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Performance of a new clinical grading system for chronic graft-versus-host disease: a multicenter study. Blood 2003 Aug 01;102(3):802-9 PMID: 12714524

Pubmed ID

12714524

Abstract

We recently reported 3 risk factors (RFs) at diagnosis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) that were significantly associated with increased nonrelapse mortality. These included extensive skin involvement (ESI), thrombocytopenia (TP), and progressive type of onset (PTO). The hazard ratio (HR) for mortality of the patients with prognostic score (PS) between 0 and 2 (intermediate-risk; 1 RF) compared to those with PS 0 (favorable-risk; 0 RF) was 3.7 (95% CI, 1.4, 9.3); the HR for patients with PS equal to or more than 2 (high-risk; > 1 RF) compared with intermediate-risk group was 6.9 (3.8, 12.4). A rare presentation of TP and PTO without ESI yielded a PS of 1.8 (intermediate-risk). This paper reports the performance of the prognostic model and the individual RFs using data from an additional 1105 patients from University of Nebraska (n = 60), International Bone Marrow Transplantation Registry (n = 708), Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (n = 188), and University of Minnesota (n = 149). The extent of skin involvement was quantified in 3 cohorts using the available data collected in different formats before the analysis. Although the HR for mortality of the patients in the intermediate-risk group versus those in the favorable-risk group ranged from 2.3 to 8.9 across the centers, it was between 1.6 to 6.9 for patients in the high-risk group versus those in the intermediate-risk group. Although TP itself was uniformly associated with increased risk of mortality across all test samples, ESI and PTO showed statistically significant associations with mortality in 1 and 2 cohorts, respectively. In conclusion, the model was predictive of cGVHD-specific survival, but the mortality hazard associated with ESI was lower in each of these test samples compared with the learning sample. Although the new clinical grading based on the model is promising because of its utility across multiple independent data sets, prospective validation is needed.

Author List

Akpek G, Lee SJ, Flowers ME, Pavletic SZ, Arora M, Lee S, Piantadosi S, Guthrie KA, Lynch JC, Takatu A, Horowitz MM, Antin JH, Weisdorf DJ, Martin PJ, Vogelsang GB

Author

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-0042243679   120 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Artificial Intelligence
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Databases, Factual
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Graft vs Host Disease
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Prognosis
Severity of Illness Index
Skin Diseases
Survival Analysis
jenkins-FCD Prod-321 98992d628744e349846c2f62ac68f241d7e1ea70