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Effect of melasma on quality of life in a sample of women living in southern Brazil. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2008 Jun;22(6):655-62 PMID: 18410339

Pubmed ID

18410339

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Melasma can cause a significant effect on individual emotional well-being. Melasma Quality of Life Scale (MELASQoL) is a specific questionnaire elaborated to assess the burden of melasma on patient's quality of life.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical aspects, severity and the influence of melasma on daily living of a sample of Brazilian women.

METHODS: Cross-sectional study that enrolled 85 women with melasma older than 15 years of age. Trained investigators asked 55 questions to collect epidemiological and clinical data. The disease severity was clinically assessed using Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI). Patients answered the Portuguese version of 10-item MELASQoL scale without coaching.

RESULTS: The mean +/- SD age was 41.1 +/- 6.8 years, and the mean +/- SD of MELASQoL score was 37.5 +/- 15.2 (median, 35). Patients with previous psychiatric diagnosis had significantly higher MELASQoL scores (mean, 42.8; SD, 13.6) than patients without this antecedent (mean, 35.4; SD, 15.4; P < 0.05). Patients with less than 8 years of school attendance also had significantly higher MELASQoL score (mean, 44; SD, 16.9) than more graduated ones (mean, 34.4; SD, 13.5; P < 0.05). The mean +/- SD MASI was 10.6 +/- 6.6 (median, 10.2). There was no correlation between MASI and MELASQoL.

CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that MELASQoL-BP is easy to administer, adds important information about the impact of melasma on South American women's life and, finally, contributes to building evidence on the validity, reliability and cultural adaptation of the Portuguese language MELASQoL version.

Author List

Freitag FM, Cestari TF, Leopoldo LR, Paludo P, Boza JC

Author

Frederick G. Freitag DO Associate Professor in the Neurology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-43649089803   46 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Brazil
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Melanosis
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Quality of Life
Surveys and Questionnaires
jenkins-FCD Prod-300 626508253d14e4184314fb9f66322a03a5906796