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Hematopoietic cell transplantation for systemic mature T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Clin Oncol 2013 Sep 01;31(25):3100-9 PMID: 23897963 PMCID: PMC3753702

Pubmed ID

23897963

Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Outcomes of 241 patients (112 anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, 102 peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified, 27 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma) undergoing autologous HCT (autoHCT; n = 115; median age, 43 years) or allogeneic HCT (alloHCT; n = 126; median age, 38 years) were analyzed. Primary outcomes were nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse/progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Patient, disease, and HCT-related variables were analyzed in multivariate Cox proportional hazard models to determine association with outcomes.

RESULTS: AutoHCT recipients were more likely in first complete remission (CR1; 35% v 14%; P = .001) and with chemotherapy-sensitive disease (86% v 60%; P < .001), anaplastic large-cell histology (53% v 40%; P = .04), and two or fewer lines of prior therapy (65% v 44%; P < .001) compared with alloHCT recipients. Three-year PFS and OS of autoHCT recipients beyond CR1 were 42% and 53%, respectively. Among alloHCT recipients who received transplantations beyond CR1, 31% remained progression-free at 3 years, despite being more heavily pretreated and with more refractory disease. NRM was 3.5-fold higher (95% CI, 1.80 to 6.99; P < .001) for alloHCT. In multivariate analysis, chemotherapy sensitivity (hazard ratio [HR], 1.8; 95% CI, 1.16 to 2.87) and two or fewer lines of pretransplantation therapy (HR, 5.02; 95% CI, 2.15 to 11.72) were prognostic of survival.

CONCLUSION: These data describe the roles of autoHCT and alloHCT in T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and suggest greater effectiveness earlier in the disease course, and limited utility in multiply relapsed disease. Notably, autoHCT at relapse may be a potential option for select patients, particularly those with anaplastic large-cell lymphoma histology.

Author List

Smith SM, Burns LJ, van Besien K, Lerademacher J, He W, Fenske TS, Suzuki R, Hsu JW, Schouten HC, Hale GA, Holmberg LA, Sureda A, Freytes CO, Maziarz RT, Inwards DJ, Gale RP, Gross TG, Cairo MS, Costa LJ, Lazarus HM, Wiernik PH, Maharaj D, Laport GG, Montoto S, Hari PN

Authors

Timothy Fenske MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84886463678   82 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Transplantation, Autologous
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-300 626508253d14e4184314fb9f66322a03a5906796