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cGMP is decreased after acute ischemia in chronically ischemic canine limbs. J Surg Res 1999 Oct;86(2):167-70



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0032720589   3 Citations


BACKGROUND: A chronic partially ischemic state may alter the skeletal muscle response to acute ischemia and free radical formation.

METHODS: In order to investigate this hypothesis, a chronic ischemic state was established by ligating the right femoral artery of four mongrel dogs. ABIs were decreased from 1.05 +/- 0.25 preligation to 0.54 +/- 0.14 at 6 weeks (P = 0.04). At the end of 8 weeks, the hindlimb was subjected to 3 h of acute ischemia by clamping the iliac artery. The clamp was then released for 2 h of reperfusion. Plasma samples from the right iliac vein were taken during the ischemia-reperfusion period for analysis of cGMP. Tibialis anterior biopsies for Western analysis of eNOS and iNOS were taken upon completion of reperfusion. Comparisons to control dogs subjected to the acute ischemia and reperfusion without prior femoral artery ligation were made.

RESULTS: cGMP levels were increased in the controls at 3 h of ischemia (3539 +/- 350) and 2 h of reperfusion (2880 +/- 269). The chronic ischemia group did not develop a corresponding increase in cGMP at 3 h of ischemia (2762 +/- 251) or after 2 h of reperfusion (2102 +/- 130). Western analysis of eNOS and iNOS revealed similar levels in both groups. Analysis of eNOS revealed 0.6429 +/- 0.086 and 0.5916 +/- 0.072 (densitometric units +/- SEM) for study and control dogs, respectively. Analysis of iNOS revealed 0.3401 +/- 0.067 and 0.2475 +/- 0.066 for study and control dogs, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Previous ligation of the femoral artery resulting in chronic partial ischemia in this model demonstrated no increase in cGMP following acute ischemia that was not accompanied by a change in eNOS or iNOS levels. Nitric oxide activity is reflected by cGMP levels, which may increase in response to free radicals in the acute setting of complete ischemia.

Author List

Eginton MT, Mays BW, Kelley H, Hower CD, Dassow M, Cambria RA, Towne JB, Seabrook GR, Freischlag JA


Gary R. Seabrook MD Chief, Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Blotting, Western
Chronic Disease
Cyclic GMP
Muscle, Skeletal
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Reference Values
Time Factors
jenkins-FCD Prod-467 7c8a156729bba74d775d9c546792cde315827259