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The human tail. Pediatr Neurol 1998 Sep;19(3):230-3

Date

11/07/1998

Pubmed ID

9806144

DOI

10.1016/s0887-8994(98)00046-0

Abstract

The human tail is a congenital anomaly with a protruding lesion from the lumbosacrococcygeal region. A newborn with a tail-like structure over the coccygeal area observed since birth is presented. Lipoma accompanied by tethered spinal cord were found. In reviewing the literature from 1960 to 1997, 59 cases were described. Higher incidences of spinal dysraphism (49.15%) and tethered spinal cord (20.34%) compared with previous reports were evident. This fact plays an important role in understanding the disturbance of development and regression of human tails. A new classification according to whether the anomaly appears in combination with spinal dysraphism is proposed for clinical usage. Preoperative detailed image studies are needed to clarify the possibility of tethered spinal cord syndrome developing in the future and thus prevent it. Magnetic resonance imaging is the modality of choice if available. Long-term follow-up for possible sequelae after operation, especially in cases with spinal dysraphism, is necessary.

Author List

Lu FL, Wang PJ, Teng RJ, Yau KI

Author

Ru-Jeng Teng MD Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Lipoma
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Sacrococcygeal Region
Spina Bifida Occulta
Spinal Cord Neoplasms
Tail
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-399 190a069c593fb5498b7fcd942f44b7bc9cdc7ea1