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Characterization of Mg2+ inhibition of mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake by a mechanistic model of mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter. Biophys J 2011 Nov 02;101(9):2071-81



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2-s2.0-80455137047   18 Citations


Ca(2+) is an important regulatory ion and alteration of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis can lead to cellular dysfunction and apoptosis. Ca(2+) is transported into respiring mitochondria via the Ca(2+) uniporter, which is known to be inhibited by Mg(2+). This uniporter-mediated mitochondrial Ca(2+) transport is also shown to be influenced by inorganic phosphate (Pi). Despite a large number of experimental studies, the kinetic mechanisms associated with the Mg(2+) inhibition and Pi regulation of the uniporter function are not well established. To gain a quantitative understanding of the effects of Mg(2+) and Pi on the uniporter function, we developed here a mathematical model based on known kinetic properties of the uniporter and presumed Mg(2+) inhibition and Pi regulation mechanisms. The model is extended from our previous model of the uniporter that is based on a multistate catalytic binding and interconversion mechanism and Eyring's free energy barrier theory for interconversion. The model satisfactorily describes a wide variety of experimental data sets on the kinetics of mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake. The model also appropriately depicts the inhibitory effect of Mg(2+) on the uniporter function, in which Ca(2+) uptake is hyperbolic in the absence of Mg(2+) and sigmoid in the presence of Mg(2+). The model suggests a mixed-type inhibition mechanism for Mg(2+) inhibition of the uniporter function. This model is critical for building mechanistic models of mitochondrial bioenergetics and Ca(2+) handling to understand the mechanisms by which Ca(2+) mediates signaling pathways and modulates energy metabolism.

Author List

Pradhan RK, Qi F, Beard DA, Dash RK


Ranjan K. Dash PhD Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Biological Transport
Calcium Channels
Models, Biological
jenkins-FCD Prod-467 7c8a156729bba74d775d9c546792cde315827259