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Registered dietitians making a difference: early medical record documentation of estimated energy requirement in critically ill children is associated with higher daily energy intake and with use of the enteral route. J Acad Nutr Diet 2013 Oct;113(10):1311-6 PMID: 23810630

Pubmed ID

23810630

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Establishing a caloric requirement or energy target is a recommended part of any nutrition care plan.

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe early documentation of a caloric requirement in critically ill children, and to determine if this would have any effect on daily energy intake and route of nutrition.

DESIGN: We used a descriptive chart review of a subgroup of patients included as part of a larger, retrospective multicenter study. Variables of interest included nutritional intake information, as well as presence/absence and amount of a documented caloric requirement within 48 hours of admission.

PARTICIPANTS: Five of the original 12 study centers collected the required supplementary data. Enrolled patients were those who were admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) from January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2008; were between ages 30 days and 18 years; and had a length of stay in the PICU ≥ 96 hours.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Energy intake among patients with and without a documented caloric requirement was analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests. The difference of receiving enteral nutrition among patients with and without a caloric requirement was analyzed using a χ(2) test.

RESULTS: We studied 1,349 patients, of whom 644 (47.7%) had a caloric requirement documented (95.6% of caloric requirements were entered by a registered dietitian) in the medical record; these patients had higher total daily energy intake and were more likely to be fed enterally during the first 4 days of PICU admission than those without a documented caloric requirement (P<0.001 for all comparisons).

CONCLUSIONS: Less than half of critically ill children studied had a caloric requirement documented in the medical record; when a caloric requirement was documented in the medical record of a critically ill child, a registered dietitian had likely made the note. Having a caloric requirement documented in the medical record is associated with a higher energy intake and the use of the enteral route.

Author List

Wakeham M, Christensen M, Manzi J, Kuhn EM, Scanlon M, Goday PS, Mikhailov TA

Authors

Praveen Sundaraj Goday MBBS Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Theresa A. Mikhailov MD, PhD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Matthew C. Scanlon MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Martin K. Wakeham MD Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84884411177   10 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Critical Illness
Dietetics
Documentation
Energy Intake
Enteral Nutrition
Female
Humans
Infant
Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
Male
Medical Records
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Status
Retrospective Studies
jenkins-FCD Prod-300 626508253d14e4184314fb9f66322a03a5906796