS, Klingenberg M) Biochemistry 1998 Jan 6;37(1):3-8 PMID: 9453747 02/07/1998
  • Mutagenesis of the uncoupling protein of brown adipose tissue. Neutralization Of E190 largely abolishes pH control of nucleotide binding. (Echtay KS, Bienengraeber M, Klingenberg M) Biochemistry 1997 Jul 8;36(27):8253-60 PMID: 9204870 07/08/1997
  • Determination of Cu-containing metallothionein: comparison of Ag saturation assay, thiomolybdate assay, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (Bienengräber M, Forderkunz S, Klein D, Summer KH) Anal Biochem 1995 Jun 10;228(1):69-73 PMID: 8572290 06/10/1995
  • Last update: 10/28/2015