Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Bacteremia in Patients with Heterotaxy: A Review and Implications for Management. Congenit Heart Dis 2016 Dec;11(6):537-547 PMID: 27425254

Pubmed ID

27425254

Abstract

Heterotaxy (HTX) is a laterality defect resulting in abnormal arrangement of the thoracic and abdominal organs across the right-left axis, and is associated with multiple anatomic and physiologic disruptions. HTX often occurs in association with complex congenital heart disease. Splenic abnormalities are also common and convey an increased risk of bacteremia (bacteremia) with a high associated mortality. We performed a systematic review of the literature studying the risk of infection in HTX patients and strategies that can be utilized to prevent such infections. Studies were identified for inclusion using PubMed, EMBASE, and OVID, as well as hand search of references from previously identified papers. Published studies specifically investigating bacteremia in HTX were identified and included as long as they were in English. Data were extracted by two separate authors independently with review of any findings that differed between the two authors. There were 42 documented cases of bacteremia in 32 patients. Approximately, 79% of these had absence of a spleen. The average age of bacteremia was 17 months. HTX patients are at high risk for bacteremia leading to mortality, regardless of anatomic splenic type. We propose strategies for the evaluation of splenic function in HTX patients, and review management practices to reduce the impact of infection risk in the HTX population.

Author List

Loomba RS, Geddes GC, Basel D, Benson DW, Leuthner SR, Hehir DA, Ghanayem N, Shillingford AJ

Authors

Donald Basel MD Chief, Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Dudley Woodrow Benson Jr MD, PhD Clinical Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Gabrielle Christine Geddes MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Steven R. Leuthner MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84994182339   4 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Bacteremia
Bacterial Infections
Heterotaxy Syndrome
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Prognosis
Risk Factors
Spleen
jenkins-FCD Prod-296 4db9d02597e0a2e889e230f853b641c12f1c3ee3