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Immunogenomic Landscape Contributes to Hyperprogressive Disease after Anti-PD-1 Immunotherapy for Cancer. iScience 2018 Nov 30;9:258-277 PMID: 30439581 PMCID: PMC6234258

Pubmed ID





Although PD-1-blocking immunotherapies demonstrate significant therapeutic promise, a subset of the patients could develop hyperprogressive disease (HPD) with accelerated tumor growth after anti-PD1 immunotherapy. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, we compared the mutational and transcriptional landscapes between the pre- and post-therapy tumors of two patients developing HPD after anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. In post-therapy HPD tumors, somatic mutations were found in known cancer genes, including tumor suppressor genes such as TSC2 and VHL, along with transcriptional upregulation of oncogenic pathways, including IGF-1, ERK/MAPK, PI3K/AKT, and TGF-β. We found that post-therapy HPD tumors were less immunogenic than pre-therapy tumors, concurrent with an increased presence of ILC3 cells, a subset of innate lymphoid cells. We also developed a gene expression signature predictive of HPD. In summary, we identified the genomics and immune features associated with HPD, which may help identify patients at risk of adverse clinical outcome after anti-PD-1 immunotherapy.

Author List

Xiong D, Wang Y, Singavi AK, Mackinnon AC, George B, You M


Alexander C. Mackinnon Jr MD, PhD Associate Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Yian Wang MD, PhD Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Ming You MD, PhD Associate Provost, Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

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