Medical College of Wisconsin
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Typology of reactions to intimate partner violence among men and women arrested for partner violence. Violence Vict 2005 Jun;20(3):303-17



Pubmed ID





This study examined behavioral and emotional responses to partner-initiated violence reported by men and women court-ordered to domestic violence counseling. Respondents provided Likert-type ratings of behavioral and emotional responses to their partners' initiated violence. Cluster analysis to determine heterogeneity of emotional and behavioral responses resulted in a three-cluster solution. The profile for Cluster 1, predominantly male, showed no specific behavioral or emotional reaction pattern. Cluster 2 respondents, evenly split between males and females, but comprising a high proportion of all of the female participants, reported frequently doing what the partner wanted and attempting to escape. Emotional responses experienced by Cluster 2 respondents were anger, insult, and fear. Cluster 3, predominantly male, reported a frequent tendency to use force in response and escape when their partners initiated physical violence. Emotionally, Cluster 3 participants reported experiencing high levels of anger and insult, and relatively low levels of fear and low levels of amusement. Implications of these findings for development of gender-based intervention strategies will be discussed.

Author List

Hamberger LK, Guse C


L Kevin Hamberger PhD Professor in the Family Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Cluster Analysis
Crime Victims
Interpersonal Relations
Middle Aged
Sexual Partners
Spouse Abuse
Surveys and Questionnaires
United States
jenkins-FCD Prod-468 69a93cef3257f26b866d455c1d2b2d0f28382f14