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Prospective study of spinal anomalies in children with infantile hemangiomas of the lumbosacral skin. J Pediatr 2010 Nov;157(5):789-94 PMID: 20828712

Pubmed ID

20828712

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.07.054

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate a cohort of patients with infantile hemangioma in the midline lumbosacral region for spinal anomalies to determine the positive predictive value of infantile hemangioma for occult spinal anomalies and to make evidence-based recommendations for screening.

STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter prospective cohort study was performed at 9 Hemangioma Investigator Group sites.

RESULTS: Intraspinal abnormalities were detected in 21 of 41 study participants with a lumbosacral infantile hemangioma who underwent a magnetic resonance imaging evaluation. The relative risk for all patients with lumbosacral infantile hemangiomas for spinal anomalies was 640 (95% confidence interval [CI], 404-954), and the positive predictive value of infantile hemangioma for spinal dysraphism was 51.2%. Ulceration of the hemangioma was associated with a higher risk of having spinal anomalies. The presence of additional cutaneous anomalies also was associated with a higher likelihood of finding spinal anomalies; however, 35% of the infants with isolated lumbosacral infantile hemangiomas had spinal anomalies, with a relative risk of 438 (95% CI, 188-846). The sensitivity for ultrasound scanning to detect spinal anomalies in this high-risk group was poor at 50% (95% CI, 18.7%-81.3%), with a specificity rate of 77.8% (95% CI, 40%-97.2%).

CONCLUSIONS: Infants and children with midline lumbosacral infantile hemangiomas are at increased risk for spinal anomalies. Screening magnetic resonance imaging is recommended for children with these lesions.

Author List

Drolet BA, Chamlin SL, Garzon MC, Adams D, Baselga E, Haggstrom AN, Holland KE, Horii KA, Juern A, Lucky AW, Mancini AJ, McCuaig C, Metry DW, Morel KD, Newell BD, Nopper AJ, Powell J, Frieden IJ

Author

Kristen E. Holland MD Associate Professor in the Dermatology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-77958038344   62 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Child, Preschool
Congenital Abnormalities
Female
Hemangioma
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Lumbosacral Region
Male
Prospective Studies
Skin Neoplasms
Spine
jenkins-FCD Prod-332 f92a19b0ec5e8e1eff783fac390ec127e367c2b5