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A Comparison of Pain Assessment Measures in Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease: Visual Analog Scale Versus Numeric Rating Scale. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2015 Apr;37(3):190-4 PMID: 25575295

Pubmed ID

25575295

DOI

10.1097/MPH.0000000000000306

Abstract

Given the availability of various pain severity scales, greater understanding of the agreement between pain scales is warranted. We compared Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain severity ratings in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) to identify the relationship and agreement between pain scale ratings. Twenty-eight patients (mean ± SD age, 14.65 ± 3.12 y, 50% female) receiving pain interventions within the emergency department completed serial VAS and NRS pain severity ratings every 30 minutes. Data were used to calculate the relationship (Spearman correlation) and agreement (Bland-Altman approach) between the VAS and NRS. One hundred twenty-eight paired VAS-NRS measurements were obtained. VAS and NRS ratings were significantly correlated for the initial assessment (rs = 0.88, P < 0.001) and all assessments (rs = 0.87, P < 0.001). Differences between VAS and NRS means were -0.52 (P = 0.006) for the initial assessment and -0.86 (P < 0.001) across all assessments. The difference between VAS and NRS ratings decreased as pain severity increased across all assessments (P = 0.027), but not the initial assessment. Within pediatric patients with SCD, VAS and NRS ratings were found to trend together; however, VAS scores were found to be significantly lower than NRS scores across assessments. The agreement between the 2 measures improved at increasing levels of pain severity. These findings demonstrate that the VAS and NRS are similar, but cannot be used interchangeably when assessing self-reported pain in SCD.

Author List

Myrvik MP, Drendel AL, Brandow AM, Yan K, Hoffmann RG, Panepinto JA

Authors

Amanda Brandow DO Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Amy L. Drendel DO Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Matthew Myrvik PhD Associate Professor in the Orthopaedic Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Julie A. Panepinto MD, MSPH Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84926407202   11 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Child
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Pain
Pain Management
Pain Measurement
Pediatrics
Prognosis
Visual Analog Scale
jenkins-FCD Prod-353 9ccd8489072cb19f5b9f808bb23ed672c582f41e