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Long-term follow-up of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first remission treated with chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation. The Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Working Committee. Ann Intern Med 1995 Sep 15;123(6):428-31 PMID: 7639442

Pubmed ID

7639442

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the conclusions of a 1991 study, which showed that adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first remission had similar leukemia-free survival rates when treated with chemotherapy or HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation, remain valid after more than 4 years of additional follow-up.

DESIGN: Retrospective comparison of two cohorts of patients using left-truncated Cox regression to adjust for differences in baseline characteristics and time to treatment.

SETTING AND PATIENTS: Chemotherapy recipients were 484 consecutive patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first remission treated in 44 hospitals in Germany that were participating in two consecutive trials of the German Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Therapy Trials Group. Transplant recipients were 234 consecutive recipients of HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplants for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first remission in 98 centers, worldwide, reporting data to the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry.

INTERVENTIONS: Intensive combination chemotherapy or HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation preceded by high-dose chemotherapy with or without total body irradiation.

MEASUREMENTS: Relapse, treatment-related mortality, and leukemia-free survival rate 9 years after first complete remission.

RESULTS: The conclusions of our previous analyses were confirmed. Actuarial relapse probabilities at 9 years were 66% (95% CI, 61% to 70%) for chemotherapy and 30% (CI, 22% to 37%) for transplantation (P < 0.0001). The leukemia-free survival rates at 9 years were 32% (CI, 27% to 37%) for chemotherapy and 34% (CI, 28% to 40%) for transplantation (P > 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS: Fewer relapses but more treatment-related deaths were seen with transplantation than with chemotherapy. Thus, leukemia-free survival rates were similar in adults receiving transplantation and adults receiving chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first remission.

Author List

Zhang MJ, Hoelzer D, Horowitz MM, Gale RP, Messerer D, Klein JP, Löffler H, Sobocinski KA, Thiel E, Weisdorf DJ

Authors

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-0029161637   87 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Antineoplastic Agents
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Combined Modality Therapy
Disease-Free Survival
Follow-Up Studies
Histocompatibility Testing
Humans
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Regression Analysis
Remission Induction
Retrospective Studies
jenkins-FCD Prod-332 f92a19b0ec5e8e1eff783fac390ec127e367c2b5