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The biomechanics of upper extremity kinematic and kinetic modeling: applications to rehabilitation engineering. Crit Rev Biomed Eng 2008;36(2-3):93-125 PMID: 19740069

Pubmed ID

19740069

Abstract

Human motion analysis has evolved from the lower extremity to the upper extremity. Rehabilitation engineering is reliant upon three-dimensional biome-chanical models for a thorough understanding of upper body motions and forces in order to improve treatment methods, rehabilitation strategies and to prevent injury. Due to the complex nature of upper body movements, a standard biomechanical model does not exist. This paper reviews several kinematic and kinetic rehabilitation engineering models from the literature. These models may capture a single joint; multijoints such as the shoulder, elbow and wrist; or a combination of joints and an ambulatory aid, which serves as the extension of the upper arm. With advances in software and hardware, new models continuously arise due to the clinical questions at hand. When designing a biomechanical upper extremity model, several key components must be determined. These include deciding on the anatomic segments of the model, the number of markers and placement on bony landmarks, the definition of joint coordinate systems, and the description of the joint motions. It is critical to apply the proper model to further our understanding of pathologic populations.

Author List

Slavens BA, Harris GF

Author

Brooke Slavens BS,MS,PhD Assistant Professor in the Occupational Science & Technology department at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee




Scopus

2-s2.0-74349100750   12 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Biomechanical Phenomena
Biomedical Engineering
Computer Simulation
Humans
Joints
Kinetics
Models, Biological
Movement
Movement Disorders
Range of Motion, Articular
Upper Extremity
jenkins-FCD Prod-300 626508253d14e4184314fb9f66322a03a5906796