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Comparative of a new and innovative 2% chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated cloth with 4% chlorhexidine gluconate as topical antiseptic for preparation of the skin prior to surgery. Am J Infect Control 2007 Mar;35(2):89-96



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-33847142183   62 Citations


BACKGROUND: Decreasing the microbial skin burden reduces the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). The present study compares the activity of an innovative 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)-impregnated preoperative skin preparation cloth (PC) with a standard application procedure with a 4% CHG surgical skin preparation (SP).

METHODS: A paired, randomized, parallel phase III study was conducted adhering to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) design criteria for evaluating preoperative skin preparations. Subjects' left and right sides of the inguinal and abdominal skin sites (n = 30) were randomized to either PC or SP treatment. Following baseline cultures, PC sites were prepped for 3 minutes, and SP sites were prepped for 4 minutes. Skin site cultures were obtained at 10 minutes, 30 minutes, and 6 hours postpreparation. Bacterial recovery was expressed as log(10) colony-forming units (cfu)/cm(2) for baseline and postapplication microbial recovery.

RESULTS: Mean microbial baseline for the abdominal and inguinal skin sites were as follows: PC = 3.36 cfu/cm(2) and 6.15 cfu/cm(2); SP = 3.51 cfu/cm(2) and 6.16 cfu/cm(2), respectively. Log(10) reduction for PC abdominal and inguinal prepped sites at 10 minutes, 30 minutes, and 6 hours postpreparation were 2.50, 2.33, and 2.54; 3.45, 3.50, and 3.64, respectively. Log(10) reductions for SP abdominal and inguinal prepped sites at 10 minutes, 30 minutes, and 6 hours were 2.18, 2.19, and 2.77; 2.78, 2.63, and 3.15, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Microbial reductions from abdominal-inguinal PC prepped sites were significantly reduced (P < .05) compared with baseline, exceeding the FDA log-reduction criteria for a preoperative topical skin preparation. Compared with baseline, microbial reductions at the SP-prepped abdominal-inguinal sites were significant (P < .05). SP abdominal-prepped sites met the FDA log-reduction criteria; inguinal sites, however, failed to meet expected FDA log-reduction criteria at 10 minutes postpreparation. The PC-treated inguinal sites at 10 minutes, 30 minutes, and 6 hours post-skin preparation demonstrated significantly greater microbial reductions than did the SP-treated inguinal sites (P < .01).

Author List

Edmiston CE Jr, Seabrook GR, Johnson CP, Paulson DS, Beausoleil CM


Christopher P. Johnson MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Gary R. Seabrook MD Chief, Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Administration, Cutaneous
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Colony Count, Microbial
Dermatologic Agents
Preoperative Care
Surgical Wound Infection
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-468 69a93cef3257f26b866d455c1d2b2d0f28382f14