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Risk factors for acute GVHD and survival after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Blood 2012 Jan 05;119(1):296-307 PMID: 22010102 PMCID: PMC3251233

Pubmed ID

22010102

Abstract

Risk factors for acute GVHD (AGVHD), overall survival, and transplant-related mortality were evaluated in adults receiving allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplants (1999-2005) from HLA-identical sibling donors (SDs; n = 3191) or unrelated donors (URDs; n = 2370) and reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, Minneapolis, MN. To understand the impact of transplant regimen on AGVHD risk, 6 treatment categories were evaluated: (1) myeloablative conditioning (MA) with total body irradiation (TBI) + PBSCs, (2) MA + TBI + BM, (3) MA + nonTBI + PBSCs, (4) MA + nonTBI + BM, (5) reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) + PBSCs, and (6) RIC + BM. The cumulative incidences of grades B-D AGVHD were 39% (95% confidence interval [CI], 37%-41%) in the SD cohort and 59% (95% CI, 57%-61%) in the URD cohort. Patients receiving SD transplants with MA + nonTBI + BM and RIC + PBSCs had significantly lower risks of grades B-D AGVHD than patients in other treatment categories. Those receiving URD transplants with MA + TBI + BM, MA + nonTBI + BM, RIC + BM, or RIC + PBSCs had lower risks of grades B-D AGVHD than those in other treatment categories. The 5-year probabilities of survival were 46% (95% CI, 44%-49%) with SD transplants and 33% (95% CI, 31%-35%) with URD transplants. Conditioning intensity, TBI and graft source have a combined effect on risk of AGVHD that must be considered in deciding on a treatment strategy for individual patients.

Author List

Jagasia M, Arora M, Flowers ME, Chao NJ, McCarthy PL, Cutler CS, Urbano-Ispizua A, Pavletic SZ, Haagenson MD, Zhang MJ, Antin JH, Bolwell BJ, Bredeson C, Cahn JY, Cairo M, Gale RP, Gupta V, Lee SJ, Litzow M, Weisdorf DJ, Horowitz MM, Hahn T

Authors

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84862908566   227 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematologic Neoplasms
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Histocompatibility
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Siblings
Survival Rate
Tissue Donors
Transplantation Conditioning
Transplantation, Homologous
Unrelated Donors
Whole-Body Irradiation
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-300 626508253d14e4184314fb9f66322a03a5906796