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Older patients with myeloma derive similar benefit from autologous transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2014 Nov;20(11):1796-803 PMID: 25046833 PMCID: PMC4194262

Pubmed ID

25046833

DOI

10.1016/j.bbmt.2014.07.013

Abstract

Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) for plasma cell myeloma is performed less often in people >70 years old than in people ≤70 years old. We analyzed 11,430 AHCT recipients for plasma cell myeloma prospectively reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research between 2008 and 2011, representing the majority of US AHCT activity during this period. Survival (OS) was compared in 3 cohorts: ages 18 to 59 years (n = 5818), 60 to 69 years (n = 4666), and >70 years (n = 946). Median OS was not reached for any cohort. In multivariate analysis, increasing age was associated with mortality (P = .0006). Myeloma-specific mortality was similar among cohorts at 12%, indicating an age-related effect on nonmyeloma mortality. Analyses were performed in a representative subgroup comparing relapse rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). One-year NRM was 0% for age >70 years and 2% for other ages (P = not significant). The three-year relapse rate was 56% in age 18 to 59 years, 61% in age 60 to 69 years, and 63% age >70 (P = not significant). Three-year PFS was similar at 42% in age 18 to 59 years, 38% in age 60 to 69 years, and 33% in age >70 years (P = not significant). Postrelapse survival was significantly worse for the older cohort (P = .03). Older subjects selected for AHCT derived similar antimyeloma benefit without worse NRM, relapse rate, or PFS.

Author List

Sharma M, Zhang MJ, Zhong X, Abidi MH, Akpek G, Bacher U, Callander NS, Dispenzieri A, Freytes CO, Fung HC, Gale RP, Gasparetto C, Gibson J, Holmberg LA, Kindwall-Keller TL, Klumpp TR, Krishnan AY, Landau HJ, Lazarus HM, Lonial S, Maiolino A, Marks DI, Mehta P, Mikhael Med JR, Nishihori T, Olsson R, Ramanathan M, Roy V, Savani BN, Schouten HC, Scott E, Tay J, To LB, Vesole DH, Vogl DT, Hari P

Authors

Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84908070200   32 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Cohort Studies
Disease-Free Survival
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multiple Myeloma
Prospective Studies
Transplantation, Autologous
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-331 a335b1a6d1e9c32173c9534e6f6ff51494143916