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Distribution of angiotensin II receptor expression in the microcirculation of striated muscle. Microcirculation 2001 Aug;8(4):275-81 PMID: 11528535

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The current study was undertaken to localize and identify angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor subtypes in the microcirculation of striated muscle.

METHODS: Cremaster muscles from 7- to 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were excised, placed in a dissection solution maintained at 4 degrees C, and 3 branch orders of arterioles and venules, as well as capillaries and a muscle specimen, were microdissected under a stereomicroscope. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods were developed for purification and amplification of extremely small amounts of RNA (<5 ng/microL) from whole tissue samples. RNA was isolated from each sample, reverse transcribed, and the cDNA products were amplified by polymerase chain reactions (PCR) specifically primed with either AT(1a), AT(1b), or AT(2) receptor primers. The products were electrophoretically size-fractionated on an agarose gel, stained with ethidium bromide to visualize DNA bands, and analyzed to determine the presence or absence of AT receptor subtypes. Protein expression was confirmed by Western blotting pooled samples with specific antiserum.

RESULTS: AT(1a) and AT(2) receptors were found in nearly all orders of both arterioles and venules, as well as the skeletal muscle biopsies. AT(1b) receptors, if present, were only observed on a few instances in the arterioles. Furthermore, PCR reactions specifically primed for skeletal muscle cell (MHC(2B)) and endothelial cell (eNOS) specific proteins demonstrated that there was no cross-contamination between the vessels and the skeletal muscle biopsies.

CONCLUSIONS: This study describes a unique method for the isolation and preparation of microvessels and provides the first data directly demonstrating the presence of AT(1) and AT(2) receptors in microvessels as well as in skeletal muscle fibers.

Author List

Linderman JR, Greene AS

Author

Andrew S. Greene PhD Interim Vice Chair, Chief, Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Blotting, Western
Endothelium, Vascular
Male
Microcirculation
Muscle, Skeletal
RNA, Messenger
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
Receptors, Angiotensin



View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 11528535
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