Medical College of Wisconsin
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Paul S. Pagel MD, PhD

Professor

Institution: Medical College of Wisconsin
Department: Anesthesiology
Division: Clinical
Program: Operating Room Service


Publications

  • Scholarly productivity of united states academic cardiothoracic anesthesiologists: influence of fellowship accreditation and transesophageal echocardiographic credentials on h-index and other citation bibliometrics. (Pagel PS, Hudetz JA) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Oct;25(5):761-5 PMID: 21546271
  • Postoperative cognitive dysfunction after noncardiac surgery: effects of metabolic syndrome. (Hudetz JA, Patterson KM, Amole O, Riley AV, Pagel PS) J Anesth 2011 Jun;25(3):337-44 PMID: 21516370
  • Management of labor and delivery of a patient with Von Willebrand disease type 2A. (Amorde RW, Patel SN, Pagel PS) Int Anesthesiol Clin 2011;49(2):74-80 PMID: 21441804
  • Sudden cardiac death resulting from acute coronary artery aneurysm occlusion: successful resuscitation and treatment of an adolescent boy with previously unrecognized Kawasaki disease. (Hadid D, Plambeck CJ, Nicolosi AC, Markan S, Pagel PS) Int Anesthesiol Clin 2011;49(2):42-51 PMID: 21441798
  • Working the angles: continuous cardiac output through Doppler independence. (Pagel PS, Hudetz JA) Anesth Analg 2011 Apr;112(4):753-5 PMID: 21430034
  • Persistent chest pain in a polysubstance abuser: an unusual consequence. (Radojevich LA, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012 Jun;26(3):532-4 PMID: 21232980
  • Sudden onset of atrial flutter during continuous venovenous hemodialysis. (Brzezinski M, Kukreja J, Mitchell JD, Pagel PS, Tassone RF) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012 Jun;26(3):535-6 PMID: 21232978
  • Abnormal fibrillin-1 expression and chronic oxidative stress mediate endothelial mesenchymal transition in a murine model of systemic sclerosis. (Xu H, Zaidi M, Struve J, Jones DW, Krolikowski JG, Nandedkar S, Lohr NL, Gadicherla A, Pagel PS, Csuka ME, Pritchard KA, Weihrauch D) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2011 Mar;300(3):C550-6 PMID: 21160034 PMCID: PMC3063974
  • A thin structure attached to the atrial septum: what is propping up the tent? (Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012 Apr;26(2):346-8 PMID: 21146424
  • Attitudes, patterns of recommendation, and communication of pediatric providers about complementary and alternative medicine in a large metropolitan children's hospital. (Kundu A, Tassone RF, Jimenez N, Seidel K, Valentine JK, Pagel PS) Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2011 Feb;50(2):153-8 PMID: 21127080 PMCID: PMC4005867
  • Delayed cardioprotection by inhaled anesthetics. (Pagel PS, Hudetz JA) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Dec;25(6):1125-40 PMID: 21109464
  • Elevated postoperative inflammatory biomarkers are associated with short- and medium-term cognitive dysfunction after coronary artery surgery. (Hudetz JA, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Patterson KM, Pagel PS) J Anesth 2011 Feb;25(1):1-9 PMID: 21061037
  • A large mass on a newly implanted pulmonary artery catheter: thrombus, vegetation, or an anatomic explanation? (Loveday RK, Wanta BT, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012 Feb;26(1):175-7 PMID: 20864360
  • Reply. (Hudetz JA et al.) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Apr;25(2):e9 PMID: 20850988
  • Dizziness in a patient with a right atrial mass. (Iqbal Z, Sivils S, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012 Feb;26(1):172-4 PMID: 20850987
  • A double-orifice, severely stenotic aortic valve: is leaflet perforation or extensive central calcification with near fusion the culprit? (Maqsood MA, Steward LM, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Dec;25(6):1223-5 PMID: 20822919
  • Metabolic syndrome exacerbates short-term postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: results of a pilot study. (Hudetz JA, Patterson KM, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Apr;25(2):282-7 PMID: 20728380
  • In reply: extensive venous malformation: an alternative diagnosis to Klippel-TrĂ©naunay syndrome. (Holak EJ et al.) J Anesth 2010 Oct;24(5):823 PMID: 20697918
  • Postoperative delirium and short-term cognitive dysfunction occur more frequently in patients undergoing valve surgery with or without coronary artery bypass graft surgery compared with coronary artery bypass graft surgery alone: results of a pilot study. (Hudetz JA, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Patterson KM, Byrne AJ, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Oct;25(5):811-6 PMID: 20655248
  • Feeling the pressure? Anterior mitral leaflet immobility in a patient with bicuspid aortic valve disease. (Dwarakanath K, Plambeck CJ, Markan S, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Oct;25(5):891-3 PMID: 20638301
  • Facilitating the transition to practice: a weekend retreat curriculum for business-of-medicine education of United States anesthesiology residents. (Holak EJ, Kaslow O, Pagel PS) J Anesth 2010 Oct;24(5):807-10 PMID: 20563736
  • CASE 3-2010 Dynamic partial obstruction of the tricuspid valve inlet produced by anterior mediastinal aspergillosis invading the right atrium. (Hansen TN, Plambeck CJ, Barron MJ, Pagel PS, DeAnda A, Neustein S) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Jun;24(3):506-12 PMID: 20510248
  • History of post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with impaired neuropsychometric performance after coronary artery surgery. (Hudetz JA, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Patterson KM, Byrne AJ, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Dec;24(6):964-8 PMID: 20494591
  • Tricuspid regurgitation of varying severity: leaflet prolapse or pacemaker lead-induced obstruction? (Haake RM, Maqsood MA, Pinkerton C, Iqbal Z, Masroor S, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Aug;25(4):753-4 PMID: 20417125
  • An image from the dark side of the stomach. (Eiseman MS, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Jun;25(3):565-6 PMID: 20399115
  • Preoperative dispositional optimism correlates with a reduced incidence of postoperative delirium and recovery of postoperative cognitive function in cardiac surgical patients. (Hudetz JA, Hoffmann RG, Patterson KM, Byrne AJ, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Aug;24(4):560-7 PMID: 20346702
  • Postoperative delirium is associated with postoperative cognitive dysfunction at one week after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. (Hudetz JA, Patterson KM, Byrne AJ, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Psychol Rep 2009 Dec;105(3 Pt 1):921-32 PMID: 20099555
  • Another potential anesthetic implication of body piercing. (Holak EJ, Schiller ED, Pagel PS) J Anesth 2010 Feb;24(1):152-3 PMID: 20069315
  • Successful use of spinal anesthesia in a patient with severe Klippel-TrĂ©naunay syndrome associated with upper airway abnormalities and chronic Kasabach-Merritt coagulopathy. (Holak EJ, Pagel PS) J Anesth 2010 Feb;24(1):134-8 PMID: 20054587
  • A history of alcohol dependence increases the incidence and severity of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in cardiac surgical patients. (Hudetz JA, Patterson KM, Byrne AJ, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Int J Environ Res Public Health 2009 Nov;6(11):2725-39 PMID: 20049218 PMCID: PMC2800057
  • Cardiac football or cause of severe tricuspid regurgitation? (Schiller ED, Maqsood MA, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Dec;24(6):1013-5 PMID: 20005742
  • A rare cause of severe aortic insufficiency without stenosis: certainly not one of the usual suspects. (Dwarakanath K, De Vry DJ, Maqsood MA, Fons RA, Masroor S, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011 Feb;25(1):196-8 PMID: 19880329
  • The poppies of Afghanistan. (Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2009 Nov;109(5):1374-6 PMID: 19843773
  • Cardioprotection by volatile anesthetics: established scientific principle or lingering clinical uncertainty? (Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Oct;23(5):589-93 PMID: 19789055
