Medical College of Wisconsin
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Xenopus tropicalis oocytes as an advantageous model system for the study of intracellular Ca(2+) signalling. Br J Pharmacol 2001 Apr;132(7):1396-410 PMID: 11264232 PMCID: PMC1572681

Abstract

1. The purpose of this study was to compare oocytes from the pipid frogs Xenopus tropicalis and Xenopus laevis, with respect to their utility for studying Ca(2+) signalling mechanisms and for expression of heterologous proteins. 2. We show that X. tropicalis oocytes possess an intracellular Ca(2+) store that is mobilized by inositol (1,4,5) trisphosphate (IP(3)). Ca(2+) signalling is activated by endogenous lysophosphatidic acid receptors and cytosolic Ca(2+) activates a plasma membrane chloride conductance. The spatiotemporal organization of cytosolic Ca(2+) signals, from the microscopic architecture of elementary Ca(2+) 'puffs' to the macroscopic patterns of Ca(2+) spiking are closely similar to the local and global patterns of Ca(2+) release previously characterized in oocytes from X. laevis. 3. By injecting X. tropicalis oocytes with cDNA encoding an ER-targeted fluorescent protein construct, we demonstrate the capacity of the X. tropicalis oocyte to readily express heterologous proteins. The organization of ER is polarized across the oocyte, with the IP(3)-releaseable store targeted within an approximately 8 microm wide band that circumscribes the cell. 4. We conclude that the X. tropicalis oocyte shares many of the characteristics that have made oocytes of X. laevis a favoured system for studying Ca(2+) signalling mechanisms. Moreover, X. tropicalis oocytes display further practical advantages in terms of imaging depth, Ca(2+) signal magnitude and electrical properties. These further enhance the appeal of X. tropicalis as an experimental system, in addition to its greater amenability to transgenic approaches.

Author List

Marchant JS, Parker I

Author

Jonathan S. Marchant PhD Chair, Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Biological Transport
Calcium
Calcium Signaling
Electrophysiology
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Female
Genetic Vectors
Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate
Luminescent Proteins
Membrane Potentials
Microinjections
Microscopy, Confocal
Models, Animal
Oocytes
Xenopus



View this publication's entry at the Pubmed website PMID: 11264232
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