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Role of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in the renal and vasoconstrictor actions of angiotensin II. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2002 Jul;283(1):R60-8 PMID: 12069931


The present study examined the effects of ANG II on the renal synthesis of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) and its contribution to the renal vasoconstrictor and the acute and chronic pressor effects of ANG II in rats. ANG II (10(-11) to 10(-7) mol/l) reduced the diameter of renal interlobular arteries treated with inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, and epoxygenase by 81 +/- 8%. Subsequent blockade of the synthesis of 20-HETE with 17-octadecynoic acid (1 micromol/l) increased the ED(50) for ANG II-induced constriction by a factor of 15 and diminished the maximal response by 61%. Graded intravenous infusion of ANG II (5-200 ng/min) dose dependently increased mean arterial pressure (MAP) in thiobutylbarbitol-anesthetized rats by 35 mmHg. Acute blockade of the formation of 20-HETE with dibromododecenyl methylsulfimide (DDMS; 10 mg/kg) attenuated the pressor response to ANG II by 40%. An intravenous infusion of ANG II (50 ng. kg(-1). min(-1)) in rats for 5 days increased the formation of 20-HETE and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in renal cortical microsomes by 60 and 400%, respectively, and increased MAP by 78 mmHg. Chronic blockade of the synthesis of 20-HETE with intravenous infusion of DDMS (1 mg. kg(-1). h(-1)) or EETs and 20-HETE with 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT; 2.2 mg. kg(-1). h(-1)) attenuated the ANG II-induced rise in MAP by 40%. Control urinary excretion of 20-HETE averaged 350 +/- 23 ng/day and increased to 1,020 +/- 105 ng/day in rats infused with ANG II (50 ng. kg(-1). min(-1)) for 5 days. In contrast, urinary excretion of 20-HETE only rose to 400 +/- 40 and 600 +/- 25 ng/day in rats chronically treated with ANG II and ABT or DDMS respectively. These results suggest that acute and chronic elevations in circulating ANG II levels increase the formation of 20-HETE in the kidney and peripheral vasculature and that 20-HETE contributes to the acute and chronic pressor effects of ANG II.

Author List

Alonso-Galicia M, Maier KG, Greene AS, Cowley AW Jr, Roman RJ


Allen W. Cowley Jr PhD Chair, Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Andrew S. Greene PhD Interim Vice Chair, Chief, Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Angiotensin II
Arachidonic Acid
Blood Pressure
Cytochrome P-450 CYP4A
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Renal Circulation
Vasoconstrictor Agents

View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 12069931
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