  • A duplicate middle scallop of the anterior mitral leaflet: benign curiosity, imaging artifact, or important pathology? (Onuora TO, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Dec;24(6):1010-2 PMID: 19783159
  • Use of ECMO to temporize circulatory instability during severe Brugada electrical storm. (Pagel PS, Lilly RE, Nicolosi AC) Ann Thorac Surg 2009 Sep;88(3):982-3 PMID: 19699933
  • The rings of Saturn in the aortic arch? An unusual consequence of cardiopulmonary bypass in an acute type-A aortic dissection. (Owen HL, Quintana JS, Matysiak B, Holak EJ, Markan S, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Oct;24(5):887-9 PMID: 19646903
  • Neuroprotection by ketamine: a review of the experimental and clinical evidence. (Hudetz JA, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Feb;24(1):131-42 PMID: 19640746
  • A simple method for obtaining a "ramped" laryngoscopy position after anesthetic induction. (Brzezinski M, Lee A, Holak EJ, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Jun;24(3):537-9 PMID: 19640744
  • An elongated oval-shaped echolucent structure centered in the transverse aortic arch: evidence of a vascular disaster or a lucky break? (Pitts NA, Holak EJ, Kaslow O, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Aug;24(4):719-21 PMID: 19640743
  • Perioperative implications of hereditary spherocytosis in coronary artery surgery. (Khatri V, Holak EJ, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Aug;24(4):636-8 PMID: 19640740
  • Anterior chest discomfort and right neck pain in a young woman 2 days after an appendectomy. (Kaslow O, Holak EJ, Owen HL, Woosencraft D, Tisol WB, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Jun;24(3):519-22 PMID: 19553134
  • Case 4--2009. Severe reexpansion pulmonary edema after minimally invasive aortic valve replacement: management using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. (Shires AL, Green TM, Owen HL, Hansen TN, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Lilly RE, Pagel PS, Slinger PD, DeRose JJ Jr) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Aug;23(4):549-54 PMID: 19525125
  • Cardioprotection by noble gases. (Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Feb;24(1):143-63 PMID: 19467886
  • Severe allergic contact dermatitis resulting from occupational exposure to tincture of benzoin aerosol spray in an anesthesiologist. (Klein TG, Woehlck HJ, Pagel PS) J Anesth 2009;23(2):292-4 PMID: 19444575
  • Ketamine attenuates post-operative cognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery. (Hudetz JA, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Patterson KM, Byrne AJ, Hudetz AG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2009 Aug;53(7):864-72 PMID: 19422355
  • Surgical repair of long-standing mitral valve prolapse: a case report and brief review of the literature. (Pagel PS, Haider N, Butler EG, Nicolosi AC) WMJ 2009 Feb;108(1):44-7 PMID: 19326636
  • Transient metabolic alkalosis during early reperfusion abolishes helium preconditioning against myocardial infarction: restoration of cardioprotection by cyclosporin A in rabbits. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG) Anesth Analg 2009 Apr;108(4):1076-82 PMID: 19299764
  • A cavity in the left ventricular outflow tract: a disastrous consequence of tooth decay? (Young M, Markan S, Hansen TN, Iqbal Z, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Jun;24(3):513-5 PMID: 19285432
  • Ketamine attenuates delirium after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. (Hudetz JA, Patterson KM, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Byrne AJ, Hudetz AG, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Oct;23(5):651-7 PMID: 19231245
  • An object in the proximal left ventricular outflow tract during late diastole: aortic valve prolapse, mass, or normal anatomy? (Pagel PS, Shah JR, Novalija J, Markan S, Lilly RE) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Apr;24(2):367-8 PMID: 19231244
  • Morphine reduces the threshold of helium preconditioning against myocardial infarction: the role of opioid receptors in rabbits. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Amour J, Warltier DC, Weihrauch D) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Oct;23(5):619-24 PMID: 19231239 PMCID: PMC4401574
  • Xenon preconditioning: the role of prosurvival signaling, mitochondrial permeability transition and bioenergetics in rats. (Mio Y, Shim YH, Richards E, Bosnjak ZJ, Pagel PS, Bienengraeber M) Anesth Analg 2009 Mar;108(3):858-66 PMID: 19224794 PMCID: PMC2748301
  • Perioperative implications of Morquio syndrome in a 31-year-old woman undergoing aortic valve replacement. (Pagel PS, Almassi GH) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Dec;23(6):855-7 PMID: 19201209
  • A rare cause of mitral regurgitation in an elderly man undergoing aortic valve replacement. (Shah JR, Deyo CN, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010 Feb;24(1):193-5 PMID: 19101170
  • Remote exposure to xenon produces delayed preconditioning against myocardial infarction in vivo: additional evidence that noble gases are not biologically inert. (Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2008 Dec;107(6):1768-71 PMID: 19020115
  • To flow or not to flow: that is the question in this chronic aortic dissection. (Patel K, Lindenbaum L, Plambeck CJ, Marla R, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Oct;22(5):788-9 PMID: 18922445
  • Postconditioning by volatile anesthetics: salvaging ischemic myocardium at reperfusion by activation of prosurvival signaling. (Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Oct;22(5):753-65 PMID: 18922439
  • Sudden onset of sharp left-sided chest pain and hemoptysis in a young man with a history of childhood aortic coarctation repair. (Patel K, Ruttum DM, Olund TJ, Gandhi SD, Tisol WB, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Apr;23(2):256-8 PMID: 18834811
  • Atrial septal thickening in a patient with syncope: variant of lipomatous hypertrophy or cardiac neoplasm? (Markan S, Lindenbaum L, Iqbal Z, Novalija J, Almassi GH, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Jun;23(3):424-6 PMID: 18834808
  • Recurrent chest pain and dyspnea on exertion in an elderly man: just another case of coronary artery disease or a more unusual cause for "angina"? (Poller KJ, Robinson DA, Markan S, Iqbal Z, Novalija J, Lilly RE, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Jun;23(3):421-3 PMID: 18834805
  • New rocking motion of a prosthetic aortic valve: an unexpected echocardiographic finding 1 month after implantation. (Nelson RY, Markan S, Iqbal Z, Nicolosi AC, Lilly RE, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Aug;23(4):561-3 PMID: 18834779
  • A patient with chronic hemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease presenting with mild dyspnea on exertion and a harsh systolic murmur. (John A, Robinson DA, Markan S, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Apr;23(2):253-5 PMID: 18834768
  • Progressive dyspnea on exertion in a patient with known coronary artery disease and a remote history of Hodgkin's lymphoma. (Braun AJ, Marla R, Schubert C, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Almassi GH, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Dec;22(6):932-4 PMID: 18834763
  • Why the "Y"? A peculiar intraventricular structure associated with a posterior basal aneurysm. Diagnosis: isolated calcification of the distal posterior medial papillary muscle. (Pagel PS, Murphy RM, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Markan S) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Feb;23(1):118-20 PMID: 18834758
  • Gradual development of unilateral Horner's syndrome in an otherwise asymptomatic elderly man. Diagnosis: right upper posterior mediastinal thoracic schwannoma. (Smith EE, Novalija J, Tisol WB, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Feb;23(1):115-7 PMID: 18834757
  • A mobile threadlike structure in the left atrium: cor triatriatum, artifact, or thrombus? (Markan S, Haider N, Novalija J, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Aug;23(4):566-8 PMID: 18834832
  • Incidental discovery of a large right atrial mass in a patient during evaluation for upper abdominal pain. (Novalija J, Lang T, Butler EG, Almassi GH, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Oct;23(5):729-31 PMID: 18834833
