Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Corpus callosotomy in multistage epilepsy surgery in the pediatric population. J Neurosurg Pediatr 2011 Feb;7(2):189-200 PMID: 21284466

Pubmed ID

21284466

DOI

10.3171/2010.11.PEDS10334

Abstract

OBJECT: The object of this study was to evaluate surgical outcome in a select group of patients with medically refractory epilepsy who had undergone corpus callosotomy combined with bilateral subdural electroencephalography (EEG) electrode placement as the initial step in multistage epilepsy surgery.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 18 children (ages 3.5-18 years) with medically refractory symptomatic generalized or localization-related epilepsy was undertaken. A corpus callosotomy with subdural bihemispheric EEG electrode placement was performed as the initial step in multistage epilepsy surgery. All of the patients had tonic and atonic seizures; 6 patients also experienced complex partial seizures. All of the patients had frequent generalized epileptiform discharges as well as multifocal independent epileptiform discharges on surface EEG monitoring. Most of the patients (94%) had either normal (44%) MR imaging studies of the brain or bihemispheric abnormalities (50%). One patient had a suspected unilateral lesion (prominent sylvian fissure).

RESULTS: Of the 18 patients who underwent corpus callosotomy and placement of subdural strips and grids, 12 progressed to further resection based on localizing data obtained during invasive EEG monitoring. The mean patient age was 10.9 years. The duration of invasive monitoring ranged from 3 to 14 days, and the follow-up ranged from 6 to 70 months (mean 35 months). Six (50%) of the 12 patients who had undergone resection had an excellent outcome (Engel Class I or II). There were no permanent neurological deficits or deaths.

CONCLUSIONS: The addition of invasive monitoring for patients undergoing corpus callosotomy for medically refractory epilepsy may lead to the localization of surgically amenable seizure foci, targeted resections, and improved seizure outcomes in a select group of patients typically believed to be candidates for palliative surgery alone.

Author List

Lin JS, Lew SM, Marcuccilli CJ, Mueller WM, Matthews AE, Koop JI, Zupanc ML

Authors

Jennifer I. Koop Olsta PhD Associate Professor in the Neurology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Sean Lew MD Chief, Professor in the Neurosurgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anne E. Matthews PAC Physician Assistant Surgical in the Neurosurgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wade M. Mueller MD Professor in the Neurosurgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-79551703305   14 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Corpus Callosum
Epilepsy
Female
Humans
Male
Neurosurgical Procedures
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-321 98992d628744e349846c2f62ac68f241d7e1ea70