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Obesity is not associated with increased mortality and morbidity in critically ill children. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2013 Jan;37(1):102-8 PMID: 22457419

Pubmed ID

22457419

DOI

10.1177/0148607112441801

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the effect of obesity on mortality, length of mechanical ventilation, and length of stay (LOS) in critically ill children.

METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in 2- to 18-year-olds, admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin from 2005-2009 who required invasive ventilation. Weight z score was used to categorize patients as normal (-1.89 to 1.04), overweight (1.05-1.65), obese (1.66-2.33), and severely obese (>2.33). Underweight patients were excluded. Age, gender, admission type, Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 score, operative status, trauma status, admission Pediatric Outcome Performance Category, and diagnosis categories were also collected. The outcomes were mortality, total ventilator days, and PICU LOS. Univariate analysis was used to compare the groups, and multivariate logistic regression was used to compare mortality. Total ventilation days and LOS were modeled with linear regression.

RESULTS: In total, 1030 patients were included in the study, with 753 normal weight, 137 overweight, 76 obese, and 64 severely obese. The risk-adjusted mortality rates in overweight (odds ratio [OR], 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62-1.82), obese (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.31-1.48), and severely obese patients (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.45-2.34) were not significantly different compared with the normal-weight group. Total ventilation days (P = .9628) and PICU LOS (P = .8431) were not significantly different between the groups after adjusting for risk factors.

CONCLUSION: Critically ill overweight, obese, and severely obese children who require invasive mechanical ventilation have similar mortality, length of stay in the PICU, and ventilator days as compared with normal-weight children.

Author List

Goh VL, Wakeham MK, Brazauskas R, Mikhailov TA, Goday PS

Authors

Ruta Brazauskas PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Praveen Sundaraj Goday MBBS Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Theresa A. Mikhailov MD, PhD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Martin K. Wakeham MD Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84872104324   23 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Analysis of Variance
Body Weight
Child
Child, Preschool
Confidence Intervals
Critical Illness
Female
Humans
Intensive Care Units
Length of Stay
Logistic Models
Male
Obesity
Odds Ratio
Overweight
Reference Values
Respiration, Artificial
Retrospective Studies
Wisconsin
jenkins-FCD Prod-332 f92a19b0ec5e8e1eff783fac390ec127e367c2b5