  • Case report: delayed presentation of postural headache in an adolescent girl after microscopic lumbar discectomy. (Kundu A, Sano Y, Pagel PS) Can J Anaesth 2008 Oct;55(10):696-701 PMID: 18835968
  • A 2-day history of shortness of breath and intermittent dull substernal chest pain in a 42-year-old man: a case of acute insecticide toxicity or something more ominous? (Pagel PS, Gandhi SD, Shah JR, Butler EG, Almassi GH) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009 Oct;23(5):732-4 PMID: 18834817
  • Inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase or the apoptotic protein p53 lowers the threshold of helium cardioprotection in vivo: the role of mitochondrial permeability transition. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Pratt PF Jr, Shim YH, Amour J, Warltier DC, Weihrauch D) Anesth Analg 2008 Sep;107(3):769-75 PMID: 18713881 PMCID: PMC2569871
  • Induction of heat shock protein 70 and preconditioning by sevoflurane: a potent protective interaction against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. (Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2008 Sep;107(3):742-5 PMID: 18713875
  • The mechanism of helium-induced preconditioning: a direct role for nitric oxide in rabbits. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Pratt PF Jr, Shim YH, Amour J, Warltier DC, Weihrauch D) Anesth Analg 2008 Sep;107(3):762-8 PMID: 18713880 PMCID: PMC2569865
  • Pretty intraventricular rainbow or convincing evidence for a primary cause of heart failure? (Carroll B, Robinson DA, Markan S, Iqbal Z, Almassi GH, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Aug;22(4):633-5 PMID: 18662646
  • Reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium channels mediate helium-induced preconditioning against myocardial infarction in vivo. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Pratt PF Jr, Shim YH, Amour J, Warltier DC, Weihrauch D) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Aug;22(4):554-9 PMID: 18662630 PMCID: PMC2568984
  • Anesthesiology, its mission, and 2007's "best" articles. (Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2008 Jul;109(1):158; author reply 158 PMID: 18580195
  • Intracardiac masses associated with permanent endocardial pacemaker lead erosion through the skin. (Gandhi SD, Shah B, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Novalija J, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Jun;22(3):492-4 PMID: 18503947
  • Additive cardioprotection by ethanol and sevoflurane: are sarcolemmal K ATP channels also involved? (Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2008 Jun;106(6):1926; author reply 1926-7 PMID: 18499639
  • An Intracardiac UFO. (Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Apr;22(2):332-3 PMID: 18375346
  • A large, spherical echogenic object appearing in the left atrium during early left ventricular ejection. (Patel K, Pitts NA, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Quinn TM, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Apr;22(2):321-3 PMID: 18375344
  • Remote right ventricular rupture after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a catastrophic complication of occult right ventricular infarction in a patient with a sternal infection. (Pagel PS, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Novalija J, Markan S, May JA, Almassi GH) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Apr;22(2):270-2 PMID: 18375334
  • Simvastatin restores ischemic preconditioning in the presence of hyperglycemia through a nitric oxide-mediated mechanism. (Gu W, Kehl F, Krolikowski JG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2008 Apr;108(4):634-42 PMID: 18362595 PMCID: PMC4378683
  • Massive retrograde acute type B aortic dissection in a postpartum woman with a family history of Marfan syndrome. (Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Almassi GH, Pagel PS) J Clin Anesth 2008 Feb;20(1):50-3 PMID: 18346611
  • Management of hereditary angioedema during off-pump coronary arterial surgery. (Pecsi SA, Almassi GH, Bojrab RB, Pagel PS) Ann Thorac Surg 2008 Mar;85(3):1079-81 PMID: 18291204
  • Acute pericardial tamponade as a remote complication of a CardioSEAL atrial septal defect closure device. (Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Markan S, Olund TJ, May JA, Lilly RE, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Feb;22(1):90-1 PMID: 18249337
  • Progressive dyspnea and exercise intolerance in an adult with a persistent childhood murmur. (Patel K, Shankar V, Plambeck CJ, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Feb;22(1):157-9 PMID: 18249353
  • [Pseudomembranous supraglottitis with airway compromise in a patient with recurrent tonsillar carcinoma]. (Klein TG, Parkins DG, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Schmeling WT, Pagel PS) Can J Anaesth 2008 Jan;55(1):42-6 PMID: 18166747
  • Diabetes abolishes sildenafil-induced cGMP-dependent protein kinase-I expression and cardioprotection. (Jamnicki-Abegg M, Weihrauch D, Chiari PC, Krolikowski JG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2007 Dec;50(6):670-6 PMID: 18091584
  • A rare cause of subtotal airway obstruction during anesthetic induction in a patient with facial trauma. (Holak EJ, Anderson RF, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Dec;21(6):903-5 PMID: 18068078
  • When lack of addition really does add up. (Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2007 Dec;105(6):1863; author reply 1863-4 PMID: 18042898
  • An unusual complication of lumbar subarachnoid drainage catheter placement in a patient undergoing endovascular stent repair of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. (Chen P, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Novalija J, Signorino PR, Seabrook GR, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Oct;21(5):763-5 PMID: 17905293
  • Management of ileostomy trauma produced by a dog bite in a patient with thoracic paraplegia. (Pagel PS, Scott JP, Schmeling WT, Donnell RF) Urology 2007 Aug;70(2):373.e8-9 PMID: 17826522
  • Electroconvulsive therapy-induced asystole: occurrence after 39 previous uneventful treatments. (Holak EJ, Scott JP, Pagel PS) Can J Anaesth 2007 Sep;54(9):772-3 PMID: 17766750
  • Noble gases without anesthetic properties protect myocardium against infarction by activating prosurvival signaling kinases and inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition in vivo. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Shim YH, Venkatapuram S, Kersten JR, Weihrauch D, Warltier DC, Pratt PF Jr) Anesth Analg 2007 Sep;105(3):562-9 PMID: 17717207
  • Near total eclipse of the aortic valve: an echocardiographic penumbra caused by a mechanical mitral valve prosthesis and its clinical implications. (Vandrovec SM, Butler EG, May JA, Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Aug;21(4):610-1 PMID: 17678800
  • Case 4-2007. Aprotinin-induced cardiovascular collapse after a negative test dose in a patient scheduled for repeat mitral valve surgery. (Beaulieu PL, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Butler EG, Almassi GH, Pagel PS, Levy JH) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Aug;21(4):597-601 PMID: 17678797
  • Perioperative implications of charcot-marie-tooth disease during coronary artery bypass graft surgery. (Shankar V, Markan S, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Novalija J, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Aug;21(4):567-9 PMID: 17678787
  • Repetitive generalized seizure-like activity during emergence from sevoflurane anesthesia. (Mohanram A, Kumar V, Iqbal Z, Markan S, Pagel PS) Can J Anaesth 2007 Aug;54(8):657-61 PMID: 17666720
  • A triple-lumen aorta: an unusual manifestation of complex aortic pathology associated with crack cocaine abuse. (Feldhendler M, May JA, Gandhi SD, Iqbal Z, Butler EG, Lilly RE, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Jun;21(3):462-4 PMID: 17544910
  • Suxamethonium-induced hyperkalaemia 6 weeks after chemoradiotherapy in a patient with rectal carcinoma. (Holak EJ, Connelly JF, Pagel PS) Br J Anaesth 2007 Jun;98(6):766-8 PMID: 17470846
  • A widened mediastinum in a patient with a left parasternal stab wound. (Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Markan S, Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Apr;21(2):307-9 PMID: 17418756
