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Photoreceptor disruption and vision loss associated with central serous retinopathy. Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Dec;8:74-77 PMID: 29260123 PMCID: PMC5731669

Pubmed ID

29260123

DOI

10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.10.002

Abstract

Purpose: To present ophthalmic imaging findings in the case of a 40-year-old male with sustained visual loss after a single episode of acute central serous retinopathy (CSR).

Observations: A male subject presented with visual acuity decline to 20/50 OS and was diagnosed with acute CSR. The initial pigment epithelial detachment and subretinal fluid resolved within 6 weeks, but visual acuity remained impaired. Using directional optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) and confocal and split-detector adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO), we imaged pathologic alterations in the photoreceptor mosaic of the affected eye. A foveal region of intermittent missing cones, a temporal parafoveal region of confluent missing cones, and a nasal parafoveal region of misdirected cones were observed.

Conclusions and Importance: Pathologic alterations in photoreceptor microanatomy underlie residual visual acuity deficits in this case of acute CSR. Observations of missing cones correlated well across all imaging modalities in the fovea and the temporal parafoveal region of missing cones. However, in the nasal parafovea where cones were present but misdirected, D-OCT and AOSLO may be able to identify and image photoreceptors with greater fidelity as compared to non-directional SDOCT (spectral domain OCT). D-OCT may thus have a clinical role in rapidly assessing photoreceptor mosaic integrity in pathology.

Author List

Sun LW, Carroll J, Lujan BJ

Author

Joseph J. Carroll PhD Director, Professor in the Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences department at Medical College of Wisconsin




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