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Field-Effect Transistor Biosensor for Rapid Detection of Ebola Antigen. Sci Rep 2017 09 08;7(1):10974

Date

09/10/2017

Pubmed ID

28887479

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5591202

DOI

10.1038/s41598-017-11387-7

Abstract

The Ebola virus transmits a highly contagious, frequently fatal human disease for which there is no specific antiviral treatment. Therefore, rapid, accurate, and early diagnosis of Ebola virus disease (EVD) is critical to public health containment efforts, particularly in developing countries where resources are few and EVD is endemic. We have developed a reduced graphene oxide-based field-effect transistor method for real-time detection of the Ebola virus antigen. This method uses the attractive semiconductor characteristics of graphene-based material, and instantaneously yields highly sensitive and specific detection of Ebola glycoprotein. The feasibility of this method for clinical application in point-of-care technology is evaluated using Ebola glycoprotein suspended in diluted PBS buffer, human serum, and plasma. These results demonstrate the successful fabrication of a promising field-effect transistor biosensor for EVD diagnosis.

Author List

Chen Y, Ren R, Pu H, Guo X, Chang J, Zhou G, Mao S, Kron M, Chen J

Author

Michael Kron MD Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Antigens, Viral
Biosensing Techniques
Ebolavirus
Equipment Design
Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola
Humans
Point-of-Care Systems
Sensitivity and Specificity
Transistors, Electronic
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