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Characteristics associated with Publication of Randomized Controlled Trials in the Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia: A 15-Year Analysis, 2004-2018. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2020 Apr;34(4):857-864

Date

12/15/2019

Pubmed ID

31836407

DOI

10.1053/j.jvca.2019.11.025

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85076560651   1 Citation

Abstract

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide important data to guide clinical decisions. Publication bias may limit the applicability of RCTs because many clinical investigators prefer to submit and journals more selectively accept studies with positive results. The authors tested the hypothesis that positive RCTs published in the Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia were more likely to be associated with factors known to predict publication of positive versus negative RCTs in other journals. This observational study was an internet analysis of all issues of Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia from 2004-2018. Each issue was searched to identify human RCTs. The numbers of centers and enrolled patients in each RCT were tabulated. The corresponding author determined the country of origin (United States v international). A trial was "positive" or "negative" based on rejection or confirmation of the null hypothesis, respectively, for the primary outcome variable or the majority of measured outcomes if a primary outcome was not identified. The presence or absence of a hypothesis, randomization methodology, sample size calculation, and blinded research design was recorded. Registration in a public database, Consolidated Statements of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guideline compliance, and the source of funding also were determined. The number of citations for each RCT was determined by using Google Scholar; the citation rate was calculated as the ratio of the number of total citations and the duration in years since the trial's original publication. A total of 296 RCTs were identified, of which 58.8% reported positive results. Most RCTs were single center, relatively small, and international in origin. Total citations/RCT decreased over time, but citations/year did not. The percentage of RCTs that identified a randomization method, were registered, or followed CONSORT guidelines increased in a time-dependent manner. No differences in any factors associated with publication of RCTs were observed when positive and negative trials were compared. The Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia publishes more positive than negative RCTs, but factors that have been previously associated with RCT publication in other journals were similar between groups.

Author List

Pagel PS, Lazicki TJ, Izquierdo DA, Boettcher BT, Tawil JN, Freed JK

Authors

Brent Boettcher DO Assistant Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Julie K. Freed MD, PhD Assistant Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Timothy Lazicki MD Assistant Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Paul S. Pagel MD, PhD Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Justin N. Tawil MD Assistant Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




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