  • Anesthetics and echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular function: lessons learned from invasive analysis of cardiovascular mechanics. (Pagel PS) J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2007 Apr;20(4):440-1 PMID: 17400131
  • Levosimendan in cardiac surgery: a unique drug for the treatment of perioperative left ventricular dysfunction or just another inodilator searching for a clinical application? (Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2007 Apr;104(4):759-61 PMID: 17377077
  • An unusual right atrial structure in a patient with a new diastolic murmur. (Iqbal Z, Gandhi SD, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007 Feb;21(1):152-4 PMID: 17289501
  • Inhibition of apoptotic protein p53 lowers the threshold of isoflurane-induced cardioprotection during early reperfusion in rabbits. (Venkatapuram S, Wang C, Krolikowski JG, Weihrauch D, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pratt PF Jr, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2006 Dec;103(6):1400-5 PMID: 17122210
  • Ischemic preconditioning, myocardial stunning and anesthesia. (Toller WG, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2000 Feb;13(1):35-40 PMID: 17016277
  • Nitrous oxide and preconditioning. (Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2006 Sep;105(3):630; author reply 631 PMID: 16932006
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinases trigger isoflurane preconditioning concomitant with upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in rats. (Wang C, Weihrauch D, Schwabe DA, Bienengraeber M, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pratt PF Jr, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2006 Aug;103(2):281-8, table of contents PMID: 16861403
  • Gender-specificity of delayed preconditioning by isoflurane in rabbits: potential role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase. (Wang C, Chiari PC, Weihrauch D, Krolikowski JG, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pratt PF Jr, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2006 Aug;103(2):274-80, table of contents PMID: 16861402
  • Cardioprotection by volatile anesthetics: new applications for old drugs? (Pratt PF Jr, Wang C, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber MW, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2006 Aug;19(4):397-403 PMID: 16829721
  • Alterations in regional vascular geometry produced by theoretical stent implantation influence distributions of wall shear stress: analysis of a curved coronary artery using 3D computational fluid dynamics modeling. (LaDisa JF Jr, Olson LE, Douglas HA, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) Biomed Eng Online 2006;5:40 PMID: 16780592 PMCID: PMC1550410
  • A circular structure in the aortic outflow tract during diastole: an unusual complication of cocaine abuse. (Alosman A, Bress JM, Bek E, Almassi GH, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2006 Jun;20(3):458-60 PMID: 16750754
  • The influence of B-cell lymphoma 2 protein, an antiapoptotic regulator of mitochondrial permeability transition, on isoflurane-induced and ischemic postconditioning in rabbits. (Wang C, Neff DA, Krolikowski JG, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber M, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2006 May;102(5):1355-60 PMID: 16632808
  • Inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase enhances isoflurane-induced protection against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion in vivo. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Neff DA, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 2006 May;102(5):1348-54 PMID: 16632807
  • Ischemia reperfusion dysfunction changes model-estimated kinetics of myofilament interaction due to inotropic drugs in isolated hearts. (Rhodes SS, Camara AK, Ropella KM, Audi SH, Riess ML, Pagel PS, Stowe DF) Biomed Eng Online 2006;5:16 PMID: 16512898 PMCID: PMC1431537
  • Role of Erk1/2, p70s6K, and eNOS in isoflurane-induced cardioprotection during early reperfusion in vivo. (Krolikowski JG, Weihrauch D, Bienengraeber M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Can J Anaesth 2006 Feb;53(2):174-82 PMID: 16434759
  • Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition enhances isoflurane-induced cardioprotection during early reperfusion: the role of mitochondrial KATP channels. (Krolikowski JG, Bienengraeber M, Weihrauch D, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2005 Dec;101(6):1590-6 PMID: 16301224
  • Ischemia-reperfusion injury changes the dynamics of Ca2+-contraction coupling due to inotropic drugs in isolated hearts. (Rhodes SS, Ropella KM, Camara AK, Chen Q, Riess ML, Pagel PS, Stowe DF) J Appl Physiol (1985) 2006 Mar;100(3):940-50 PMID: 16282437
  • Axial stent strut angle influences wall shear stress after stent implantation: analysis using 3D computational fluid dynamics models of stent foreshortening. (LaDisa JF Jr, Olson LE, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS) Biomed Eng Online 2005;4:59 PMID: 16250918 PMCID: PMC1276824
  • Isoflurane inhibits cardiac myocyte apoptosis during oxidative and inflammatory stress by activating Akt and enhancing Bcl-2 expression. (Jamnicki-Abegg M, Weihrauch D, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Bosnjak ZJ, Warltier DC, Bienengraeber MW) Anesthesiology 2005 Nov;103(5):1006-14 PMID: 16249675
  • Aggressive control of intraoperative blood glucose concentration: a shifting paradigm? (Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2005 Oct;103(4):677-8 PMID: 16192757
  • Morphine enhances isoflurane-induced postconditioning against myocardial infarction: the role of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and opioid receptors in rabbits. (Weihrauch D, Krolikowski JG, Bienengraeber M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2005 Oct;101(4):942-9, table of contents PMID: 16192500
  • Intraoperative iatrogenic acute pericardial tamponade: use of rescue transesophageal echocardiography in a patient undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. (Sharma A, Pagel PS, Bhatia A) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2005 Jun;19(3):364-6 PMID: 16130066
  • Role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase as a trigger and mediator of isoflurane-induced delayed preconditioning in rabbit myocardium. (Chiari PC, Bienengraeber MW, Weihrauch D, Krolikowski JG, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2005 Jul;103(1):74-83 PMID: 15983459
  • Cardioprotection by volatile anesthetics. (Bienengraeber MW, Weihrauch D, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Vascul Pharmacol 2005 Apr-May;42(5-6):243-52 PMID: 15922257
  • Microfocal X-ray computed tomography post-processing operations for optimizing reconstruction volumes of stented arteries during 3D computational fluid dynamics modeling. (Ladisa JF Jr, Olson LE, Ropella KM, Molthen RC, Haworth ST, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2005 Aug;79(2):121-34 PMID: 15894401
  • Antegrade iliac artery stent implantation for the temporal and spatial examination of stent-induced neointimal hyperplasia and alterations in regional fluid dynamics. (LaDisa JF Jr, Meier HT, Olson LE, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 2005 Mar-Apr;51(2):115-21 PMID: 15767204
  • Alterations in wall shear stress predict sites of neointimal hyperplasia after stent implantation in rabbit iliac arteries. (LaDisa JF Jr, Olson LE, Molthen RC, Hettrick DA, Pratt PF, Hardel MD, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2005 May;288(5):H2465-75 PMID: 15653759
  • Isoflurane protects against myocardial infarction during early reperfusion by activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signal transduction: evidence for anesthetic-induced postconditioning in rabbits. (Chiari PC, Bienengraeber MW, Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2005 Jan;102(1):102-9 PMID: 15618793
  • Circumferential vascular deformation after stent implantation alters wall shear stress evaluated with time-dependent 3D computational fluid dynamics models. (LaDisa JF Jr, Olson LE, Guler I, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Appl Physiol (1985) 2005 Mar;98(3):947-57 PMID: 15531564
