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Chronic GVHD risk score: a Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research analysis. Blood 2011 Jun 16;117(24):6714-20 PMID: 21493797 PMCID: PMC3123030

Pubmed ID

21493797

Abstract

Several risk factors are associated with increased mortality in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), but there is considerable variability in the reported factors. Therefore, we evaluated patient, transplantation, and cGVHD characteristics to develop a risk score in 5343 patients with cGVHD. Ten variables were identified as being significant in multivariate analysis of overall survival and nonrelapse mortality (NRM): age, prior acute GVHD, time from transplantation to cGVHD, donor type, disease status at transplantation, GVHD prophylaxis, gender mismatch, serum bilirubin, Karnofsky score, and platelet count. These 10 variables were used to build a cGVHD risk score, and 6 risk groups (RGs) were identified. The 5-year NRM was 5% (1%-9%) in RG1, 20% (19%-23%) in RG2, 33% (29%-37%) in RG3, 43% (40%-46%) in RG4, 63% (53%-74%) in RG5, and 72% (59%-85%) in RG6. The 5-year overall survival was highest at 91% (95% confidence interval [CI]:85%-97%) in RG1, followed by 67% (65%-69%) in RG2, 51% (46%-55%) in RG3, 40% (37%-43%) in RG4, 21% (12%-30%) in RG5, and 4% (0%-9%) in RG6 (all P < .01). This analysis demonstrates the usefulness of data from a large registry to develop risk-score categories for major transplantation outcomes. Validation of this cGVHD risk score is needed in a different population to ensure its broad applicability.

Author List

Arora M, Klein JP, Weisdorf DJ, Hassebroek A, Flowers ME, Cutler CS, Urbano-Ispizua A, Antin JH, Bolwell BJ, Boyiadzis M, Cahn JY, Cairo MS, Isola L, Jacobsohn DA, Jagasia M, Klumpp TR, Lee SJ, Petersdorf EW, Santarone S, Gale RP, Schouten HC, Spellman S, Wingard JR, Horowitz MM, Pavletic SZ

Author

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-79959193801   72 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Biomedical Research
Blood Transfusion
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Cohort Studies
Female
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Infant
International Agencies
Male
Middle Aged
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Registries
Research Design
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Survival Analysis
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-296 4db9d02597e0a2e889e230f853b641c12f1c3ee3