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Misdiagnoses of ovarian masses in children and adolescents. Pediatr Emerg Care 2004 Mar;20(3):172-4 PMID: 15094575

Pubmed ID

15094575

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the presenting signs and symptoms and the presumptive diagnoses of children who were admitted to our children's hospital with ovarian masses.

DESIGN METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients hospitalized between November 1985 and May 1994, with a discharge diagnosis of an ovarian mass. Age, presenting symptom(s), duration of symptoms, physical exam findings, and radiologic imaging results were obtained. The preliminary and final diagnoses were recorded. For comparison purposes, the number of females with a discharge diagnosis of appendicitis for the same period was obtained.

RESULTS: Fifty-one patients were identified. Functional cysts accounted for 43% and tumors for 57%. During the same period, 246 females were diagnosed with appendicitis, making ovarian masses about one fifth as common. The most common presenting complaint was abdominal pain (73%). On physical examination, 69% of girls had abdominal tenderness, and 29% had a palpable mass. Thirty-eight percent of patients seen in the emergency room had a preliminary diagnosis of appendicitis. In all patients but 5, the diagnosis was confirmed by radiologic evaluation. These 5 remaining patients underwent surgery for suspected appendicitis with 3 ultimately revealing functional ovarian cysts.

CONCLUSION: Ovarian masses often present with abdominal complaints that can mimic other diseases, in particular, appendicitis. Although considered relatively uncommon, in our hospital, they comprised one fifth as many admissions as did appendicitis in females during the study period. In females that present with a clinical picture consistent with appendicitis, ovarian masses should be considered in the differential and a computed tomography scan or ultrasound should be obtained.

Author List

Pomeranz AJ, Sabnis S

Author

Albert J. Pomeranz MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-1642391491   30 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Abdominal Pain
Adolescent
Appendicitis
Child
Child, Preschool
Diagnostic Errors
Emergencies
Emergency Service, Hospital
Female
Hospital Departments
Hospitals, University
Humans
Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian Neoplasms
Patient Admission
Patient Discharge
Pediatrics
Pyelonephritis
Retrospective Studies
Teratoma
Torsion Abnormality
Wisconsin
jenkins-FCD Prod-300 626508253d14e4184314fb9f66322a03a5906796