  • Intravenous emulsified halogenated anesthetics produce acute and delayed preconditioning against myocardial infarction in rabbits. (Chiari PC, Pagel PS, Tanaka K, Krolikowski JG, Ludwig LM, Trillo RA Jr, Puri N, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2004 Nov;101(5):1160-6 PMID: 15505452
  • Preconditioning by isoflurane is mediated by reactive oxygen species generated from mitochondrial electron transport chain complex III. (Ludwig LM, Tanaka K, Eells JT, Weihrauch D, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 2004 Nov;99(5):1308-15; table of contents PMID: 15502022
  • Chronic hyperglycemia attenuates coronary collateral development and impairs proliferative properties of myocardial interstitial fluid by production of angiostatin. (Weihrauch D, Lohr NL, Mraovic B, Ludwig LM, Chilian WM, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Circulation 2004 May 18;109(19):2343-8 PMID: 15136506
  • Mechanisms of cardioprotection by volatile anesthetics. (Tanaka K, Ludwig LM, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2004 Mar;100(3):707-21 PMID: 15108989
  • Cyclooxygenase-2 mediates ischemic, anesthetic, and pharmacologic preconditioning in vivo. (Alcindor D, Krolikowski JG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2004 Mar;100(3):547-54 PMID: 15108967
  • Protein kinase C translocation and Src protein tyrosine kinase activation mediate isoflurane-induced preconditioning in vivo: potential downstream targets of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels and reactive oxygen species. (Ludwig LM, Weihrauch D, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2004 Mar;100(3):532-9 PMID: 15108965
  • Isoflurane produces delayed preconditioning against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury: role of cyclooxygenase-2. (Tanaka K, Ludwig LM, Krolikowski JG, Alcindor D, Pratt PF, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2004 Mar;100(3):525-31 PMID: 15108964
  • Cardioprotection by glucose-insulin-potassium: dependence on KATP channel opening and blood glucose concentration before ischemia. (LaDisa JF Jr, Krolikowski JG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2004 Aug;287(2):H601-7 PMID: 15044191
  • Mechanisms of myocardial protection produced by chronic ethanol consumption. (Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Pathophysiology 2004 Apr;10(2):121-9 PMID: 15006418
  • Stent design properties and deployment ratio influence indexes of wall shear stress: a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics investigation within a normal artery. (LaDisa JF Jr, Olson LE, Guler I, Hettrick DA, Audi SH, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Appl Physiol (1985) 2004 Jul;97(1):424-30; discussion 416 PMID: 14766776
  • Influence of isoflurane on left atrial function in dogs with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy: evaluation with pressure-volume relationships. (Kehl F, Ladisa JF Jr, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003 Dec;17(6):709-14 PMID: 14689410
  • An automated coronary artery occlusion device for stimulating collateral development in vivo. (Rys R, LaDisa JF Jr, Tessmer JP, Gu W, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 2002 Sep-Oct;48(2):111-8 PMID: 14565568
  • Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics modeling of alterations in coronary wall shear stress produced by stent implantation. (LaDisa JF Jr, Guler I, Olson LE, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Ann Biomed Eng 2003 Sep;31(8):972-80 PMID: 12918912
  • Reactive oxygen species are critical mediators of coronary collateral development in a canine model. (Gu W, Weihrauch D, Tanaka K, Tessmer JP, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Chilian WM, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2003 Oct;285(4):H1582-9 PMID: 12816750
  • N-acetylcysteine restores isoflurane-induced preconditioning against myocardial infarction during hyperglycemia. (Kehl F, Krolikowski JG, Weihrauch D, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2003 Jun;98(6):1384-90 PMID: 12766647
  • Atrial pacing lead location alters the hemodynamic effects of atrial-ventricular delay in dogs with pacing induced cardiomyopathy. (Hettrick DA, Mittelstadt JR, Kehl F, Kress TT, Tessmer JP, Krolikowski JG, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2003 Apr;26(4 Pt 1):853-61 PMID: 12715846
  • Adenosine type 1 (A1) receptors mediate protection against myocardial infarction produced by chronic, intermittent ingestion of ethanol in dogs. (Kehl F, Krolikowski JG, LaDisa JF Jr, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Int J Cardiol 2003 Apr;88(2-3):175-82 PMID: 12714196
  • Mechanical function of the left atrium: new insights based on analysis of pressure-volume relations and Doppler echocardiography. (Pagel PS, Kehl F, Gare M, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2003 Apr;98(4):975-94 PMID: 12657862
  • Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium channel opening acts as a trigger for isoflurane-induced preconditioning by generating reactive oxygen species. (Tanaka K, Weihrauch D, Ludwig LM, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2003 Apr;98(4):935-43 PMID: 12657856
  • Modifying cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus. (Gu W, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2003 Mar;98(3):774-9 PMID: 12606925
  • Morphine enhances pharmacological preconditioning by isoflurane: role of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels and opioid receptors. (Ludwig LM, Patel HH, Gross GJ, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2003 Mar;98(3):705-11 PMID: 12606915
  • Perioperative considerations in the patient with a left ventricular assist device. (Nicolosi AC, Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2003 Feb;98(2):565-70 PMID: 12552217
  • Reactive oxygen species modulate coronary wall shear stress and endothelial function during hyperglycemia. (Gross ER, LaDisa JF Jr, Weihrauch D, Olson LE, Kress TT, Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2003 May;284(5):H1552-9 PMID: 12543642
  • Cross-bridge kinetics modeled from myoplasmic [Ca2+] and LV pressure at 17 degrees C and after 37 degrees C and 17 degrees C ischemia. (Rhodes SS, Ropella KM, Audi SH, Camara AK, Kevin LG, Pagel PS, Stowe DF) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2003 Apr;284(4):H1217-29 PMID: 12531735
  • Mechanism of preconditioning by isoflurane in rabbits: a direct role for reactive oxygen species. (Tanaka K, Weihrauch D, Kehl F, Ludwig LM, LaDisa JF Jr, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2002 Dec;97(6):1485-90 PMID: 12459675
  • An intramyocardial catheter for repeated in vivo sampling of interstitial fluid. (Tessmer JP, Pagel PS, Weihrauch D, Ludwig LM, Chilian WM, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 2002 Mar-Apr;47(2):73-8 PMID: 12459145
  • Isoflurane does not produce a second window of preconditioning against myocardial infarction in vivo. (Kehl F, Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Gu W, Toller W, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesth Analg 2002 Nov;95(5):1162-8, table of contents PMID: 12401584
  • Stent implantation alters coronary artery hemodynamics and wall shear stress during maximal vasodilation. (LaDisa JF Jr, Hettrick DA, Olson LE, Guler I, Gross ER, Kress TT, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Appl Physiol (1985) 2002 Dec;93(6):1939-46 PMID: 12391052
  • Increases in coronary collateral blood flow produced by sevoflurane are mediated by calcium-activated potassium (BKCa) channels in vivo. (Kehl F, Krolikowski JG, Tessmer JP, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2002 Sep;97(3):725-31 PMID: 12218541
  • Atrial pacing lead location alters the effects of atrioventricular delay on atrial and ventricular hemodynamics. (Hettrick DA, Euler DE, Pagel PS, Musley SK, Warman EN, Ziegler PD, Mehra R) Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2002 Jun;25(6):888-96 PMID: 12137340
  • Editorial view: anesthetic preconditioning: serendipity and science. (Warltier DC, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Gross GJ) Anesthesiology 2002 Jul;97(1):1-3 PMID: 12131096
