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CO2/H+ chemoreceptors in the cerebellar fastigial nucleus do not uniformly affect breathing of awake goats. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2006 Jul;101(1):241-8



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33745832272   13 Citations


Our objective in this study was to test the hypothesis that focal acidosis (FA) in the cerebellar fastigial nucleus (CFN) of awake goats arising from global brain acidosis induced by increasing inspired CO2 will increase breathing. FA was created by reverse microdialysis of mock cerebral spinal fluid, equilibrated with 6.4, 25, 50, or 80% CO2 through chronically implanted microtubules (cannula). Dialysis with 6.4% CO2 had no significant effects on any physiological parameters. However, microdialysis at higher levels of CO2 increased pulmonary ventilation (V(I)) in one group of studies and decreased V(I) in a second group and the difference between the groups was significant (t = 9.16, P < 0.001). In one group of studies (n = 8), FA with 50 and 80% CO2 significantly increased (P < 0.05) Vi by 16 and 12%, respectively, and significantly increased (P < 0.05) heart rate by 13 and 9%, respectively. In contrast, in another group of studies (n = 6), FA with 25 and 50% CO2 significantly decreased (P < 0.05) Vi by 7 and 10%, respectively. In this group oxygen consumption was decreased during dialysis with 80% CO2. On the basis of histology, we estimate that the increased and decreased responses were associated with FA primarily in the rCFN and cCFN, respectively. We conclude that there are CO2/H+-sensitive neurons in the CFN that do not uniformly affect breathing. In addition, the significant changes in heart rate and oxygen consumption during FA indicate that the CFN can also influence non-respiratory-related control systems.

Author List

Martino PF, Hodges MR, Davis S, Opansky C, Pan LG, Krause K, Qian B, Forster HV


Hubert V. Forster PhD Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Matthew R. Hodges PhD Associate Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acidosis, Respiratory
Carbon Dioxide
Cerebellar Nuclei
Chemoreceptor Cells
Oxygen Consumption
Pulmonary Ventilation
Respiratory Mechanics
jenkins-FCD Prod-398 336d56a365602aa89dcc112f077233607d6a5abc