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Fludarabine-based conditioning for marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in severe aplastic anemia: early results of a cyclophosphamide dose deescalation study show life-threatening adverse events at predefined cyclophosphamide dose levels. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2012 Jul;18(7):1007-11 PMID: 22546497 PMCID: PMC3677744

Pubmed ID



Excessive adverse events were encountered in a Phase I/II study of cyclophosphamide (CY) dose deescalation in a fludarabine-based conditioning regimen for bone marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in patients with severe aplastic anemia. All patients received fixed doses of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, and low-dose total body irradiation. The starting CY dose was 150 mg/kg, with deescalation to 100 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, or 0 mg/kg. CY dose level 0 mg/kg was closed due to graft failure in 3 of 3 patients. CY dose level 150 mg/kg was closed due to excessive organ toxicity (n = 6) or viral pneumonia (n = 1), resulting in the death of 7 of 14 patients. CY dose levels 50 and 100 mg/kg remain open. Thus, CY at doses of 150 mg/kg in combination with total body irradiation (2 Gy), fludarabine (120 mg/m(2)), and antithymocyte globulin was associated with excessive organ toxicity.

Author List

Tolar J, Deeg HJ, Arai S, Horwitz M, Antin JH, McCarty JM, Adams RH, Ewell M, Leifer ES, Gersten ID, Carter SL, Horowitz MM, Nakamura R, Pulsipher MA, Difronzo NL, Confer DL, Eapen M, Anderlini P


Mary Eapen MBBS, DCh, MRCPI, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin


2-s2.0-84862131215   30 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Anemia, Aplastic
Antilymphocyte Serum
Antineoplastic Agents
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Drug Administration Schedule
Drug Dosage Calculations
Middle Aged
Survival Rate
Transplantation Conditioning
Unrelated Donors
Whole-Body Irradiation
jenkins-FCD Prod-296 4db9d02597e0a2e889e230f853b641c12f1c3ee3