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Donor lymphocyte infusion for relapsed hematological malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: prognostic relevance of the initial CD3+ T cell dose. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2013 Jun;19(6):949-57 PMID: 23523892 PMCID: PMC3846289

Pubmed ID

23523892

DOI

10.1016/j.bbmt.2013.03.001

Abstract

The impact of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) initial cell dose on its outcome is known in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia but limited in patients with other hematological malignancies. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the effect of initial DLI CD3(+) cell dose on graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and overall survival after DLI given for relapse of any hematological malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with high- or reduced-intensity conditioning. The cohort included 225 patients. Initial DLI CD3(+) cell dose per kilogram of recipient body weight was ≤ 1 × 10(7) (n = 84; group A), >1.0 to <10 × 10(7) (n = 58; group B), and ≥ 10 × 10(7) (n = 66; group C). The initial cell dose was unknown for the remaining 17 patients. Cumulative incidence rates of GVHD at 12 months after DLI were 21%, 45%, and 55% for groups A, B, and C, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that initial DLI CD3(+) cell ≥ 10 × 10(7) dose per kilogram is associated with an increased risk of GVHD after DLI (P = .03). Moreover, an initial DLI CD3(+) cell dose of 10 × 10(7) or higher did not decrease the risk of relapse and did not improve overall survival. Thus, these results support the use of less than 10 × 10(7) CD3(+) cell per kilogram as the initial cell dose of DLI for treatment of persistent or recurrent hematological malignancy after HCT.

Author List

Bar M, Sandmaier BM, Inamoto Y, Bruno B, Hari P, Chauncey T, Martin PJ, Storb R, Maloney DG, Storer B, Flowers ME

Author

Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84877880430   45 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
CD3 Complex
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Graft Survival
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematologic Neoplasms
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Infant
Lymphocyte Count
Male
Middle Aged
Myeloablative Agonists
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
Survival Analysis
T-Lymphocytes
Transplantation Conditioning
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-321 98992d628744e349846c2f62ac68f241d7e1ea70