  • Attitudes of anesthesiologists about addiction and its treatment: a survey of Illinois and Wisconsin members of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. (May JA, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) J Clin Anesth 2002 Jun;14(4):284-9 PMID: 12088813
  • Propofol alters left atrial function evaluated with pressure-volume relations in vivo. (Kehl F, Kress TT, Mraovic B, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2002 Jun;94(6):1421-6, table of contents PMID: 12031999
  • Reactive oxygen species contribute to contractile dysfunction following rapid ventricular pacing in dogs. (Gare M, Mraovic B, Kehl F, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Int J Cardiol 2002 May;83(2):125-31 PMID: 12007684
  • Isoflurane-induced preconditioning is attenuated by diabetes. (Tanaka K, Kehl F, Gu W, Krolikowski JG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2002 Jun;282(6):H2018-23 PMID: 12003806
  • The role of mitochondrial and sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels in canine ethanol-induced preconditioning in vivo. (Pagel PS, Krolikowski JG, Kehl F, Mraovic B, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 2002 Apr;94(4):841-8, table of contents PMID: 11916782
  • Is isoflurane-induced preconditioning dose related? (Kehl F, Krolikowski JG, Mraovic B, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2002 Mar;96(3):675-80 PMID: 11873044
  • Hyperglycemia prevents isoflurane-induced preconditioning against myocardial infarction. (Kehl F, Krolikowski JG, Mraovic B, Pagel PS, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2002 Jan;96(1):183-8 PMID: 11753019
  • Hyperglycemia reduces coronary collateral blood flow through a nitric oxide-mediated mechanism. (Kersten JR, Toller WG, Tessmer JP, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2001 Nov;281(5):H2097-104 PMID: 11668071
  • Desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane affect left atrial active and passive mechanical properties and impair left atrial-left ventricular coupling in vivo: analysis using pressure-volume relations. (Gare M, Schwabe DA, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2001 Sep;95(3):689-98 PMID: 11575543
  • Conscious sedation with midazolam or propofol does not alter left ventricular diastolic performance in patients with preexisting diastolic dysfunction: a transmitral and tissue Doppler transthoracic echocardiography study. (Gare M, Parail A, Milosavljevic D, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2001 Oct;93(4):865-71 PMID: 11574347
  • Hyperglycemia: an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. (Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier D) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2001 Jun;15(3):404-6 PMID: 11426382
  • The patient recovering from alcohol or drug addiction: special issues for the anesthesiologist. (May JA, White HC, Leonard-White A, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2001 Jun;92(6):1601-8 PMID: 11375854
  • Diabetes and hyperglycemia impair activation of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels. (Kersten JR, Montgomery MW, Ghassemi T, Gross ER, Toller WG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2001 Apr;280(4):H1744-50 PMID: 11247788
  • Ethanol enhances the functional recovery of stunned myocardium independent of K(ATP) channels in dogs. (Gross ER, Gare M, Toller WG, Kersten JR, Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 2001 Feb;92(2):299-305 PMID: 11159220
  • K(ATP) channels mediate the beneficial effects of chronic ethanol ingestion. (Pagel PS, Toller WG, Gross ER, Gare M, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2000 Nov;279(5):H2574-9 PMID: 11045996
  • Perioperative considerations in a patient with orthostatic intolerance syndrome. (McHaourab A, Mazzeo AJ, May JA, Pagel PS) Anesthesiology 2000 Aug;93(2):571-3 PMID: 10910484
  • Sarcolemmal and mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate- dependent potassium channels: mechanism of desflurane-induced cardioprotection. (Toller WG, Gross ER, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Gross GJ, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2000 Jun;92(6):1731-9 PMID: 10839925
  • Isoflurane preconditions myocardium against infarction via activation of inhibitory guanine nucleotide binding proteins. (Toller WG, Kersten JR, Gross ER, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 2000 May;92(5):1400-7 PMID: 10781287
  • Correlation of esophageal conductance measurements with aortic and left ventricular diameters and stroke volume. (Hettrick DA, Battocletti JH, Pagel PS, Vurek GG, Tessmer JP, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2000 Apr;47(4):559-64 PMID: 10763303
  • Diabetes abolishes ischemic preconditioning: role of glucose, insulin, and osmolality. (Kersten JR, Toller WG, Gross ER, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2000 Apr;278(4):H1218-24 PMID: 10749717
  • Approaches to the prevention of perioperative myocardial ischemia. (Warltier DC, Pagel PS, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 2000 Jan;92(1):253-9 PMID: 10638923
  • Levosimendan, a new positive inotropic drug, decreases myocardial infarct size via activation of K(ATP) channels. (Kersten JR, Montgomery MW, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 2000 Jan;90(1):5-11 PMID: 10624967
  • Sevoflurane reduces myocardial infarct size and decreases the time threshold for ischemic preconditioning in dogs. (Toller WG, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1999 Nov;91(5):1437-46 PMID: 10551596
  • Multifactorial basis for coronary collateralization: a complex adaptive response to ischemia. (Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Chilian WM, Warltier DC) Cardiovasc Res 1999 Jul;43(1):44-57 PMID: 10536689
  • Isoflurane-enhanced recovery of canine stunned myocardium: role for protein kinase C? (Toller WG, Montgomery MW, Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC, Kersten JR) Anesthesiology 1999 Sep;91(3):713-22 PMID: 10485783
  • Levosimendan enhances cardiac performance after cardiopulmonary bypass: a prospective, randomized placebo-controlled trial. (Nijhawan N, Nicolosi AC, Montgomery MW, Aggarwal A, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1999 Aug;34(2):219-28 PMID: 10445673
  • Changes in passive but not active mechanical properties predict recovery of function of stunned myocardium. (Schmeling TJ, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Ann Biomed Eng 1999 Mar-Apr;27(2):131-40 PMID: 10199689
  • Sevoflurane selectively increases coronary collateral blood flow independent of KATP channels in vivo. (Kersten JR, Schmeling T, Tessmer J, Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1999 Jan;90(1):246-56 PMID: 9915334
  • RSR13, a synthetic allosteric modifier of hemoglobin, enhances recovery of stunned myocardium in dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Montgomery MW, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Adv Exp Med Biol 1998;454:527-31 PMID: 9889932
  • Ischemia-induced coronary collateral angiogenesis. (Weihrauch D, Tessmer JP, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Chilian WM, Warltier DC) Adv Exp Med Biol 1998;454:281-6 PMID: 9889902
  • Cardiovascular effects of xenon in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Tessmer JP, Bosnjak ZJ, Georgieff M, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1998 Nov;89(5):1166-73 PMID: 9822005
  • Propofol, but not thiopentone or etomidate, enhances isoflurane-induced coronary vasodilatation in dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Lowe D, Warltier DC) Can J Anaesth 1998 Aug;45(8):809-17 PMID: 9793674
  • Desflurane and isoflurane produce similar alterations in systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics and arterial oxygenation in patients undergoing one-lung ventilation during thoracotomy. (Pagel PS, Fu JL, Damask MC, Davis RF, Samuelson PN, Howie MB, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1998 Oct;87(4):800-7 PMID: 9768773
  • Dexmedetomidine produces similar alterations in the determinants of left ventricular afterload in conscious dogs before and after the development of pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1998 Sep;89(3):741-8 PMID: 9743413
  • Interpretation of nonpulsatile arterial pressure-flow relations during cardiopulmonary bypass. (Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1998 Sep;87(3):743 PMID: 9728869
