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Functional and Dysfunctional Sensorimotor Anatomy and Imaging. Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2015 Jun;36(3):220-33 PMID: 26233857

Abstract

The sensorimotor system of the human brain and body is fundamental only in its central role in our daily lives. On further examination, it is a system with intricate and complex anatomical, physiological, and functional relationships. Sensorimotor areas including primary sensorimotor, premotor, supplementary motor, and higher order somatosensory cortices are critical for function and can be localized at routine neuroimaging with a familiarity of sulcal and gyral landmarks. Likewise, a thorough understanding of the functions and dysfunctions of these areas can empower the neuroradiologist and lead to superior imaging search patterns, diagnostic considerations, and patient care recommendations in daily clinical practice. Presurgical functional brain mapping of the sensorimotor system may be necessary in scenarios with distortion of anatomical landmarks, multiplanar localization, homunculus localization, congenital brain anomalies, informing diffusion tensor imaging interpretations, and localizing nonvisible targets.

Author List

Ulmer JL, Klein AP, Mark LP, Tuna I, Agarwal M, DeYoe E

Authors

Mohit Agarwal MD Assistant Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Andrew P. Klein MD Assistant Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Leighton P. Mark MD Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Functional Neuroimaging
Humans
Image Enhancement
Movement Disorders
Sensation Disorders
Sensorimotor Cortex



View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 26233857
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