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A single mutation promotes amyloidogenicity through a highly promiscuous dimer interface. Structure 2010 May 12;18(5):563-70 PMID: 20462490 PMCID: PMC2872106

Abstract

Light chain amyloidosis is a devastating protein misfolding disease characterized by the accumulation of amyloid fibrils that causes tissue damage and organ failure. These fibrils are composed of monoclonal light chain protein secreted from an abnormal proliferation of bone marrow plasma cells. We previously reported that amyloidogenic light chain protein AL-09 adopts an altered dimer while its germline protein (kappaI O18/O8) forms a canonical dimer observed in other light chain crystal structures. In solution, conformational heterogeneity obscures all NMR signals at the AL-09 and kappaI O18/O8 dimer interfaces, so we solved the nuclear magnetic resonance structure of two related mutants. AL-09 H87Y adopts the normal dimer interface, but the kappaI Y87H solution structure presents an altered interface rotated 180 degrees relative to the canonical dimer interface and 90 degrees from the AL-09 arrangement. Our results suggest that promiscuity in the light chain dimer interface may promote new intermolecular contacts that may contribute to amyloid fibril structure.

Author List

Peterson FC, Baden EM, Owen BA, Volkman BF, Ramirez-Alvarado M

Authors

Francis C. Peterson PhD Professor in the Biochemistry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Brian F. Volkman PhD Professor in the Biochemistry department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Amyloid
Amyloidosis
Humans
Mutation



View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 20462490
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