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Fabrication of cardiac patch with decellularized porcine myocardial scaffold and bone marrow mononuclear cells. J Biomed Mater Res A 2010 Sep 15;94(4):1100-10

Date

08/10/2010

Pubmed ID

20694977

Pubmed Central ID

PMC2933781

DOI

10.1002/jbm.a.32781

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-77956488608   122 Citations

Abstract

Tissue engineered cardiac grafts are a promising therapeutic mode for ventricular wall reconstruction. Recently, it has been found that acellular tissue scaffolds provide natural ultrastructural, mechanical, and compositional cues for recellularization and tissue remodeling. We thus assess the potential of decellularized porcine myocardium as a scaffold for thick cardiac patch tissue engineering. Myocardial sections with 2-mm thickness were decellularized using 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate and then reseeded with differentiated bone marrow mononuclear cells. We found that thorough decellularization could be achieved after 2.5 weeks of treatment. Reseeded cells were found to infiltrate and proliferate in the tissue constructs. Immunohistological staining studies showed that the reseeded cells maintained cardiomyocyte-like phenotype and possible endothelialization was found in locations close to vasculature channels, indicating angiogenesis potential. Both biaxial and uniaxial mechanical testing showed a stiffer mechanical response of the acellular myocardial scaffolds; however, tissue extensibility and tensile modulus were found to recover in the constructs along with the culture time, as expected from increased cellular content. The cardiac patch that we envision for clinical application will benefit from the natural architecture of myocardial extracellular matrix, which has the potential to promote stem cell differentiation, cardiac regeneration, and angiogenesis.

Author List

Wang B, Borazjani A, Tahai M, Curry AL, Simionescu DT, Guan J, To F, Elder SH, Liao J

Author

Bo Wang PhD Assistant Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Anisotropy
Bone Marrow Cells
Cells, Cultured
Leukocytes, Mononuclear
Mechanical Phenomena
Myocardium
Phenotype
Porosity
Sarcomeres
Staining and Labeling
Sus scrofa
Tissue Engineering
Tissue Scaffolds