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Risk factors for bronchiolitis obliterans in allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for leukemia. Chest 2005 Jul;128(1):153-61 PMID: 16002929

Pubmed ID

16002929

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Reported risk factors for bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplant recipients come from modest-sized studies and are limited to experiences of single institutions. We sought to identify risk factors for BO using data from the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry.

METHODS: Registry data on 6,275 adult patients with leukemia who received human leukocyte antigen-identical sibling transplants from 1989 to 1997 and survived at least 100 days after transplantation were evaluated for the study. Risk factors for BO were analyzed using proportional hazards regression.

RESULTS: Seventy-six patients were found to have BO, with an incidence rate of 1.7% at 2 years after transplantation. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of median time to onset of BO was 431 days. Histologic evaluation was performed in 36 patients (47%). In 28 patients (37%), diagnosis was based on pulmonary function tests, CT scans of the chest, or a combination of both. On multivariate analysis, the factors that were associated with an increased risk for BO included the following: peripheral blood-derived stem cell, a busulfan-based conditioning regimen, interval from diagnosis to transplant > or = 14 months, female donor to male recipient sex match, prior interstitial pneumonitis, and an episode of moderate-to-severe acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD).

CONCLUSION: In addition to corroborating previously reported risk factors, such as acute GVHD and a busulfan-based conditioning regimen, we found that peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation, long duration to transplant, female donor to male recipient, and a prior episode of interstitial pneumonitis are associated with an increased risk for BO.

Author List

Santo Tomas LH, Loberiza FR Jr, Klein JP, Layde PM, Lipchik RJ, Rizzo JD, Bredeson CN, Horowitz MM

Authors

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Randolph J. Lipchik MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
J. Douglas D. Rizzo MD, MS Director, Ctr Associate Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Linus John H Santo Tomas MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-22244447765   119 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Bronchiolitis Obliterans
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Incidence
Leukemia
Male
Proportional Hazards Models
Registries
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Transplantation, Homologous
jenkins-FCD Prod-321 98992d628744e349846c2f62ac68f241d7e1ea70