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Race, baseline characteristics, and clinical outcomes after coronary intervention: The New Approaches in Coronary Interventions (NACI) registry. Am Heart J 2000 Jul;140(1):162-9

Date

06/30/2000

Pubmed ID

10874280

DOI

10.1067/mhj.2000.106645

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0033931450   29 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The impact of race and sex on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions remains incompletely understood. Specific data on patient demographics, lesion characteristics, and outcomes of black versus white patients are poorly described. To further evaluate these issues, we analyzed the New Approaches in Coronary Interventions (NACI) registry.

METHODS: Patients (200 black, 4279 white) undergoing coronary interventions in the NACI trial were compared. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine which baseline demographics were independent risk factors for the combined end point of death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and coronary artery bypass grafting at 1 year.

RESULTS: Black patients were significantly younger (age 59 +/- 11 vs 63 +/- 11 years; P <.001), more often obese (29.6 +/- 6 vs 27.5 +/- 4.8 kg/m(2); P <.001), female (50% vs 34%; P <.001), diabetic (34% vs 21%; P <.001), and hypertensive (71% vs 52%; P <.001). Black patients were significantly more likely to have single-vessel disease (48% vs 40%; P <.05) and less likely to have undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (26% vs 34%; P <.05). Blacks were significantly more likely to have a discrete lesion (85% vs 62%; P <. 001) with less thrombus (7% vs 12%; P <.05), tortuosity (17% vs 25%; P <.05), and an ulcerated appearance (5% vs 10%; P <.05). Despite these significant baseline differences, no significant difference was seen in the procedural success (80% vs 82%) or major adverse events (death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, any revascularization) at 1 year (39% vs 34%). Predictors of adverse events for white patients included diabetes (relative risk [RR] = 1.24; confidence intervals [CI], 1.0-1.5) and high-risk status (RR = 1.58; CI, 1.26-1. 91). Predictive characteristics of adverse events for black patients included only sex (RR = 3.45; CI, 1.27-9.35; P =.02).

CONCLUSIONS: There are significant differences in baseline characteristics of black patients compared with white patients. Despite these differences in traditional risk factors, they do not affect procedural success or 1-year outcome. In black patients, only sex predicted adverse events. Additional investigation is required to understand the mechanisms for this difference.

Author List

Marks DS, Mensah GA, Kennard ED, Detre K, Holmes DR Jr

Author

David S. Marks MD Vice Chair, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
Confidence Intervals
Coronary Disease
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Probability
Proportional Hazards Models
Registries
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome
United States