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A physiological approach to fluid and electrolyte management of the preterm infant: Review. J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2020;13(1):11-19

Date

10/09/2019

Pubmed ID

31594261

DOI

10.3233/NPM-190309

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85083384284   1 Citation

Abstract

Despite the fact that hundreds of thousands of preterm infants receive parenteral fluids each year, study of optimal fluid and electrolyte management in this population is limited. Compared to older children and adults, preterm infants have an impaired capacity to regulate water and electrolyte balance. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management is critical for optimal care of low birth weight or sick infants, as fluid overload and electrolyte abnormalities pose significant morbidity. This review highlights basic physiological principles which need to be applied when prescribing parenteral fluids and builds upon published literature to outline a rational approach to initial fluid and electrolyte management of the preterm infant.

Author List

Segar JL

Author

Jeffrey L. Segar MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




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