Medical College of Wisconsin
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Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates long-term changes in brain structure in children born preterm and exposed to chorioamnionitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2011 Oct;205(4):384.e1-8 PMID: 21987595 PMCID: PMC3188953

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if children born preterm and exposed to chorioamnionitis have differences in brain structure measured at 6-10 years of age using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

STUDY DESIGN: Structural MRI was performed with 11 preterm children (8.5 ± 1.7 years) with chorioamnionitis and 16 preterm children (8.7 ± 1.4 years) without chorioamnionitis. Cortical surface reconstruction and volumetric segmentation were performed with FreeSurfer image analysis software. Subcortical structures were analyzed using multivariate analysis.

RESULTS: Widespread regional differences in cortical thickness were observed. With chorioamnionitis, the frontal and temporal lobes were primarily affected by decreased cortical thickness, and the limbic, parietal, and occipital lobes were primarily affected by increased cortical thickness when compared to the comparison group. Subcortical differences were observed in the hippocampus and lateral ventricle.

CONCLUSION: Using MRI, chorioamnionitis is associated with longterm widespread regional effects on brain development in children born prematurely. Our study is limited by its small sample size.

Author List

Hatfield T, Wing DA, Buss C, Head K, Muftuler LT, Davis EP

Author

Lutfi Tugan Muftuler PhD Associate Professor in the Neurosurgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Brain
Child
Chorioamnionitis
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Pregnancy



View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 21987595
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