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Gelatin-sealed polyester resists Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm infection. J Surg Res 1999 Nov;87(1):57-61



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0032693082   8 Citations


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to show that gelatin-impregnated polyester grafts inhibit Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm infection in a canine model of aortic graft interposition. A clinically native species and two engineered strains, which differed in slime and adhesin antigen components, were compared to determine differential gelatin and slime interactions.

METHODS: In vitro bacterial graft colonization was validated by immersion of graft segments in inoculating solutions (10(6) colony forming units/ml) of a clinically native species RP62A and two genetically engineered S. epidermidis species, M187sn3 (SN3: slime and adhesin negative) or M187sp11 (SP11: slime and adhesin positive), for 18 h at 23 degrees C. The grafts were washed, sonicated, and cultured to assess in vitro bacterial graft adherence. Grafts similarly inoculated were placed as aortic interposition grafts in dogs. Three sterile grafts were implanted as controls. Grafts were excised after 6 weeks and cultured for bacterial growth as in the in vitro study. Infection was defined by a positive culture in the excised grafts. Data were analyzed with nonparametric statistical methods.

RESULTS: In vitro bacterial graft adherence in colony forming units per milliliter was similar at 18 h postsonication for RP62A (8 x 10(4) +/- 1 x 10(4)), SN3 (7 x 10(4) +/- 2 x 10(4)), and SP11 (6 x 10(4) +/- 2 x 10(4)) (P = NS). Only one of five grafts inoculated with RP62A was culture positive after 6 weeks. No grafts inoculated with the engineered strains SN3 or SP11 were culture positive after explanation.

CONCLUSION: In vitro bacterial inoculation of gelatin-impregnated polyester was similar among the species and not dependent upon the presence of slime and adhesin components. Gelatin-impregnated polyester grafts demonstrated in vivo resistance to coagulase-negative staphylococcal biofilm infection.

Author List

Farooq M, Freischlag J, Kelly H, Seabrook G, Cambria R, Towne J


Gary R. Seabrook MD Chief, Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Blood Vessel Prosthesis
Staphylococcal Infections
Staphylococcus epidermidis
jenkins-FCD Prod-468 69a93cef3257f26b866d455c1d2b2d0f28382f14