  • A novel alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist attenuates the early, but preserves the late cardiovascular effects of intravenous dexmedetomidine in conscious dogs. (Pagel PS, Proctor LT, Devcic A, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Tessmer JP, Farber NE, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1998 Aug;12(4):429-34 PMID: 9713732
  • Acute hyperglycemia abolishes ischemic preconditioning in vivo. (Kersten JR, Schmeling TJ, Orth KG, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol 1998 Aug;275(2 Pt 2):H721-5 PMID: 9683464
  • Cardiovascular effects of verapamil enantiomer combinations in conscious dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Lowe D, Gowrie PW, Kersten JR, Bosnjak ZJ, Warltier DC) Eur J Pharmacol 1998 May 8;348(2-3):213-21 PMID: 9652336
  • Etomidate adversely alters determinants of left ventricular afterload in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Tessmer JP, Lowe D, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1998 May;86(5):932-8 PMID: 9585271
  • RSR13, a synthetic modifier of hemoglobin-oxygen affinity, enhances the recovery of stunned myocardium in anesthetized dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Montgomery MW, Kersten JR, Steffen RP, Warltier DC) J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1998 Apr;285(1):1-8 PMID: 9535987
  • Activation of adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium channels: mediation of cellular and organ protection. (Kersten JR, Gross GJ, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1998 Feb;88(2):495-513 PMID: 9477071
  • Cardiovascular effects of propofol in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Lowe D, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1998 Jan;88(1):180-9 PMID: 9447871
  • Isoflurane and halothane do not alter the enhanced afterload sensitivity of left ventricular relaxation in dogs with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Tessmer JP, Lowe D, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1997 Oct;87(4):952-62 PMID: 9357899
  • The effects of isoflurane and halothane on left ventricular afterload in dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Lowe D, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1997 Nov;85(5):979-86 PMID: 9356087
  • Hemodynamic effects of repetitive cocaine administration. (Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Circulation 1997 Aug 5;96(3):1050 PMID: 9264524
  • Isoflurane mimics ischemic preconditioning via activation of K(ATP) channels: reduction of myocardial infarct size with an acute memory phase. (Kersten JR, Schmeling TJ, Pagel PS, Gross GJ, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1997 Aug;87(2):361-70 PMID: 9286901
  • Positive inotropic and lusitropic effects of triiodothyronine in conscious dogs with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. (Jamall IN, Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Lowe D, Kersten JR, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1997 Jul;87(1):102-9 PMID: 9232140
  • Intracoronary levosimendan enhances contractile function of stunned myocardium. (Jamali IN, Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1997 Jul;85(1):23-9 PMID: 9212117
  • Levosimendan enhances left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in conscious dogs with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. (Pagel PS, McGough MF, Hettrick DA, Lowe D, Tessmer JP, Jamali IN, Warltier DC) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1997 May;29(5):563-73 PMID: 9213196
  • Temporal dependence of coronary collateral development. (Kersten JR, McGough MF, Pagel PS, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) Cardiovasc Res 1997 May;34(2):306-12 PMID: 9205544
  • Role of adenosine in isoflurane-induced cardioprotection. (Kersten JR, Orth KG, Pagel PS, Mei DA, Gross GJ, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1997 May;86(5):1128-39 PMID: 9158363
  • Alterations in canine left ventricular-arterial coupling and mechanical efficiency produced by propofol. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1997 May;86(5):1088-93 PMID: 9158358
  • Effects of isoflurane and propofol on arterial mechanical properties. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1997 Apr;84(4):940-1 PMID: 9085995
  • Effects of levosimendan on left ventricular function: correlation with plasma concentrations in conscious dogs. (McGough MF, Pagel PS, Lowe D, Hettrick DA, Kersten JR, Warltier DC) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1997 Feb;11(1):49-53 PMID: 9058220
  • Increases in inotropic state without change in heart rate: combined use of dobutamine and zatebradine in conscious dogs. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Lowe D, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) Eur J Pharmacol 1996 Dec 5;316(2-3):237-44 PMID: 8982692
  • Isoflurane and halothane produce similar alterations in aortic distensibility and characteristic aortic impedance. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1996 Dec;83(6):1166-72 PMID: 8942580
  • Influence of levosimendan, pimobendan, and milrinone on the regional distribution of cardiac output in anaesthetized dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Br J Pharmacol 1996 Oct;119(3):609-15 PMID: 8894186 PMCID: PMC1915696
  • Mechanism of myocardial protection by isoflurane. Role of adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium (KATP) channels. (Kersten JR, Schmeling TJ, Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Gross GJ, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1996 Oct;85(4):794-807; discussion 27A PMID: 8873550
  • Isoflurane, but not halothane, improves indices of diastolic performance in dogs with rapid ventricular, pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. (Pagel PS, Lowe D, Hettrick DA, Jamali IN, Kersten JR, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1996 Sep;85(3):644-54 PMID: 8853096
  • Desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane impair canine left ventricular-arterial coupling and mechanical efficiency. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1996 Aug;85(2):403-13 PMID: 8712457
  • Comparison of the effects of levosimendan, pimobendan, and milrinone on canine left ventricular-arterial coupling and mechanical efficiency. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Basic Res Cardiol 1996 Jul-Aug;91(4):296-307 PMID: 8874779
  • Levosimendan potentiates the inotropic actions of dopamine in conscious dogs. (McGough MF, Pagel PS, Lowe D, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1996 Jul;28(1):36-47 PMID: 8797134
  • Glyburide, a KATP channel antagonist, attenuates the cardioprotective effects of isoflurane in stunned myocardium. (Kersten JR, Lowe D, Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Gross GJ, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1996 Jul;83(1):27-33 PMID: 8659760
  • Influence of volatile anesthetics on left ventricular afterload in vivo. Differences between desflurane and sevoflurane. (Lowe D, Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1996 Jul;85(1):112-20 PMID: 8694356
  • Comparison of the cardiovascular effects of two novel superoxide dismutase mimetics, SC-55858 and SC-54417, in conscious dogs. (Lowe D, Pagel PS, McGough MF, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Eur J Pharmacol 1996 May 23;304(1-3):81-6 PMID: 8813587
  • Propofol alters left ventricular afterload as evaluated by aortic input impedance in dogs. (Lowe D, Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1996 Feb;84(2):368-76 PMID: 8602668
  • Desflurane and isoflurane exert modest beneficial actions on left ventricular diastolic function during myocardial ischemia in dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Lowe D, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1995 Nov;83(5):1021-35 PMID: 7486153
  • Implementation of a formal treatment agreement for outpatient management of chronic nonmalignant pain with opioid analgesics. (Burchman SL, Pagel PS) J Pain Symptom Manage 1995 Oct;10(7):556-63 PMID: 8537698
