Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Impact of Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease on Late Relapse and Survival on 7,489 Patients after Myeloablative Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Leukemia. Clin Cancer Res 2015 May 01;21(9):2020-8 PMID: 25348512 PMCID: PMC4411210

Pubmed ID

25348512

Abstract

PURPOSE: Malignancy relapse remains a major obstacle for successful allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is associated with fewer relapses. However, when studying effects of cGVHD on relapse, it is difficult to separate from acute GVHD effects as most cases of cGVHD occur within the first year after transplant at the time when acute GVHD is still active.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This study based on CIBMTR registry data investigated cGVHD and its association with the incidence of late relapse and survival in 7,489 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), who were leukemia free at 12 months after myeloablative allogeneic HCT.

RESULTS: Forty-seven percent of the study population was diagnosed with cGVHD at 12 months after transplant. The protective effect of cGVHD on late relapse was present only in patients with CML [RR, 0.47; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.37-0.59; P < 0.0001). cGVHD was significantly associated with higher risk of treatment-related mortality (TRM; RR, 2.43; 95% CI, 2.09-2.82; P < 0.0001) and inferior overall survival (RR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.41-1.73; P < 0.0001) for all diseases. In patients with CML, all organ sites and presentation types of cGVHD were equally associated with lower risk of late relapse.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that clinically relevant antileukemia effects of cGVHD on late relapses are present only in CML but not in AML, ALL, or MDS. Chronic GVHD in patients who are 1-year survivors after myeloablative allogeneic HCT is primarily associated with higher TRM and inferior survival.

Author List

Boyiadzis M, Arora M, Klein JP, Hassebroek A, Hemmer M, Urbano-Ispizua A, Antin JH, Bolwell BJ, Cahn JY, Cairo MS, Cutler CS, Flowers ME, Gale RP, Herzig R, Isola LM, Jacobsohn DA, Jagasia MH, Klumpp TR, Lee SJ, Petersdorf EW, Santarone S, Spellman SR, Schouten HC, Verdonck LF, Wingard JR, Weisdorf DJ, Horowitz MM, Pavletic SZ

Author

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84935449959   39 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Allografts
Chronic Disease
Female
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Incidence
Leukemia
Male
Recurrence
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-296 4db9d02597e0a2e889e230f853b641c12f1c3ee3