Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Inhibition of heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) in proliferating endothelial cells uncouples endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity. Free Radic Biol Med 2003 Jan 15;34(2):269-76

Date

01/11/2003

Pubmed ID

12521608

DOI

10.1016/s0891-5849(02)01299-6

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0037438835   50 Citations

Abstract

Dual increases in nitric oxide ((*)NO) and superoxide anion (O(2)(*-)) production are one of the hallmarks of endothelial cell proliferation. Increased expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has been shown to play an important role in maintaining high levels of (*)NO generation to offset the increase in O(2)(*-) that occurs during proliferation. Although recent reports indicate that heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) associates with eNOS to increase (*)NO generation, the role of hsp90 association with eNOS during endothelial cell proliferation remains unknown. In this report, we examine the effects of endothelial cell proliferation on eNOS expression, hsp90 association with eNOS, and the mechanisms governing eNOS generation of (*)NO and O(2)(*-). Western analysis revealed that endothelial cells not only increased eNOS expression during proliferation but also hsp90 interactions with the enzyme. Pretreatment of cultures with radicicol (RAD, 20 microM), a specific inhibitor that does not redox cycle, decreased A23187-stimulated (*)NO production and increased L(omega)-nitroargininemethylester (L-NAME)-inhibitable O(2)(*-) generation. In contrast, A23187 stimulation of controls in the presence of L-NAME increased O(2)(*-) generation, confirming that during proliferation eNOS generates (*)NO. Our findings demonstrate that hsp90 plays an important role in maintaining (*)NO generation during proliferation. Inhibition of hsp90 in vascular endothelium provides a convenient mechanism for uncoupling eNOS activity to inhibit (*)NO production. This study provides new understanding of the mechanisms by which ansamycin antibiotics inhibit endothelial cell proliferation. Such information may be useful in the development and design of new antineoplastic agents in the future.

Author List

Ou J, Ou Z, Ackerman AW, Oldham KT, Pritchard KA Jr

Authors

Keith T. Oldham MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kirkwood A. Pritchard PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Blotting, Western
Cattle
Cell Division
Cells, Cultured
Endothelium
Enzyme Inhibitors
HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Superoxides
jenkins-FCD Prod-387 b0ced2662056320369de4e5cd5f21c218c03feb3