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Myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients who experience relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation for lymphoma: a report of the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry. Blood 2004 Dec 01;104(12):3797-803 PMID: 15280203

Pubmed ID

15280203

Abstract

Myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is increasingly used in patients with lymphoma who experience disease relapse after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) because the allograft is tumor free and may induce a graft-versus-tumor effect. We analyzed 114 patients treated with this approach from 1990 to 1999 to assess disease progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Cumulative incidence of disease progression at 3 years was 52%, whereas treatment-related mortality was 22%, lower than previously reported. Three-year probabilities of OS and PFS were 33% and 25%, respectively. With prolonged follow-up, however, nearly all patients experienced disease progression, and 5-year probabilities were 24% and 5%, respectively. Complete remission at the time of allo-HSCT and use of total body irradiation (TBI) in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were associated with lower rates of disease progression and higher rates of OS. In summary, allo-HSCT is feasible for patients with lymphoma who have relapses after auto-HSCT and can result in prolonged survival for some, but it is usually not curative. Most likely to benefit are patients who have HLA-matched sibling donors, are in remission, and have good performance status.

Author List

Freytes CO, Loberiza FR, Rizzo JD, Bashey A, Bredeson CN, Cairo MS, Gale RP, Horowitz MM, Klumpp TR, Martino R, McCarthy PL, Molina A, Pavlovsky S, Pecora AL, Serna DS, Tsai T, Zhang MJ, Vose JM, Lazarus HM, van Besien K, Lymphoma Working Committee of the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry

Authors

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
J. Douglas D. Rizzo MD, MS Director, Ctr Associate Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-9444272217   93 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Disease Progression
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Lymphoma
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Myeloablative Agonists
Prognosis
Recurrence
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Survival Analysis
Transplantation Conditioning
Transplantation, Autologous
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-336 69ef4a6b262d135130251597d5d39873903802b5