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Addition of metolazone to overcome tolerance to furosemide in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. J Pediatr 1992 Jun;120(6):966-73



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0026545139   23 Citations


A decreased response to the loop diuretic furosemide develops within a few doses in young infants. We tested the hypothesis that the use of the thiazide-like diuretic metolazone, in combination with furosemide, would inhibit water and electrolyte reabsorption and overcome pharmacologic tolerance to furosemide alone. Infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia of similar gestational and postnatal ages were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group 1 (n = 6) received furosemide (1 mg/kg per dose) intravenously every 24 hours for a total of five doses. Group 2 (n = 8) received the same treatment as group 1, but in addition metolazone (0.2 mg/kg per dose) was given enterally with doses 3 and 4 of furosemide. Group 3 (n = 8) received metolazone (0.2 mg/kg per dose) enterally every 24 hours for five doses. Urine was collected before the first diuretic dose and throughout the study for determination of the urine flow rate; urinary excretion of sodium, chloride, and potassium; and creatinine clearance. Urinary flow rate and urinary sodium and chloride excretion increased after the first dose in all groups. In the infants treated with either furosemide or metolazone, urinary flow rate and urinary and chloride excretion returned to baseline values after the last three doses. In contrast, when furosemide was administered with metolazone, urinary flow rate and urinary excretion of sodium, chloride, and potassium were greater than the values for baseline and for the previous dose, as well as for the corresponding doses of furosemide in group 1 and metolazone in group 3. Tolerance to furosemide (group 1) and metolazone (group 3) appeared to be explained by compensatory increased sodium and chloride reabsorption without changes in creatinine clearance. We conclude that the administration of metolazone with furosemide enhances diuresis, natriuresis, and chloruresis and overcomes the rapid development of tolerance to furosemide in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia by blocking the compensatory increase in renal sodium and chloride absorption.

Author List

Segar JL, Robillard JE, Johnson KJ, Bell EF, Chemtob S


Jeffrey L. Segar MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Drug Therapy, Combination
Drug Tolerance
Infant, Newborn
Water-Electrolyte Balance
jenkins-FCD Prod-478 d1509cf07a111124a2d122fd3df854cc0b993c00