  • Zatebradine, a specific bradycardic agent, alters the hemodynamic and left ventricular mechanical actions of levosimendan, a new myofilament calcium sensitizer, in conscious dogs. (Pagel PS, Harkin CP, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1995 Oct;275(1):127-35 PMID: 7562540
  • Differential effects of isoflurane and halothane on aortic input impedance quantified using a three-element Windkessel model. (Hettrick DA, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1995 Aug;83(2):361-73 PMID: 7631959
  • Systemic and coronary hemodynamic actions and left ventricular functional effects of levosimendan in conscious dogs. (Harkin CP, Pagel PS, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1995 Aug;26(2):179-88 PMID: 7475041
  • A complication of internal jugular vein double cannulation. (Lowe D, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 1995 Jul;81(1):206-7 PMID: 7598265
  • Protamine inhibits coronary collateral development in a canine model of repetitive coronary occlusion. (Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Am J Physiol 1995 Feb;268(2 Pt 2):H720-8 PMID: 7532374
  • Dexmedetomidine partially attenuates the sympathetically mediated systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of cocaine. (Kersten JR, Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1995 Jan;80(1):114-21 PMID: 7802267
  • Perfusion of ischemic myocardium during anesthesia with sevoflurane. (Kersten JR, Brayer AP, Pagel PS, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1994 Oct;81(4):995-1004 PMID: 7943851
  • Levosimendan (OR-1259), a myofilament calcium sensitizer, enhances myocardial contractility but does not alter isovolumic relaxation in conscious and anesthetized dogs. (Pagel PS, Harkin CP, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1994 Oct;81(4):974-87 PMID: 7943849
  • Systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of repetitive cocaine administration in conscious dogs. (Pagel PS, Tessmer JP, Warltier DC) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1994 Sep;24(3):443-53 PMID: 7528301
  • Direct negative inotropic and lusitropic effects of sevoflurane. (Harkin CP, Pagel PS, Kersten JR, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1994 Jul;81(1):156-67 PMID: 8042785
  • Left ventricular mechanical consequences of dihydropyridine calcium channel modulation in conscious and anesthetized chronically instrumented dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1994 Jul;81(1):190-208 PMID: 7519000
  • Transforming growth factor beta 1 preserves endothelial function after multiple brief coronary artery occlusions and reperfusion. (Kenny D, Coughlan MG, Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Warltier DC) Am Heart J 1994 Jun;127(6):1456-61 PMID: 8197968
  • Volatile anesthetics and coronary collateral circulation. (Kersten JR, Hartman JC, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Adv Pharmacol 1994;31:269-84 PMID: 7873418
  • Mechanical consequences of calcium channel modulation during volatile anesthetic-induced left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction. (Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Adv Pharmacol 1994;31:125-43 PMID: 7532986
  • Quantitation of volatile anesthetic-induced depression of myocardial contractility using a single beat index derived from maximal ventricular power. (Pagel PS, Nijhawan N, Warltier DC) J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1993 Dec;7(6):688-95 PMID: 8305659
  • Left ventricular diastolic function in the normal and diseased heart. Perspectives for the anesthesiologist (2). (Pagel PS, Grossman W, Haering JM, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1993 Nov;79(5):1104-20 PMID: 8238987
  • Dexmedetomidine alters the hemodynamic effects of desflurane and isoflurane in chronically instrumented dogs. (Kersten J, Pagel PS, Tessmer JP, Roerig DL, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1993 Nov;79(5):1022-32 PMID: 7902030
  • Amrinone enhances myocardial contractility and improves left ventricular diastolic function in conscious and anesthetized chronically instrumented dogs. (Pagel PS, Hettrick DA, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1993 Oct;79(4):753-65 PMID: 8214755
  • Left ventricular diastolic function in the normal and diseased heart. Perspectives for the anesthesiologist (1). (Pagel PS, Grossman W, Haering JM, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1993 Oct;79(4):836-54 PMID: 8214764
  • Evaluation of myocardial contractility in the chronically instrumented dog with intact autonomic nervous system function: effects of desflurane and isoflurane. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1993 Feb;37(2):203-10 PMID: 8447212
  • Reversal of volatile anesthetic-induced depression of myocardial contractility by extracellular calcium also enhances left ventricular diastolic function. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1993 Jan;78(1):141-54 PMID: 8424547
  • Negative inotropic effects of propofol as evaluated by the regional preload recruitable stroke work relationship in chronically instrumented dogs. (Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1993 Jan;78(1):100-8 PMID: 8424542
  • Nitrous oxide impairs functional recovery of stunned myocardium in barbiturate-anesthetized, acutely instrumented dogs. (Siker D, Pagel PS, Pelc LR, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1992 Oct;75(4):539-48 PMID: 1530167
  • Cardiovascular and respiratory actions of desflurane: is desflurane different from isoflurane? (Warltier DC, Pagel PS) Anesth Analg 1992 Oct;75(4 Suppl):S17-29; discussion S29-31 PMID: 1524236
  • Influence of desflurane, isoflurane and halothane on regional tissue perfusion in dogs. (Hartman JC, Pagel PS, Proctor LT, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Can J Anaesth 1992 Oct;39(8):877-87 PMID: 1288912
  • Attenuation of the systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of cocaine in conscious dogs: propranolol versus labetalol. (Kenny D, Pagel PS, Warltier DC) Basic Res Cardiol 1992 Sep-Oct;87(5):465-77 PMID: 1334401
  • Cocaine depresses myocardial contractility and prolongs isovolumetric relaxation in conscious dogs with partial autonomic nervous system blockade. (Pagel PS, Power MW, Kenny D, Warltier DC) J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1992 Jul;20(1):25-34 PMID: 1383628
  • Ketamine depresses myocardial contractility as evaluated by the preload recruitable stroke work relationship in chronically instrumented dogs with autonomic nervous system blockade. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1992 Apr;76(4):564-72 PMID: 1550282
  • Alteration of canine left ventricular diastolic function by intravenous anesthetics in vivo. Ketamine and propofol. (Pagel PS, Schmeling WT, Kampine JP, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1992 Mar;76(3):419-25 PMID: 1539854
  • Alteration of left ventricular diastolic function by desflurane, isoflurane, and halothane in the chronically instrumented dog with autonomic nervous system blockade. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1991 Jun;74(6):1103-14 PMID: 2042762
  • Influence of volatile anesthetics on myocardial contractility in vivo: desflurane versus isoflurane. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1991 May;74(5):900-7 PMID: 2021208
  • Comparison of the systemic and coronary hemodynamic actions of desflurane, isoflurane, halothane, and enflurane in the chronically instrumented dog. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1991 Mar;74(3):539-51 PMID: 2001033
  • Influence of desflurane on regional distribution of coronary blood flow in a chronically instrumented canine model of multivessel coronary artery obstruction. (Hartman JC, Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesth Analg 1991 Mar;72(3):289-99 PMID: 1994756
  • Effects of nitrous oxide on myocardial contractility as evaluated by the preload recruitable stroke work relationship in chronically instrumented dogs. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1990 Dec;73(6):1148-57 PMID: 2147368
  • Comparison of end-systolic pressure-length relations and preload recruitable stroke work as indices of myocardial contractility in the conscious and anesthetized, chronically instrumented dog. (Pagel PS, Kampine JP, Schmeling WT, Warltier DC) Anesthesiology 1990 Aug;73(2):278-90 PMID: 2382851
  • Last update: 05/27/2015