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NMR metabolomics of cerebrospinal fluid differentiates inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12;12(12):e0007045

Date

12/18/2018

Pubmed ID

30557317

Pubmed Central ID

PMC6312347

DOI

10.1371/journal.pntd.0007045

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85059266951   1 Citation

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Myriad infectious and noninfectious causes of encephalomyelitis (EM) have similar clinical manifestations, presenting serious challenges to diagnosis and treatment. Metabolomics of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was explored as a method of differentiating among neurological diseases causing EM using a single CSF sample.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: 1H NMR metabolomics was applied to CSF samples from 27 patients with a laboratory-confirmed disease, including Lyme disease or West Nile Virus meningoencephalitis, multiple sclerosis, rabies, or Histoplasma meningitis, and 25 controls. Cluster analyses distinguished samples by infection status and moderately by pathogen, with shared and differentiating metabolite patterns observed among diseases. CART analysis predicted infection status with 100% sensitivity and 93% specificity.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These preliminary results suggest the potential utility of CSF metabolomics as a rapid screening test to enhance diagnostic accuracies and improve patient outcomes.

Author List

French CD, Willoughby RE, Pan A, Wong SJ, Foley JF, Wheat LJ, Fernandez J, Encarnacion R, Ondrush JM, Fatteh N, Paez A, David D, Javaid W, Amzuta IG, Neilan AM, Robbins GK, Brunner AM, Hu WT, Mishchuk DO, Slupsky CM

Author

Rodney E. Willoughby MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Central Nervous System
Central Nervous System Diseases
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Male
Metabolomics
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-399 190a069c593fb5498b7fcd942f44b7bc9cdc7ea1