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MRI and CT Identify Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (IDH)-Mutant Lower-Grade Gliomas Misclassified to 1p/19q Codeletion Status with Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization. Radiology 2020 Jan;294(1):160-167



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85076876488 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   12 Citations


Background Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a standard method for 1p/19q codeletion testing in diffuse gliomas but occasionally renders erroneous results. Purpose To determine whether MRI/CT analysis identifies isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant gliomas misassigned to 1p/19q codeletion status with FISH. Materials and Methods Data in patients with IDH-mutant lower-grade gliomas (World Health Organization grade II/III) and 1p/19q codeletion status determined with FISH that were accrued from January 1, 2010 to October 1, 2017, were included in this retrospective study. Two neuroradiologist readers analyzed the pre-resection MRI findings (and CT findings, when available) to predict 1p/19q status (codeleted or noncodeleted) and provided a prediction confidence score (1 = low, 2 = moderate, 3 = high). Percentage concordance between the consensus neuroradiologist 1p/19q prediction and the FISH result was calculated. For gliomas where (a) consensus neuroradiologist 1p/19q prediction differed from the FISH result and (b) consensus neuroradiologist confidence score was 2 or greater, further 1p/19q testing was performed with chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). Nine control specimens were randomly chosen from the remaining study sample for CMA. Percentage concordance between FISH and CMA among the CMA-tested cases was calculated. Results A total of 112 patients (median age, 38 years [interquartile range, 31-51 years]; 57 men) were evaluated (112 gliomas). Percentage concordance between the consensus neuroradiologist 1p/19q prediction and the FISH result was 84.8% (95 of 112; 95% confidence interval: 76.8%, 90.9%). Among the 17 neuroradiologist-FISH discordances, there were nine gliomas associated with a consensus neuroradiologist confidence score of 2 or greater. In six (66.7%) of these nine gliomas, the 1p/19q codeletion status as determined with CMA disagreed with the FISH result and agreed with the consensus neuroradiologist prediction. For the nine control specimens, there was 100% agreement between CMA and FISH for 1p/19q determination. Conclusion MRI and CT analysis can identify diffuse gliomas misassigned to 1p/19q codeletion status with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Further molecular testing should be considered for gliomas with discordant neuroimaging and FISH results. © RSNA, 2019 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

Author List

Patel SH, Batchala PP, Mrachek EKS, Lopes MS, Schiff D, Fadul CE, Patrie JT, Jain R, Druzgal TJ, Williams ES


Edward Kelly S. Mrachek MD Assistant Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Brain Neoplasms
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Sequence Deletion
Tomography, X-Ray Computed