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Altered secretion of growth hormone and luteinizing hormone after 84 h of sustained physical exertion superimposed on caloric and sleep restriction. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2006 Jan;100(1):120-8 PMID: 16141374


The pulsatile release of growth hormone (GH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the anterior pituitary gland is integral for signaling secretion of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and testosterone, respectively. This study examined the hypothesis that 84 h of sustained physical exertion with caloric and sleep restriction alters the secretion of GH and LH. Ten male soldiers [22 yr (SD 3), 183 cm (SD 7), 87 kg (SD 8)] had blood drawn overnight from 1800 to 0600 every 20 min for GH, LH, and leptin and every 2 h for IGF-I (total and free), IGF binding proteins-1 and -3, testosterone (total and free), glucose, and free fatty acids during a control week and after 84 h of military operational stress. Time-series cluster and deconvolution analyses assessed the secretion parameters of GH and LH. Significant results (P < or = 0.05) were as follows: body mass (-3%), fat-free mass (-2.3%), and fat mass (-7.3%) declined after military operational stress. GH and LH secretion burst amplitude (approximately 50%) and overnight pulsatile secretion (approximately 50%), IGF binding protein-1 (+67%), and free fatty acids (+33%) increased, whereas leptin (-47%), total (-27%) and free IGF-I (-32%), total (-24%) and free testosterone (-30%), and IGF binding protein-3 (-6%) decreased. GH and LH pulse number were unaffected. Because GH and LH positively regulate IGF-I and testosterone, these data imply that the physiological strain induced a certain degree of peripheral resistance. During periods of energy deficiency, amplitude modulation of GH and LH pulses may precede alterations in pulse numbers.

Author List

Nindl BC, Rarick KR, Castellani JW, Tuckow AP, Patton JF, Young AJ, Montain SJ


Kevin Richard Rarick PhD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adaptation, Physiological
Exercise Test
Growth Hormone
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Luteinizing Hormone
Military Personnel
Physical Endurance
Sleep Deprivation

View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 16141374
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